is the 85th day of the year (86th in March 25 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 280 days remaining until the end of the year.
, March 25 Lady Day, was New Years' Day in many European implementations of the Julian calendar, preceding by exactly nine months Christmas Day.
1199 - Richard I is wounded by a crossbow bolt while fighting France which leads to his death on April 6.
1306 - Robert the Bruce becomes King of Scotland.
1409 - The Council of Pisa opens.
1584 - Sir Walter Raleigh is granted a patent to exploit Virginia.
1634 - The first settlers arrive in Maryland.
1655 - Saturn's largest moon, Titan, is discovered by Christian Huygens.
1655 - Protestants take control of Maryland at the Battle of the Severn.
1802 - The Treaty of Amiens is signed as a "Definitive Treaty of Peace" between France and United Kingdom.
1807 - The Slave Trade Act becomes law, abolishing the slave trade in the British Empire.
1807 - The Swansea and Mumbles Railway, then known as the Oystermouth Railway, became the first passenger carrying railway in the world.
1811 - Percy Bysshe Shelley is expelled from the University of Oxford for his publication of the pamphlet .
The Necessity of Atheism 1821 - ( Julian Calendar) Greeks revolt against the Ottoman Empire, beginning the Greek War of Independence.
1857 - Phonautograph patented.
1865 - The " Claywater Meteorite" explodes just before reaching ground level in Vernon County. Fragments having a combined mass of 1.5 kg are recovered.
1865 - American Civil War: In Virginia, Confederate forces capture Fort Stedman from the Union in a bloody battle.
1894 - Coxey's Army, the first significant American protest march, departs Massillon for Washington D.C..
1901 - At the five-day " Week of Nice" race in Nice, France, Mercedes wins its first racing victory.
1903 - Racing Club de Avellaneda, one of the big five of Argentina, was founded.
1908 - Clube Atletico Mineiro, Founded in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
1911 - In New York City the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire kills 146 garment workers.
1917 - The Georgian Orthodox Church restores its autocephaly abolished by Imperial Russia in 1811.
1918 - The Belarusian People's Republic was established.
1931 - The Scottsboro Boys are arrested in Alabama and charged with rape.
1939 - Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli becomes Pope Pius XII.
1941 - Kingdom of Yugoslavia joins the Axis powers with the signing of the Tripartite Pact.
1947 - An explosion in a coalmine in Centralia kills 111.
1949 - The extensive deportation campaign known as March deportation was conducted in Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania to force collectivisation by way of terror. The Soviet authorities deported more than 92,000 people from Baltics to remote areas of the Soviet Union.
1955 - United States Customs seizes copies of Allen Ginsberg's poem " Howl" as obscene.
1957 - The European Economic Community is established ( West Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Netherlands, Luxembourg).
1958 - Canada's Avro Arrow makes it debut flight.
1965 - Civil rights activists led by Martin Luther King successfully complete their 4-day 50-mile march from Selma to the capitol in Montgomery.
1969 - During their honeymoon, John Lennon and Yoko Ono hold their first Bed-In for Peace in the Amsterdam Hilton Hotel (until March 31).
1971 - Bangladesh Liberation War: Beginning of Operation Searchlight of Pakistan Army against East Pakistani civilians.
1975 - Faisal of Saudi Arabia is shot and killed by a mentally ill nephew.
1979 - The first fully functional space shuttle orbiter, is delivered to the Columbia, John F. Kennedy Space Center to be prepared for its first launch.
1988 - The Candle demonstration in Bratislava was the first mass demonstration of the 1980s against the communist regime in Czechoslovakia.
1990 - In the Bronx, New York City, a fire at an illegal social club called " Happy Land" kills 87 people.
1992 - Cosmonaut Sergei Krikalev returns to Earth after a 10-month stay aboard the Mir space station.
1995 - Ward Cunningham opens the first wiki, the WikiWikiWeb.
1996 - An 81-day-long standoff between the anti-government group Montana Freemen and law enforcement near Jordan, begins.
1996 - The Labour Party is founded in Turkey.
