is the 312th day of the year (313th in November 8 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 53 days remaining until the end of the year.
1519 - Hernán Cortés enters Tenochtitlán and Aztec ruler Moctezuma welcomes him with great a celebration as would befit a returning god.
1520 - Stockholm Bloodbath begins: A successful invasion of Sweden by Danish forces results in the execution of around 100 people.
1576 - Eighty Years' War: Pacification of Ghent - The States-General of the Netherlands meet and unite to oppose Spanish occupation.
1602 - The Bodleian Library at Oxford University is opened to the public.
1620 - The Battle of White Mountain takes place near Prague, ending in a decisive Catholic victory in only two hours.
1793 - In Paris, the French Revolutionary government opens the Louvre to the public as a museum.
1837 - Mary Lyon founds Mount Holyoke Female Seminary, which later becomes Mount Holyoke College.
1861 - American Civil War: The " Trent Affair" – The USS San Jacinto stops the United Kingdom mail ship Trent and arrests two Confederate envoys, sparking a diplomatic crisis between the UK and US.
1889 - Montana is admitted as the 41st U.S. state.
1892 - The New Orleans general strike begins, uniting black and white American trade unionists in a successful four-day general strike action for the first time.
1895 - While experimenting with electricity, Wilhelm Röntgen discovers the X-ray.
1901 - Bloody clashes take place in Athens following the translation of the Gospels into demotic Greek.
1917 - The People's Commissars give authority to Vladimir Lenin, Leon Trotsky, and Josef Stalin.
1923 - Beer Hall Putsch: In Munich, Adolf Hitler leads the Nazis in an unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the German government.
1926 - APOEL FC is founded in Nicosia.
1933 - Great Depression: New Deal - US President Franklin D. Roosevelt unveils the Civil Works Administration, an organization designed to create jobs for more than 4 million of the unemployed.
1935 - A dozen labor leaders come together to announce the creation of the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), an organization charged with advancing industrial unionism.
1935 - Fernand Bouisson becomes Prime Minister of France.
1937 - The Nazi exhibition ("The Eternal Der ewige Jude Jew") opens in Munich.
1937 - The Chinese Youth Journalist Association is created in Shanghai. It is now known as Chinese Journalist Day.
1938 - A pogrom against the Jews of Germany and Austria takes place in response to the assassination of a German diplomat in Paris.
1939 - Venlo Incident: Two British agents of SIS are captured by the Germans.
1939 - In Munich, Adolf Hitler narrowly escapes an assassination attempt while celebrating the 16th anniversary of the Beer Hall Putsch.
1941 - The Albanian Communist Party is founded.
1942 - Holocaust: In Ternopil, western Ukraine, the German SS deport about 2,400 Jews from Ternopil ghetto to the Belzec death camp, in the so called " Second Aktion". When the Germans captured Ternopil, about 18,000 Jews lived in the city.
1942 - World War II: Operation Torch - United States and United Kingdom forces land in French North Africa.
1942 - World War II: French resistance coup in Algiers, by which 400 Civil French patriots neutralize Vichyst XIXth Army Corps after 15 hours of fighting, and arrest vichyst generals (Juin, Darlan, etc.), allowing the immediate success of Operation Torch in Algiers, then, from there, to the whole French North Africa.
1950 - Korean War: United States Air Force Lt. Russell J. Brown shoots down two North Korean MiG-15s in the first jet aircraft-to-jet aircraft dogfight in history.
1961 - KVN, one of the world's oldest and long-running TV shows airs for the first time in the USSR.
1965 - The British Indian Ocean Territory is created, consisting of Chagos Archipelago, Aldabra, Farquhar and Des Roches islands.
1965 - The 173rd Airborne is ambushed by over 1,200 Viet Cong in Operation Hump during the Vietnam War.
1966 - Former Massachusetts Attorney General Edward Brooke becomes the first African American elected to the United States Senate.
