is the 77th day of the year (78th in March 18 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 288 days remaining until the end of the year.
3952 BC - According to the Venerable Bede, the world was created.
37 - The Roman Senate annuls Tiberius' will and proclaims Caligula emperor.
731 - Saint Gregory III begins his reign as Pope.
1229 - Frederick II declares himself King of Jerusalem during the Sixth Crusade.
1241 - Kraków is ravaged by Mongols.
1314 - Jacques de Molay, the 23rd and the last Grand Master of the Knights Templar is burned at the stake.
1438 - Albert II of Habsburg becomes King of Germany.
1608 - Susenyos is formally crowned Emperor of Ethiopia
1673 - John Berkeley sells his part of New Jersey to some Friends (Quakers).
1766 - American Revolution: The British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act, which was very unpopular in the British colonies.
1793 - The first republican state in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann.
1834 - Six farm labourers from Tolpuddle, Dorset, England are sentenced to be transported to Australia for forming a trade union.
1850 - American Express is founded by Henry Wells & William Fargo.
1865 - American Civil War: The Congress of the Confederate States of America adjourns for the last time.
1871 - Declaration of the Paris Commune; President of the French Republic Adolphe Thiers orders evacuation of Paris.
1874 - Hawaii signs a treaty with the United States granting exclusive trading rights.
1893 - Former Governor General Lord Stanley pledges to donate a silver challenge cup, later named after him, as an award for the best ice hockey team in Canada; originally presented to amateur champions, the Stanley Cup has been awarded to the top pro team since 1910, and since 1926, only to National Hockey League teams.
1906 - Traian Vuia flies a self-propelled heavier-than-air aircraft.
1909 - Einar Dessau uses a short-wave radio transmitter, becoming the first radio broadcaster.
1913 - King George I of Greece is assassinated in the recently liberated city of Thessaloniki.
1915 - World War I: Massive naval attack in Battle of Gallipoli. Three battleships are sunk during a failed British & French naval attack on the Dardanelles.
1921 - The second Peace of Riga between Poland and Soviet Union.
1922 - In India, Mohandas Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for civil disobedience. He would serve only 2 years.
1922 - The first public celebration of Bat mitzvah, for the daughter of Rabbi Mordecai Kaplan, is held in New York City.
1925 - The Tri-State Tornado hits the Midwestern states of Missouri, Illinois, and Indiana, killing 695 people.
1937 - The New London School explosion kills three hundred, mostly children.
1937 - Spanish Civil War: Spanish Republican forces hand Italian forces a grave defeat at the Battle of Guadalajara.
1938 - Mexico nationalizes all foreign-owned oil properties within its borders.
1940 - World War II: Axis Powers - Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini meet at Brenner Pass in the Alps and agree to form an alliance against France and the United Kingdom.
1945 - World War II: 1,250 American bombers attack Berlin.
1953 - An earthquake hits western Turkey, killing 250.
1959 - American President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs a bill into law allowing for Hawaiian statehood, which would become official on August 21.
1962 - The Evian Accords puts an end to the Algerian War of Independence, which began in 1954.
1965 - Cosmonaut Aleksei Leonov, leaving his spacecraft Voskhod 2 for 12 minutes, becomes the first person to walk in space.
1967 - Supertanker Torrey Canyon runs aground off the Cornish coast.
1968 - Gold standard: The U.S. Congress repeals the requirement for a gold reserve to back US currency.
1970 - Lon Nol ousts Prince Norodom Sihanouk of Cambodia.
1971 - A landslide at Chungar, Peru crashes into Lake Yanahuani killing 200.
1974 - Oil embargo crisis: Most OPEC nations end a five-month oil embargo against the United States, Europe and Japan.
1980 - On Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Russia, 50 people are killed at an explosion of a Vostok-2M rocket on its launch pad during a fueling operation.
1985 - The Australian television series airs its first episode.
Neighbours 1989 - In Egypt, a 4,400-year-old mummy is found in the Pyramid of Cheops.
1990 - In largest art theft in US history, 12 paintings, collectively worth around $300 million, are stolen from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston.
1997 - The tail of a Russian Antonov An-24 charter plane breaks off while en-route to Turkey causing the plane to crash and killing all 50 on board and leading to the grounding of all An-24s.