1996 - The EU's Veterinarian Committee bans the export of British beef and its by-products as a result of mad cow disease ( BSE).
1997 - Rapper Notorious B.I.G. releases his first posthumous album Life After Death sixteen days after he is killed from gunshots. The double cd is certified ten million copies and debuts at number one.
1999 - Enron energy traders allegedly route 2,900 megawatts of electricity destined to California to Silver Peak, population 200.
2004 - Air Holland files for bankruptcy in response to unproven allegations of cannabis abuse by their pilots.
2006 - The Capitol Hill massacre occurs: a gunman kills six people before taking his own life at a party in Seattle's Capitol Hill neighborhood; it is one of the largest crime scenes the city has ever had.
2006 - Protesters demanding a re-election in Belarus following the rigged Belarusian presidential election clash with riot police. Opposition leader Aleksander Kozulin was among several protesters arrested.
1252 - Conradin, Duke of Swabia (d. 1268)
1259 - Andronikos II Palaiologos, Byzantine emperor (d. 1332)
1297 - Andronicus III Palaeologus, Eastern Roman Emperor (d. 1341)
1297 - Arnost of Pardubice, Archbishop of Prague (d. 1364)
1345 - Blanche of Lancaster, wife of John of Gaunt (d. 1369)
1347 - Catherine of Siena, Italian saint (d. 1380)
1404 (baptism) - John Beaufort, English military leader (d. 1444)
1479 - Vasili III, Grand Prince of Moscow (d. 1533)
1539 - Christopher Clavius, German mathematician (d. 1612)
1541 - Francesco I de' Medici (d. 1587)
1593 - Jean de Brébeuf, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1649)
1643 - Louis Moréri, French encylopedist (d. 1680)
1661 - Paul de Rapin, French historian (d. 1725)
1699 - Johann Adolph Hasse, German composer (d. 1783)
1767 - Joachim Murat, King of Naples (d. 1815)
1782 - Caroline Bonaparte, Queen of Naples (d. 1839)
1800 - Heinrich von Dechsen, German geologist (d. 1889)
1824 - Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (d. 1900)
1840 - Myles Keogh, U.S. Soldier in U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment & Irish Soldier of Fortune (d. 1876)
1863 - Simon Flexner, American pathologist (d. 1946)
1867 - Arturo Toscanini, Italian conductor, (d. 1957)
1868 - William Lockwood, English cricketer (d. 1932)
1873 - Rudolf Rocker, German anarchist (d. 1958)
1877 - Walter Little, Canadian politician (d. 1961)
1881 - Béla Bartók, Hungarian composer (d. 1945)
1881 - Mary Gladys Webb, English writer (d. 1927)
1884 - Georges Imbert, Alsatian chemist (d. 1950)
1886 - Athenagoras, Patriarch of Constantinople (d. 1972)
1892 - Andy Clyde, American actor (d. 1967)
1895 - Siegfried Handloser, German physician (d. 1954)
1897 - John Laurie, Scottish actor (d. 1980)
1899 - Burt Munro, New Zealand motorcycle racer (d. 1978)
1901 - Ed Begley, American actor (d. 1970)
1903 - Nahum Norbert Glatzer, Jewish-American scholar (d. 1990)
1903 - Frankie Carle, American pianist and bandleader (d. 2001)
1906 - A.J.P. Taylor, British historian (d. 1990)
1906 - Jean Sablon, French singer (d. 1994)
1908 - Helmut Käutner, German actor and director (d. 1980)
1908 - David Lean, English film director (d. 1991)
1910 - Magda Olivero, Italian soprano
1911 - Jack Ruby, killer of Lee Harvey Oswald (d. 1967)
1912 - Jean Vilar, French stage and film actor (d. 1971)
1913 - Sir Reo Stakis, Anglo-Cypriot hotel magnate, head of Stakis Hotels (d. 2001)
1914 - Norman Borlaug, American agricultural scientist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
