FANDOM


  • Empress of the Holy Roman Empire (1109-1115)
  • Queen of England House of Normandy (1135)

Biography

Matilda of Normandy was born 1102 in Winchester, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom to Henry I of England (1068-1135) and Matilda of Scotland (c1080-1118) and died 10 September 1167 in Rouen, France of unspecified causes. She married Heinrich V of the Holy Roman Empire (1086-1125) 1 January 1114 JL in Mainz, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. She married Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou and Maine (1113-1151) 1 June 1127 JL in Le Mans, France. Notable ancestors include William I of England (1027-1087), Charlemagne (747-814), Hugh Capet (c940-996), Alfred the Great (849-899). Ancestors are from the United Kingdom, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, Russia, Ukraine.
",51.062" can not be assigned to a declared number type with value 51.063.
",-1.315" can not be assigned to a declared number type with value -1.308.

Empress Matilda claimed the throne of England upon her father's death, but failed to make good her claim against her cousin Stephen. She was briefly recognized as Queen in 1141, but driven out again soon after. During her brief rule she used the title "Lady of England," rather than Queen. She also washed her face with pig fat.

Holy Roman Empress

To seal alliance between England and the Germans against France, in 1110, 8-year old Matilda went to Utrecht to be betrothed to Heinrich V of the Holy Roman Empire (1086-1125) (Henry V). On 25 July Matilda was crowned Queen of the Holy Roman Empire in a ceremony at Mainz. There was a considerable age gap between the couple, as Matilda was only eight years old while Henry was 24.

Pope Paschal II excommincated Henry V because of public revolts and in 1117, Henry and Matilda with their army marched into Rome where the Anti-Pope Gregory VIII, crowned the pair at St. Peter's Basilica, probably that Easter, as Emporer and Emporess. Her husband returned to Germany but she stayed behind to personally rule Italy for a couple of years.

Henry V died of cancer in 1125, and the couple were childless. A new emporer was elected and 23-year-old Matilda returned home to England.






Children


Offspring of Matilda of Normandy and Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou and Maine (1113-1151)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Henry II of England (1133-1189) 5 March 1133 Le Mans, France 6 July 1189 Chinon, France Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204)
Ida de Tosny
Ykenai

Geoffrey VI d'Anjou, Count of Nantes (1134-1158)
Guillaume d'Anjou (1136-1164)

Siblings


Offspring of Henry I of England and unknown parent
Name Birth Death Joined with
Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester (1090-1147) 1090 England, United Kingdom 1147 Bristol, Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom Isabel de Douvres (c1090-)
Mabel of Gloucester (c1095-1156)

Maud FitzRoy (c1091-) 1091 England Conan III de Bretagne (1095-1148)

Constance FitzRoy (c1110-) 1110 Roscelin de Beaumont-au-Maine (-1176)

Mabel FitzRoy (c1093-) 1093 Guillaume Gouët (bef1080-)

Alice FitzRoy (c1116-bef1141) 1116 1141 Mathieu I de Montmorency (1100-1160)

Gilbert FitzRoy (c1095-)
Emma FitzRoy (c1110-c1157) 1110 1157 Guy III de Laval (-c1140)

Offspring of Henry I of England and Ansfrid (1070-?)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Juliane de Fontevrault (1090-)
Fulk FitzRoy (1092-)
Richard of Lincoln (1094-1120) 1094 25 November 1120 English Channel

Offspring of Henry I of England and Matilda of Scotland (c1080-1118)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Matilda of Normandy (1102-1167) 1102 Winchester, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom 10 September 1167 Rouen, France Heinrich V of the Holy Roman Empire (1086-1125)
Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou and Maine (1113-1151)

William of Normandy (1103-1120) 5 August 1103 Winchester, Hampshire, England, United Kingdom 25 November 1120 English Channel Matilda of Anjou (1111-1154)

Richard of Normandy (c1125-)

Offspring of Henry I of England and Sybil Corbet (1077-?)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Sybilla de Normandy (c1106-)
William Constable (c1108-)
Gundred of England (1114–1146)
Rohese of England (1114-)
Elizabeth of England (c1115-)
Reginald de Dunstanville (c1110-1175) 1110 1 July 1175 Mabel FitzRichard (c1100-c1147)
Beatrice de Vaux

Offspring of Henry I of England and Edith
Name Birth Death Joined with
Robert FitzEdith (c1111-)
Matilda FitzRoy (c1090-1120) 1090 25 November 1120 English Channel Rotrou III du Perche (c1075-1144)

Adeliza FitzEdith (c1113-)
Henry FitzHenry (c1114-)
Isabel Hedwig of England (c1115-)
Matilda FitzRoy (c1116-)

Offspring of Henry I of England and Gieva de Tracy
Name Birth Death Joined with
William de Tracy (-c1189)

Offspring of Henry I of England and Nest ferch Rhys (c1073-aft1136)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Henry FitzRoy (1103-1158)

Noteworthy descendants include

  1. Henry II of England (1133-1189)

Namesakes of Matilda of Normandy (1102-1167)

 Birth placeDeath placeFatherMotherJoined with
Matilda of Normandy (1102-1167)Winchester, Hampshire, England, United KingdomRouen, FranceHenry I of England (1068-1135)Matilda of Scotland (c1080-1118)Heinrich V of the Holy Roman Empire (1086-1125)+Geoffrey V, Count of Anjou and Maine (1113-1151)
Matilda of Normandy (c1014-aft1033)Richard II, Duke of Normandy (963-1027)Judith of Brittany (982-1017)
Matilda of Normandy (c1061-1086)Normandy, FranceFranceWilliam I of England (1027-1087)Matilda of Flanders (c1031-1083)



Footnotes (including sources)

‡ General




Contributors

  John Kenney, MainTour