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Martin Balderas is known in various entries in the Canonical books of St. John the Baptist Parish in Banate, Iloilo, Philippines. These documents identifies him as husband of Doña Apolonia Baviera y Barte. The Municipality of Banate, Iloilo lists him among the Gobernadorcillos of the town during the Colonial Period.
The registry of burial of his wife in the Cemetery of St. John the Baptist Roman Catholic Parish in Banate (entry no. 107 of the Burial Registry from 1910 to 1935) mentions his wife as the granddaughter of Don Felix Baviera, who was the first Gobernadorcillo of the town in 1837. The Parish Canonical Books also record the baptism, marriage and burials of their children, and grandchidren. Don Martin Balderas and Doña Apolonia Baviera had 11 children, the eldest of whom is Doña Maria Balderas y Baviera, married to Don Marcelo Madrid of Barcelona, Spain.
The Canonical Books of St. John the Baptist Roman Catholic Parish in Banate register the burials of the following children of Don Martin Balderas and Doña Apolonia Baviera. All of which mention the name of the spouses as their parents:
- Maria Balderas (1857-1934) (a.k.a. Beyay), married to Marcelo Madrid (1859-1921) of Barcelona, Spain. Died at the age of seventy-seven years, and was buried in Banate Roman Catholic Cemetery, on 16 September 1934.
- Maxima (a.k.a. Ima) Gonzalez née Balderas y Baviera; married to Felipe Gonzalez of Jaro, Iloilo; buried in the Roman Catholic Cemetery of Banate.
- Luisa Balderas y Baviera (1863-1913) married to Wensislao Maravilla, buried in the Roman Catholic Cemetery of Banate, on 17 March 1913.
- Susana Balderas y Baviera
- Lilay Balderas y Baviera
- Simplicio Balderas y Baviera, married to Isabel Fuentes (cf. Burial Register, dated 4 October 1919, of Jesusa Balderas y Fuentes, aged 20 years).
- Diosdada Balderas y Baviera, married to Don Florencio Villaluz - Spaniard, who was one of the vecinos distinguidos of Banate during the Spanish Era. Don Florencio Villaluz, Don Marcelo Madrid (his brother in law) and Don Eugenio Badilla were the only three notable citizens of Banate during the Spanish colonial period listed by the Annual Report of Philippine Commission to the President of the United States among the first officials of of the town at the beginning of the American regime in the Country, when peace was attained in 1901, at the end of the Spanish rule and after the Filipino-American War.  Later, Don Florencio also served as the President of the town of Banate, from 1905-1907).
- Estemidada Balderas y Baviera (1862-1948), died on 28 September 1948 at the age of 86 years old, and buried on 6 October 1948.
- Matea Balderas y Baviera; remained unmarried; buried in the Roman Catholic Cemetery in Banate.
Religious and Cultural LegacyEdit
Don Martin Balderas handed down to his descendants the centuries-old image of Nuestra Señora de los Dolores, popularly known in Banate as "The Dolorosa". It is an important religious and cultural legacy he left to his family and to the town of Banate, which is used during the traditional Good Friday procession. Originally given to the care of Doña Maria (Camarera de la Virgen Dolorosa), his firstborn, the image was jointly taken cared of by his granddaughters Josefina Madrid (1902-1976) the youngest daughter of Doña Maria, and Luz Gonzalez y Balderas (daughter of his daughter Doña Maxima Gonzalez née Balderas), who became the Camareras when Doña Maria died. Doña Maria's elder daughter Pilar, who was already married to Hon. Paulo Badilla (President of Banate from 1927-1929), was already given the responsibility as the Camarera of the Badilla Clan's Santo Entierro.
During the war, Luz took care of the image, saving it from damage and hid it from the knowledge and eyes of the Japanese who occupied the town of Banate. Remaining unmarried until her death in 1998, she gave her properties to the Luz Balderas Gonzales Foundation, Inc., which has as one of its main benefactions the preservation and maintenance of the Dolorosa for the Viernes Santo procession in Banate. The Foundation "was established primarily to help improve the living conditions of the people of Banate, Iloilo, extend financial assistance through scholarship grants, to provide avenues for the youth to exercise their talents and to develop their potentials, to help filipino women and to help promote Christian virtues and values". Dra. Otelia Peregil, Don Martin's great great granddaughter and Doña Maria's great granddaughter by her son Serafin Madrid y Balderas, is the current President of the Foundation. Ms. Edna Gonzales, great granddaughter of Don Martin Balderas through his daughter Maxima, is the current Camarera of the Dolorosa.
Image gallery Edit
Notes and referencesEdit
- ^ Cf. Fr. Juan Fernandez, O.S.A, Monografias de los pueblos de la isla de Panay in Monographs of the Towns of Panay, Iloilo City: University of San Augustine, 2006, pp. 64 and 158.
- ^ Fray Agapito Lope Manuscript 1911, p. 1.
- ^ Fray Agapito Lope Manuscript 1911, p. 2.
- ^ Annual report of the Philippine Commission / Bureau of Insular Affairs, War Department to the President of the United States, Washington D.C.: 1901, Vol. I, p. 130. 
- ^ Luz Balderas Gonzales Foundation, Inc. scholarship grant at Iloilo State University of Science and Technology.
- ^ Luz Balderas Gonzales Foundation, Inc.