1918 - Howard Cosell, American sports reporter (d. 1995)
1920 - Patrick Troughton, English actor (d. 1987)
1920 - Arthur Wint, Jamaican runner (d. 1992)
1921 - Nancy Kelly, American actress (d. 1995)
1921 - Simone Signoret, French actress (d. 1985)
1921 - Alexandra of Greece and Denmark, Queen of Yugoslavia (d. 1993)
1922 - Eileen Ford, American model agency executive
1925 - Flannery O'Connor, American author (d. 1964)
1925 - Pierre Boulez, French composer and conductor
1926 - László Papp, Hungarian boxer (d. 2003)
1926 - Jaime Sabines, Mexican poet (d. 1999)
1928 - Jim Lovell, American astronaut
1929 - Wim van Est, Dutch cyclist (d. 2003)
1931 - Paul Motian, American jazz drummer and composer
1932 - Gene Shalit, American film critic
1934 - Gloria Steinem, American feminist and publisher
1935 - Flash Elorde, Filipino boxer
1938 - Hoyt Axton, American musician and actor (d. 1999)
1938 - Fritz d'Orey, Brazilian racing driver
1939 - Toni Cade Bambara, American author (d. 1995)
1940 - Anita Bryant, American singer
1941 - Gudmund Hernes, Norwegian politician
1942 - Aretha Franklin, American singer
1942 - Richard O'Brien, English actor and writer, host of The Crystal Maze
1943 - Paul Michael Glaser, American actor
1946 - Cliff Balsam, English footballer
1946 - Maurice Krafft, French vulcanologist (d. 1991)
1946 - Gerard John Schaefer, American serial killer (d. 1995)
1947 - Elton John, English singer and songwriter
1948 - Bonnie Bedelia, American actress
1952 - Antanas Mockus, Colombian mathematician
1954 - Elli Stai, Greek journalist and TV presenter
1955 - Daniel Boulud, French chef and restaurateur
1955 - Lee Mazzilli, American baseball player
1956 - Matthew Garber, English actor (d. 1977)
1958 - Ray Tanner, American college baseball coach
1958 - Sisy Chen, Taiwanese politician and television commentator
1958 - Åsa Torstensson, Swedish politician
1960 - Idy Chan Yuk-Lin, Hong Kong actress
1960 - Steve Norman, British saxophonist ( Spandau Ballet)
1960 - Peter O'Brien, Australian actor
1960 - Haywood Nelson, American actor
1961 - Fred Goss, American actor, comedian, and writer
1962 - Marcia Cross, American actress
1964 - Lisa Gay Hamilton, American actress
1964 - Ken Wregget, Canadian ice hockey player
1964 - Alex Solis, Panamanian jockey
1965 - Sarah Jessica Parker, American actress
1965 - Avery Johnson, American basketball player and coach
1965 - Stefka Kostadinova, Bulgarian high jumper
1966 - Tom Glavine, American baseball player
1966 - Jeff Healey, Canadian guitarist
1966 - Tatjana Patitz, German supermodel
1966 - Anton Rogan, Irish footballer
1967 - Matthew Barney, American media artist
1967 - Debi Thomas, American figure skater
1967 - Doug Stanhope, American Comedian
1969 - Dale Davis, American basketball player
1969 - Cathy Dennis, English singer, songwriter, and actress
1970 - Kari Matchett, Canadian actress
1971 - Cammi Granato, American ice hockey player
1973 - Anthony Barness, English footballer
1974 - Lark Voorhies, American actress
1975 - Ladislav Benysek, Czech ice hockey player
1975 - Melanie Blatt, British singer ( All Saints)
1976 - Francis Bellew, Irish Gaelic footballer
1976 - Cha Tae-hyun, South Korean actor, TV personality, and singer
1976 - Juvenile, American rapper
1976 - Wladimir Klitschko, Ukrainian boxer
1976 - Gigi Leung, Hong Kong singer/actress
1978 - Baek Ji Young, South Korean singer
1979 - Lee Pace, American actor
1979 - Natasha Yi, American supermodel
1980 - Carrie Lam, Hong Kong actress, Miss Hong Kong 2005 2nd runner-up
