is the 275th day of the year (276th in October 1 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 90 days remaining until the end of the year.
331 BC - Alexander the Great defeats Darius III of Persia in the Battle of Gaugamela.
911 - During a siege in Constantinople, the Theotokos appeared at the church in Blachernae holding her veil over the praying faithful, among them St. Andrew of Constantinople.
959 - Edgar the Peaceable becomes king of all England.
1189 - Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar since 1184, is killed in the Siege of Acre.
1787 - Russians under Suvorov defeat the Turks at Kinburn.
1788 - Nguyen Hue declares himself emperor of Vietnam.
1791 - First session of the French Legislative Assembly.
1795 - Belgium is conquered by France.
1800 - Spain cedes Louisiana to France via the Treaty of San Ildefonso.
1811 - The first steamboat to sail the Mississippi River arrives in New Orléans.
1814 - Opening of the Congress of Vienna, intended to redraw the Europe's political map after the defeat of Napoléon the previous spring.
1827 - The Russian army under Ivan Paskevich storms Yerevan, ending a millennium of Muslim domination in Armenia.
1829 - South African College is founded in Cape Town, South Africa; later to separate into the University of Cape Town and the South African College Schools.
1843 - News of the World began publication in London.
1847 - German inventor and industrialist Werner von Siemens founds Siemens AG & Halske.
1854 - The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.
1869 - Austria issues the world's first postcards.
1880 - John Philip Sousa becomes leader of the United States Marine Corps Band.
1880 - First electric lamp factory opened by Thomas Edison.
1885 - United States begins special-delivery mail service.
1886 - The U.S. mint in Carson City, closes.
1887 - Balochistan conquered by the British Empire.
1890 - The Yosemite National Park and the Yellowstone National Park are established by the U.S. Congress.
1891 - In the U.S. state of California, Stanford University opens its doors.
1894 - First meeting of The Owl Club of Cape Town.
1898 - Czar Nikolay II expels Jews from major Russian cities.
1898 - The Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration is founded under the name k.u.k. Exportakademie.
1903 - Baseball: The Boston Americans play the Pittsburgh Pirates in the first game of the modern World Series.
1905 - František Pavlík is killed in a demonstration in Prague, inspiring Leoš Janáček to the piano composition 1. X. 1905.
1908 - Ford puts the Model T car on the market at a price of US$825.
1910 - Los Angeles Times bombing: A large bomb destroys the building in downtown Los Angeles Times Los Angeles, killing 21.
1918 - World War I: Arab forces under T. E. Lawrence (a/k/a "Lawrence of Arabia") capture Damascus.
1920 - Sir Percy Cox landed in Basra to assume his responsibilities as high commissioner in Iraq.
1926 - An oil field accident cost aviator Wiley Post his left eye, but he used the settlement money to buy his first aircraft.
1926 - Arirang premiers in Seoul.
1928 - The Soviet Union introduces its First Five-Year Plan.
1931 - The George Washington Bridge linking New Jersey and New York opens.
1931 - The second (and current) Waldorf-Astoria Hotel is opened in New York.
1936 - Francisco Franco is named head of the Nationalist government of Spain.
1938 - Germany annexes the Sudetenland.
1939 - After a one-month Siege of Warsaw, hostile forces entered the city.
1940 - The Pennsylvania Turnpike, often considered the first superhighway in the United States, opens to traffic.
1942 - USS torpedoes Grouper not knowing she was carrying British Lisbon Maru PoWs from Hong Kong
1942 - First flight of the Bell XP-59 "Aircomet".
1943 - World War II: Naples falls to Allied soldiers.
1946 - Nazi leaders sentenced at Nuremberg Trials.
1947 - The F-86 Sabre flies for the first time.
1949 - The People's Republic of China is declared by Mao Zedong.
1957 - First appearance of " In God We Trust" on U.S. paper currency.
1958 - NASA created to replace NACA.
1960 - Nigeria gains independence from the United Kingdom.
1961 - East and West Cameroon merge as Federal Republic of Cameroon.
1964 - The Free Speech Movement is launched on the campus of University of California.
1964 - Japanese ("bullet trains") begin high-speed rail service from Shinkansen Tokyo to Osaka.
1965 - , a political move in Greece designed to overthrow the Prime Minister, Apostasia of 1965 George Papandreou.
1965 - General Suharto crushes an attempted coup in Indonesia.
1968 - The Guyanese government takes over the British Guiana Broadcasting Service (BGBS).
1969 - The Concorde supersonic transport plane breaks the sound barrier for the first time.
1971 - Walt Disney World opens near Orlando, United States.
1975 - The Seychelles gain internal self-government. The Ellice Islands split from Gilbert Islands and take the name Tuvalu.
