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New Brunswick, New Jersey
—  City  —
City of New Brunswick
New Brunswick NJ Skyline at Sunset.jpg
Nickname(s): Hub City, The Healthcare City
Middlesex County New Jersey Incorporated and Unincorporated areas New Brunswick Highlighted.svg
Location of New Brunswick in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of New Brunswick, New Jersey.gif
Census Bureau map of New Brunswick, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°29′12″N 74°26′40″W / 40.486678, -74.444414Coordinates: 40°29′12″N 74°26′40″W / 40.486678, -74.444414
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Middlesex
Established December 30, 1730
Incorporated September 1, 1784
Government[1]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • Mayor James M. Cahill (term ends December 31, 2014)[2]
 • Administrator Thomas A. Loughlin, III[3]
Area[4]
 • Total 5.789 sq mi (14.995 km2)
 • Land 5.227 sq mi (13.539 km2)
 • Water 0.562 sq mi (1.456 km2)  9.71%
Area rank 264th of 566 in state
14th of 25 in county[4]
Elevation[5] 69 ft (21 m)
Population (2010 Census)[6][7][8]
 • Total 55,181
 • Rank 27th of 566 in state
5th of 25 in county[9]
 • Density 10,556.4/sq mi (4,075.8/km2)
 • Density rank 34th of 566 in state
2nd of 25 in county[9]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 08901-08906, 08933, 08989[10]
Area code(s) 732/848
FIPS code 3402351210[11][4][12]
GNIS feature ID 0885318[13][4]
Website www.cityofnewbrunswick.org

New Brunswick is a city in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. It is the county seat of Middlesex,[14][15] and the home of Rutgers University. The city is located on the Northeast Corridor rail line, 27 miles (43 km) southwest of Manhattan, on the southern bank of the Raritan River. At the 2010 United States Census, the population of New Brunswick was 55,181,[6][7][8] reflecting an increase of 6,608 (+13.6%) from the 48,573 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 6,862 (+16.5%) from the 41,711 counted in the 1990 Census.[16] Due to the concentration of medical facilities in the area, including Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital and Saint Peter's University Hospital, as well as the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey (UMDNJ)-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, New Brunswick is known as "the Healthcare City",[17][18] The corporate offices or production facilities of several large pharmaceutical companies are within the city limits, including Johnson & Johnson and Bristol-Myers Squibb.

New Brunswick was formed by Royal charter on December 30, 1730, within other townships in Middlesex County and Somerset County and was reformed by Royal charter with the same boundaries on February 12, 1763, at which time it was divided into north and south wards. New Brunswick was incorporated as a city by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on September 1, 1784.[19]

New Brunswick is noted for its ethnic diversity. At one time, one quarter of the Hungarian population of New Jersey resided in the city and in the 1930s one out of three city residents were Hungarian.[20] Today, much of that Hungarian community continues to thrive as well as a growing Hispanic community that has developed around French Street near Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital.

HistoryEdit

Origins of the nameEdit

Originally inhabited by the Lenape Native Americans, the first European settlement at the site of New Brunswick was made in 1681. The settlement here was first called Prigmore's Swamp (1681–97) then Inian's Ferry (1691–1714).[21] In 1714, the village was given the name New Brunswick after the city of Braunschweig (called Brunswick in the Low German language), in state of Lower Saxony, in Germany. Braunschweig was an influential and powerful city in the Hanseatic League, later in the Holy Roman Empire, and was an administrative seat for the Duchy (and later Principality) of Hanover. Shortly after the first settlement of New Brunswick in colonial New Jersey, George, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and Elector of Hanover, of the House of Hanover (also known as the House of Brunswick), became King George I of Great Britain (1660–1727).

During the Colonial and Early American periodsEdit

OldQueensRutgers

Early nineteenth century drawing of Old Queen's

Centrally located between New York City and Philadelphia, Pennsylvania along an early thoroughfare known as the King's Highway and situated along the Raritan River, New Brunswick became an important hub for Colonial travelers and traders. New Brunswick was incorporated as a town in 1736 and chartered as a city in 1784. It was occupied by the British in the winter of 1776-1777 during the Revolutionary War.

