is the 122nd day of the year (123rd in May 1 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 243 days remaining until the end of the year.
305 - Diocletian and Maximian retire from the office of Roman Emperor.
1045 - Gregory VI is appointed Pope.
1328 - Wars of Scottish Independence end: Treaty of Edinburgh-Northampton – England recognises Scotland as an independent nation.
1576 - Stefan Batory, the reigning Prince of Transylvania, marries Anna Jagiellon and they become the co-rulers of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
1707 - The Act of Union joins the Kingdom of England and Kingdom of Scotland to form the Kingdom of Great Britain.
1751 - The first cricket match is played in America.
1753 - Publication of Species Plantarum by Linnaeus, and the formal start date of plant taxonomy adopted by the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature.
1776 - Establishment of the Illuminati in Ingolstadt (Upper Bavaria), by Jesuit-taught Adam Weishaupt.
1778 - American Revolution: The Battle of Crooked Billet begins in Hatboro.
1786 - Opening night of the opera by The Marriage of Figaro Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in Vienna, Italy.
1834 - The British colonies abolish slavery.
1840 - The Penny Black, the first official adhesive postage stamp, was issued in the United Kingdom.
1848 - The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta was founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
1851 - The Great Exhibition opens in London by Queen Victoria.
1863 - American Civil War: The Battle of Chancellorsville begins.
1869 - The Folies Bergère opens in Paris.
1884 - Proclamation of the demand for eight-hour workday in the United States.
1886 - The start of the general strike which eventually wins the eight-hour workday in the United States. These events are today commemorated as May Day or Labor Day in most industrialized countries.
1893 - The World's Columbian Exposition opens in Chicago.
1894 - Coxey's Army, the first significant American protest march, arrives in Washington.
1898 - Spanish-American War: The Battle of Manila Bay - The United States Navy destroys the Spanish Pacific fleet in the first battle of the war.
1900 - The Scofield mine disaster kills 200 in Scofield in the now fifth-worst mining accident in United States history.
1901 - The Pan-American Exposition opens in Buffalo.
1915 - RMS Lusitania departs New York City on her two hundred and second and final crossing of the North Atlantic. Six days later, the ship was torpedoed off the coast of Ireland with the loss of 1,198 lives, including 128 Americans, rousing American sentiment against Germany.
1925 - The All-China Federation of Trade Unions is officially founded. Today it is the largest trade union in the world, with 134 million members.
1927 - The first cooked meals on a scheduled flight are introduced on an Imperial Airways flight from London to Paris.
1927 - The Union Labor Life Insurance Company is founded by the American Federation of Labor.
1930 - The dwarf planet Pluto is officially named.
1931 - The Empire State Building is dedicated in New York City.
1940 - The 1940 Summer Olympics are cancelled due to war.
1941 - Orson Welles's premieres in Citizen Kane New York City.
1941 - World War II: German forces launch Operation Mercury the largest airborne invasion to date in their bid to capture Crete.
1941 - World War II: German forces launch a major attack on Tobruk.
1945 - Soviet troops raise the Soviet Flag over the Reichstag, in Berlin.
1945 - A German newsreader officially announces that Adolf Hitler has "fallen at his command post in the Reich Chancellery fighting to the last breath against Bolshevism and for Germany".
1946 - Start of 3 year Pilbara strike of Indigenous Australians.
1946 - The Paris Peace Conference decided that the islands of the Dodecanese are to return to Greece by the Italians.
1948 - The Democratic People's Republic of Korea ( North Korea) is established, with Kim Il-sung as president.
1950 - Guam is organized as a United States commonwealth.
1956 - The polio vaccine developed by Jonas Salk is made available to the public.
1956 - A doctor in Japan reports an "epidemic of an unknown disease of the central nervous system", marking the official discovery of Minamata disease.
1960 - Formation of western Indian state, Maharashtra.
1960 - Cold War: U-2 Crisis – Francis Gary Powers, in a Lockheed U-2 spyplane, is shot down over the Soviet Union, sparking off a diplomatic crisis.