1975 - Thrilla in Manila: Muhammad Ali defeats Joe Frazier in a boxing match in Manila, Philippines.
1978 - Tuvalu gains independence from the United Kingdom.
1978 - The Voltaic Revolutionary Communist Party is founded.
1979 - The United States returns sovereignty of the Panama canal to Panama.
1982 - Helmut Kohl replaces Helmut Schmidt as Chancellor of Germany through a Constructive Vote of No Confidence.
1982 - EPCOT Center opens at Walt Disney World near Orlando, United States.
1982 - Sony launches the first consumer compact disc player (model CDP-101).
1985 - The Israeli air force bombs PLO Headquarters in Tunis.
1987 - The Whittier Narrows earthquake shook the San Gabriel Valley, registering as a magnitude 5.9.
1989 - Denmark: World's first legal modern same-sex civil union called "registered partnership"
1992 - National Council of the Slovak Republic is arose
1994 - Palau gains independence from the United Nations trusteeship administered by the United States of America.
1998 - Vladimir Putin became a permanent member of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.
2004 - Baseball: Seattle Mariners outfielder Ichiro Suzuki makes his 258th hit of the season, breaking George Sisler's 84-year-old single-season record.
2005 - Bombing kills 23 people in Bali.
2006 - Age discrimination in employment is made illegal in the United Kingdom.
1207 - King Henry III of England (d. 1272)
1507 - Giacomo Barozzi da Vignola, Italian architect (d. 1573)
1540 - Johann Jakob Grynaeus, Swiss Protestant clergyman (d. 1617)
1577 - Fidelis of Sigmaringen, Swiss friar, martyr, and saint (d. 1622)
1620 - Nicolaes Pieterszoon Berchem, Dutch painter (d. 1683)
1644 - Alessandro Stradella, Italian composer (d. 1682)
1671 - Guido Grandi, Italian mathematician (d. 1742)
1685 - Charles VI (d. 1740)
1691 - Arthur Onslow, English politician (d. 1768)
1730 - Richard Stockton, American attorney, signer of the Declaration of Independence (d. 1781)
1760 - William Thomas Beckford, English writer and politician (d. 1844)
1771 - Pierre Baillot, French violinist and composer (d. 1842)
1791 - Sergei Aksakov, Russian writer (d. 1859)
1800 - Lars Levi Laestadius, Swedish-born botanist and founder of Laestadianism (d. 1861)
1835 - Ádám Politzer, Austrian physician (d. 1920)
1842 - Charles Cros, French poet and inventor (d. 1888)
1865 - Paul Dukas, French composer (d. 1935)
1881 - William Boeing, American engineer (d. 1956)
1885 - Louis Untermeyer, American author (d. 1977)
1878 - Othmar Spann, Austrian philosopher and economist (d. 1950)
1890 - Stanley Holloway, British actor (d. 1982)
1896 - Liaquat Ali Khan, first Prime Minister of Pakistan (d. 1951)
1896 - Ted Healy, American actor and comedian (d. 1937)
1899 - Ernest Haycox, American writer (d. 1950)
1900 - Tom Goddard, English cricketer (d. 1966)
1903 - Vladimir Horowitz, Ukrainian-American pianist (d. 1989)
1904 - Otto Robert Frisch, Austrian-born physicist (d. 1979)
1904 - A.K. Gopalan, Indian communist leader (d. 1977)
1909 - Maurice Bardèche, French fascist, (d. 1998)
1909 - Sam Yorty, Mayor of Los Angeles (d. 1998)
1910 - Fritz Köberle, Austrian-born physician (d. 1983)
1910 - José Enrique Moyal, Australian mathematical physicist (d. 1998)
1910 - Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (d. 1934)
1914 - Daniel J. Boorstin, American historian, writer, and Librarian of Congress (d. 2004)
1920 - Walter Matthau, American actor (d. 2000)
1921 - James Whitmore, American actor
1924 - Jimmy Carter, 39th President of the United States, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize
1924 - William Rehnquist, 16th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 2005)
1925 - Bob Boyd, American baseball player (d. 2004)
1926 - Roger Williams, American pianist
1927 - Tom Bosley, American actor
1928 - Laurence Harvey, Lithuanian-born actor (d. 1973)
1928 - George Peppard, American actor (d. 1994)
1928 - Willy Mairesse, Belgian racing driver (d. 1969)
1930 - Frank Gardner, Australian racing driver
1930 - Sir Richard Harris, Irish actor (d. 2002)
1930 - Naimatullah Khan, Pakistani politician
1930 - Philippe Noiret, French actor (d. 2006)