1966 - U.S. President Lyndon B. Johnson signs into law an antitrust exemption allowing the National Football League to merge with the upstart American Football League.
1970 - Tom Dempsey kicks a NFL-record 63 yard (57.6 meter) field goal to give the New Orleans Saints a 19-17 victory over the Detroit Lions at Tulane Stadium.
1973 - The right ear of John Paul Getty III is delivered to a newspaper together with a ransom note, convincing his father to pay 2.9 million USD.
1974 - In Salt Lake City, Carol DaRonch narrowly escapes abduction by serial killer Ted Bundy.
1976 - A series of earthquakes spreads panic in the city of Thessaloniki, which is evacuated.
1977 - Manolis Andronikos, a Greek Archaeologist and professor at the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, discovers the tomb of Philip II of Macedon at Vergina.
1979 - The Chilean Communist Party is formed.
1987 - Remembrance Day Bombing: In Enniskillen, Northern Ireland, an Provisional Irish Republican Army bomb explodes, at a ceremony honoring Britain's war dead, killing eleven people.
1989 - Hong Kong's MTR Lam Tin Station comes into service.
2002 - Iraq disarmament crisis: UN Security Council Resolution 1441 – The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves a resolution on Iraq, forcing Saddam Hussein to disarm or face "serious consequences".
2004 - War in Iraq: More than 10,000 U.S. troops and a small number of Iraqi army units participate in a siege on the insurgent stronghold of Fallujah.
2006 - Kathiraveli November 2006 massacre
2006 - Beit Hanoun November 2006 incident
35 - Nerva, Roman Emperor (d. 98)
1342 - Julian of Norwich, English saint (d. 1416)
1491 - Teofilo Folengo, Italian poet (d. 1544)
1622 - King Charles X of Sweden (d. 1660)
1656 (N.S.) - Edmond Halley, British astronomer and mathematician (d. 1742)
1706 - Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher (d. 1772)
1710 - Sarah Fielding, English writer (d. 1768)
1715 - Elisabeth Christine von Braunschweig-Bevern, wife of Frederick II of Prussia (d. 1797)
1723 - John Byron, British naval officer (d. 1786)
1768 - Princess Augusta Sophia of the United Kingdom, (d. 1840)
1777 - Désirée Clary, queen of Sweden (d. 1860)
1836 - Milton Bradley, American game manufacturer (d. 1911)
1847 - Jean Casimir-Perier, French politician (d. 1907)
1847 - Bram Stoker, Irish novelist (d. 1912)
1848 - Gottlob Frege, German mathematician and logician (d. 1925)
1854 - Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist (d. 1919)
1866 - Herbert Austin, English automobile pioneer (d. 1941)
1868 - Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (d. 1942)
1869 - Zinaida Gippius, Russian woman-poet in exile in France (d. 1945)
1883 - Arnold Bax, English composer (d. 1953)
1884 - Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist (d. 1922)
1885 - Hans Cloos, German geologist (d. 1951)
1885 - Tomoyuki Yamashita, Japanese general (d. 1946)
1885 - Emil Fahrenkamp, German architect (d. 1966)
1893 - Clarence Williams, American composer (d. 1965)
1893 - Prajadhipok, Rama VII, king of Thailand (d. 1941)
1895 - Photios Kontoglou, Greek writer, painter and iconographer (d. 1965)
1896 - Bucky Harris, baseball player (d. 1977)
1897 - Dorothy Day, social activist (d. 1980)
1898 - Marie Prevost, Canadian actress (d. 1937)
1900 - Margaret Mitchell, American author (d. 1949)
1900 - Charlie Paddock, American athlete (d. 1943)
1904 - Cedric Belfrage English-born writer (d. 1990)