The Declaration of Independence received one of its first public readings in New Brunswick in the days following its promulgation by the Continental Congress.[22][23]

The Trustees of Queen's College (now Rutgers University), founded in 1766, voted to locate the young college in New Brunswick, selecting this city over Hackensack, in Bergen County, New Jersey. Classes began in 1771 with one instructor, one sophomore, Matthew Leydt, and several freshmen at a tavern called "The Sign of the Red Lion" on the corner of Albany and Neilson Streets (now the grounds of the Johnson & Johnson corporate headquarters). Classes were held through the American Revolution in various taverns and boarding houses, and at a building known as College Hall on George Street, until Old Queens was erected in 1808. It remains the oldest building on the Rutgers University campus. The Queen's College Grammar School (now Rutgers Preparatory School) was established also in 1766, and shared facilities with the College until 1830, when it located in a building (now known as Alexander Johnston Hall) across College Avenue from Old Queens. After Rutgers University became the state university of New Jersey in 1956, the Trustees of Rutgers divested it of the Rutgers Preparatory School, which relocated in 1957 to an estate purchased from the Colgate-Palmolive Company in Franklin Township in neighboring Somerset County.

The New Brunswick Theological Seminary, founded in 1784, moved to New Brunswick in 1810, sharing its quarters with the fledgling Queen's College (Queens would close from 1810 to 1825 due to financial problems, and reopen in 1825 under the name Rutgers College). The Seminary, due to overcrowding and differences over the mission of Rutgers College as a secular institution, moved to a seven acre (28,000 m2) tract of land less than one-half mile (800 m) west, which it still occupies, although the land is now in the middle of Rutgers University's College Avenue campus.

Hungarian communityEdit

MEEB

The Committee of Hungarian Churches and Organizations of New Brunswick commemorating the anniversary of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956.

New Brunswick began attracting a Hungarian immigrant population around the turn of the 20th century. Hungarians were primarily attracted to the city by employment at Johnson & Johnson factories located in the city. Hungarians settled mainly in what today is the fifth ward.

The immigrant population grew until the end of the early century immigration boom. During the Cold War, the community was revitalized by the decision to house refugees from the failed 1956 Hungarian Revolution at Camp Kilmer, in nearby Edison. Even though the Hungarian population has been largely supplanted by newer immigrants, there continues to be a Hungarian Festival in the city held on Somerset Street on the first Saturday of June each year. Many Hungarian institutions set up by the community remain and active in the neighborhood, including: Magyar Reformed Church, Ascension Lutheran Church (Elso Magyar Evangélikus Egyhaz) St. Ladislaus Roman Catholic Church, St. Joseph Byzantine Catholic Church, Hungarian American Athletic Club, Aprokfalva Montessori Preschool (Aprokfalva Mindennapos Magyar Óvoda),Széchenyi Hungarian Community School & Kindergarten (Széchenyi Magyar Iskola és Óvoda), Teleki Pál Scout Home, Hungarian American Foundation, Vers Hangja, Hungarian Poetry Group, Bolyai Lecture Series on Arts and Sciences (Bolyai Kör),Hungarian Alumni Association (Magyar Öregdiák Szövetség - Bessenyei György Kör), Hungarian Radio Program, Hungarian Civic Association, Committee of Hungarian Churches and Organizations of New Brunswick, Csűrdöngölő Folk Dance Ensemble.

Several landmarks in the city also testify to its Hungarian heritage. There is a street and a recreation park named after Lajos Kossuth, the famous leader of the Hungarian Revolution of 1848. The corner of Somerset Street and Plum Street is named Mindszenty Square where the first ever statue of Cardinal Joseph Mindszenty was erected. A stone memorial to the victims of the 1956 Hungarian Revolution also stands nearby.

Latino communityEdit

Since the 1960s, many of the new residents of New Brunswick have come from Latin America. Many citizens moved from Puerto Rico in the 1970s. In the 1980s, many immigrated from the Dominican Republic, and still later especially from Guatemala, Honduras, Ecuador and Mexico. There are many Latino businesses on and around French Street (NJ Rt. 27).