1999 - Launching of Internet Explorer 4.0.2144
2003 - US enters war in Iraq. About $1 billion was taken from Iraq's Central Bank by Saddam Hussein and his family, just hours before the United States began bombing Iraq, biggest bank robbery in history. 
2003 - FBI agents raid the corporate headquarters of HealthSouth Corporation in Birmingham on suspicion of massive corporate fraud led by the company's top executives.
2003 - British Sign Language is recognised as an official British language.
2005 - The first-ever Muslim Friday prayer led by a woman in a mixed-gender congregation is held in New York City, marking a break with a 1426-year Islamic tradition.
2005 - Terri Schiavo's feeding tube is removed at the request of her husband, fueling a worldwide debate on euthanasia.
2007 - Steven Avery convicted for homicide because of DNA evidence, DNA having shown his innocence following a previous conviction.
1395 - John Holland, English military leader (d. 1447)
1496 - Mary Tudor, daughter of Henry VII of England and queen consort of Louis XII of France (d. 1533)
1555 - François (d. 1584)
1590 - Manuel de Faria e Sousa, Portuguese historian and poet (d. 1649)
1602 - Jacques de Billy, French mathematician (d. 1679)
1603 - Simon Bradstreet, Massachusetts Bay colonist (d. 1693)
1634 - Marie-Madeleine Pioche de la Vergne, French writer (d. 1693)
1640 - Philippe de la Hire, French mathematician and astronomer (d. 1719)
1657 - Giuseppe Ottavio Pitoni, Italian composer (d. 1743)
1679 - Matthew Decker, English merchant and writer (d. 1759)
1685 - Ralph Ersine, Scottish minister (d. 1752)
1690 - Christian Goldbach, Prussian mathematician (d. 1764)
1701 - Niclas Sahlgren, Swedish merchant and philanthropist (d. 1776)
1780 - Milos Obrenovic, Leader of The Second Serbian Uprising and Prince of Serbia (d. 1860)
1782 - John C. Calhoun, Vice President of the United States (d. 1850)
1813 - Christian Friedrich Hebbel, German writer (d. 1864)
1823 - Antoine Eugène Alfred Chanzy, French general (d. 1883)
1828 - William Randal Cremer, English politician and pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1908)
1837 - Grover Cleveland, President of the United States (d. 1908)
1840 - William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (d. 1901)
1842 - Stéphane Mallarmé, French poet (d. 1898)
1844 - Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Russian composer (d. 1908)
1848 - Nathanael Herreshoff, American naval architect (d. 1938)
1848 - Princess Louise, daughter of Queen Victoria (d. 1939)
1858 - Rudolf Diesel, German inventor (d. 1913)
1869 - Neville Chamberlain, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. 1940)
1872 - Anna Held, Polish actress and singer (d. 1918)
1874 - Nikolai Berdyaev, Russian philosopher (d. 1948)
1877 - Edgar Cayce, American psychic (d. 1945)
1877 - Clem Hill, Australian cricketer (d. 1945)
1882 - Gian Francesco Malipiero, Italian composer (d. 1973)
1886 - Edward Everett Horton, American actor (d. 1970)
1898 - Jake Swirbul, American aircraft manufacturer (d. 1960)
1893 - Costante Girardengo, Italian cyclist (d. 1978)
1893 - Wilfred Owen, British poet (d. 1918)
1899 - Jean Goldkette, Greek-born jazz musician (d. 1962)
1904 - Srečko Kosovel, Slovenian poet (d. 1926)
1905 - Robert Donat, English actor (d. 1958)
1905 - Thomas Townsend Brown, American scientist (d. 1985)
1907 - John Zachary Young, British biologist (d. 1997)
1909 - Ernest Gallo, American winemaker (d. 2007)
1910 - Chiang Ching-kuo, President of the Republic of China (d. 1988)
1911 - Smiley Burnette, American singer and songwriter (d. 1967)
1913 - Werner Molders German WWII pilot (d. 1941)
1913 - René Clément, French film director and screenwriter (d. 1996)
1915 - Richard Condon, American novelist (d. 1996)
1917 - Frederika of Hanover, queen of the Hellenes (d. 1981)
