is the 68th day of the year (69th in March 9 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 297 days remaining until the end of the year.
590 - Bahram Chobin is crowned as king Barham VI of Persia.
1230 - Bulgarian tsar Ivan Asen II defeats Theodore of Epirus near the village of Klokotnitsa.
1276 - Augsburg becomes an Imperial Free City.
1500 - The fleet of Pedro Alvares Cabral leaves Lisbon for the Indies. The fleet will discover the sea route to Brazil, already Portuguese since the treaty of Tordesillas in 1494.
1566 - David Rizzio, the private secretary to Mary I of Scotland, is murdered in the Palace of Holyroodhouse, Edinburgh, Scotland.
1765 - After a public campaign by the writer Voltaire, judges in Paris posthumously exonerate Jean Calas of murdering his son. Calas had been tortured and executed in 1762 on the charge, though his son had actually committed suicide.
1776 - Publication of the economics book The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith.
1796 - Napoléon Bonaparte marries his first wife, Joséphine de Beauharnais.
1834 - French Foreign Legion is founded.
1841 - The Supreme Court of the United States rules in the Amistad case, concerning captive Africans who seized control of the slave-trading ship carrying them: the court rules that they had been taken into slavery illegally.
1842 - Giuseppe Verdi's third opera premieres in Nabucco Milan; its success establishes Verdi as one of Italy's foremost opera writers.
1847 - Mexican-American War: United States forces under General Winfield Scott invade Mexico near Vera Cruz.
1856 - Sigma Alpha Epsilon is founded in the Johnston Mansion House on the University of Alabama
1862 - American Civil War: The first battle between two ironclad warships, a five-hour battle near Hampton Roads, Virginia between the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia, results in a draw.
1908 - Inter Milan is founded.
1910 - The Westmoreland County Coal Strike, involving 15,000 coal miners represented by the United Mine Workers, begins.
1916 - Pancho Villa leads 1,500 Mexican raiders in an attack against Columbus, killing 17.
1924 - Italy annexes Fiume.
1925 - Pink's War, the first RAF operation conducted independently of the Army or Navy, begins.
1932 - The Egyptian University rector " Ahmed Lotfy El-Said" resigns in protest of the transfer of Dr. Taha Hussein without the University's permission. In 2003, an academic group called "March 9" is established in Egypt to defend academic rights and university independence.
1932 - The first Ford Flathead engine leaves the assembly line at Ford Motor Company.
1933 - Great Depression: The U.S. Congress begins its first 100 days of enacting New Deal legislation. President Franklin D. Roosevelt submits the Emergency Banking Act to Congress.
1935 - Hitler announces the creation of a new air force.
1945 - World War II: Bombing of Tokyo - American B-29 bombers attack Tokyo, Japan with incendiary bombs. The resulting fire storm kills over 100,000 people.
1954 - McCarthyism: CBS television broadcasts the episode, "A Report on Senator See It Now Joseph McCarthy," produced by Edward R. Murrow.
1957 - The magnitude 8.6 1957 Andreanof Islands Earthquake and tsunami occurs.
1959 - The Barbie doll debuts.
1967 - Josef Stalin's daughter Svetlana Alliluyeva defects to the United States.
1975 - Construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System begins.
1976 - Forty-two people die in a Cavalese cable-car disaster, the worst cable-car accident to date.
1977 - The 1977 Hanafi Muslim Siege: Approximately a dozen armed Hanafi Muslims take over 3 buildings in Washington, killing 1 person and taking more than 130 hostages. The hostage situation ends 2 days later.
1984 - The Competitive Enterprise Institute in founded in Washington, D.C.
1986 - United States Navy divers find the largely intact but heavily-damaged crew compartment of the Space Shuttle Challenger. The bodies of all seven astronauts were still inside.
1989 - A strike forces financially-troubled Eastern Air Lines into bankruptcy.
1990 - Dr. Antonia Novello is sworn in as Surgeon General of the United States, becoming the first female and Hispanic American to serve in that position.
1990 - Newfoundland and Labrador Premier Clyde Wells confirms he will rescind Newfoundland's approval of the Meech Lake Accord, effectively killing the Accord.
1991 - Massive demonstrations are held against Slobodan Milošević in Belgrade. Two people are killed and tanks are in the streets.
1993 - Rodney King testifies at the federal trial of four Los Angeles police officers accused of violating King's civil rights when they beat him during an arrest.
2006 - Liquid water is discovered on Enceladus, the sixth largest moon of Saturn.
2007 - The US Justice Department releases an internal audit that found that the FBI had acted illegally in its use of the USA Patriot Act, to secretly obtain personal information about US citizens.
