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McPherson County, Kansas

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Coordinates: 38°24′N 97°40′W / 38.4, -97.667

McPherson County, Kansas
McPherson County Courthouse
McPherson County Courthouse in McPherson
Map of Kansas highlighting McPherson County
Location in the state of Kansas
Map of USA KS
Kansas's location in the U.S.
Founded February 26, 1867
Seat McPherson
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

901.24 sq mi (2,334 km²)
899.71 sq mi (2,330 km²)
1.52 sq mi (4 km²), 0.17%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

29,180
32.8/sq mi (12.7/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website McPhersonCountyKS.us

McPherson County (standard abbreviation: MP) is a county located in the U.S. state of Kansas. As of the 2010 census, the county population was 29,180.[1] The largest city and county seat is McPherson. The county is named for Civil War General James B. McPherson. The McPherson Micropolitan Statistical Area includes all of McPherson County.

HistoryEdit

19th centuryEdit

Kansmap1840-60

Map of early Santa Fe Trail and later Railroads, 1914

For millennia, the land that is currently Kansas was inhabited by Native Americans. In 1803, most of modern Kansas was secured by the United States as part of the Louisiana Purchase. In 1854, the Kansas Territory was organized. In 1861, Kansas became the 34th state.

From the 1820s to 1870s, the Santa Fe Trail passed through, what is now McPherson County. The trail entered the county, east of Canton, then south of Galva, then north of Inman, and west towards Lyons. In 1855, Charles O. Fuller established a ranch adjacent to the Running Turkey Creek Crossing about two miles south and one mile east of Galva. Fuller's Ranch provided accommodations for travelers on the Santa Fe Trail and was probably the first white settlement in McPherson County.

Peketon County was established in 1860, by the passage of a bill by S. N. Wood: An act to establish Peketon County. Section 1. - That all that territory west of the sixth principal meridian and south of Township 16, in Kansas Territory, be and the same is hereby erected into a county, to be known by the name of Peketon County. On February 17, 1865, Peketon County was abolished, and McPherson County was made a part of Marion County, which extended from the west line of Chase County to the present western boundary of Kansas.

In 1868, Solomon Stephens and L. N. Holmberg were appointed Justices of the Peace - the first officers in what is now McPherson County. The next year (1869) occurred the first election for the township, now the county of McPherson. McPherson was regularly organized as a county in the spring of 1870, a mass meeting being held at Sweadal. Sweadal, the county seat thus selected, was located about one mile and a half southwest of the present site of Lindsborg. In September, however, the County Commissioners resolved to meet at the latter place, McPherson which had already been located some two years.

In April, 1873, a petition was filed for the county seat re-location. It was signed by 483 voters, and a special election was accordingly ordered for June 10. Upon that day, McPherson received 605 votes, New Gottland 325, King City 3 and Lindsborg 1; McPherson's majority over all, 276. In May the McPherson Town Company had offered, as an inducement for the location of the county seat at this point, the free use of rooms for ten years, and the donation of two squares of land on the town site. The offer was accepted the next month, the County Commissioners selecting blocks 56 and 65. Thus the county seat was established at McPherson and has remained since.

As early as 1875, city leaders of Marion held a meeting to consider a branch railroad from Florence. In 1878, Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway and parties from Marion County and McPherson County chartered the Marion and McPherson Railway Company.[2] In 1879, a branch line was built from Florence to McPherson, in 1880 it was extended to Lyons, in 1881 it was extended to Ellinwood.[3] The line was leased and operated by the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. The line from Florence to Marion, was abandoned in 1968.[4] In 1992, the line from Marion to McPherson was sold to Central Kansas Railway. In 1993, after heavy flood damage, the line from Marion to McPherson was abandoned. The original branch line connected Florence, Marion, Canada, Hillsboro, Lehigh, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Conway, Windom, Little River, Mitchell, Lyons, Chase, then connected with the original AT&SF main line at Ellinwood.

In 1887, the Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway extended its main line from Herington to Pratt.[5] This main line connected Herington, Ramona, Tampa, Durham, Waldeck, Canton, Galva, McPherson, Groveland, Inman, Medora, Hutchinson, Whiteside, Partridge, Arlington, Langdon, Turon, Preston, Natrona, Pratt. In 1888, this main line was extended to Liberal. Later, this line was extended to Tucumcari, New Mexico and Santa Rosa, New Mexico, where it made a connection with the Southern Pacific from El Paso, Texas. The Chicago, Kansas and Nebraska Railway was absorbed by the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railway. This line is also called the "Golden State Route".

20th centuryEdit

The National Old Trails Road, also known as the Ocean-to-Ocean Highway, was established in 1912, and was routed through Windom, Conway, McPherson.

