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McLean County, Kentucky
McLean County Courthouse Kentucky
McLean County Courthouse in Calhoun
Map of Kentucky highlighting McLean County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of USA KY
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1854
Named for Alney McLean
Seat Calhoun
Largest city Livermore
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

256 sq mi (663 km²)
252 sq mi (653 km²)
3.8 sq mi (10 km²), 1.5%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

9,531
38/sq mi (15/km²)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website http://www.mcleancounty.ky.gov/

McLean County ( /məˈkln/) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,531.[1] Its county seat is Calhoun.[2] McLean is a prohibition or dry county.

McLean County is part of the Owensboro, KY Metropolitan Statistical Area, which has a population of some 114,752 (2010 census).

History Edit

McLean County was formed by act of the Kentucky legislature on February 6, 1854 from portions of surrounding Daviess, Ohio, and Muhlenberg Counties. The county was named for Judge Alney McLean, founder of Greenville, the county seat of Muhlenberg County.[3][4]

Geography Edit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 256 square miles (660 km2), of which 252 square miles (650 km2) is land and 3.8 square miles (9.8 km2) (1.5%) is water.[5]

FeaturesEdit

McLean County is part of the Western Coal Fields region of Kentucky.

The county is transected southeast to northwest by Green River, the longest river entirely within the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Bridge crossings of Green River are at Calhoun, Livermore and west of Beech Grove. Green River is navigable throughout McLean County, with Army Corps of Engineers Lock and Dam #2 at Calhoun assisting boat navigation.

Adjacent countiesEdit

Demographics Edit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 6,144
1870 7,614 23.9%
1880 9,293 22.1%
1890 9,887 6.4%
1900 12,448 25.9%
1910 13,241 6.4%
1920 12,502 −5.6%
1930 11,072 −11.4%
1940 11,446 3.4%
1950 10,021 −12.4%
1960 9,355 −6.6%
1970 9,062 −3.1%
1980 10,090 11.3%
1990 9,628 −4.6%
2000 9,938 3.2%
2010 9,531 −4.1%
Est. 2016 9,475 [6] −4.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 9,938 people, 3,984 households, and 2,880 families residing in the county. The population density was 39 per square mile (15 /km2). There were 4,392 housing units at an average density of 17 per square mile (6.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.58% White, 0.36% Black or African American, 0.16% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.31% from other races, and 0.53% from two or more races. 0.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 3,984 households out of which 32.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.00% were married couples living together, 8.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.70% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.20% under the age of 18, 8.30% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 96.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $29,675, and the median income for a family was $35,322. Males had a median income of $28,446 versus $19,432 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,046. About 13.70% of families and 16.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.10% of those under age 18 and 18.50% of those age 65 or over.

Education Edit

McLean County has a county-wide public school district of some 1,700 students with one high school, one middle school and three elementary schools.

McLean County High School has approximately 500 students. Its first graduating class was 1972. McLean County Middle School has roughly 350 students. In the 2006-2007 school year, McLean County Middle School ranked third in final year testing and second in public schools to Hancock County. Both schools are located just east of Calhoun on Highway 136 and have the cougar as mascots.

Additionally, the county school system has three grade K-5 elementary schools in the towns of Calhoun, Livermore and Sacramento. Elementary schools in the towns of Beech Grove and Island were closed years ago. The Calhoun and Livermore elementaries have about 300 students each, while Sacramento Elementary has 125 students. Calhoun Elementary School's mascot is the bulldog, Livermore Elementary School's mascot is the yellow jacket, Sacramento Elementary School's mascot is the blue jay, Island Elementary School's mascot was the eagle, and Beech Grove Elementary School's mascot was the gorilla. Sacramento's future was at stake at one time, but the school was renamed as Marie Gatton Phillips Elementary School and remains active.

At any time, between 350 and 400 county residents are enrolled in higher education of some form.

MediaEdit

McLean County is served by a weekly newspaper, the McLean County News.

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

  • Calhoun, population 837, sits on the north bank of Green River in the central area of the county and is the seat of government.
  • Island is noted for its annual Wooden Bridge Festival and has a population of 435.
  • Livermore, the largest community in McLean County with a population 1,482, lies in the eastern part of the county at the scenic confluence of Rough and Green Rivers. Livermore's bridge is noteworthy, as it begins in McLean County, crosses the Rough River, passes over and has a pylon on a sliver of Ohio County territory, crosses the Green River, then ends back in McLean County.
  • Sacramento is home to the annual Battle of Sacramento Civil War Reenactment, the largest tourist event in the county, and has a population of 517.

Census-designated placeEdit

Other unincorporated communitiesEdit

North McLeanEdit

South McLeanEdit

PoliticsEdit

Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 74.1% 3,381 21.6% 988 4.3% 197
2012 64.4% 2,705 34.1% 1,432 1.5% 63
2008 54.0% 2,386 44.4% 1,963 1.7% 73
2004 58.3% 2,584 41.1% 1,823 0.6% 28
2000 55.2% 2,219 43.4% 1,747 1.4% 56
1996 38.1% 1,368 51.0% 1,834 10.9% 393
1992 32.8% 1,355 53.8% 2,223 13.3% 551
1988 44.5% 1,829 55.2% 2,269 0.3% 13
1984 50.0% 1,942 49.4% 1,917 0.6% 23
1980 40.4% 1,497 57.9% 2,147 1.8% 66
1976 33.7% 1,212 65.3% 2,346 1.0% 35
1972 65.1% 2,298 33.7% 1,191 1.2% 41
1968 35.7% 1,372 35.8% 1,373 28.5% 1,095
1964 31.2% 2,576 68.6% 1,173 0.2% 6
1960 56.9% 2,269 43.1% 1,716 0.0% 0
1956 48.7% 1,886 50.8% 1,965 0.5% 19
1952 47.6% 1,791 52.1% 1,961 0.3% 11
1948 33.4% 1,112 63.2% 2,104 3.4% 112
1944 43.8% 1,752 55.6% 2,222 0.6% 23
1940 38.4% 1,698 61.3% 2,709 0.2% 10
1936 34.5% 1,338 64.4% 2,496 1.2% 45
1932 33.4% 1,412 65.6% 2,771 1.0% 41
1928 58.1% 2,408 41.7% 1,728 0.3% 11
1924 43.6% 1,857 53.6% 2,284 2.8% 117
1920 46.1% 2,408 52.8% 2,754 1.1% 59
1916 46.5% 1,439 51.4% 1,589 2.1% 65
1912 31.4% 822 49.8% 1,304 18.8% 492

See alsoEdit

Coordinates: 37°32′N 87°16′W / 37.53, -87.26

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 14, 2011. http://www.webcitation.org/60B5M1Rzv?url=http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/21/21149.html. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. https://web.archive.org/web/20110531210815/http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. pp. 36. https://books.google.com/books?id=luoxAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA36#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  4. ^ Collins, Lewis (1877). History of Kentucky. p. 596. https://books.google.com/books?id=F5FQAQAAIAAJ&pg=PA596. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on August 12, 2014. https://web.archive.org/web/20140812210847/http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_21.txt. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2016.html. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. http://www.webcitation.org/6YSasqtfX?url=http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ky190090.txt. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved August 17, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. https://web.archive.org/web/20130911234518/http://factfinder2.census.gov/. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at McLean County, Kentucky. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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