is the 307th day of the year (308th in November 3 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 58 days remaining until the end of the year.
644 - Umar ibn al-Khattab, the second Muslim caliph, is killed by a Persian slave in Medina.
1462 - Henry IV of Castile is proclaimed prince of Catalunya.
1468 - Liège is sacked by Charles I of Burgundy's troops.
1481 - Francis I of Navarre is proclaimed king.
1483 - Giuliano della Rovere is appointed as Bishop of Bologna.
1493 - Christopher Columbus first sights the island of Dominica in the Caribbean Sea.
1783 - John Austin, a highwayman, is the last to be publicly hanged at London's Tyburn gallows.
1783 - The American Continental Army is disbanded.
1792 - The University of Guadalajara, Mexico, is opened.
1793 - French playwright, journalist and feminist Olympe de Gouges is guillotined.
1810 - Giacchino Rossini's is premiered.
La cambiale di matrimonio 1812 - Napoleonic armies defeated at Vyazma
1817 - The Bank of Montreal, Canada's oldest chartered bank, opens in Montreal, Quebec.
1838 - the world's largest circulated The Times of India, English language daily broadsheet newspaper is founded as .
The Bombay Times and Journal of Commerce 1844 - Debut of Giuseppe Verdi's , at I due Foscari Teatro Argentina, Rome.
1848 - A greatly revised constitution, drafted by Johan Rudolf Thorbecke, severely limiting the powers of the Dutch monarchy, and strengthening the powers of the parliament and the ministers, is proclaimed. This constitution is still in effect today.
1856 - A British fleet bombs Canton.
1883 - American Old West: Self-described " Black Bart the poet" gets away with his last stagecoach robbery, but leaves an incriminating clue that eventually leads to his capture.
1903 - With the encouragement of the United States, Panama proclaims itself independent from Colombia. US President Theodore Roosevelt had wanted the United States to build the Panama Canal, but was not willing to pay what Colombia asked.
1905 - Tsar Nicholas II of Russia signs a document of amnesty for the political prisoners.
1908 - William Howard Taft is elected as the twenty-seventh President of the United States of America.
1911 - Chevrolet officially enters the automobile market in competition with the Ford Model T.
1913 - The USA introduces an income tax.
1918 - Austria-Hungary enters into an armistice with the World War I Allies, and the Habsburg-ruled empire dissolves.
1918 - Poland declares its independence from Russia.
1930 - Getúlio Dornelles Vargas became Head of the Provisional Government in Brazil after a bloodless coup on October 24.
1930 - The Detroit-Windsor Tunnel was opened to traffic.
1935 - George II of Greece regains his throne through a popular plebiscite.
1936 - Franklin Delano Roosevelt is elected to second term as the President of the United States of America.
1942 - World War II: Second Battle of El Alamein ends - German forces under Erwin Rommel are forced to retreat during the night.
1942 - The city of Kisarazu in founded in Chiba, Japan.
1943 - World War II: 500 aircraft of the U.S. 8th Air Force devastate Wilhelmshafen harbor in Germany.
1944 - World War II: Two supreme commanders of the Slovak National Uprising, Generals Ján Golian and Rudolf Viest are captured, tortured and later executed by German forces.
1954 - The first in the series of films is released in Godzilla Japan.
1957 - Sputnik program: The Soviet Union launches On board is the first Sputnik 2. animal to enter orbit: a dog named Laika.
1964 - Washington D.C. residents are able to vote in a presidential election for the first time.
1964 - Lyndon Baines Johnson is elected as the thirty-sixth president of the United States of America.
1967 - Vietnam War: The Battle of Dak To begins.
1969 - Vietnam War: U.S. President Richard M. Nixon addresses the nation on television and radio, asking the "silent majority" to join him in solidarity on the Vietnam War effort and to support his policies.
1970 - Salvador Allende is inaugurated as president of Chile.
1972 - Salvador Allende forms a civil-military government in Chile.