1961 - The Prime Minister of Cuba, Fidel Castro, proclaims Cuba a socialist nation and abolishes elections.
1965 - Battle of Dong-Yin, a naval conflict between ROC and PRC.
1967 - Singer Elvis Presley marries Priscilla Beaulieu in Las Vegas.
1970 - Protests erupt in Seattle, following the announcement of President Richard Nixon that U.S. Forces in Vietnam would pursue enemy troops into Cambodia, a neutral country.
1971 - Amtrak (the National Railroad Passenger Corporation) is formed to take over U.S. passenger rail service.
1977 - 36 people was killed in Istanbul, Taksim Square during the Labour Day celebrations.
1978 - Japan's Naomi Uemura, travelling by dog sled, becomes the first person to reach the North Pole alone.
1978 - The first unsolicited bulk commercial e-mail (which would later become known as " spam") was sent by a DEC marketing representative to every ARPANET address on the west coast of the United States.
1982 - The 1982 World's Fair opens in Knoxville.
1982 - Baptism by fire of Argentine Air Force during Falklands War.
1983 - Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis is awarded the Lenin Peace Prize.
1987 - Pope John Paul II beatifies Edith Stein, a Jewish-born Carmelite nun who was gassed in the Nazi concentration camp at Auschwitz.
1989 - The coat of arms of Greenland is adopted.
1989 - Disney-MGM Studios opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, United States.
1991 - Rickey Henderson would steal his 939th base, making him the all-time leader in this category. However, his accomplishment would be overshadowed later that evening by Nolan Ryan, who would pitch his seventh career no-hitter (breaking his own record).
1992 - On the third day of the 1992 Los Angeles riots, African American criminal Rodney King appeared in public before television news cameras to appeal for calm and plead for peace, asking, "People, I just want to say, you know, can we all get along?".
1994 - Last day of the standing Spion Kop Grandstand for Liverpool F.C., perhaps the most famous stand in English Football; Three time F1 Drivers' World Champion Ayrton Senna was killed in an accident at the San Marino Grand Prix.
1995 - Croatian forces launch Operation Flash during the Croatian War of Independence
1997 - Tasmania becomes the last state in Australia to decriminalize homosexuality.
1997 - Tony Blair becomes Prime Minister as the Labour Party wins the British General Election
2003 - 2003 invasion of Iraq: In what becomes known as the " Mission Accomplished" speech, President George W. Bush declares "major combat operations in Iraq have ended" on board USS Abraham Lincoln off the coast of California.
2004 - Cyprus, Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovakia, and Slovenia join the European Union, celebrated at the residence of the Irish President in Dublin.
2006 - The Puerto Rican government closes the Department of Education and 42 other government agencies due to significant shortages in cash flows.
2007 - The Los Angeles May Day mêlée occurred, in which the police response to a May Day pro-immigration rally became a matter of controversy.
1218 - John I (d. 1257)
1218 - Rudolph I of Germany, Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1291)
1285 - Edmund FitzAlan, English politician (d. 1326)
1582 - Marco da Gagliano, Italian composer (d. 1643)
1594 - John Haynes, Massachusetts colonial magistrate
1672 - Joseph Addison, English politician and writer (d. 1719)
1769 - Arthur Wellesley, English statesman (d. 1852)
1804 - Aleksey Khomyakov, Russian poet (d. 1860)
1829 - José de Alencar, Brazilian novelist (d. 1877)
1831 - Emily Stowe, Canadian physician and suffragist (d. 1903)
1851 - Laza Lazarević, Serbian writer and psychiatrist (d. 1891)
1852 - Calamity Jane, American Wild West performer (d. 1903)
