is the 325th day of the year (326th in November 20 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 40 days remaining until the end of the year.
284 - Diocletian was chosen as Roman Emperor.
762 - Bögü, Khan of the Uyghurs, conquers Lo-Yang, capital of the Chinese Empire.
1194 - Palermo is conquered by Emperor Henry VI.
1407 - A solemn truce between John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy and Louis of Valois is agreed under the auspices of John. Orléans would be assassinated three days later by Burgundy.
1490 - Joanot Martorell's book is published for the first time.
Tirant lo Blanc 1695 - Zumbi, the last of the leaders of Quilombo dos Palmares in early Brazil, is executed.
1700 - Great Northern War: Battle of Narva - King Charles XII of Sweden defeats the army of Tsar Peter the Great at Narva.
1789 - New Jersey becomes the first U.S. state to ratify the Bill of Rights.
1820 - An 80-ton sperm whale attacks the (a Essex whaling ship from Nantucket) 2,000 miles from the western coast of South America ( Herman Melville's 1851 novel was in part inspired by this story).
Moby-Dick 1861 - Secession ordinance is filed by Kentucky's Confederate government.
1902 - Henri Desgrange and fellow journalist Géo Lefèvre dream up the idea of the Tour de France over lunch at the Café de Madrid in Paris.
1910 - Mexican Revolution: Francisco I. Madero issues the Plan de San Luis Potosi, denouncing President Porfirio Díaz, declaring himself president, and calling for a revolution to overthrow the government of Mexico, effectively starting the Mexican Revolution.
1917 - World War I: Battle of Cambrai begins - British forces make early progress in an attack on German positions but are later pushed back.
1917 - Ukraine is declared a republic.
1923 - Rentenmark replaces the Papiermark as the official currency of Germany at the exchange rate of one Rentenmark to One Trillion Papiermark
1936 - Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, founder of the Falange is killed by a republican execution squad.
1940 - World War II: Hungary, Romania and Slovakia join the Axis Powers.
1943 - World War II: Battle of Tarawa ( Operation Galvanic) begins - United States Marines land on Tarawa Atoll in the Gilbert Islands and suffer heavy fire from Japanese shore guns and machine guns.
1945 - Nuremberg Trials: Trials against 24 Nazi war criminals start at the Nuremberg Palace of Justice.
1947 - The Princess Elizabeth marries Lieutenant Philip Mountbatten at Westminster Abbey in London.
1952 - Slánský trials - a series of Stalinist and anti-Semitic show trials in Czechoslovakia.
1955 - Bo Diddley becomes the first African American performer to appear on . Apparently The Ed Sullivan Show Ed Sullivan was infuriated when Diddley sang his self-titled song instead of Tennessee Ernie Ford's hit, " Sixteen Tons".
1962 - Cuban Missile Crisis ends: In response to the Soviet Union agreeing to remove its missiles from Cuba, U.S. President John F. Kennedy ends the quarantine of the Caribbean nation.
1968 - Vietnam War: Eleven men comprising a Long Range Patrol team from F Company, 58th Infantry, 101st Airborne are surrounded and nearly wiped out by North Vietnamese army regulars from the 4th and 5th Regiment. The seven wounded survivors are rescued after several hours by an impromptu force made of other men from their unit.
1969 - Vietnam War: The publishes explicit photographs of dead villagers from the Cleveland Plain Dealer My Lai massacre in Vietnam.
1974 - The United States Department of Justice files its final anti-trust suit against AT&T. This suit later leads to the break up of AT&T and its Bell System.
1975 - Francisco Franco, Caudillo of Spain dies after 36 years in power. He died on the 39th anniversary of the death of Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera.
1979 - Grand Mosque Seizure: About 200 Sunni Muslims revolt in Saudi Arabia at the site of the Kaaba in Mecca during the pilgrimage and take about 6000 hostages in the Kaaba. The Saudi government received help from French special forces to put down the uprising.
1983 - An estimated 100 million people watch the controversial made-for- television movie , depicting a The Day After nuclear war and its effects on the United States.
1984 - SETI is founded.
1985 - Microsoft Windows 1.0 is released.
1989 - Velvet Revolution: The number of protesters assembled in Prague, Czechoslovakia swells from 200,000 the day before to an estimated half-million.
