is the 285th day of the year (286th in October 11 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 80 days remaining until the end of the year.
1531 - Huldrych Zwingli is killed in battle with the Roman Catholic cantons of Switzerland.
1582 - Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1614 - Adriaen Block and 12 Amsterdam merchants petition the States General for exclusive trading rights in the New Netherland colony.
1776 - American Revolution: Battle of Valcour Island - On Lake Champlain 15 American gunboats are defeated but give Patriot forces enough time to prepare defenses of New York City.
1809 - Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder's Stand.
1811 - Inventor John Stevens' boat, the Juliana, begins operation as the first steam-powered ferry (service between New York, and Hoboken).
1852 - The University of Sydney, Australia's oldest university, is inaugurated in Sydney.
1862 - American Civil War: In the aftermath of the Battle of Antietam, Confederate General J.E.B. Stuart and his men loot Chambersburg, during a raid into the north.
1864 - Campina Grande, Brazil was established as a city.
1865 - Paul Bogle led hundreds of black men and women in a march in Jamaica, starting the Morant Bay rebellion.
1890 - In Washington, the Daughters of the American Revolution is founded.
1899 - Second Boer War begins: In South Africa, a war between the United Kingdom and the Boers of the Transvaal and Orange Free State erupts.
1906 - San Francisco public school board sparks United States diplomatic crisis with Japan by ordering Japanese students to be taught in racially segregated schools.
1910 - Ex-president Theodore Roosevelt becomes the first U.S. president to fly in an airplane. He flew for four minutes with Arch Hoxsey in a plane built by the Wright Brothers at Kinloch Field ( Lambert-St. Louis International Airport), St. Louis.
1929 - JC Penney opens store #1252 in Milford, making it a nationwide company with stores in all 48 U.S. states.
1930 - Collingwood Football Club in Melbourne, Australia, won the VFL premiership for the fourth consecutive year.
1941 - Beginning of the National Liberation War of Macedonia.
1942 - World War II: Battle of Cape Esperance - On the northwest coast of Guadalcanal, United States Navy ships intercept and defeat a Japanese fleet on their way to reinforce troops on the island.
1944 - Tuvinian People's Republic or formerly Tannu Tuva was annexed by the U.S.S.R
1950 - The U.S. Federal Communications Commission issues the first license to broadcast television in color, to CBS ( RCA will successfully dispute and block the license from taking effect, however).
1954 - First Indochina War: The Viet Minh take control of North Vietnam.
1957 The Orbit of the last stage of the R-7 Semyorka rocket carrying Sputnik I was first successfully calculated on an IBM 704 computer by teams at The M.I.T. Computation Center and Operation Moonwatch, Cambridge.
1958 - Pioneer program: NASA launches the lunar probe Pioneer 1 (the probe falls back to Earth and burns up).
1962 - Second Vatican Council: Pope John XXIII convenes the first ecumenical council of the Roman Catholic Church in 92 years.
1967 - Afghan Prime Minister Mohammad Hashim Maiwandwal resigns for health reasons
1968 - Apollo program: NASA launches the first successful manned Apollo mission, with Apollo 7, astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn F. Eisele and Walter Cunningham aboard.
1975 - The NBC sketch comedy/variety show debuts with Saturday Night Live George Carlin as the host and Janis Ian and Billy Preston as musical guests.
1976 - George Washington's appointment, posthumously, to the grade of by congressional joint resolution General of the Armies of the United States Public Law 94-479 was approved by President Gerald R. Ford.
1982 - The Mary Rose, a Tudor gunship which sunk on July 18 1545, is raised from the sea bed in the Solent Channel, near Portsmouth.
1984 - Aboard the Space Shuttle , astronaut Challenger Kathryn D. Sullivan becomes the first American woman to perform a space walk.
1986 - Cold War: U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev meet in Reykjavík, Iceland, in an effort to continue discussions about scaling back their intermediate missile arsenals in Europe.
1987 - March on Washington for Lesbian and Gay Rights attracts an estimated 200,000 people to protest the decision and the U.S. government's handling of the Bowers v. Hardwick AIDS epidemic; first public display of the NAMES Project AIDS Memorial Quilt.
1998 - A Congo Airlines Boeing 727 is shot down by rebels in Kindu, Democratic Republic of the Congo, killing 40
2000 - The 100th Space Shuttle mission ( STS-92) is flown.
2001 - The Polaroid Corporation files for federal bankruptcy protection.
2002 - A bomb attack in a shopping mall in Vantaa, Finland kills seven.
