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Middlesex County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Middlesex County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of USA VA
Virginia's location in the U.S.
Founded 1673
Seat Saluda
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

, 38.18%
 - (2000)
 - Density


Middlesex County is a county located on the Middle Peninsula in the U.S. state of Virginia. As of 2000, the population was 9,932. Its county seat is Saluda6.

History Edit

Settlement of the area began around 1640 with the county being officially formed in 1669 from a part of Lancaster County. The county's only incorporated town, Urbanna, was established in 1680 serving initially as a port for shipping agricultural products and later as the county's commercial and governmental center.

Rosegill Estate, a Middlesex County plantation first constructed in 1649, served as the temporary seat of the colony under two royal Governors of Virginia, (Sir Henry Chicheley, who served under Thomas Culpeper, and Lord Francis Howard, 5th Baron Howard of Effingham). The home remains a private residence to this day.

During the American Civil War, Urbanna was initially planned as the point of landing for General George B. McClellan's 1862 Peninsula Campaign of 1862 to take Richmond, but ultimately, the failed campaign utilized Fort Monroe as its starting point, almost doubling the distance by land to the Confederate citadel. Delays in reaching the gates of Richmond allowed the Confederates ample time to erect substantial defensive batteries, contributing to the Union failure.

The current Middlesex County courthouse was built in 1850-1874 by architects William R. Jones and John P. Hill, and is listed in the National Register of Historic Places[1]. A new courthouse complex was built in 2003-2004, but its opening has been stalled due to construction problems, leading to a legal dispute between the County board and the contractor.

Urbanna was incorporated on April 2, 1902, comprising an area of 0.49 square miles (1.27 km2). The Town of Urbanna remains the county's largest commercial center and its only incorporated area but the county seat of government has moved to the Village of Saluda on U.S. Route 17. To the east, almost to Stingray Point, the Village of Deltaville is situated on State Route 33 between the mouths of the Rappahannock and Piankatank Rivers. Once a major center for wooden boat building, the village remains a commercial and recreational center. The waterfront east to Stingray is home to many marinas, with a heavy concentration on Broad Creek.


Middlesex County is located at the eastern end of Virginia's Middle Peninsula region. The County is bounded by the Rappahannock River to the north, by the Chesapeake Bay to the east, by the Piankatank River and Dragon Run Swamp to the southwest, and by Essex County to the northwest. The County has a land area of 132 square miles (342 km2) and 135 miles (217 km) of shoreline.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 546 km² (211 mi²). 337 km² (130 mi²) of it is land and 208 km² (80 mi²) of it (38.18%) is water.


As of the census² of 2000, there were 9,932 people, 4,253 households, and 2,913 families residing in the county. The population density was 29/km² (76/mi²). There were 6,362 housing units at an average density of 19/km² (49/mi²). The racial makeup of the county was 78.50% White, 20.13% Black or African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.12% Asian, 0.41% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. 0.55% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,253 households out of which 32.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.10% were married couples living together, 9.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. 27.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.73.

In the county, the population was spread out with 19.20% under the age of 18, 5.10% from 18 to 24, 22.90% from 25 to 44, 30.30% from 45 to 64, and 22.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 47 years. For every 100 females there were 92.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,875, and the median income for a family was $43,440. Males had a median income of $30,842 versus $23,659 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,708. About 9.70% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.70% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.

Towns Edit


  • Gray, Louise E., et al. Historic Buildings in Middlesex County, Virginia: 1650-1875. (Delmar Publishing, Charlotte, NC, 1976.)
  • Rutman, Darrett Bruce; Rutman, Anita H. A Place in Time: Middlesex County, Virginia 1650-1750. (W.W. Norton & Co, 1986).

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 37°37′N 76°31′W / 37.61, -76.51

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Middlesex County, Virginia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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