1852 - Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish neuroscientist, Nobel laureate (d. 1934)
1872 - Sidónio Pais, Portuguese military and politician (d. 1918)
1881 - Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French palaeontologist and philosopher (d. 1955)
1884 - Francis Curzon, British politician, naval officer and racing driver (d. 1964)
1887 - Alan Gordon Cunningham, British army officer (d. 1983)
1896 - Mark Wayne Clark, American general (d. 1984)
1896 - J. Lawton Collins, American general (d. 1987)
1901 - Heinz Eric Roemheld, American film composer (d. 1985)
1901 - Antal Szerb, Hungarian author and historian (d. 1945)
1905 - Henry Koster, German film director (d. 1988)
1905 - Paul Desruisseaux, French Canadian lawyer, businessman and politician (d. 1982)
1906 - Horst Schumann, Nazi physician (d. 1983)
1907 - Oliver Hill, civil rights attorney
1908 - Giovanni Guareschi, Italian journalist (d. 1968)
1909 - Kate Smith, American singer (d. 1986)
1909 - Yiannis Ritsos, Greek poet, winner of the Lenin Peace Prize, 9 times candidate for the Nobel Prize (d. 1990)
1913 - Louis Nye, American comedian and actor (d. 2005)
1913 - Walter Susskind, Czech conductor (d. 1980)
1915 - Archie Williams, American athlete (d. 1993)
1916 - Glenn Ford, Canadian actor (d. 2006)
1917 - John Beradino, American actor and baseball player (d. 1996)
1917 - Danielle Darrieux, French singer and actress
1918 - Jack Paar, American television host (d. 2004)
1918 - Gersh Budker, Russian physicist (d. 1977)
1919 - Dan O'Herlihy, Irish film actor (d. 2005)
1923 - Joseph Heller, American novelist (d. 1999)
1924 - Art Fleming, American game show host (d. 1995)
1924 - Karel Kachyňa, Czech film director (d. 2004)
1924 - Terry Southern, American screenwriter (d. 1995)
1925 - Chuck Bednarik, American football player
1925 - Scott Carpenter, American astronaut
1926 - Peter Lax, Hungarian Mathematician
1928 - Desmond Titterington, Northern Irish racer (d. 2002)
1929 - Ralf Dahrendorf, German-born sociologist and politician
1929 - Sonny James, American country music singer and songwriter
1930 - Richard Riordan, former mayor of Los Angeles
1930 - Little Walter, American blues singer (d. 1995)
1934 - Joan Hackett, American actress (d. 1983)
1934 - Shirley Horn, American jazz singer and pianist (d. 2005)
1934 - Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas, Mexican politician
1935 - Ann Robinson, American actress
1937 - Una Stubbs, English actress
1939 - Judy Collins, American folk singer
1939 - Max Robinson, American broadcast journalist (d. 1988)
1940 - Elsa Peretti, Italian jewelry designer
1944 - Suresh Kalmadi, Indian politician
1945 - Rita Coolidge, American singer
1946 - Joanna Lumley, English actress
1946 - John Woo, Hong Kong director
1949 - Tim Hodgkinson, English composer and musician ( Henry Cow)
1949 - Paul Teutul, founder of Orange County Choppers
1950 - Dann Florek, American actor
1950 - Danny McGrain, Scottish footballer
1951 - Antony Worrall Thompson, English celebrity chef
1954 - Ray Parker Jr., American singer and songwriter
1954 - Joel Rosenberg, science fiction author
1957 - Catherine Frot, French actress
1957 - Ko Otani, Japanese composer
1960 - Steve Cauthen, American jockey
1961 - Marilyn Milian, current judge on
The People's Court 1962 - Maia Morgenstern, Romanian actress
1962 - Ted Sundquist, General Manager of the Denver Broncos
1964 - Yvonne van Gennip, Dutch speed skater
1967 - Tim McGraw, American musician
1968 - Oliver Bierhoff, German footballer
1968 - Sol Kyung-gu, South Korean actor
1968 - D'arcy Wretzky, American musician ( The Smashing Pumpkins)
1969 - Wes Anderson, American director and writer
1971 - Ajith Kumar, Indian film actor
1973 - Curtis Martin, American football player
1973 - Oliver Neuville, German footballer