1213 - Hugh IV, French crusader (d. 1271)
1285 - Emperor Go-Nijō of Japan (d. 1318)
1454 - Amerigo Vespucci, Italian explorer and cartographer (d. 1512)
1564 - David Fabricius, German astronomer (d. 1617)
1568 - Aloysius Gonzaga, Italian saint (d. 1591)
1629 - Tsar Alexis I of Russia (d. 1676)
1720 - Philip Yorke, English politician (d. 1790)
1737 - Josef Mysliveček, Czech composer (d. 1781)
1749 - Honore Mirabeau, French writer and politician (d. 1791)
1753 - Jean-Baptiste Kleber, French general (d. 1800)
1758 - Franz Joseph Gall, German neuroscientist (d. 1828)
1763 - William Cobbett, English journalist and author (d. 1835)
1806 - Edwin Forrest, American actor and philanthropist (d. 1872)
1814 - Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian poet (d. 1861)
1815 - David Davis, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1886)
1820 - Samuel Blatchford, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1893)
1825 - Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer (d. 1890)
1839 - Phoebe Knapp, American hymn writer (d. 1908)
1856 - Eddie Foy, American singer and dancer (d. 1928)
1887 - Phil Mead, English cricketeer (d. 1958)
1887 - Fritz Lenz, German geneticist (d. 1976)
1890 - Vyacheslav Molotov, Russian politician (d. 1986)
1892 - Vita Sackville-West, English writer and gardener (d. 1962)
1894 - Frank Arnau, German writer (d. 1976)
1900 - Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (d. 1973)
1900 - Tomislav II of Croatia, Italian aristocrat (d. 1948)
1902 - Will Geer, American actor (d. 1978)
1909 - Derk Bodde, American sinologist (d. 2003)
1910 - Samuel Barber, American composer (d. 1981)
1918 - George Lincoln Rockwell, American Nazi leader (d. 1967)
1918 - Mickey Spillane, American writer (d. 2006)
1921 - Carl Betz, American actor (d. 1978)
1921 - Dimitris Horn, Greek actor (d. 1998)
1923 - Walter Kohn, Austrian-born physicist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry
1929 - Desmond Hoyte, Prime Minister and President of Guyana (d. 2002)
1930 - Ornette Coleman, American saxophonist and composer
1932 - Keely Smith, American singer
1932 - Walter Mercado, Puerto Rican astrologist and actor
1933 - Mel Lastman, Canadian politician
1933 - Lloyd Price, American singer
1934 - Yuri Gagarin, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 1968)
1934 - Del Close, American actor, improviser, writer, and teacher (d. 1999)
1934 - Marlene Streit, Canadian golfer
1934 - Joyce Van Patten, American actress
1935 - Andrew Viterbi, American telecommunications scientist and businessman
1936 - Tom Sestak, American football player (d. 1987)
1936 - Mickey Gilley, American musician and singer
1937 - Bernard Landry, Premier of Quebec from 2001-2003
1937 - Brian Redman, British racing driver
1938 - Lill-Babs, Swedish singer
1940 - Raúl Juliá, Puerto Rican actor (d. 1994)
1941 - Ernesto Miranda, American litigant (d. 1976)
1942 - John Cale, Welsh musician ( The Velvet Underground)
1942 - Mark Lindsay, American singer/musician ( Paul Revere & The Raiders)
1943 - Bobby Fischer, American chess player
1943 - Charles Gibson, American television journalist
1943 - Trish Van Devere, American actress
1945 - Robert Calvert, English singer ( Hawkwind) (d. 1988)
1945 - Dennis Rader, American serial killer
1945 - Robin Trower, British rock musician
1946 - Jim Cregan, British rock musician
1947 - Keri Hulme, New Zealandic writer
1948 - Jeffrey Osborne, American singer
1948 - Emma Bonino, Italian politician
1950 - Doug Ault, baseball player (d. 2004)
1950 - Danny Sullivan, American race car driver
1951 - Michael Kinsley, American journalist and editor
1951 - Helen Zille, South African politician
1954 - Bobby Sands, IRA member (d. 1981)
1955 - Teo Fabi, Italian racing driver
1955 - Ornella Muti, Italian actress
1956 - Shashi Tharoor, Indian author & United Nations Under-Secretary General
1956 - David Willetts, UK Shadow Secretary for Education (Conservative)
1957 - Mark Mancina, American composer
1957 - Faith Daniels, American journalist
1957 - Mona Sahlin, Swedish politician
1958 - Martin Fry, English pop singer ( ABC)
1958 - Daniel Imperato, United States Presidential candidate, business entrepreneur
1960 - Linda Fiorentino, American actress
1961 - Mike Leach, American college football coach
1961 - Robert Rechsteiner, US professional wrestler (Rick Steiner)
1961 - Camryn Manheim, American actress
1962 - Jan Furtok, Polish footballer
1963 - Sean Salisbury, American football player
1963 - Terry Mulholland, American baseball player
1963 - David Pogue, Technology columnist and musician
1964 - Juliette Binoche, French actress
1964 - Phil Housley, American ice hockey player
1964 - Herbert Fandel, German football referee
1965 - Brian Bosworth, American football player
1965 - Benito Santiago, Puerto Rican baseball player
1966 - Brendan Canty, American musician ( Fugazi)
1966 - Tony Lockett, Australian Rules Footballer
1966 - Michael Patrick MacDonald, American memorist
1968 - Youri Djorkaeff, French footballer
1968 - Johnny Kelly, American drummer ( Type O Negative)
1969 - Mahmoud Abdul-Rauf, American basketball player
1969 - Stefie Shock, Quebec singer and songwriter
1970 - Martin Johnson, English rugby player
1970 - Shannon Leto, American drummer and occasional actor ( 30 Seconds to Mars)
1971 - Emmanuel Lewis, American actor
1971 - C Miller, American rapper
1971 - Diego Torres, Argentine singer
1972 - Spencer Howson, Australian radio broadcaster
1972 - Kerr Smith, American actor
1973 - Aaron Boone, American baseball player
1975 - Roy Makaay, Dutch footballer
1975 - Juan Sebastián Verón, Argentine footballer
1976 - Thor Halvorssen, human rights activist
1976 - Ben Mulroney, Canadian television host
1977 - Yamila Diaz, Argentine supermodel
1977 - Radek Dvořák, Czech hockey player
1978 - Lucas Neill, Australian footballer
1979 - Melina Perez, WWE Diva
1980 - Chingy, American rapper
1980 - Matthew Gray Gubler, American actor, film director, sketch artist, and former fashion model.