1931 - Sylvano Bussotti, Italian composer
1932 - Albert Collins, American guitarist (d. 1993)
1935 - Dame Julie Andrews, British actress and singer
1936 - Duncan Edwards, English footballer (d. 1958)
1936 - Stella Stevens, American actress
1939 - George Archer, American golfer (d. 2005)
1942 - Jean-Pierre Jabouille, French race car driver
1943 - Jean-Jacques Annaud, French film director
1943 - Angèle Arsenault, Canadian singer and songwriter
1943 - Jerry Martini, American saxophonist ( Sly & the Family Stone)
1945 - Rod Carew, Panamanian-born baseball player
1945 - Donny Hathaway, American soul musician and composer (d. 1979)
1945 - Ellen McIlwaine, American singer/songwriter
1945 - Spider Sabich, American skier (d. 1976)
1946 - Tim O'Brien, American writer
1947 - Aaron Ciechanover, Israeli biologist
1947 - Stephen Collins, American actor
1947 - Adriano Tilgher, Italian politician
1947 - Mariska Veres American singer ( Shocking Blue) (d. 2006)
1948 - Cub Koda, American singer ( Brownsville Station) (d. 2000)
1949 - Isaac Bonewits, American author
1950 - Randy Quaid, American actor
1950 - Jeane Manson, American singer and actress
1952 - Jacques Martin, Canadian ice hockey coach and executive
1953 - John Hegley, British poet
1953 - Pete Falcone, American baseball player
1953 - Grete Waitz, Norwegian athlete
1954 - Martin Strel, Slovenian swimmer
1955 - Duško Tadić, Bosnian Serb
1956 - Theresa May, British politician
1957 - Stelios Mainas, Greek actor
1958 - Masato Nakamura, Japanese musician
1959 - Youssou N'Dour, Senegalese singer
1961 - Gary Ablett, Australian rules footballer
1961 - Robert Rey, Brazilian-American plastic surgeon and television personality
1962 - Esai Morales, American actor
1963 - Jean-Denis Délétraz, Swiss race car driver
1963 - Mark McGwire, American baseball player
1964 - Harry Hill, British comedian
1964 - Max Matsuura, Japanese record producer
1964 - Jonathan Sarfati, Australian-born chess player, scientist, and author
1965 - Andreas Keller, German field hockey player
1965 - Cindy Margolis, American model and spokesmodel
1965 - Cliff Ronning, Canadian ice hockey player
1966 - Christopher Titus, American actor/comedian
1966 - George Weah, Liberian politician and footballer
1966 - Cuco Ziganda, Spanish footballer
1967 - Scott Young, American ice hockey player
1967 - Mike Pringle, American football player
1968 - Jon Guenther, American author
1968 - Rob Collard, British racing driver
1969 - Igor Ulanov, Russian hockey player
1969 - Ori Kaplan, Israeli jazz musician
1970 - Gam Wu-seong, South Korean actor
1970 - Simon Davey, Barnsley football manager
1970 - Alexei Zhamnov, Russian ice hockey player
1971 - Andrew O'Keefe, Australian television personality
1973 - Jana Henke, German swimmer
1973 - Rachid Chékhémani, French runner
1973 - John Thomson, American baseball player
1974 - Mats Lindgren, Swedish ice hockey player
1974 - Keith Duffy, Irish singer ( Boyzone) and actor
1975 - Chulpan Khamatova, Russian actress
1976 - Antonio Roybal, American painter and sculptor
1976 - Denis Gauthier, Canadian hockey player
1976 - Dora Venter, Hungarian pornographic film actress
1976 - Ümit Karan, Turkish footballer
1977 - Jeffrey van Hooydonk, Belgian race car driver
1978 - Andrew JC Jackson, Australian surf lifesaver
1978 - Leticia Cline, American model and TV Personality
1979 - Cameron Bruce, Australian rules footballer
1979 - Rudi Johnson, American football player
1979 - Gilberto Martínez, Costa Rican footballer
1979 - Marko Stanojevic, English-born Italian rugby union footballer
1981 - Júlio Baptista, Brazilian footballer
1981 - Johnny Oduya, Swedish ice hockey player
1981 - Arnau Riera, Spanish footballer
1982 - Haruna Babangida, Nigerian footballer
1982 - Harry Lawrence, Bath born Entrepreneur
1982 - Sandra Oxenryd, Swedish singer
1983 - Mirko Vučinić, Montenegrin footballer
1984 - Matt Cain, American baseball player
1984 - Daniel Guillén, Spanish footballer
1985 - Ryo Miyamori, Japanese singer
1985 - Revazi Zintiridis, Greek judoka
1986 - Jurnee Smollett, American actress
1986 - Sayaka, Japanese singer
1986 - Ricardo Vaz Té, Portuguese footballer
959 - King Edwy of England
1040 - Alan III (poisoned) (b. 997)