1616 - Andreas Gryphius, German writer (d. 1664)
1661 - Melchior de Polignac, French diplomat (d. 1742)
1671 - Frederick IV of Denmark (d. 1730)
1672 - Pylyp Orlyk, Ukrainian Zaporozhian Cossack starshina, diplomat (d. 1742)
1675 - Samuel Clarke, English philosopher (d. 1729)
1738 - Arthur Phillip, Governor of New South Wales (d. 1814)
1758 - Heinrich Wilhelm Matthäus Olbers, German astronomer (d. 1840)
1786 - Stevenson Archer, American Congressman (d. 1848)
1788 - Simon Sechter, Austrian music teacher (d. 1867)
1814 - Jean Baptiste Lamy, first Archbishop of Santa Fe (d. 1888)
1815 - Pierre Napoleon Bonaparte, Italian-born adventurer (d. 1881)
1821 - George Williams, English founder of the YMCA (d. 1905)
1844 - Henry Heinz, American food manufacturer (d. 1916)
1865 - Hans E. Kinck, Norwegian author and philologist (d. 1926)
1871 - Johan Oscar Smith, Norweigian religious leader (d. 1943)
1872 - Harlan Fiske Stone, 12th Chief Justice of the United States (d. 1946)
1881 - Hans Kelsen, Austrian legal theorist (d. 1973)
1884 - Friedrich Bergius, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1949)
1884 - Eleanor Roosevelt, First Lady of the United States (d. 1962)
1884 - Sig Ruman, German-American actor (d. 1967)
1885 - François Mauriac, French author, Nobel laureate (d. 1970)
1895 - Jakov Gotovac, Croatian composer (d. 1982)
1897 - Nathan Twining, USAF general (d. 1982)
1899 - Eddie Dyer, American baseball player (d. 1964)
1902 - Jayaprakash Narayan, Indian freedom fighter and political leader (d. 1979)
1905 - Fred Trump, American real estate developer, father of Donald Trump (d. 1999)
1918 - Jerome Robbins, American choreographer (d. 1998)
1919 - Art Blakey, American jazz drummer (d. 1990)
1919 - Jean Vander Pyl, American voice actress (d. 1999)
1924 - Mal Whitfield, American athlete
1925 - Elmore Leonard, American novelist
1926 - Neville Wran, Premier of New South Wales
1926 - Nhất Hạnh, Vietnamese Zen Buddhist monk
1927 - Princess Joséphine-Charlotte of Belgium (d. 2005)
1928 - Alfonso de Portago, Spanish race car driver (d. 1957)
1929 - Liselotte Pulver, Swiss actress
1930 - Sam Johnson, American politician
1930 - LaVell Edwards, American football coach
1932 - Dottie West, American singer (d. 1991)
1936 - Billy Higgins, American jazz drummer (d. 2001)
1937 - Sir Bobby Charlton, English footballer
1937 - R. H. W. Dillard, American poet
1939 - Maria Bueno, Brazilian tennis player
1939 - Austin Currie, Northern Irish politician
1941 - Lester Bowie, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1999)
1941 - Charles Shyer, American film director
1942 - Amitabh Bachchan, Indian actor
1943 - John Nettles, English actor
1944 - Mike Fiore, American baseball player
1946 - Sawao Kato, Japanese gymnast
1946 - Oba Chandler, American convicted murderer
1946 - Daryl Hall, American musician
1946 - Gary Mallaber, American musician ( The Steve Miller Band)
1947 - Al Atkins, English musician
1947 - Lucas Papademos, Greek economist
1947 - Thomas Boswell, American sports columnist
1948 - Cecilia, Spanish singer-songwriter
1951 - Jean-Jacques Goldman, French singer/songwriter
1953 - David Morse, American actor
1956 - Nicanor Duarte Frutos, President of Paraguay
1957 - Dawn French, Welsh comedian
1959 - Wayne Gardner, Australian racing driver
1960 - Curt Ford, American baseball player
1961 - Neil Buchanan, English television presenter
1961 - Amr Diab, Egyptian singer
1961 - Steve Young, American football player
1962 - Nicola Bryant, English actress
1962 - Joan Cusack, American actress
1963 - Prince Faisal bin Al Hussein of Jordan
1964 - Michael J. Nelson, American actor
1965 - Alexander Hacke, German musician ( Einstürzende Neubauten)
1965 - Sean Patrick Flanery, American actor
1965 - Luke Perry, American actor
1966 - Solofa Fatu, aka Rikishi, American professional wrestler
1967 - Tony Chimel, American professional wrestling announcer
1967 - Artie Lange, American actor andcomedian
1967 - David Starr, American race car driver
1967 - Tazz, American professional wrestler and commentator
