is the 284th day of the year (285th in October 10 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 81 days remaining until the end of the year.
680 - Battle of Karbala: Shia Imam Husayn bin Ali, the grandson of the Prophet Muhammad, was decapitated by forces under Caliph Yazid I. This is commemorated by Shi'a Muslims as Aashurah.
732 - Battle of Tours: Near Poitiers, France, leader of the Franks, Charles Martel and his men, defeat a large army of Moors, stopping the Muslims from spreading into Western Europe. The governor of Cordoba, Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, is killed during the battle.
1471 - Battle of Brunkeberg in Stockholm: Sten Sture the Elder, the Regent of Sweden, with help of farmers and miners, repels an attack by Christian I, King of Denmark.
1575 - Battle of Dormans: Roman Catholic forces under Duke Henry of Guise defeated the Protestants, capturing Philippe de Mornay among others.
1582 - Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1631 - A Saxon army takes over Prague.
1780 - The Great Hurricane of 1780 kills 20,000-30,000 in the Caribbean.
1845 - In Annapolis, the Naval School (later renamed the United States Naval Academy) opens with 50 midshipmen students and seven professors.
1860 - The original cornerstone of the University of the South is laid in Sewanee, Tennessee.
1868 - Carlos Céspedes issues the Grito de Yara from his plantation, La Demajagua, proclaiming Cuba's independence.
1889 - Barnard College is founded.
1910 - Tau Epsilon Phi Fraternity is established at Columbia University.
1911 - Wuchang Uprising leads to the demise of Qing Dynasty, the last Imperial court in China, and the founding of the Republic of China.
1911 - The KCR East Rail commences service between Kowloon and Canton.
1913 - U.S. President Woodrow Wilson triggers the explosion of the Gamboa Dike thus ending construction on the Panama Canal.
1919 - Richard Strauss' opera Die Frau ohne Schatten receives its debut performance in Vienna.
1920 - The Carinthian Plebiscite determines that the larger part of Carinthia became part of Austria.
1933 - United Airlines Chesterton Crash: A United Airlines Boeing 247 is destroyed by sabotage, the first such proven case in the history of commercial aviation.
1935 - A tornado destroys the 160 metre tall wooden radio tower in Langenberg. As a result of this catastrophe, few wooden towers are constructed after this date.
1938 - The Blue Water Bridge opens, connecting Port Huron and Sarnia
1938 - The Munich Agreement cedes the Sudetenland to Nazi Germany.
1944 - Holocaust: 800 Gypsy children are systematically murdered at Auschwitz death camp.
1954 - The Communist Party of Honduras is founded.
1957 - U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower apologizes to the finance minister of Ghana, Komla Agbeli Gbdemah, after he was refused service in a Dover restaurant.
1957 - The Windscale fire in Cumbria, UK becomes the worlds first major nuclear accident.
1963 - France cedes control of the Bizerte naval base to Tunisia.
1967 - The Outer Space Treaty, signed on January 27 by more than sixty nations, enters into force.
1969 - King Crimson releases their debut album, In the Court of the Crimson King, considered by many to be the first progressive rock album.
1970 - Fiji becomes independent.
1970 - In Montreal, a national crisis hits Canada when Quebec Vice-Premier and Minister of Labour Pierre Laporte becomes the second statesman kidnapped by members of the FLQ terrorist group.
1971 - Sold, dismantled and moved to the United States, the London Bridge reopens in Lake Havasu City.
1973 - Vice President of the United States Spiro Agnew resigns after being charged with federal income tax evasion.
1985 - United States Navy F-14 fighter jets intercept an Egyptian plane carrying the cruise ship Achille Lauro hijackers and force it to land at a NATO base in Sigonella, Sicily where they are arrested.
1991 - The King, Stephen Renton was born.
1986 - An earthquake measuring 7.5 on the Richter Scale strikes San Salvador, El Salvador, killing an estimated 1,500 people.
1995 - South African President Nelson Mandela attends Genadendal.
1997 - An Austral Airlines DC-9-32 crashes and explodes near Nuevo Berlin, Uruguay, killing 74.