Demolition, revitalization and redevelopmentEdit

New Brunswick Gateway Project construction

Gateway Project under construction

New Brunswick contains a number of examples of urban renewal in the United States. In the 1960s-1970s, the downtown area became blighted as middle class residents moved to newer suburbs surrounding the city, an example of the phenomenon known as "white flight". Beginning in 1975, Rutgers University, Johnson & Johnson, and the local government collaborated through the New Jersey Economic Development Authority to form the New Brunswick Development Company (DevCo), with the goal of revitalizing the city center and redeveloping neighborhoods considered to be blighted and dangerous (via demolition of existing buildings and construction of new ones)[24] Johnson & Johnson decided to remain in New Brunswick and built a new World Headquarters building in the area between Albany Street, Amtrak's Northeast Corridor, Route 18, and George Street, requiring many old buildings and historic roads to be removed. The Hiram Market area, a historic district which by the 1970s had become a mostly Puerto Rican and Dominican-American neighborhood, was demolished to build a Hyatt hotel and conference center, and upscale housing.[25] Johnson & Johnson guaranteed Hyatt Hotels' investment as they were wary of building an upscale hotel in a run-down area.

The redevelopment process has been controversial. Devco, the hospitals, and the city government continue to draw ire from both historic preservationists, those opposing gentrification,[26] and those concerned with eminent domain abuses, and tax abatements for developers.[27]

The Gateway tower, a 22 story redevelopment project next to the train station, was completed in 2012.

GeographyEdit

New Brunswick is located at 40°29′12″N 74°26′40″W / 40.486678, -74.444414 (40.486678,-74.444414). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 5.789 square miles (14.995 km2), of which, 5.227 square miles (13.539 km2) of it is land and 0.562 square miles (1.456 km2) of it (9.71%) is water.[28][4] New Brunswick is in Raritan Valley (a line of cities in central New Jersey). New Brunswick is on the south side of Raritan Valley along with Piscataway, Highland Park, Edison and Franklin Township (Somerset County). New Brunswick is approximately 40 minutes southwest of New York City and 45 minutes northeast of Philadelphia.

New Brunswick is bordered by Piscataway, Highland Park, and Edison across the Raritan River to the north, and also by North Brunswick to the southwest, East Brunswick to the southeast, and Franklin Township in Somerset County.

ClimateEdit

New Brunswick has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cfa) typical to New Jersey, characterized by humid, warm summers and cold winters with moderate to considerable rainfall throughout the year.[29]

Climate data for New Brunswick, New Jersey
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 39
(4)
43
(6)
51
(11)
62
(17)
72
(22)
81
(27)
86
(30)
84
(29)
77
(25)
66
(19)
55
(13)
44
(7)
63.3
(17.4)
Average low °F (°C) 21.7
(−5.7)
23.6
(−4.7)
30.8
(−0.7)
40.0
(4.4)
49.5
(9.7)
59.4
(15.2)
64.5
(18.1)
63.1
(17.3)
55.1
(12.8)
43.0
(6.1)
35.3
(1.8)
26.7
(−2.9)
42.73
(5.96)
Precipitation inches (mm) 3.62
(91.9)
2.98
(75.7)
4.18
(106.2)
4.23
(107.4)
4.19
(106.4)
4.41
(112)
5.08
(129)
4.15
(105.4)
4.51
(114.6)
3.80
(96.5)
3.83
(97.3)
4.06
(103.1)
49.04
(1,245.6)
Snowfall inches (cm) 8
(20)
9
(23)
4
(10)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(3)
5
(13)
28
(71)
Avg. precipitation days 10.7 9.2 10.5 11.8 12.2 11.2 10.4 9.3 8.7 8.9 9.5 9.8 122.2
Avg. snowy days 4.8 3.8 2.3 .4 0 0 0 0 0 0 .3 2.2 13.8
Source: NOAA[30]

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 5,866
1850 10,020 70.8%
1860 11,256 12.3%
1870 15,058 33.8%
1880 17,166 14.0%
1890 18,603 8.4%
1900 20,005 7.5%
1910 23,388 16.9%
1920 32,779 40.2%
1930 34,555 5.4%
1940 33,180 −4.0%
1950 38,811 17.0%
1960 40,139 3.4%
1970 41,885 4.3%
1980 41,442 −1.1%
1990 41,711 0.6%
2000 48,573 16.5%
2010 55,181 13.6%
Est. 2011 55,444 [31] 14.1%
Population sources:1840-1890[32]
1870[33] 1880-1890[34]


1890-1910[35] 1860-1930[36]
1930-1990[37] 2000[38][39] 2010[6][7][8]

Census 2010Edit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 55,181 people, 14,119 households, and 7,751 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,556.4 inhabitants per square mile (4,075.8 /km2). There were 15,053 housing units at an average density of 2,879.7 per square mile (1,111.9 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 45.43% (25,071) White, 16.04% (8,852) African American, 0.90% (498) Native American, 7.60% (4,195) Asian, 0.03% (19) Pacific Islander, 25.59% (14,122) from other races, and 4.39% (2,424) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 49.93% (27,553) of the population.[6]