1981 - Antonio Bryant, American football player
1982 - Paul Ballard, English television presenter
1983 - Clint Dempsey, American footballer
1983 - Maite Perroni, singer in the Latin pop group RBD
1983 - Wayne Simien, American basketball player
1984 - Julia Mancuso, American Olympic gold medalist
1986 - Brittany Snow, American actress
1987 - Bow Wow, American rapper and actor
1202 - King Sverre of Norway
1422 - Jan Zelivsky, Hussite priest (b. 1380)
1440 - St Frances of Rome, Italian nun (b. 1384)
1566 - David Rizzio, Italian secretary of Mary I of Scotland (b. 1533)
1649 - James Hamilton, Scottish statesman (b. 1606)
1649 - Henry Rich, English soldier (executed) (b. 1590)
1661 - Jules Cardinal Mazarin, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1602)
1709 - Ralph Montagu, English diplomat
1808 - Joseph Bonomi the Elder, architect (b. 1739)
1851 - Hans Christian Ørsted, Danish physicist (b. 1777)
1888 - William I (b. 1797)
1897 - Sondre Norheim, Norwegian skier (b. 1825)
1937 - Paul Elmer More, American critic and essayist (b. 1864)
1954 - Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (b. 1912)
1954 - V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer (b. 1874)
1960 - Jack Beattie, Northern Irish politician (b. 1886)
1964 - Paul Erich von Lettow-Vorbeck, German general (b. 1870)
1966 - Pablo Birger, Argentine racing driver (b. 1924)
1971 - Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria, Coptic Orthodox Patriarch (b. 1902)
1974 - Earl Wilbur Sutherland Jr., American physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1915)
1975 - Gleb W. Derujinsky, Russian-American sculptor (b. 1888)
1983 - Faye Emerson, American actress (b. 1917)
1983 - Ulf von Euler, Swedish physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1905)
1989 - Robert Mapplethorpe, American artist (b. 1946)
1991 - Jim Hardin, former Baltimore Orioles, New York Yankees and Atlanta Braves pitcher (b. 1943)
1992 - Menachem Begin, Prime Minister of Israel, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1913)
1993 - C. Northcote Parkinson, British historian and writer (b. 1909)
1993 - Bob Crosby, American bandleader and vocalist (b. 1913)
1994 - Charles Bukowski, American writer (b. 1920)
1994 - Fernando Rey, Spanish-born actor (b. 1917)
1994 - Eddie Creatchman, Canadian wrestler manager (b. 1928)
1996 - George Burns, American actor and singer (b. 1896)
1997 - The Notorious B.I.G., American rapper (b. 1972)
1999 - Harry Somers, Canadian composer (b. 1925)
2000 - Ivo Robić, Croatian singer and songwriter (b. 1923)
2003 - Stan Brakhage, American filmmaker (b. 1933)
2003 - Bernard Dowiyogo, President of Nauru (b. 1946)
2004 - Albert Mol, Dutch actor (b. 1917)
2004 - Dr. Gerald Deskin, Ph.D., clinical child psychologist (b. 1929)
2004 - Robert Pastorelli, American actor (b. 1954)
2004 - Rust Epique, former Crazy Town guitarist (b. 1968)
2005 - Chris LeDoux, American country singer (b. 1948)
2005 - Kurt Lotz, German business executive, second postwar CEO of Volkswagen (b. 1912)
2005 - István Nyers, Hungarian footballer (b. 1924)
2005 - Jeanette Schmid, Austrian professional whistler; aka Baroness Lips von Lipstrill (b. 1924)
2006 - John Profumo, British cabinet minister (b. 1915)
2006 - Geir Ivarsøy, Norwegian programmer, co-founder of Opera Software ASA (b. 1957)
2007 - Brad Delp, American singer ( Boston) (b. 1951)
2007 - Jeanne Hopkins Lucas, North Carolina politician (b. unknown)
Holidays and observances Edit
Liturgical feasts Edit
Catholicism Feast day of
External links Edit
88 Familypedia people were born on March 9
88 Familypedia people died on March 9
88 Familypedia people were first married on March 9