1344 - Mary Plantagenet,English princess (d. 1362)
1567 - Infanta Caterina Micaela of Spain (d. 1597)
1678 - John Campbell, Scottish soldier (d. 1743)
1684 - Antoine Watteau, French painter (d. 1721)
1700 - Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, French sculptor (d. 1759)
1731 - Henry Cavendish, British scientist (d. 1810)
1780 - John Abercrombie, Scottish physician (d. 1844)
1794 - William Whiting Boardman, American politician (d. 1871)
1813 - Giuseppe Verdi, Italian composer (d. 1901)
1819 - Heinrich Joseph Dominicus Denzinger, German theologian (d. 1883)
1825 - Paul Kruger, President of the Transvaal Republic (d. 1904)
1828 - Samuel J. Randall, Speaker of the United States House of Representatives (d. 1890)
1830 - Queen Isabella II of Spain (d. 1904)
1834 - Aleksis Kivi, Finnish author (d. 1872)
1837 - Robert Gould Shaw, American Army officer (d. 1863)
1861 - Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian explorer, Nobel laureate (d. 1930)
1863 - Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (d. 1912)
1863 - Helen Dunbar, American actress (d. 1933)
1864 - T. Frank Appleby, United States Congressman from New Jersey (d. 1924)
1870 - Ivan Alekseyevich Bunin, Russian writer, Nobel laureate (d. 1953)
1885 - Walter Anderson, German folklorist (d. 1962)
1895 - Fridolf Rhudin Swedish actor and comedian (d. 1935)
1895 - Bhakti Raksaka Sridhara Deva Gosvami Maharaja, Indian guru (d. 1988)
1895 - Wolfram von Richthofen, German field marshal (d. 1945)
1898 - Lilly Daché, French-born milliner (d. 1989)
1900 - Helen Hayes, American actress (d. 1993)
1901 - Alberto Giacometti, Swiss sculptor (d. 1966)
1903 - Vernon Duke, American composer and songwriter (d. 1969)
1903 - Prince Charles of Belgium, Prince Regent of Belgium (d. 1983)
1906 - Paul Creston, American composer (d. 1985)
1906 - R.K. Narayan, Indian novelist (d. 2001)
1908 - Johnny Green, American songwriter, arranger and conductor (d. 1989)
1908 - Mercè Rodoreda, Catalan novelist (d. 1983)
1913 - Claude Simon, French writer, Nobel laureate (d. 2005)
1914 - Tommy Fine, American baseball player (d. 2005)
1914 - Ivory Joe Hunter, American R&B singer (d. 1974)
1917 - Thelonious Monk, American jazz pianist (d. 1982)
1923 - Nicholas Parsons, English actor
1924 - James Clavell, Australian author (d. 1994)
1924 - Ed Wood, American filmmaker (d. 1978)
1924 - Ludmilla Tchérina, French ballet dancer and actress (d. 2004)
1925 - Great Antonio, Croatian-Canadian strongman (d. 2001)
1926 - Richard Jaeckel, American actor (d. 1997)
1927 - Dana Elcar, American actor (d. 2005)
1930 - Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani poet (d. 1970)
1930 - Yves Chauvin, French chemist, Nobel laureate
1930 - Harold Pinter, English playwright, Nobel laureate
1932 - Harry Smith, English footballer
1933 - Jay Sebring, American hair stylist and Manson murder victim (d. 1969)
1935 - André Bureau, French Canadian communications executive
1936 - Gerhard Ertl, German surface chemist, Nobel laureate, 2007.
1938 - Moriyama Daido, Japanese photographer
1941 - Peter Coyote, American actor
1942 - Radu Vasile, Romanian Prime Minister, 17 April 1998- 13 December 1999
1943 - Frederick Barthelme, American author
1946 - Charles Dance, English actor
1946 - Naoto Kan, Japanese politician
1946 - John Prine, American singer
1946 - Chris Tarrant, English TV presenter
1946 - Ben Vereen, American actor
1946 - Peter Mahovlich, Canadian ice hockey player
1946 - Mildred Grieveson (aka: Anne Mather, Caroline Fleming, Cardine Fleming), English writer
1947 - Martin Ruane, English professional wrestler (d. 1998)
1948 - Séverine, French singer
1948 - Ed Volker, American musician
1951 - Epeli Ganilau, Fijian statesman
1953 - Midge Ure, Scottish musician
1953 - Gus Williams, American basketball player
1954 - Rekha, Bollywood actress
1954 - David Lee Roth, American singer ( Van Halen)
1956 - Amanda Burton, Northern Irish actress
1956 - Mark Gordon, American film producer
1957 - Rumiko Takahashi, Japanese artist
1958 - Tanya Tucker, American singer
1959 - Kirsty MacColl, English singer (d. 2000)
1959 - Bradley Whitford, American actor
1960 - Eric Martin, American singer ( Mr. Big)
1960 - Ron Flockhart, Canadian ice hockey player
1961 - Jodi Benson, American voice actress
1961 - Henrik Jørgensen, Danish marathon runner
1961 - Julia Sweeney, American actress and comedian
1961 - Martin Kemp, British musician ( Spandau Ballet) and actor
1963 - Anita Mui, Hong Kong singer (d. 2003)
1963 - Daniel Pearl, American journalist (d. 2002)
1963 - Jolanda de Rover, Dutch swimmer
1963 - Vegard Ulvang, Norwegian cross-country skier.