There were 14,119 households out of which 31.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.2% were married couples living together, 17.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 45.1% were non-families. 25.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.36 and the average family size was 3.91.[6]

In the city the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 33.2% from 18 to 24, 28.4% from 25 to 44, 12.2% from 45 to 64, and 5.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23.3 years. For every 100 females there were 105.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.3 males.[6]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $44,543 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,356) and the median family income was $44,455 (+/- $3,526). Males had a median income of $31,313 (+/- $1,265) versus $28,858 (+/- $1,771) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $16,395 (+/- $979). About 15.5% of families and 25.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.4% of those under age 18 and 16.9% of those age 65 or over.[40]

Census 2000Edit

As of the 2000 United States Census, there were 48,573 people, 13,057 households, and 7,207 families residing in the city. The population density was 9,293.5 per square mile (3,585.9/km2). There were 13,893 housing units at an average density of 2,658.1 per square mile (1,025.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 48.79% White, 23.03% African American, 0.46% Native American, 5.32% Asian, 0.08% Pacific Islander, 18.08% from other races, and 4.24% from two or more races. 39.01% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[38][39]

There were 13,057 households of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 29.6% were married couples living together, 18.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.8% were non-families. 24.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.23 and the average family size was 3.69.[38][39]

20.1% of the population were under the age of 18, 34.0% from 18 to 24, 28.1% from 25 to 44, 11.3% from 45 to 64, and 6.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 24 years. For every 100 females there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.8 males.[38][39]

The median household income in the city was $36,080, and the median income for a family was $38,222. Males had a median income of $25,657 versus $23,604 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,308. 27.0% of the population and 16.9% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total people living in poverty, 25.9% were under the age of 18 and 13.8% were 65 or older.[38][39]

GovernmentEdit

Local governmentEdit

The City of New Brunswick is governed under the Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council) system of municipal government.[1]

As the legislative body of New Brunswick's municipal government, the City Council is responsible for approving the annual budget, ordinances and resolutions, contracts, and appointments to boards and commissions. The City Council has five members elected at large to staggered four-year terms. The Council President, elected to a 2-year term by the Council, presides over all meetings.

As of 2012, James Cahill is the 62nd Mayor of New Brunswick; He was sworn in as Mayor on January 1, 1991.[41] Members of the City Council are Council President Robert Recine, Council Vice President Rebecca Escobar, Jimmie L. Cook, Jr., Kevin Egan and Elizabeth Sheehan Garlatti.[42]

Police departmentEdit

The New Brunswick police department has received attention for various incidents over the years. In 1991, the fatal shooting of Shaun Potts, an unarmed black resident, by Sergeant Zane Grey led to multiple local protests.[43] In 1996, Officer James Consalvo fatally shot Carolyn "Sissy" Adams, an unarmed prostitute who had bit him.[44] The Adams case sparked calls for reform in the New Brunswick police department, and ultimately was settled with the family.[45] In 2011, Officer Brad Berdel fatally shot Barry Deloatch, a black man who had run from police (although police claim he struck officers with a stick);[46] this sparked daily protests from residents.[47]

Following the Deloatch shooting, sergeant Richard Rowe was formally charged with mishandling 81 Internal Affairs investigations; Mayor Cahill explained that this would help "rebuild the public's trust and confidence in local law enforcement."[48]

Federal, state and county representationEdit

New Brunswick is located in the 6th Congressional District[49] and is part of New Jersey's 17th state legislative district.[7][50][51]

New Jersey's Sixth Congressional District is represented by Frank Pallone (D, Long Branch). New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Frank Lautenberg (D, Cliffside Park) and Bob Menendez (D, Hoboken).