1973 - Mariner program: NASA launches the toward Mariner 10 Mercury, on March 29, 1974, becoming the first space probe to reach that planet.
1975 - An independent audit of Mattel, one of the United States's largest toy manufacturers, reveals that company officials fabricated press releases and financial information to "maintain the appearance of continued corporate growth."
1978 - Dominica gains its independence from the United Kingdom.
1979 - Greensboro massacre: Five members of the Communist Workers Party are shot dead and seven are wounded by a group of Klansmen and neo-Nazis during a "Death to the Klan" rally.
1982 - The Salang tunnel fire in Afghanistan kills up to 2,000+ people.
1982 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average surges 43.41 points, or 4.25%, to close at 1,065.49, its first all-time high in more than nine years. The points gain was the biggest ever up to that point.
1984 - Indira Gandhi is cremated at Shakti Sthal.
1986 - Iran-Contra Affair: The Lebanese magazine reports that the Ash-Shiraa United States has been selling weapons to Iran in secret in order to secure the release of seven American hostages held by pro-Iranian groups in Lebanon.
1986 - The Federated States of Micronesia become independent from the United States of America.
1988 - Sri Lankan Tamil mercenaries try to overthrow the Maldivian government. At President Maumoon Abdul Gayoom's request, the Indian military suppresses the coup attempt within 24 hours.
1998 - Former professional wrestler Jesse Ventura is elected Governor of Minnesota.
2003 - NYC Subway's Redbird trains make their final run.
39 - Lucan, Roman poet (d. 65)
1500 - Benvenuto Cellini, Italian artist (d. 1571)
1558 - Thomas Kyd, author of (d. The Spanish Tragedy 1594)
1560 - Annibale Carracci, Italian painter (d. 1609)
1587 - Samuel Scheidt, German composer (d. 1654)
1604 - Osman II, Ottoman Sultan (d. 1622)
1618 - Aurangzeb, Mughal Emperor of India (d. 1707)
1633 - Bernardino Ramazzini, Italian physician (d. 1714)
1718 - John Montagu, English statesman (d. 1792)
1749 - Daniel Rutherford, Scottish chemist and physician (d. 1819)
1793 - Stephen F. Austin, American pioneer (d. 1836)
1794 - William Cullen Bryant, American poet and journalist (d. 1878)
1799 - William Sprague III, American politician from Rhode Island (d. 1856)
1801 - Karl Baedeker, German author and publisher (d. 1859)
1801 - Vincenzo Bellini, Italian composer (d. 1835)
1816 - Jubal Early, American Confederate general (d. 1894)
1816 - Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (d. 1898)
1845 - Edward Douglass White, 9th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1921)
1852 - Meiji Emperor, Japanese emperor (d. 1912)
1856 - Jim McCormick, baseball player (d. 1918)
1857 - Mikhail Alekseev, Russian general (d. 1918)
1862 - Henry George, American politician (d. 1916)
1876 - Stephen Peter Alencastre, Roman Catholic prelate (d. 1940)
1877 - Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Chilean president. (d. 1960)
1887 - Samuil Marshak, Russian writer, translator and children's poet (d. 1964)
1890 - Eustaquio van Lieshout, Dutch priest (d. 1943)
1893 - Edward Adelbert Doisy, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1986)
1895 - Grand Duchess Olga Nikolaevna of Russia (d. 1918)
1896 - Gustaf Tenggren, Swedish illustrator (d. 1970)