1992 - In England, a fire breaks out in the Private Chapel of Windsor Castle, rages for 15 hours, and seriously damages the northwest side of the building (an investigation found that the fire was ignited after a spotlight came into contact with a curtain over an extended period).
1993 - Savings and Loan scandal: The United States Senate Ethics Committee issues a stern censure of California senator Alan Cranston for his "dealings" with savings-and-loan executive Charles Keating.
1993 - An Avioimpex Yak 42D crashes near Ohrid, Macedonia. The aircraft was on a flight from Geneva to Skopje, but had been diverted to Ohrid due to poor weather conditions at the Skopje airport. On landing the aircraft crashed into Mount Trojani near Ohrid. All eight crew members and 115 of the 116 passengers were killed.
1994 - The Angolan government and UNITA rebels sign the Lusaka Protocol in Zambia, ending 19 years of civil war (localized fighting resumed the next year).
1998 - A court in Taliban-controlled Afghanistan declares accused terrorist Osama bin Laden "a man without a sin" in regard to the 1998 U.S. embassy bombings in Kenya and Tanzania.
1998 - The first module of the International Space Station, Zarya, is launched.
2001 - In Washington, U.S. President George W. Bush dedicates the United States Department of Justice headquarters building as the Robert F. Kennedy Justice Building, honoring the late Robert F. Kennedy on what would have been his 76th birthday.
2003 - After the November 15 bombings, a second day of the 2003 Istanbul Bombings occurs in Istanbul, destroying the Turkish head office of HSBC Bank AS and the British consulate.
270 - Maximinus, Roman Emperor (d. 313)
1602 - Otto von Guericke, German physicist (d. 1686)
1620 - Peregrine White, first English child born in the Plymouth Colony (d. 1704)
1621 - Avvakum, Russian priest and writer (d. 1682)
1625 - Paulus Potter, Dutch painter (d. 1654)
1660 - Daniel Ernst Jablonski, German theologian (d. 1741)
1750 - Tipu Sultan, Indian ruler (d. 1799)
1761 - Pope Pius VIII (d. 1830)
1762 - Pierre André Latreille, French entomologist (d. 1833)
1765 - Sir Thomas Fremantle, British naval captain (d. 1819)
1781 - Karl Friedrich Eichhorn, German jurist (d. 1854)
1839 - Christian Wilberg, German painter (d. 1882)
1841 - Victor D'Hondt, Belgian mathematician (d. 1901)
1841 - Wilfrid Laurier, seventh Prime Minister of Canada (d. 1919)
1851 - Queen Margherita of Italy (d. 1926)
1858 - Selma Lagerlöf, Swedish author, Nobel laureate (d. 1940)
1864 - Erik Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish writer (d. 1931)
1866 - Kenesaw Mountain Landis, American judge (d. 1944)
1869 - Clark Griffith, Baseball manager (d. 1955)
1880 - George McBride, baseball player (d. 1973)
1882 - Andy Coakley, baseball player and long-time coach at Columbia University (d. 1963)
1884 - Norman Thomas, American social reformer (d. 1968)
1886 - Karl von Frisch, Austrian zoologist, Nobel laureate (d. 1982)
1889 - Edwin Hubble, American astronomer (d. 1953)
1896 - Yevgenia Ginzburg, Russian writer (d. 1977)
1900 - Chester Gould, creator of comic strips ( Dick Tracy) (d. 1985)
1903 - Alexandra Danilova, Russian ballerina (d. 1997)
1903 - Ishtiaq Hussain Qureshi, Pakistani historian and educationist (d. 1981)
1907 - Fran Allison, American , early television personality, ( ) (d. Kukla 1989)
1907 - Henri-Georges Clouzot, French film director (d. 1977)
1908 - Alistair Cooke, British-born journalist (d. 2004)
1910 - Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist (d. 1944)
1912 - Otto von Habsburg, Austrian royal
1913 - Judy Canova, American actress (d. 1983)
1914 - Emilio Pucci, Italian fashion designer (d. 1992)
1915 - Kon Ichikawa, iconic Japanese film director
1916 - Evelyn Keyes, American actress
1917 - Robert Byrd, American politician
1917 - Bobby Locke, South African golfer (d. 1987)