1964 - Jim Rome, sports talk radio host and host of The Jim Rome Show.
1965 - Chris Penn, American actor (d. 2006)
1965 - Clive Jones, British engineer
1965 - Rebecca Pidgeon, American actress
1965 - Toshi, Japanese singer ( X Japan)
1966 - Tony Adams, English footballer
1967 - Jonathan Littell, French-American writer
1968 - Bart Brentjens, Dutch mountain biker
1969 - Brett Favre, American football player
1969 - Wendi McLendon-Covey, American actress
1970 - Dean Kiely, Irish footballer
1970 - Silke Kraushaar-Pielach, German luger
1970 - Bai Ling, Chinese American actress
1970 - Corinna May, German singer
1970 - Sir Matthew Pinsent, English rower
1971 - Ian Bennett, English footballer
1971 - Evgeny Kissin, Russian pianist
1972 - Alexei Zhitnik, Russian ice hockey player
1973 - Mario López, American actor
1973 - Semmy Schilt, Dutch kickboxer
1974 - Dale Earnhardt Jr., American race car driver
1974 - Assi Cohen, Israeli comedian and actor
1974 - Julio Ricardo Cruz, Argentinian footballer
1974 - Chris Pronger, Canadian ice hockey player
1975 - Ramón Morales, Mexican footballer
1975 - Plácido Polanco, Dominican baseball player
1976 - Bob Burnquist, Brazilian-born skateboarder
1976 - Pat Burrell, American baseball player
1978 - Jodi Lyn O'Keefe, American actress
1979 - Mya Harrison, American singer
1979 - Nicolás Massú, Chilean tennis player
1979 - Ahn Chil Hyun (Kangta), lead singer of the former South Korean group H.O.T.
1980 - Tim Maurer, American singer ( Suburban Legends)
1980 - Elvis Hammond, Ghanaian footballer
1980 - Wu Chun, Brunei Born Taiwanese Actor
1981 - Michael Oliver, American actor
1982 - Amon Buchanan, Australian rules footballer
1982 - Hideki Mutoh, Japanese racing driver
1983 - Vusimuzi Sibanda, Zimbabwean cricketer
1984 - Rod Benson, American basketball player
1984 - Stephanie Cheng, Hong Kong singer
1984 - Chiaki Kuriyama, Japanese actress
1984 - Paul Posluszny, American football player
1984 - Troy Tulowitzki, American baseball player
1985 - Dominique Cornu, Belgian professional cyclist
1985 - Aaron Himelstein, American actor
19 - Germanicus, Roman general (b. 15 BC)
680 - Husayn ibn Ali, Shi'a imam, Mahomet's grandson (b. 626)
732 - Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi, Moorish Governor of Andalusia
833 - al-Ma'mun, Abbasid caliph of Baghdad (b. 786)
1359 - King Hugh IV of Cyprus (b. 1295)
1459 - Gianfrancesco Poggio Bracciolini, Italian humanist and classicist (b. 1380)
1531 - Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss reformer (killed in battle) (b. 1484)
1659 - Abel Tasman, Dutch explorer (b. 1603)
1674 - Thomas Traherne, English poet
1691 - Isaac de Benserade, French poet (b. 1613)
1708 - David Gregory, Scottish astronomer (b. 1659)
1714 - Pierre Le Pesant, French economist (b. 1646)
1720 - Antoine Coysevox, French sculptor (b. 1640)
1723 - William Cowper, Lord Chancellor of England (b. 1665)
1725 - Philippe de Rigaud Vaudreuil, Governor-General of New France (b. 1643)
1747 - John Potter, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1674)
1759 - Granville Elliott, British military officer (b. 1713)
1765 - Lionel Sackville, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (b. 1688)
1795 - Francesco Antonio Zaccaria, Italian theologian and historian (b. 1714)
1806 - Louis Ferdinand of Prussia, German prince (b. 1772)
1827 - Ugo Foscolo, Italian writer (b. 1778)
1837 - Charles Fourier, French philosopher (b. 1772)
1872 - William H. Seward, United States Secretary of State (b. 1801)
1875 - Aleksey Konstantinovich Tolstoy, Russian novelist, poet and dramatist (b. 1817)
1876 - Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (b. 1814)
1893 - Lip Pike, American baseball player (b. 1845)
