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Maramureș County

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Wikipedia has a page called:
Maramureș County
Județul Maramureș
—  County   —
Actual Maramures county CoA.png
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Maramureș county highlighted
Country Romania
Development region Nord-Vest
Historical region Maramureș
Capital Baia Mare
Area
 • Total 6,304 km2 (2,434 sq mi)
Area rank 15th
Population (2006)[1]
 • Total 516,562
 • Rank 17th
 • Density 82/km2 (210/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 262 or (+40) 362[2]
ISO 3166 code RO-MM
Website County Council
Prefecture

Maramureș (Hungarian: Máramaros) is a county (judeţ) of Romania, in the Maramureș region. The county seat is Baia Mare.


History Edit

  • The 10th century frontier county of Borsova was founded by Stephen I of Hungary. Since then Máramaros served as the north-eastern border of the Hungarian Kingdom until 1920, the Trianon Peace Treaty.
  • 11th century historical Maramureş counties separation from Borsova (Rom. Borşa)
  • 1241 Tartar invasion decimated about half of the local population
  • 14th century Duke (knyaz) Bogdan of Maramureş said to be founder of Moldova
  • In the Middle Ages, the historical region of Maramureş was known for its salt mines and later for its lumber
  • In 1920 after the Treaty of Trianon, the northern part of the county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia. The southern part (including Sighetu Marmaţiei) became part of Romania.
  • For more information regarding the history see Máramaros, referring the historical Hungarian name of the county.

Demographics Edit

In 2002, the county had a population of 510,110 and a population density of 81 inhabitants per square kilometre (210 /sq mi).

Year County population[4]
1948 321,287
1956 367,114
1966 427,645
1977 492,860
1992 540,099
2002 510,110
07 zori in Valeni 2

Văleni, overlooking Valea Izei

Geography Edit

This county has a total area of 6,304 square kilometres (2,434 sq mi), of which 43% is covered by the Rodna Mountains, with its tallest peak, Pietrosul, at 2,303 metres (7,556 ft) altitude. Together with Gutâi and Ţibleş mountain ranges, the Rodna mountains are part of the Eastern Carpathians. The rest of the county are hills, plateaus, and valleys. The county is crossed by Tisa River and its main tributaries: Iza, Viseu, and Mara rivers.

Neighbours Edit

Economy Edit

Maramureş is known for its pastoral and agricultural traditions, largely unscathed by the industrialisation campaign that had been carried on during Romania's communist period. Ploughing, planting, harvesting, and hay making and handling are mostly done through manual labour. The county is also home to a strong mining industry of extraction of metals other than iron. The industrial plants built around Baia Mare during the communist period heavily polluted the area in the past, but recently, due to the decline of the city's industrial activity, the area is less polluted.

Tourism Edit

File:Maramures2.cristibur.jpg

The region is known for its beautiful rural scenery, local small woodwork and craftwork industry as well as for its churches and original rural architecture. There are not many paved roads in rural areas, and most of them are usually accessible.

The county's main tourist attractions:

Administrative divisions Edit

Maramureş County has 2 municipalities, 11 towns and 63 communes.

References Edit

  1. ^ INSSE Statistic
  2. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
  4. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"

External links Edit

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Coordinates: 47°40′22″N 24°00′18″E / 47.67278, 24.005

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Maramureș County. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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