1921 - Jim Garrison, American district attorney and judge (d. 1992)
1921 - Phyllis Thaxter, American actress
1923 - Nadine Gordimer, South African writer, Nobel laureate
1924 - Benoît Mandelbrot, Polish-born French mathematician
1925 - Robert F. Kennedy, American politician (d. 1968)
1925 - Maya Plisetskaya, Russian ballet dancer
1926 - Andrzej W. Schally, Polish-born endocrinologist, Nobel laureate
1926 - Kaye Ballard, American comic actress
1927 - Estelle Parsons, American actress
1928 - Aleksey Batalov, Russian actor
1928 - John Disley, Welsh athlete
1929 - Don January, American professional golfer
1932 - Richard Dawson, British actor and game show host
1936 - Don DeLillo, American author
1937 - René Kollo, German tenor
1937 - Ruth Laredo, American pianist (d. 2005)
1937 - Eero Mäntyranta, Finnish cross-country skier
1937 - Viktoriya Tokareva, Russian playwright
1939 - Dick Smothers, American comedian
1940 - Bob Einstein, American actor
1941 - Haseena Moin, Pakistani television drama writer and Urdu playwright
1942 - Joe Biden, American politician
1942 - Meredith Monk, American composer, performer, director, vocalist, film-maker, and choreographer
1942 - Norman Greenbaum, American singer
1943 - Veronica Hamel, American actress
1944 - Louie Dampier, American basketball player
1945 - Nanette Workman, American-born Canadian singer and actress
1945 - Rick Monday, Major League Baseball player
1946 - Duane Allman, American guitarist ( The Allman Brothers Band) (d. 1971)
1946 - Greg Cook, American football player
1947 - Joe Walsh, American musician
1948 - John R. Bolton, American ambassador
1948 - Barbara Hendricks, American-born singer
1948 - Richard Masur, American actor
1949 - Thelma Drake, American politician
1951 - David Walters, American politician
1952 - John Van Boxmeer, National Hockey League player
1954 - Berit Andnor, Swedish politician
1954 - Steve Dahl, American radio personality
1956 - Bo Derek, American actress
1956 - Mark Gastineau, American football player
1957 - Stefan Bellof, German race car driver (d. 1985)
1958 - Rickson Gracie, Brazilian Mixed Martial Artist
1959 - James P. McGovern, American politician
1959 - Sean Young, American actress
1961 - Tim Harvey, British racing driver
1961 - Larry Karaszewski, American screenwriter
1961 - Dave Watson, English footballer
1963 - Timothy Gowers, British mathematician
1963 - Ming-Na Wen, Macau-born actress
1965 - Mike D, American musician ( Beastie Boys)
1965 - Sen Dog, Cuban rapper ( Cypress Hill)
1965 - Yoshiki Hayashi, Japanese musician ( X Japan)
1966 - Kevin Gilbert, American musician (d. 1996)
1967 - Teoman, Turkish rock singer
1967 - Chris Childs, American basketball player
1969 - Callie Thorne, American actor
1970 - Matt Blunt, American politician
1970 - Delia Gonzalez, American boxer
1971 - Joey Galloway, American football wide receiver
1971 - Joel McHale, American actor and comedian
1972 - Sheema Kalbasi, Iranian born poet
1975 - Dierks Bentley, American singer
1975 - Davey Havok, singer ( AFI)
1975 - J. D. Drew, American baseball player
1975 - Timea Margot, Hungarian erotic star
1976 - Dominique Dawes, American gymnast
1976 - Theodoros Velkos, badminton player
1977 - Josh Turner, American singer
1977 - Rudy Charles, American professional wrestling referee
1978 - Nadine Velazquez, American actress and model
1978 - Ryan Leslie, American singer/songwriter
1978 - Freya Lin, Taiwanese singer
1979 - Ericson Alexander Molano, Colombian gospel singer
1980 - James Chambers, English footballer
1981 - Kimberley Walsh, English singer ( Girls Aloud)
1981 - Carlos Boozer, American basketball player
1982 - Margo Stilley, American actress
1984 - Ferdinando Monfardini, Italian racing driver
1985 - Juan Cruz Álvarez, Argentine racing driver
1985 - Dan Byrd, American actor
1986 - Aaron Yan, Taiwanese singer and actor
1986 - Jared Followill, American bassist ( Kings of Leon)