1908 - Martha Gellhorn, American writer (d. 1998)
1913 - June Havoc, American actress
1918 - Hermann Zapf, German designer
1919 - P. L. Deshpande, Indian author (d. 2000)
1920 - Esther Rolle, American actress (d. 1998)
1920 - Eugênio de Araújo Sales, Brazilian cardinal
1922 - Christiaan Barnard, South African heart surgeon (d. 2001)
1922 - Ademir Marques de Menezes, Brazilian footballer (d. 1996)
1923 - Jack Kilby, American electrical engineer, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
1924 - Joe Flynn, American actor (d. 1974)
1927 - Ken Dodd, English comedian
1927 - Nguyen Khanh, Prime Minister of South Vietnam
1927 - Patti Page, American singer
1929 - António Castanheira Neves, Portuguese philosopher
1931 - Darla Hood, American actress (d. 1979)
1931 - Morley Safer, Canadian journalist
1933 - Peter Arundell, British racing driver
1935 - Alain Delon, French actor
1935 - Alfonso López Trujillo, Colombian Cardinal Bishop
1938 - Driss Basri, Moroccan Interior Minister (d. 2007)
1942 - Angel Cordero Jr., Puerto Rican jockey
1943 - Martin Peters, English footballer
1944 - Bonnie Bramlett, American singer ( Delaney)
1945 - Don Murray, American musician ( The Turtles)
1946 - Guus Hiddink, Dutch football coach
1946 - Roy Wood, English songwriter and musician ( Electric Light Orchestra, The Move, Wizzard)
1947 - Minnie Riperton, American singer (d. 1979)
1949 - Bonnie Raitt, American singer
1950 - Mary Hart, American television personality
1951 - Alfredo Astiz, Argentine general
1952 - Jan Raas, Dutch cyclist
1952 - Christie Hefner, CEO of Playboy Enterprises
1952 - John Denny, American baseball player
1953 - Alfre Woodard, American actress
1954 - Michael D. Brown, U.S. Federal Emergency Management Agency director
1954 - Kazuo Ishiguro, British author
1954 - Rickie Lee Jones, American singer
1954 - Jeanette McGruder, American musician ( P Funk)
1956 - Richard Curtis, British screenwriter
1957 - Porl Thompson, British musician ( The Cure)
1957 - Alan Curbishley, English football manager
1958 - Don Byron, American clarinetist
1960 - Oleg Menshikov, Russian actor
1960 - Michael Nyqvist, Swedish actor
1961 - Leif Garrett, American singer
1965 - Jeff Blauser, American baseball player
1965 - Craig Chester, American actor and screenwriter
1966 - Gordon Ramsay, British chef and reality television personality
1967 - Courtney Thorne-Smith, American actress
1967 - Henry Rodriguez, Dominican Republic baseball player
1968 - Parker Posey, American actress
1968 - Zara Whites, Dutch actress
1968 - Sergio Porrini, Italian footballer
1969 - Roxana Zal, American actress
1970 - José Francisco Porras, Costa Rican footballer
1970 - Diana King, Jamaican singer
1971 - Carlos Atanes, Spanish film director
1971 - Aaron Yates (Tech N9NE), American rapper
1972 - Gretchen Mol, American actress
1974 - Masashi Kishimoto, Japanese manga author
1975 - Tara Reid, American actress
1975 - José Pinto, Spanish footballer
1976 - Brett Lee, Australian cricketer
1976 - Colin Strause, American director
1977 - Bucky Covington, American entertainer
1977 - Jully Black, Canadian R&B singer
1978 - Ali Karimi, Iranian footballer
1978 - Júlio Sérgio Bertagnoli, Brazilian footballer
1978 - Tim de Cler, Dutch footballer
1978 - Maurice Evans, American basketball player
1978 - Spyros Gogolos, Greek footballer
1979 - Aaron Hughes, Northern Irish footballer
1981 - Joe Cole, English footballer
