Marshall County, Indiana

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Marshall County, Indiana
Marshal County courthouse in Plymouth, Indiana
Map of Indiana highlighting Marshall County
Location in the state of Indiana
Map of USA IN
Indiana's location in the U.S.
Founded 1836
Named for John Marshall
Seat Plymouth
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

449.92 sq mi (1,165 km²)
444.27 sq mi (1,151 km²)
5.65 sq mi (15 km²), 1.26%
 - (2010)
 - Density

106/sq mi (40.88/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Indiana county number 50

Marshall County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana. The county seat is Plymouth[1]. Census 2010 recorded the population at 47,051.[2]


Marshall County was formed in 1836. It was named for U.S. Chief Justice John Marshall, who died in 1835.[3] Marshall County is notable as the starting point in 1838 of the Potawatomi Trail of Death, which was the forced removal by United States forces of 859 members of the Potawatomi nation from to the location of present-day Osawatomie, Kansas, a distance of 660 miles (1,060 km).


According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 449.92 square miles (1,165.3 km2), of which 444.27 square miles (1,150.7 km2) (or 98.74%) is land and 5.65 square miles (14.6 km2) (or 1.26%) is water.[4] The Yellow River flows through northern, central, and western portions of Marshall County, past Plymouth; the Tippecanoe River flows through the southeastern part of the county.[5]

Adjacent countiesEdit

Major highwaysEdit

Cities and towns Edit

Census-designated placeEdit


Climate and weather Edit

Climate chart for Plymouth, Indiana
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: The Weather Channel[6]

In recent years, average temperatures in Plymouth have ranged from a low of 16 °F (−9 °C) in January to a high of 86 °F (30 °C) in July, although a record low of −25 °F (−31.7 °C) was recorded in January 1985 and a record high of 109 °F (43 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 1.86 inches (47 mm) in February to 4.48 inches (114 mm) in June.[6]


The county government is a constitutional body, and is granted specific powers by the Constitution of Indiana, and by the Indiana Code.

County Council: The county council is the legislative branch of the county government and controls all the spending and revenue collection in the county. Representatives are elected from county districts. The council members serve four year terms. They are responsible for setting salaries, the annual budget, and special spending. The council also has limited authority to impose local taxes, in the form of an income and property tax that is subject to state level approval, excise taxes, and service taxes.[7][8]

Board of Commissioners: The executive body of the county is made of a board of commissioners. The commissioners are elected county-wide, in staggered terms, and each serves a four-year term. One of the commissioners, typically the most senior, serves as president. The commissioners are charged with executing the acts legislated by the council, collecting revenue, and managing the day-to-day functions of the county government.[7][8]

Court: The county maintains a small claims court that can handle some civil cases. The judge on the court is elected to a term of four years and must be a member of the Indiana Bar Association. The judge is assisted by a constable who is also elected to a four-year term. In some cases, court decisions can be appealed to the state level circuit court.[8]

County Officials: The county has several other elected offices, including sheriff, coroner, auditor, treasurer, recorder, surveyor, and circuit court clerk Each of these elected officers serves a term of four years and oversees a different part of county government. Members elected to county government positions are required to declare party affiliations and to be residents of the county.[8]

Marshall County is part of Indiana's 2nd congressional district and in 2008 was represented by Joe Donnelly in the United States Congress.[9] It is also part of Indiana Senate districts 5 and 9[10] and Indiana House of Representatives districts 17 and 23.[11]


Marshall County
Population by year

2010 47,051
2000 45,128
1990 42,182
1980 39,155
1970 34,986
1960 32,443
1950 29,468
1940 25,935
1930 25,077
1920 23,744
1910 24,175
1900 25,119
1890 23,818
1880 23,414
1870 20,211
1860 12,722
1850 5,348
1840 1,651

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 45,128 people, 16,519 households, and 12,191 families residing in the county. The population density was 102 people per square mile (39/km²). There were 18,099 housing units at an average density of 41 per square mile (16/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.53% White, 0.30% Black or African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 2.54% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. 5.90% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 36.6% were of German, 14.2% American, 8.2% English and 8.0% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 16,519 households out of which 35.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.30% were married couples living together, 8.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.20% were non-families. 22.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.69 and the average family size was 3.15.


Marshall County is flat farmland dotted with small towns like Bremen.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.10% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 28.00% from 25 to 44, 22.00% from 45 to 64, and 13.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $42,581, and the median income for a family was $48,527. Males had a median income of $33,999 versus $22,482 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,427. About 4.80% of families and 6.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.30% of those under age 18 and 6.60% of those age 65 or over.

See alsoEdit


  • Forstall, Richard L. (editor) (1996). Population of states and counties of the United States: 1790 to 1990 : from the twenty-one decennial censuses. United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Population Division. ISBN 0-934213-48-8. 
  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ "Marshall County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-25. 
  3. ^ De Witt Clinton Goodrich & Charles Richard Tuttle (1875). An Illustrated History of the State of Indiana. Indiana: R. S. Peale & co.. pp. 567. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-06. 
  5. ^ Indiana Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Me.: DeLorme. 1998. pp. 20–21, 26–27. ISBN 0-89933-211-0. 
  6. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Plymouth, Indiana". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-01-27. 
  7. ^ a b Indiana Code. "Title 36, Article 2, Section 3". Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  8. ^ a b c d Indiana Code. "Title 2, Article 10, Section 2". Retrieved 2008-09-16. 
  9. ^ "US Congressman Joe Donnelly". US Congress. Retrieved 2008-10-08. 
  10. ^ "Indiana Senate Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  11. ^ "Indiana House Districts". State of Indiana. Retrieved 2011-07-14. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

Coordinates: 41°20′N 86°16′W / 41.33, -86.26

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Marshall County, Indiana. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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