1899 - Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist (d. 1986)
1900 - Adolf Dassler, founder of Adidas (d. 1978)
1901 - Leopold III of Belgium (d. 1983)
1901 - André Malraux, French writer (d. 1976)
1903 - Walker Evans, American photographer (d. 1975)
1908 - Bronko Nagurski, American football player (d. 1990)
1909 - James Reston, American journalist (d. 1995)
1910 - Richard Hurndall, British actor (d. 1984)
1912 - Alfredo Stroessner, President of Paraguay (d. 2006)
1918 - Bob Feller, baseball player
1918 - Elizabeth P. Hoisington, American Brigadier General (d. 2007)
1918 - Russell B. Long, U.S. Senator from Louisiana (d. 2003)
1918 - Dean Riesner, film and television screenwriter (d. 2002)
1919 - Jesús Blasco, Spanish comic book author (d. 1995)
1920 - Oodgeroo Noonuccal, Australian writer (d. 1993)
1921 - Charles Bronson, American actor (d. 2003)
1923 - Tomás Cardinal Ó Fiaich, Northern Irish clergyman (d. 1990)
1924 - Samuel Ruiz García, Mexican Roman Catholic bishop
1926 - Valdas Adamkus, President of the Republic of Lithuania
1926 - Maurice Couture, French Canadian Roman Catholic archbishop
1928 - Osamu Tezuka, Japanese manga artist (d. 1989)
1930 - D. James Kennedy, American theologian (d. 2007)
1930 - Brian Robinson, British cyclist
1930 - Lois Smith, American actress
1931 - Yon Hyong-muk, North Korean politician (d. 2005)
1931 - Monica Vitti, Italian actress
1931 - Michael Fu Tieshan, Chinese bishop (d. 2007)
1933 - Ken Berry, American actor
1933 - John Barry, English composer
1933 - Jeremy Brett, English actor (d. 1995)
1933 - Aneta Corsaut, American actress (d. 1995)
1933 - Michael Dukakis, American politician
1933 - Amartya Sen, Indian economist, Nobel Prize laureate
1936 - Roy Emerson, Australian tennis champion
1938 - Martin Dunwoody, British mathematician
1938 - Jean Rollin, French director and screenwriter
1941 - Brian Poole, English musician ( The Tremeloes)
1943 - Bert Jansch, Scottish folk musician
1945 - Ken Holtzman, American baseball player and manager
1945 - Gerd Müller, German footballer
1945 - J. D. Souther, American country-rock singer/songwriter & actor
1946 - Tom Savini, American actor
1947 - Mazie Hirono, American politician
1948 - Lulu, British actress and singer
1948 - Helmut Koinigg, Austrian racing driver (d. 1974)
1949 - Larry Holmes, American boxer
1949 - Anna Wintour, English-American editor
1949 - Mike Evans, American actor (d. 2006)
1950 - Joe Queenan, American writer
1950 - Massimo Mongai, Italian writer
1951 - Ed Murawinski, American cartoonist,
New York Daily News 1952 - Roseanne Barr, American actress and comedian
1952 - Jim Cummings, American voice actor
1952 - David Ho, Taiwanese-American AIDS researcher
1953 - Kate Capshaw, American actress
1953 - Helios Creed, American musician ( Chrome)
1953 - Larry Herndon, baseball player
1953 - Dennis Miller, American comedian
1954 - Adam Ant, English singer
1955 - Phil Simms, American football player
1956 - Kevin Murphy, American actor and puppeteer
1956 - Gary Ross, American film director
1957 - Dolph Lundgren, Swedish actor
1959 - Hal Hartley, American film director and writer
1960 - Karch Kiraly, American volleyball player
1962 - Jacqui Smith UK Home Secretary
1963 - Ian Wright, English footballer
1963 - Shigeaki Hattori, Japanese racing driver
1969 - Robert Miles, Swiss record producer, composer and musician in trance and ambient music.