1989 - Cody Linley, American actor
1999 - Princess Sofia of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
1999 - Prince Umberto of Bulgaria, titular Bulgarian royal family
870 - King Edmund of East Anglia
1316 - King John I of France (d. 1316)
1437 - Thomas Langley, bishop of Durham, cardinal and lord chancellor (b. 1363)
1518 - Marmaduke Constable, English soldier
1518 - Pierre de La Rue, Flemish composer
1529 - Karl von Miltitz, papal nuncio
1591 - Christopher Hatton, English politician (b. 1540)
1612 - John Harington, English writer (b. 1561)
1651 - Mikołaj Potocki, Polish soldier (b. 1595)
1662 - Archduke Leopold Wilhelm of Austria, Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (b. 1614)
1695 - Zumbi, Brazilian runaway slave
1704 - Charles Plumier, French botanist (b. 1646)
1737 - Caroline of Ansbach, Queen of George II of Great Britain (b. 1683)
1742 - Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat (b. 1661)
1758 - Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer (b. 1694)
1764 - Christian Goldbach, Prussian mathematician (b. 1690)
1778 - Francesco Cetti, Italian Jesuit scientist (b. 1726)
1856 - Farkas Bolyai, Hungarian mathematician (b. 1775)
1894 - Anton Rubinstein, Russian pianist and composer (b. 1829)
1908 - Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (b. 1868)
1910 (N.S.) - Leo Tolstoy, Russian novelist (b. 1828)
1925 - Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom (b. 1844)
1934 - Willem de Sitter, Dutch scientist (b. 1872)
1936 - Buenaventura Durruti, Spanish anarchist (b. 1896)
1936 - Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, Founder of the Falange. Executed by firing squad. (b. 1903)
1938 - Enzo Matsunaga, Japanese writer (b. 1895)
1945 - Francis William Aston, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1877)
1950 - Francesco Cilea, Italian composer (b. 1866)
1954 - Clyde Vernon Cessna, aviation pioneer ( Cessna) (b. 1879)
1957 - Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist (d. 1875)
1973 - Allan Sherman, American comedian (b. 1924)
1975 - Francisco Franco, Head of State of Spain (1936-1975) (b. 1892)
1976 - Trofim Lysenko, Stalinist biologist (b. 1898)
1978 - Vasilisk Gnedov, Russian poet (b. 1890)
1980 - John McEwen, eighteenth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1900)
1983 - Marcel Dalio, French actor (b. 1900)
1994 - John Lucarotti, TV writer (b. 1926)
1995 - Sergei Grinkov, Russian Olympic and World Figure Skating Champion (b. 1967)
1997 - Dick Littlefield, baseball player (b. 1926)
1998 - Galina Starovoitova, Russian politician (b. 1946)
1999 - Amintore Fanfani, Italian politician and prime minister (b. 1908)
2000 - Mike Muuss, American computer programmer (b. 1958)
2000 - Kalle Päätalo, Finnish writer (b. 1919)
2003 - Robert Addie, British actor (cancer) (b. 1960)
2003 - Loris Azzaro, French fashion designer (b. 1933)
2003 - David Dacko, first President of the Central African Republic (b. 1930)
2003 - Eugene Kleiner, American entrepreneur (b. 1923)
2003 - Roger Short, British Consulate General (b. 1944)
2003 - Jim Siedow, American actor (b. 1920)
2003 - Kerem Yilmazer, Turkish actor (b. 1945)
2004 - David Grierson, Canadian radio host (b. 1955)
2004 - Jenny Ross, English musician ( Section 25) (b. 1962)
2005 - Manouchehr Atashi, Iranian poet (b. 1931)
2005 - Sheldon Gardner, American psychologist (b. 1934)
2005 - James King, American singer (b. 1925)
2005 - Chris Whitley, American musician (b. 1960)
2006 - Robert Altman, American film director (b. 1925)
2006 - Zoia Ceauşescu, Romanian mathematician (b. 1950)
2006 - Andre Waters, American football player (b. 1962)
2007 - Ian Smith, Prime Minister of Rhodesia (b. 1919)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
57 Familypedia people were born on November 20
77 Familypedia people died on November 20
57 Familypedia people were first married on November 20