1982 - Danica Patrick, American race car driver
1982 - Sean Faris, American actor and model
1982 - Sergey Yakovlev, russian musical artist and painter
1982 - Álvaro Saborío, Costa Rican footballer
1984 - Katharine McPhee, contestant
American Idol 1987 - Nobunari Oda, Japanese figure skater
1989 - Alyson Michalka, American actress/singer
752 - Pope-elect Stephen (died before taking office)
1223 - Afonso II of Portugal (b. 1185)
1345 - Henry, English politician (b. 1281)
1458 - Marqués de Santillana, Spanish poet (b. 1398)
1558 - Marcos de Niza, French Franciscan explorer
1561 - Conrad Lycosthenes, humanist and encyclopedist (b. 1518)
1603 - Ikoma Chikamasa, Japanese warlord (b. 1526)
1609 - Olaus Martini, Swedish Archbishop of Uppsala (b. 1557)
1620 - Johannes Nucius, German composer
1625 - Giambattista Marini, Italian poet (b. 1569)
1712 - Nehemiah Grew, English naturalist (b. 1641)
1736 - Nicholas Hawksmoor, British architect
1738 - Turlough O'Carolan, Irish harper and composer (b. 1670)
1751 - Frederick I of Sweden (b. 1676)
1801 - Novalis, German poet (b. 1772)
1917 - Spyros Samaras, Greek composer of the Olympic Anthem (b. 1861)
1818 - Caspar Wessel, Danish mathematician (b. 1745)
1917 - Elizabeth Storrs Mead, American educator (b. 1832)
1860 - James Braid, Scottish surgeon (b. 1795)
1908 - Durham Stevens, American diplomat (b. 1851)
1914 - Frédéric Mistral, French poet, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1830)
1918 - Claude Debussy, French composer (b. 1862)
1951 - Eddie Collins, baseball player (b. 1887)
1957 - Max Ophüls, German-born director and writer (b. 1902)
1958 - Tom Brown, American musician (b. 1888)
1967 - Renato Cellini, Italian conductor (b.c.1913)
1969 - Max Eastman, American writer (b. 1883)
1969 - Billy Cotton, British bandleader & entertainer (b. 1889)
1975 - King Faisal of Saudi Arabia (b. 1906)
1975 - Juan Gaudino, Argentine racing driver (b. 1893)
1980 - Roland Barthes, French literary critic and writer (b. 1915)
1980 - Milton H. Erickson, American psychiatrist (b. 1901)
1980 - Walter Susskind, Czech conductor (b. 1913)
1980 - James Wright, American poet (b. 1927)
1988 - Robert Joffrey, American dancer, teacher, and choreographer (b. 1930)
1991 - Marcel Lefebvre, French Catholic prelate (b. 1905)
1992 - Nancy Walker, American actress (b. 1922)
1994 - Max Petitpierre, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1899)
1995 - James Coleman, American sociologist (b. 1926)
1995 - Krešimir Ćosić, Croatian basketball player (b. 1948)
1995 - John Hugenholtz, Dutch race track designer (b. 1914)
1996 - John Snagge, British radio personality (b. 1904)
1998 - Max Green, Australian lawyer (b. 1952)
1999 - Cal Ripken, American baseball manager (b. 1936)
2000 - Helen Martin, American actress (b. 1909)
2002 - Kenneth Wolstenholme, English football commentator (b. 1920)
2005 - Paul Henning, American TV/film producer and writer (b. 1911)
2006 - Rocío Dúrcal, Spanish singer and actress (b. 1944)
2006 - Richard Fleischer, American film director (b. 1916)
2006 - Buck Owens, American singer and television personality (b. 1929)
2007 - Andranik Margaryan, 14th Prime Minister of Armenia (b. 1951)
Holidays and observances Edit
Liturgical feasts Edit
^ In England, Scotland and Ireland the Julian calendar was abandoned, and the Gregorian adopted, in 1752 (New Style).
External links Edit
80 Familypedia people were born on March 25
92 Familypedia people died on March 25
80 Familypedia people were first married on March 25