Margaret de Clare (1293-1342)

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Margaret de Clare was born 1293 to Gilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester (1243-1295) and Joan of Acre (1272-1307) and died April 1342 of unspecified causes. She married Piers Gaveston, 1st Earl of Cornwall (1284-1312) October 1307 . She married Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester (c1291-1347) . Notable ancestors include William I of England (1027-1087), Charlemagne (747-814), Hugh Capet (c940-996), Rurik (c832-879), Alfred the Great (849-899), Henry II of England (1133-1189). Ancestors are from the United Kingdom, Israel, France, Germany, England, Russia, Ukraine, Belgium, the Netherlands, Spain, the Byzantine Empire, Italy, Portugal.

She was a granddaughter of King Edward I of England.

She was married to Piers Gaveston, the favorite of her uncle Edward II, in October 1307. According to the Vita Edwardi Secundi, this marriage was arranged by the King "to strengthen Piers and surround him with friends." Gaveston celebrated the marriage with a lavish tournament at Wallingford Castle. The marriage of such a high-born lady to a foreigner was not popular among the English nobility. They had one child, Joan Gaveston, born probably January 12/18th, 1312, at York.

King Edward threw a grand celebration after the birth of this child, complete with minstrels. However, Piers Gaveston was executed only six months later, leaving Margaret a widow with a small child. Her dower rights as Countess of Cornwall were disputed, and so King Edward instead assigned her Oakham Castle and other lands. She joined the Royal household and in 1316 accompanied the King in his journey from London to York.

Following the death of their brother, Gilbert de Clare, 8th Earl of Hertford, at the Battle of Bannockburn in 1314, Margaret and her sisters, Elizabeth and Eleanor de Clare each received a share of the inheritance. Margaret was now one of the co-heiresses to the vast Gloucester estate, and King Edward arranged a second marriage for her to another favorite, Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester.

On April 28, 1317 Margaret de Clare wed Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester at Windsor Castle. They had one daughter, Margaret de Audley, born between January 1318 and November 1322.

Hugh and Margaret were among the victims of their brother-in-law, Hugh the younger Despenser. In his rashness and greed for the Clare lands, he robbed Margaret of much of her rightful inheritance. In 1321, Hugh de Audley joined the other Marcher Barons in looting, burning, and causing general devastation to Despenser's lands.

Hugh was captured at the Battle of Boroughbridge in 1322, and was saved from a hanging thanks to the pleas of his wife. He was imprisoned, and two months later Margaret was sent to Sempringham priory. She remained there until 1326, when Hugh escaped prison and she was released from Sempringham.

In the meantime, her daughter Joan Gaveston had been sent to Amesbury Priory. A marriage was arranged for Joan with the son of Thomas Multon, but the girl died in early 1325.

Hugh and Margaret were reunited sometime in 1326. In summer 1336, their only daughter, Margaret Audley, was abducted by Ralph Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford. Her parents filed a complaint, but King Edward III of England supported Stafford. He appeased Hugh and Margaret by creating Hugh Earl of Gloucester.

Margaret died in April 1342 and her sister Elizabeth de Clare paid for prayers to be said for her soul at Tonbridge priory.


Offspring of Margaret de Clare and Piers Gaveston, 1st Earl of Cornwall (1284-1312)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Joan Gaveston (1312-?)

Offspring of Margaret de Clare and Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester (c1291-1347)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Margaret de Audley (1318-1347) 1318 7 September 1347 Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford (1301-1372)

Sources and notes

‡ General
Facts about "Margaret de Clare (1293-1342)"RDF feed
Age at death49 +
AncestryUnited Kingdom +, Israel +, France +, Germany +, England +, Russia +, Ukraine +, Belgium +, Netherlands +, Spain +, Byzantine Empire +, Italy + and Portugal +
Birth blurb1293
Birth date1293 +
Birth date string1293
Birth latitude
Birth longitude
Birth year1,293 +
Children-g1Joan Gaveston (1312-?) +
Children-g2Margaret de Audley (1318-1347) +
Children-list1Joan Gaveston (1312-?)
Children-list2Margaret de Audley (1318-1347)
Death blurbApril 1342
Death dateApril 1342 +
Death date stringApril 1342
Death latitude
Death longitude
Death month4 +
Death year1,342 +
Desc1Joan Gaveston (1312-?) + and Margaret de Audley (1318-1347) +
Desc2Hugh de Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford (1336-1386) +, Elizabeth de Stafford (1337-1375) +, Catherine Stafford (c1340-1361) +, Beatrice De Stafford (1338-1415) + and Joan de Stafford (1344-?) +
Desc3Ralph de Stafford (c1354-1385) +, Margaret de Stafford (c1364-1396) +, Thomas de Stafford, 3rd Earl of Stafford (c1368-1392) +, William Stafford, 4th Earl of Stafford (1375-1395) +, Katherine de Stafford (c1376-1419) +, Edmond Stafford (1378-1403) +, Joan de Stafford (1378-1442) +, Robert de Ferrers, 4th Baron Ferrers of Chartley (1357-1413) + and John de Sutton (1361-1396) +
FatherGilbert de Clare, 7th Earl of Gloucester (1243-1295) +
Given nameMargaret +
Ifmarried-g1true +
Ifmarried-g2true +
Joined withPiers Gaveston, 1st Earl of Cornwall (1284-1312)+Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester (c1291-1347) +
Joined with-g1Piers Gaveston, 1st Earl of Cornwall (1284-1312) +
Joined with-g2Hugh de Audley, 1st Earl of Gloucester (c1291-1347) +
Long nameMargaret de Clare +
MotherJoan of Acre (1272-1307) +
Notable ancestorsCharlemagne (747-814) +, Hugh Capet (c940-996) +, Rurik (c832-879) +, William I of England (1027-1087) +, Alfred the Great (849-899) + and Henry II of England (1133-1189) +
Page language
SexF +
Short nameMargaret de Clare +
Sourceswikipedia:en:Margaret de Clare
Spouse latitude
Spouse longitude
SurnameDe Clare +
Wedding1 dateOctober 1307 +
Wedding1 month10 +
Wedding1 year1,307 +
WikipediaMargaret de Clare +

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