1918 - Al Benton, American baseball player (d. 1968)
1918 - Bob Broeg, American sports writer (d. 2005)
1922 - Egon Bahr, German politician
1923 - Andy Granatelli, American motorsports entrepreneur
1926 - Peter Graves, American actor
1926 - Dick Littlefield, American baseball player (d. 1997)
1927 - John Kander, American songwriter
1927 - George Plimpton, American writer and actor (d. 2003)
1928 - Julia Mullock, Princess of Korea
1928 - Miguel Poblet, Spanish cyclist
1928 - Fidel V. Ramos, President of the Philippines
1929 - John Macurdy, American bass
1930 - Pat Halcox, British musician
1931 - John Fraser, Scottish-born stage, film and television actor
1932 - John Updike, American author
1935 - Ole Barndorff-Nielsen, Danish mathematician
1936 - Frederik Willem de Klerk, President of South Africa, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
1937 - Mark Donohue, American race car driver (d. 1975)
1937 - Rudi Altig, German cyclist
1938 - Charley Pride, American musician
1939 - Ron Atkinson, English former footballer and manager
1939 - Giannis Markopoulos, Greek composer
1941 - Wilson Pickett, American singer (d. 2006)
1941 - John W. Derr, American politician
1943 - Kevin Dobson, American actor
1947 - B.J. Wilson, English drummer (d. 1990)
1947 - Patrick Chesnais, French actor
1947 - Patrick Barlow, English actor, comedian and playwright
1948 - Guy Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey player
1949 - Alex Higgins, Northern Irish snooker player
1949 - Åse Kleveland, Norwegian singer and politician
1950 - Brad Dourif, American actor
1950 - Richard Kretchmer, English artist and historian
1950 - Rodney Milburn, American athlete (d. 1997)
1950 - Larry Perkins, Australian racing driver
1951 - Bill Frisell, American jazz musician
1951 - Ben Cohen, American co-founder of Ben & Jerry's ice cream
1952 - Mike Webster, American football player (d. 2002)
1956 - Ingemar Stenmark, Swedish skier
1957 - György Pazdera, Hungarian bassist ( Pokolgép)
1959 - Luc Besson, French producer, writer, and director
1959 - Irene Cara, American actress and singer
1960 - Richard Biggs, American actor (d. 2004)
1960 - Guy Carbonneau, Canadian ice hockey player and manager
1962 - Thomas Ian Griffith, American actor
1962 - James McMurtry, American folk singer/songwriter
1962 - Mike Rowe, American television personality
1963 - Jeff LaBar, American guitarist
1963 - Vanessa L. Williams, American beauty queen, actress, and singer
1964 - Bonnie Blair, American speed skater
1964 - Courtney Pine, British jazz saxophonist
1964 - Rozalla, Zambian singer
1966 - Jerry Cantrell, American musician
1967 - Miki Berenyi, English singer ( Lush)
1968 - Shinichiro Miki, Japanese seiyu (voice actor)
1969 - Vassily Ivanchuk, Ukrainian chess player
1969 - Shaun Udal, English cricketer
1970 - Queen Latifah, American singer and actress
1972 - Dane Cook, American comedian and actor
1973 - Max Barry, Australian author
1975 - Brian Griese, American football player
1975 - Tomas Žvirgždauskas, Lithuanian footballer
1975 - Sutton Foster, American actress, singer, and dancer
1975 - Rodleen Getsic, American musician, civil servant
1976 - Jovan Kirovski, American soccer player
1976 - Tomokazu Ohka, Japanese baseball player
1976 - Scott Podsednik, American baseball player
1977 - Danny Murphy, English footballer
1977 - Zdeno Chára, Slovak ice hockey player
1977 - Devin Lima, American singer
1977 - Willy Sagnol, French footballer
1977 - Terrmel Sledge, American baseball player
1977 - Fernando Rodney, American baseball player
1978 - Khalilah Adams, American actress
1978 - Yoshie Takeshita, Japanese volleyball player
1978 - Jan Bulis, Czech ice hockey player
1979 - Adam Levine, American singer ( Maroon 5)
1979 - Brandon Lee, American adult actor
1980 - Alexei Yagudin, Russian figure skater