1975 - Marc-Vivien Foé, Cameroonian footballer (d. 2003)
1975 - Jodhi May, British actress
1975 - Alexei Smertin, Russian footballer
1976 - Darius McCrary, American actor
1977 - Vera Lischka, Austrian swimmer
1977 - Dan Regan, American musician ( Reel Big Fish)
1979 - Mauro Bergamasco, Italian rugby player
1979 - MC Harvey (Michael Harvey), British musical artist
1980 - Jan Heylen, Belgian racing driver
1981 - Aliaksandr Hleb, Belarusian footballer
1981 - Derek Asamoah, Ghanaian Footballer
1982 - Tommy Robredo, Spanish tennis player
1983 - The Human Tornado (Craig Williams), American professional wrestler
1984 - Alexander Farnerud, Swedish footballer
1984 - Farah Fath, American actress
1985 - Drew Sidora, American actress
1986 - Cristian Benítez, Ecuadorian footballer
1986 - Adam Casey, Australian footballer
1987 - Shahar Pe'er, Israeli tennis player
1988 - Graeme Owens, English footballer
1990 - Caitlin Stasey, Australian actress
1997 - Ariel Gade, American actress
408 - Arcadius, Eastern Roman emperor (b. 337/338)
1118 - Edith of Scotland, first wife of Henry I of England (b. c. 1080)
1308 - Albert I of Habsburg (murdered) (b. 1255)
1539 - Isabella of Portugal, queen of Spain and empress of Germany (b. 1503)
1555 - Pope Marcellus II (b. 1501)
1572 - Pope Pius V (b. 1504)
1731 - Johann Ludwig Bach, German composer (b. 1677)
1738 - Charles Howard, English statesman (b. c. 1669)
1772 - Gottfried Achenwall, German statistician (b. 1719)
1813 - Jean-Baptiste Bessières, French marshal (killed in combat) (b. 1768)
1873 - David Livingstone, Scottish missionary (b. 1813)
1899 - Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician (b. 1824)
1904 - Antonín Dvořák, Czech composer (b. 1841)
1913 - John Barclay Armstrong, Texas Ranger and U.S. Marshal (b. 1850)
1935 - Henri Pélissier, French cyclist (b. 1889)
1937 - Snitz Edwards, American actor (b. 1868)
1943 - Johan Oscar Smith, Norweigian Christian leader and founder of Smith's Friends (b. 1871)
1945 - Joseph Goebbels, Nazi Minister of Propaganda (suicide with his wife Magda Goebbels) (b. 1897)
1965 - Spike Jones, American band leader, musician, and comedian (b. 1911)
1968 - Harold Nicolson, British diplomat, author and politician (b. 1886)
1968 - Jack Adams, Canadian ice hockey player, coach and general manager (b. 1895)
1970 - Crown Prince Euimin, Crown Prince Korea (b. 1897)
1976 - Alexandros Panagoulis, Greek poet who fought the military junta in Greece (b. 1939)
1976 - T.R.M. Howard, civil rights leader, entrepreneur, surgeon (b. 1908)
1978 - Aram Khachaturian, Armenian composer (b. 1903)
1982 - William Primrose, Scottish violist (b. 1903)
1986 - Hugo Peretti, American songwriter and record producer (b. 1916)
1989 - Sally Kirkland, fashion editor at LIFE (b. 1912)
1989 - Douglass Watson, American actor (b. 1921)
1990 - Sergio Franchi, Italian tenor (b. 1926)
1993 - Pierre Bérégovoy, French Prime Minister (suicide) (b. 1925)
1993 - Ranasinghe Premadasa, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1924)
1994 - Ayrton Senna, Brazilian three-time Formula One champion (b. 1960)
1998 - Eldridge Cleaver, American activist (b. 1935)
2000 - Steve Reeves, American actor (b. 1926)
2003 - Miss Elizabeth, American wrestler (b. 1960)
2006 - Big Hawk, American rapper (b. 1969)
2006 - Johnny Paris, American saxophonist ( Johnny and the Hurricanes) (b. 1940)
Holidays and observances Edit
Liturgical Feast days Edit
External links Edit
This page uses content from the English language . The original content was at Wikipedia . The list of authors can be seen in the May 1 . As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the page history Creative Commons License.
70 Familypedia people were born on May 1
93 Familypedia people died on May 1
70 Familypedia people were first married on May 1