17th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature, which is represented in the New Jersey Senate by Bob Smith (D, Piscataway) and in the New Jersey General Assembly by Upendra J. Chivukula (D, Somerset) and Joseph V. Egan (D, New Brunswick).[52] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham).[53] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[54]

Middlesex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. As of 2010 , Middlesex County's Freeholders are Freeholder Director Christopher D. Rafano (South River), Freeholder Deputy Director Ronald G. Rios (Carteret), Carol Barrett Ballante (Monmouth Junction), Stephen J. "Pete" Dalina (Fords), H. James Polos (Highland Park), Mildred Scott (Piscataway) and Blanquita B. Valenti (New Brunswick). Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (Old Bridge Township), Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (Piscataway) and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (New Brunswick).[55]

PoliticsEdit

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 22,742 registered voters in New Brunswick Township, of which 8,732 (38.4%) were registered as Democrats, 882 (3.9%) were registered as Republicans and 13,103 (57.6%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 25 voters registered to other parties.[56]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 83.3% of the vote here (10,717 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 14.8% (1,899 votes) and other candidates with 1.1% (140 votes), among the 12,873 ballots cast by the township's 23,533 registered voters, for a turnout of 54.7%.[57] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 78.2% of the vote here (8,023 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 19.7% (2,018 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (143 votes), among the 10,263 ballots cast by the township's 20,734 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 49.5.[58]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 68.2% of the vote here (4,281 ballots cast), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 20.9% (1,314 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 6.2% (387 votes) and other candidates with 2.0% (128 votes), among the 6,273 ballots cast by the township's 22,534 registered voters, yielding a 27.8% turnout.[59]

EducationEdit

Public schoolsEdit

The New Brunswick Public Schools serve students in kindergarten to twelfth grade. The district is one of 31 Abbott districts statewide,[60] which are now referred to as "SDA Districts" based on the requirement for the state to cover all costs for school building and renovation projects in these districts under the supervision of the New Jersey Schools Development Authority.[61][62] New Brunswick's Board of Education members are appointed by the city's mayor.

Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[63]) are Lincoln Elementary School (grades PreK-8; 526 students), Livingston Elementary School (K-8; 438), McKinley Community Elementary School (PreK-5; 769), A. Chester Redshaw Elementary School (PreK-8; 709), Paul Robeson Community Elementary School / Paul Robeson Annex (PreK-5; 509), Roosevelt Elementary School (PreK-5; 803), Lord Stirling Elementary School (PreK-5; 606), Woodrow Wilson Elementary School (PreK-8; 405), New Brunswick Middle School (6-8; 1,147), New Brunswick High School (9-12; 1,509) and Health Sciences Technology High School.

The community is also served by the Greater Brunswick Charter School, a K-8 charter school with an enrollment of about 250 children from New Brunswick, Highland Park, Edison and other area communities.[64]

Higher educationEdit

CommerceEdit

Urban Enterprise ZoneEdit

Most of New Brunswick's retail businesses are within a designated Urban Enterprise Zone. In addition to other benefits to encourage employment within the zone, shoppers can take advantage of a reduced 3½% sales tax rate (versus the 7% rate charged statewide) at eligible merchants.[65]

Health careEdit

City Hall has promoted the nickname "The Health Care City" to reflect the importance of the healthcare industry to its economy.[66] The city is home to the world headquarters of Johnson & Johnson, along with several medical teaching and research institutions including Saint Peter's University Hospital, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital and the Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, the Cancer Institute of New Jersey, and The Bristol-Myers Squibb Children's Hospital.[67]

TransportationEdit

NewBrunswickStationNJ

Southbound platform of New Brunswick's NJ Transit train station. University Center at Easton Ave is in the background.

New Brunswick Train Station, New Jersey

Panorama of New Brunswick Train Station track to New York City.

New Brunswick is served by New Jersey Transit and Amtrak trains on the Northeast Corridor Line. New Jersey Transit provides frequent service north to Pennsylvania Station, in Midtown Manhattan, and south to Trenton, while Amtrak's Keystone Service and Northeast Regional trains service the station. The Jersey Avenue station is also served by Northeast Corridor trains. For other Amtrak connections, riders can take New Jersey Transit to Pennsylvania Station, Trenton, Metropark, or Newark Penn Station.

Local bus service is provided by NJ Transit's 810, 811, 814, 815, 818 routes and 980 route, the extensive Rutgers Campus bus network,[68] the MCAT shuttle system,[69] DASH buses, Brunsquick shuttles[70] and NYC bound Suburban Trails buses. Studies are being conducted to create the New Brunswick Bus Rapid Transit system.

New Brunswick was at the eastern terminus of the Delaware and Raritan Canal, of which there are remnants surviving or rebuilt along the river. Until 1936, the city was served by the interurban Newark–Trenton Fast Line.