1980 - Sophia Myles, English actress
1980 - Sebastien Frey, French footballer
1981 - Jang Nara, Korean singer and actress
1982 - Chad Cordero, American baseball player
1982 - Pedro Mantorras, Angolan footballer
1983 - Andy Sonnanstine, American baseball player
1984 - Vonzell Solomon, American Idol Contestant
1985 - Vince Lia, Australian Footballer
1986 - Bia Figueiredo, Brazilian racing driver
1992 - Alexander John Amadeus Broadbent, Englsih Arsenal Midfielder
1996 - Madeline Carroll, American actress
978 - King Edward the Martyr of England
1227 - Pope Honorius III (b. 1148)
1314 - Jacques DeMolay, Frankish noble, the 23rd Grand Master of the Knights Templar (b. 1244)
1583 - King Magnus of Livonia (b. 1540)
1584 - Tsar Ivan IV of Russia (b. 1530)
1675 - Arthur Chichester, Irish soldier (b. 1606)
1689 - John Dixwell, English judge (b. 1607)
1696 - Robert Charnock, English conspirator
1745 - Sir Robert Walpole, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1676)
1746 - Anna Leopoldovna, regent of Russia (b. 1718)
1768 - Laurence Sterne, Irish writer (b. 1713)
1781 - Anne Robert Turgot, French statesman (b. 1727)
1823 - Jean-Baptiste Breval, French composer (b. 1753)
1835 - Christian Gunther von Bernstorff, Danish-Prussian statesman and diplomat (b. 1769)
1871 - Augustus De Morgan, Indian-born British mathematician and logician (b. 1806)
1898 - Matilda Joslyn Gage, American suffragist (b. 1826)
1907 - Marcellin Berthelot, French chemist and politician (b. 1827)
1913 - King George I of Greece (b. 1845)
1936 - Eleftherios Venizelos, Former Prime minister of Greece
1939 - Henry Simpson Lunn, English humanitarian and religious leader (b. 1859)
1941 - Henri Cornet, French cyclist (b. 1884)
1945 - William Grover-Williams, British racing driver
1947 - William C. Durant, American automobile pioneer (b. 1861)
1962 - Walter W. Bacon, Governor of Delaware (b. 1880)
1963 - Wanda Hawley, American actress (b. 1895)
1964 - Sigfrid Edström, Swedish sports official (b. 1870)
1965 - King Farouk I of Egypt (b. 1920)
1969 - Barbara Bates, American film actress (b. 1925)
1973 - Lauritz Melchior, Danish-born American opera singer (b. 1890)
1975 - Alain Grandbois, Quebec poet (b. 1900)
1976 - Giuseppe Genco Russo, Sicilian mafioso (b. 1893)
1977 - Marien Ngouabi, President of the Republic of the Congo (b. 1938)
1977 - José Carlos Pace, Brazilian racing driver (b. 1944)
1978 - Leigh Brackett, American author (b. 1915)
1978 - Peggy Wood, American actress (b. 1892)
1983 - King Umberto II of Italy, (b. 1904)
1983 - Kenneth E. Boulding, English economist (b. 1910)
1984 - Charlie Lau, American baseball player (b. 1933)
1986 - Bernard Malamud, American writer (b. 1914)
1988 - Billy Butterfield, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1917)
1990 - Robin Harris, American actor and comedian (b. 1953)
1995 - Robin Jacques, illustrator of children's books (b. 1920)
1996 - Odysseas Elytis, Greek poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1911)
1999 - Elizabeth Huckaby, American educator (b. 1905)
2000 - Eberhard Bethge, German theologian (b. 1909)
2001 - John Phillips, American musician ( The Mamas and the Papas) (b. 1935)
2002 - R.A. Lafferty, American science fiction writer (b. 1914)
2002 - Gösta Winbergh, Swedish tenor (b. 1943)
2003 - Karl Kling, German race car driver (b. 1910)
2003 - Adam Osborne, British computer pioneer (b. 1939)
2004 - Harrison McCain, Canadian businessman (b. 1927)
2006 - Bill Beutel, American journalist (b. 1930)
2006 - Dan Gibson, musician (b. 1922)
2007 - Bob Woolmer, English cricketer and Pakistan national coach (b. 1948)
Holidays and observances Edit
Liturgical feasts Edit
External links Edit
81 Familypedia people were born on March 18
84 Familypedia people died on March 18
81 Familypedia people were first married on March 18