1901 - Lorenzo Snow, fifth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1814)
1913 - Katsura Taro, Prime Minister of Japan (b. 1848)
1913 - Adolphus Busch, American brewer ( Anheuser-Busch) (b. 1839)
1914 - King Carol I of Romania (b. 1839)
1927 - Gustave Whitehead, German-born inventor (b. 1874)
1930 - Adolf Engler, German botanist (b. 1844)
1939 - Eleanor Rigby, a real person whose name may have suggested the title to The Beatles song (b. 1895)
1940 - Berton Churchill, Canadian actor (b. 1876)
1948 - Ted Horn, American race car driver (b.1910)
1957 - Karl Genzken, Nazi physician (b. 1885)
1963 - Roy Cazaly, Australian rules footballer (b. 1893)
1964 - Eddie Cantor, American singer and vaudeville performer (b. 1892)
1964 - Heinrich Neuhaus, Soviet pianist (b. 1888)
1970 - Édouard Daladier, French politician (b. 1884)
1971 - John Cawte Beaglehole, New Zealand historian (b. 1901)
1976 - Silvana Armenulic, Yugoslavian folk singer (b. 1939)
1977 - Angelo Muscat, Maltese actor (b. 1930)
1978 - Ralph Metcalfe, American athlete (b. 1910)
1978 - Ralph Marterie, American big band leader (b. 1914)
1979 - Christopher Evans, British psychologist and computer scientist (b. 1931)
1979 - Paul Paray, French conductor (b. 1886)
1982 - Jean Effel, French painter and journalist (b. 1908)
1983 - Ralph Richardson, English actor (b. 1902)
1985 - Yul Brynner, Russian-born actor (b. 1920)
1985 - Orson Welles, American director and actor (b. 1915)
1986 - Gleb Wataghin, Ukrainian-Italian physicist (b. 1899)
1998 - Clark Clifford, United States Secretary of Defense (b. 1906)
2000 - Sirimavo Bandaranaike, Prime Minister of Sri Lanka (b. 1916)
2001 - Eddie Futch, American boxing trainer (b. 1911)
2001 - Vasily Mishin, Soviet rocket designer (b. 1917)
2002 - Teresa Graves, American actress and singer (b. 1948)
2003 - Eugene Istomin, American pianist (b. 1925)
2004 - Ken Caminiti, American baseball player (b. 1963)
2004 - Christopher Reeve, American actor (b. 1952)
2004 - Arthur H. Robinson, American cartographer (b. 1915)
2004 - Maurice Shadbolt, New Zealand writer (b. 1932)
2005 - Wayne Booth, American literary critic (b. 1921)
2005 - Milton Obote, President of Uganda (b. 1925)
2006 - Michael John Rogers, English ornithologist (b. 1932)
2006 - Ian Scott, Canadian politician (b. 1934)
2007 - Mehmed Uzun, Contemporary Kurdish writer and novelist. (b. 1953)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
]] Familypedia people were born on October 10 " " is not a number. "<spanclass="smwttpersist"data-type="warning"data-context="persitent"><spanclass="smwtticonwarning"></span><spanclass="smwttcontent"><ul><li>"" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property. Some use of "<nowiki>[[</nowiki>" in your query was not closed by a matching "]]".
"]]" is not a number. Some use of "<nowiki>[[</nowiki>" in your query was not closed by a matching "]]". 962
]] Familypedia people died on October 10 " " is not a number. "<spanclass="smwttpersist"data-type="warning"data-context="persitent"><spanclass="smwtticonwarning"></span><spanclass="smwttcontent"><ul><li>"" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property. Some use of "<nowiki>[[</nowiki>" in your query was not closed by a matching "]]".
"]]" is not a number. Some use of "<nowiki>[[</nowiki>" in your query was not closed by a matching "]]". 847
]] Familypedia people were first married on October 10 " " is not a number. "<spanclass="smwttpersist"data-type="warning"data-context="persitent"><spanclass="smwtticonwarning"></span><spanclass="smwttcontent"><ul><li>"" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property. Some use of "<nowiki>[[</nowiki>" in your query was not closed by a matching "]]".