1982 - Mika Kallio, Finnish Grand Prix motorcycle racer
1983 - Kat Shoob, British television presenter
1983 - Blanka Vlašić, Croatian high jumper
1983 - Remko Pasveer, Dutch footballer
1984 - Nayanthara, Indian actress
1985 - Jack Osbourne, English television star
1987 - Aaron Burns, Manchester United Academy Player
2003 - Lady Louise Windsor, British royal
911 - Louis the Child, last Carolingian ruler of the East Franks (b. 893)
955 - Pope Agapetus II
1171 - Baldwin IV (b. 1108)
1195 - Conrad of Hohenstaufen
1226 - King Louis VIII of France (b. 1187)
1246 - Berenguela of Castile, wife of Alfonso IX of Castile (b. 1180)
1308 - Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher
1517 - Francisco Cardinal Jiménez de Cisneros, Spanish statesman (b. 1436)
1527 - Jerome Emser, German theologian (b. 1477)
1599 - Francisco Guerrero, Spanish composer (b. 1528)
1600 - Natsuka Masaie, Japanese warlord (b. 1562)
1605 - Robert Catesby, English conspirator (b. 1573)
1658 - Witte Corneliszoon de With, Dutch naval officer (b. 1599)
1674 - John Milton, English poet (b. 1608)
1719 - Michel Rolle, French mathematician (b. 1652)
1817 - Andrea Appiani, Italian painter (b. 1754)
1830 - King Francis I of the Two Sicilies (b. 1777)
1887 - Doc Holliday, American gambler and gunfighter (b. 1851)
1890 - César Franck, Belgian composer and organist (b. 1822)
1905 - Victor Borisov-Musatov, Russian painter (b. 1870)
1917 - Colin Blythe, English cricketer (b. 1879)
1921 - Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (b. 1849)
1934 - Carlos Chagas, Brazilian physician (b. 1879)
1944 - Walter Nowotny, Austrian/German fighter pilot (b. 1920)
1945 - August von Mackensen, German field marshal (b. 1849)
1949 - Cyriel Verschaeve, Belgian clergyman (b. 1874)
1953 - Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1870)
1953 - John van Melle, South African author (b. 1887)
1959 - Frank Sherman Land, founder of DeMolay International (b. 1890)
1965 - Dorothy Kilgallen, American newspaper columnist (b. 1913)
1968 - Wendell Corey, American actor (b. 1914)
1974 - Ivory Joe Hunter, American R&B singer, pianist and songwriter (b. 1914)
1977 - Bucky Harris, baseball player (b. 1896)
1978 - Norman Rockwell, American illustrator (b. 1894)
1979 - Yvonne de Gaulle, wife of Charles de Gaulle (b. 1900)
1983 - Mordecai Kaplan, Rabbi, founded Reconstructionist Judaism (b. 1881)
1985 - Nicolas Frantz, Luxembourgish cyclist (b. 1899)
1986 - Vyacheslav Molotov, Russian politician (b. 1890)
1993 - Andrey Nikolayevich Tychonoff, Russian mathematician (b. 1906)
1994 - Michael O'Donoghue, American writer (b. 1940)
1998 - Jean Marais, French actor (b. 1913)
1999 - Leon Štukelj, Slovenian gymnast (b. 1898)
1999 - Lester Bowie, American jazz trumpet player (b. 1941)
2002 - Jon Elia, Pakistani scholar, poet and philosopher (b. 1931)
2003 - Guy Speranza, American singer, original Riot frontman (b. 1956)
2003 - C. Z. Guest, American socialite (b. 1920)
2005 - David Westheimer, American novelist (b. 1917)
2005 - Alekos Alexandrakis, Greek actor (b. 1928)
2006 - Basil Poledouris, American film score composer (b. 1945)
2007 - Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician and former DSWD Secretary. (b. 1943)
2007 - Chad Varah founder of charity The Samaritans (b. 1911)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
77 Familypedia people were born on November 8
70 Familypedia people died on November 8
77 Familypedia people were first married on November 8