1971 - Dylan Moran, Irish comedian
1973 - Kirk Jones (Sticky Fingaz), American musician
1973 - Nemone, athlete and broadcaster
1974 - Tariq Abdul-Wahad, French basketball player
1975 - Darren Sharper, American football player
1976 - Guillermo Franco, Argentine-Mexican footballer
1977 - Aria Giovanni, American model
1979 - Beau McDonald, Australian Rules Footballer
1979 - Pablo Aimar, Argentine footballer
1979 - Tim McIlrath, American musician ( Rise Against)
1982 - Evgeny Plushenko, Russian figure skater
1983 - Suzane von Richthofen, Brazilian murderess
1984 - Christian Bakkerud, Danish racing driver
1987 - Gemma Ward, Australian model
1987 - Colin Kaepernick, American football player
1989 - Paula DeAnda, American singer
361 - Constantius II, Roman Emperor (b. 317)
753 - Pirminius, German saint (b. 753)
1254 - John III Doukas Vatatzes, Byzantine Emperor (b. 1193)
1428 - Thomas Montacute, English military leader (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1388)
1580 - Jeronimo Zurita y Castro, Spanish historian (b. 1512)
1584 - Charles Borromeo, Italian Roman Catholic cardinal (b. 1538)
1600 - Richard Hooker, English theologian (b. 1554)
1643 - John Bainbridge, English astronomer (b. 1582)
1643 - Paul Guldin, Swiss astronomer and mathematician (b. 1577)
1711 - John Ernest Grabe, German-born Anglican theologian (b. 1666)
1787 - Robert Lowth, British bishop and grammarian (b. 1710)
1793 - Olympe de Gouges, French feminist and revolutionary (b. 1748)
1794 - François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, French cardinal and statesman (b. 1715)
1869 - Andreas Kalvos, Greek poet (b. 1792)
1890 - Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1811)
1891 - Louis Lucien Bonaparte, French politician and linguist (b. 1813)
1917 - Léon Bloy, French novelist and essayist (b. 1846)
1918 - Aleksandr Mikhailovich Lyapunov, Russian scientist (b. 1857)
1926 - Annie Oakley, American sharp-shooter (b. 1860)
1927 - Karel Matěj Čapek-Chod, Czech journalist (b. 1860)
1929 - Olav Aukrust, Norwegian poet (b. 1883)
1933 - Emile Roux, French scientist (b. 1853)
1939 - Charles Tournemire, French composer and organist (b. 1870)
1949 - Solomon R. Guggenheim, American art collector and philanthropist (b. 1861)
1954 - Henri Matisse, French artist (b. 1869)
1957 - Wilhelm Reich, Austrian psychotherapist (b. 1897)
1964 - John Henry Barbee, American guitarist and singer (b. 1905)
1970 - Peter II of Yugoslavia (b. 1923)
1973 - Marc Allégret, French director and screenwriter (b. 1900)
1983 - Alfredo Antonini, American conductor and composer (b. 1901)
1990 - Mary Martin, American actress (b. 1913)
1991 - Mort Shuman, American singer and songwriter (b. 1936)
1993 - Leon Theremin, Russian inventor (b. 1895)
1995 - Gordon S. Fahrni, physician and president of the Canadian Medical Association (b. 1887)
1995 - John Orchard, British actor (b. 1928)
1996 - Abdullah Çatlı, a Turkish nationalist and neofascist activist (b. 1956)
1996 - Jean-Bédel Bokassa, President of the Central African Republic (b. 1921)
1998 - Bob Kane, comic artist and Batman co-creator (b. 1915)
1999 - Ian Bannen, Scottish actor (b. 1928)
2001 - Ernst Gombrich, Austrian art historian (b. 1909)
2002 - Lonnie Donegan, Scottish musician (b. 1931)
2002 - Jonathan Harris, American actor (b. 1914)
2003 - Rasul Gamzatov, Russian poet (b. 1923)
2004 - Sergei Zholtok, Latvian hockey player (b. 1972)
2006 - Paul Mauriat, French musician (b. 1925)
2006 - Alberto Spencer, Ecuadorean footballer (b. 1937)
2006 - Marie Rudisill, American author and "Fruitcake Lady" (b. 1911)
2007 - Martin Meehan, Irish republican (b. 1945)
2007 - Ryan Shay,American professional long distance runner (b. 1979)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
59 Familypedia people were born on November 3
71 Familypedia people died on November 3
59 Familypedia people were first married on November 3