1189 - Gerard de Ridefort, grandmaster of the Knights Templar
1310 - Beatrice of Burgundy, Lady of Bourbon (b. 1257)
1404 - Pope Boniface IX (b. 1356)
1499 - Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (b. 1433)
1500 - John Alcock, English Catholic bishop
1567 - Pietro Carnesecchi, Italian humanist (b. 1508)
1570 - Frans Floris, Flemish painter (b. 1520)
1574 - Marten Jacobszoon Heemskerk van Veen, Dutch painter (b. 1498)
1578 - Don John of Austria, military leader (b. 1547)
1588 - Blessed Edward James, Catholic martyr
1609 - Gianmatteo Asola, Italian composer
1684 - Pierre Corneille, French author (b. 1606)
1693 - Pedro Abarca, Spanish theologian (b. 1619)
1708 - John Blow, British composer (b. 1649)
1768 - Robert Simson, Scottish mathematician (b. 1687)
1837 - Robert Clark, American politician (b. 1777)
1838 - Charles Tennant, Scottish chemist and industrialist (b. 1768)
1864 - Rose Greenhow, American Confederate spy (b. 1817)
1876 - James Lick, California land baron (b. 1796)
1901 - Abdur Rahman Khan, Afghan amir
1913 - Eugene O'Keefe, Canadian businessman and philanthropist (b. 1827)
1929 - Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor (b. 1861)
1955 - Charles Christie, American film studio owner (b. 1880)
1958 - Robert Falk, Russian painter (b. 1886)
1970 - Raoul Riganti, Argentine racing driver (b. 1893)
1974 - Spyridon Marinatos, Greek archaeologist (b. 1901)
1975 - Al Jackson, American drummer ( Booker T. & the M.G.'s) (b. 1935)
1984 - Walter Alston, American baseball player and manager (b. 1911)
1985 - E. B. White, American author (b. 1899)
1988 - Sacheverell Sitwell, English writer (b. 1897)
1990 - Curtis LeMay, American Air Force general (b. 1906)
1992 - Petra Kelly, German politician (b. 1947)
1994 - Paul Lorenzen, German philosopher (b. 1915)
1996 - Pat McGeown, Provisional Irish Republican Army member (b. 1956)
1997 - Jerome H. Lemelson, American inventor (b. 1923)
1998 - Pauline Julien, French Canadian singer (b. 1928)
2000 - Robert Allen, American pianist and songwriter (b. 1928)
2000 - Reginald Kray, British gangster (b. 1933)
2001 - Guy Beaulne, French-Canadian actor and theatre director (b. 1921)
2001 - Kathleen Ankers, American scenic designer (b. 1919)
2002 - Walter Annenberg, American publisher and philanthropist (b. 1908)
2004 - Richard Avedon, American photographer (b. 1923)
2004 - Bruce Palmer, Canadian musician ( Buffalo Springfield) (b. 1946)
2006 - Jerald Tanner, American religious activist (b. 1938)
2006 - André Viger, French Canadian wheelchair marathoner (b. 1952)
2007 - Chris Mainwaring, Australian rules footballer (b. 1965)
2007 - Harry Lee, Sheriff of Jefferson Parish (b. 1932)
2007 - Al Oerter, American track and field athlete (b. 1936)
2007 - Ned Sherrin, English broadcaster, author and stage director (b. 1931)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
]] Familypedia people were born on October 1 " " is not a number. "<spanclass="smwttpersist"data-type="warning"data-context="persitent"><spanclass="smwtticonwarning"></span><spanclass="smwttcontent"><ul><li>"" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property. Some use of "<nowiki>[[</nowiki>" in your query was not closed by a matching "]]".
"]]" is not a number. Some use of "<nowiki>[[</nowiki>" in your query was not closed by a matching "]]". 1016
]] Familypedia people died on October 1 " " is not a number. "<spanclass="smwttpersist"data-type="warning"data-context="persitent"><spanclass="smwtticonwarning"></span><spanclass="smwttcontent"><ul><li>"" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property. Some use of "<nowiki>[[</nowiki>" in your query was not closed by a matching "]]".
"]]" is not a number. Some use of "<nowiki>[[</nowiki>" in your query was not closed by a matching "]]". 869
]] Familypedia people were first married on October 1 " " is not a number. "<spanclass="smwttpersist"data-type="warning"data-context="persitent"><spanclass="smwtticonwarning"></span><spanclass="smwttcontent"><ul><li>"" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property. Some use of "<nowiki>[[</nowiki>" in your query was not closed by a matching "]]".