The New Brunswick Parking Authority (NBPA) manages New Brunswick NJ Parking facilities alongside CitiPark CitiPark who manages a downtown parking facility at 2 Albany Street.

The city encompasses the intersection of U.S. Route 1 and Route 18, and is bisected by Route 27. New Brunswick hosts less than a mile of the New Jersey Turnpike (I-95). A few turnpike ramps are in the city that lead to Exit 9 which is just outside the city limits in East Brunswick Township.

Other major roads that are nearby include the Garden State Parkway in Woodbridge Township and I-287 in neighboring Edison, Piscataway and Franklin townships.

CultureEdit

TheatreEdit

Three neighboring professional venues, Crossroads Theatre designed by Parsons+Fernandez-Casteleiro Architects from New York. In 1999, the Crossroads Theatre won the prestigious Tony Award for Outstanding Regional Theatre. Crossroads is the first African American theater to receive this honor in the 33-year history of this special award category.[71] There is also George Street Playhouse, and the State Theater, comprise the heart of the local theatre scene. The State Theatre is also home to the American Repertory Ballet and the Princeton Ballet School.. Rutgers University has a number of student companies that perform everything from cabaret acts to Shakespeare and musical productions.

New brunswick new jersey aerial george

Looking north from the corner of New and George Streets. The Heldrich Center is on the left

MuseumsEdit

New Brunswick is the site of the Jane Voorhees Zimmerli Art Museum at Rutgers University, Albus Cavus, and the Rutgers University Geology Museum.[72]

ArtEdit

New Brunswick was an important centre for avant-garde art in the 1950s-70s with several artists such as Allan Kaprow, George Segal, George Brecht, Robert Whitman, Robert Watts, Lucas Samaras, Geoffrey Hendricks and Roy Lichtenstein; some of whom had taught at Rutgers University. This group of artists was sometimes referred to as the 'New Jersey School' or the 'New Brunswick School of Painting'. For more information, see Fluxus at Rutgers University.

RestaurantsEdit

New Brunswick has a diverse restaurant market including Nouvelle American, Italian, Middle Eastern, Mexican, Peruvian, Indian, Ethiopian, Thai and Chinese cuisine. Restaurants such as Frog and the Peach, Delta's, Panico's, The Old Bay, Clydz, Tumulty's Pub, Makeda's, Stage Left and Old Man Rafferty's, serve the downtown area.

Grease trucksEdit

GreaseTrucks

The "Grease Trucks" at Rutgers University's College Avenue campus.

The "Grease Trucks" are a group of truck-based food vendors located on the College Avenue campus of Rutgers University. They are known for serving "Fat Sandwiches", a sub roll containing several ingredients such as steak, chicken fingers, French fries, falafel, cheeseburgers, mozzarella sticks, gyro meat, bacon, eggs and / or marinara sauce.[73]

MusicEdit

New Brunswick's bar scene has been the home to many original rock bands, including some which went on to national prominence such as The Smithereens and Bon Jovi, as well as a center for local punk rock and underground music. Many alternative rock bands got radio airplay thanks to Matt Pinfield who was part of the New Brunswick music scene for over 20 years at Rutgers University radio station WRSU. Local pubs and clubs hosted many local bands, including the Court Tavern[74] until 2012[75] (scheduled to reopen),[76] and the Melody Bar during the 1980s and 1990s.

Popular cultureEdit

Points of interestEdit

The Heldrich New Brunswick New Jersey

The Heldrich in Downtown New Brunswick

Churches (incomplete list)Edit

Notable peopleEdit

Notable current and former residents of the City of New Brunswick include:

Sister citiesEdit

New Brunswick has four sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:[113]

GalleryEdit

New Brunswick
Rutgers1458.JPG
Looking east from the corner of Hamilton Street and College Ave  
Paterson street, New Brunswick.jpg
Corner of George and Paterson Streets, looking east  
TheStreetInNewBrunswickNJ.JPG
Corner of Somerset Street and Easton Avenue, looking southeast. Buildings on the left have since been demolished.  

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 81.
  2. ^ 2011 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, dated February 13, 2012. Accessed April 18, 2012.
  3. ^ Department ofAdministration, city of New Brunswick. Accessed April 18, 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed October 18, 2012.
  5. ^ USGS GNIS: City of New Brunswick , Geographic Names Information System, accessed April 15, 2007.
  6. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for New Brunswick city, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed April 18, 2012.
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