Law and governmentEdit

Following amendment to the Kansas Constitution in 1986, the county remained a prohibition, or "dry", county until 1996, when voters approved the sale of alcoholic liquor by the individual drink with a 30% food sales requirement.[6]

GeographyEdit

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 901.24 square miles (2,334.2 km2), of which 899.71 square miles (2,330.2 km2) (or 99.83%) is land and 1.52 square miles (3.9 km2) (or 0.17%) is water.[7]

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1900 21,421
1910 21,521 0.5%
1920 21,845 1.5%
1930 23,588 8.0%
1940 24,152 2.4%
1950 23,670 −2.0%
1960 24,285 2.6%
1970 24,778 2.0%
1980 26,855 8.4%
1990 27,268 1.5%
2000 29,554 8.4%
2010 29,180 −1.3%
U.S. Decennial Census
USA McPherson County, Kansas age pyramid

Age pyramid

Map of McPherson Co, Ks, USA

2005 KDOT Map of McPherson County (map legend)

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 29,554 people, 11,205 households, and 7,966 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 11,830 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile (5/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.53% White, 0.81% Black or African American, 0.34% Native American, 0.32% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.79% from other races, and 1.16% from two or more races. 1.94% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 37.1% were of German, 12.9% Swedish, 12.1% American, 6.7% English and 6.3% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 11,205 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.50% were married couples living together, 6.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.90% were non-families. 25.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 25.20% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 17.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,138, and the median income for a family was $48,243. Males had a median income of $33,530 versus $21,175 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,921. About 4.20% of families and 6.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.20% of those under age 18 and 8.10% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and towns Edit

Incorporated citiesEdit

Name and population (2010):

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

Ghost townsEdit

TownshipsEdit

McPherson County is divided into twenty-five townships. The cities of Lindsborg and McPherson are considered governmentally independent and are excluded from the census figures for the townships. In the following table, the population center is the largest city (or cities) included in that township's population total, if it is of a significant size.

Sources: 2000 U.S. Gazetteer from the U.S. Census Bureau.
Township FIPS Population
center
Population Population
density
/km² (/sq mi)
Land area
km² (sq mi)
Water area
km² (sq mi)
Water % Geographic coordinates
Battle Hill 04550 91 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.33% 38°29′2″N 97°25′22″W / 38.48389, -97.42278
Bonaville 07925 66 1 (2) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.34% 38°32′57″N 97°30′34″W / 38.54917, -97.50944
Canton 10500 1,090 12 (30) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 38°23′21″N 97°25′36″W / 38.38917, -97.42667
Castle 10950 225 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.12% 38°23′9″N 97°52′44″W / 38.38583, -97.87889
Delmore 17575 138 1 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.15% 38°28′43″N 97°33′17″W / 38.47861, -97.55472
Empire 21200 1,178 13 (33) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°23′12″N 97°32′7″W / 38.38667, -97.53528
Groveland 29150 234 2 (6) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.12% 38°17′55″N 97°44′37″W / 38.29861, -97.74361
Gypsum Creek 29325 215 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.11% 38°33′32″N 97°26′12″W / 38.55889, -97.43667
Harper 30225 137 1 (4) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.17% 38°28′55″N 97°45′50″W / 38.48194, -97.76389
Hayes 30950 287 3 (8) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°17′55″N 97°52′54″W / 38.29861, -97.88167
Jackson 34850 198 2 (6) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.49% 38°22′33″N 97°46′48″W / 38.37583, -97.78
King City 36900 544 6 (15) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.13% 38°18′51″N 97°39′8″W / 38.31417, -97.65222
Little Valley 41600 475 5 (13) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.02% 38°13′38″N 97°52′32″W / 38.22722, -97.87556
Lone Tree 42525 486 5 (13) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°17′37″N 97°32′48″W / 38.29361, -97.54667
McPherson 43975 618 8 (21) 77 (30) 0 (0) 0.23% 38°23′24″N 97°38′57″W / 38.39, -97.64917
Marquette 44950 776 8 (22) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.16% 38°33′9″N 97°51′30″W / 38.5525, -97.85833
Meridian 45975 341 4 (9) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°12′43″N 97°26′8″W / 38.21194, -97.43556
Mound 48675 2,104 23 (59) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.17% 38°12′24″N 97°31′22″W / 38.20667, -97.52278
New Gottland 50350 354 4 (10) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.38% 38°28′29″N 97°38′21″W / 38.47472, -97.63917
Smoky Hill 66025 297 3 (9) 89 (34) 0 (0) 0.05% 38°34′35″N 97°38′59″W / 38.57639, -97.64972
South Sharps Creek 67000 112 1 (3) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.18% 38°28′21″N 97°52′11″W / 38.4725, -97.86972
Spring Valley 67750 373 4 (10) 94 (36) 0 (0) 0.03% 38°18′2″N 97°25′21″W / 38.30056, -97.4225
Superior 69475 1,640 18 (46) 92 (36) 1 (0) 0.72% 38°13′28″N 97°46′1″W / 38.22444, -97.76694
Turkey Creek 71700 294 3 (8) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0% 38°13′10″N 97°38′23″W / 38.21944, -97.63972
Union 72225 190 2 (5) 93 (36) 0 (0) 0.20% 38°33′12″N 97°44′59″W / 38.55333, -97.74972

Education Edit

File:Windom Kansas.gif

Unified school districts Edit

District Office In Neighboring County

CollegesEdit

MuseumsEdit

See alsoEdit

Information on this and other counties in Kansas

Other information for Kansas


ReferencesEdit

Further readingEdit

McPherson
  • A History of the Church of the Brethren in Kansas (includes McPherson College history); Elmer LeRoy Craik; McPherson Daily Republican Press; 397 pages; 1922. (Download 25MB PDF eBook)
Kansas
USA

External linksEdit

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at McPherson County, Kansas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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