1968 - Claude Lapointe, Canadian ice hockey player
1968 - Jane Krakowski, American actress
1969 - Prince Constantijn of the Netherlands
1970 - Chidi Ahanotu, American football player
1970 - Andy Marriott, English footballer
1970 - MC Lyte, American rapper
1970 - U-God, American rapper ( Wu-Tang Clan)
1970 - Constance Zimmer, American actress
1971 - Petra Haden, American musician ( The Rentals)
1972 - Claudia Black, Australian actress
1973 - Takeshi Kaneshiro, actor/model
1973 - Steven Pressley, Scottish footballer
1973 - Mike Smith, American guitarist ( Snot, Limp Bizkit)
1973 - Dmitri Young, American baseball player
1973 - Niki Xanthou, Greek long jumper
1974 - Jason Arnott, Canadian ice hockey player
1974 - Terje Haakonsen, Norwegian snowboarder
1976 - Emily Deschanel, American actress
1976 - Brent Bennett, American mercenary
1977 - Matthew Bomer, American actor
1977 - Desmond Mason, American basketball player
1977 - Claudia Palacios, Colombian television journalist
1977 - Ty Wigginton, American baseball player
1978 - Kali, Angolan footballer
1979 - Bae Doona, South Korean model and actress
1979 - Andy Douglas, American professional wrestler
1979 - Gabe Saporta, Uruguayan-born American musician ( Cobra Starship, Midtown)
1980 - Nyron Nosworthy, English footballer
1983 - William Sledd, American internet personality
1983 - Ruslan Ponomariov, Ukrainian chess player
1984 - Sergio Hellings, Dutch footballer
1984 - Martha MacIsaac, Canadian actress
1985 - Michelle Trachtenberg, American actress
1987 - Mike Conley, American basketball player
1989 - Michelle Wie, American golfer
1991 - Chauncey Matthews, American Juniors singer
1995 - Princess Luisa Maria of Belgium
1188 - Robert I of Dreux, son of Louis VI of France
1303 - Pope Boniface VIII
1347 - Louis IV (b. 1282)
1424 - Jan Zizka, leader of the Hussites (b. 1370)
1531 - Huldrych Zwingli, Swiss Protestant leader (b. 1484)
1705 - Guillaume Amontons, French physicist and instrument maker (b. 1663)
1708 - Ehrenfried Walther von Tschirnhaus, German mathematician (b. 1651)
1721 - Edward Colston, English merchant and philanthropist (b. 1636)
1725 - Hans Herr, Swiss-born Mennonite bishop (b. 1639)
1779 - Kazimierz Pułaski, Polish fighter for American independence (b. 1745)
1809 - Meriwether Lewis, American explorer (b. 1774)
1811 - Johann Conrad Ammann, Swiss physician and naturalist (b. 1724)
1821 - John Ross Key, American judge and lawyer (b. 1754)
1852 - Ferdinand Eisenstein, German mathematician (b. 1823)
1889 - James Prescott Joule, English physicist (b. 1818)
1896 - Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer (b. 1824)
1896 - Edward White Benson, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1829)
1935 - Steele Rudd, Australian author (b. 1868)
1940 - Lluís Companys, President of Generalitat of Catalonia (shot) (b. 1882)
1940 - Vito Volterra, Italian mathematician and physicist (b. 1860)
1961 - Chico Marx, American comedian (b. 1887)
1963 - Jean Cocteau, French writer (b. 1889)
1963 - Édith Piaf, French singer and actress (b. 1915)
1965 - Dorothea Lange, American photographer (b. 1895)
1965 - Walther Stampfli, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1884)
1971 - Chesty Puller, the most decorated Marine in history (b. 1898)
1976 - Alfredo Bracchi, Italian author (b. 1897)
1977 - MacKinlay Kantor, American author (b. 1904)
1988 - Bonita Granville, American actress (b. 1923)
1989 - M. King Hubbert, American geophysicist (b. 1904)
1991 - Steven Jesse Bernstein, American underground poet (suicide) (b. 1950)
1991 - Redd Foxx, American comedian and actor (b. 1922)
1993 - Jess Thomas, American tenor (b. 1927)
1996 - Lars Ahlfors, Finnish mathematician (b. 1907)
1996 - Joe Morris, C.C., LL.D., Canadian trade unionist (b. 1913)
1996 - Renato Russo, Brazilian rock singer-songwriter (b. 1960)
1998 - Richard Denning, American actor (b. 1914)
2000 - Donald Dewar, First Minister of Scotland (b. 1937)
2002 - Dina Pathak, Indian Actress (b. 1922)
2004 - Keith Miller, Australian sportsman (b. 1919)
2005 - Edward Szczepanik, Polish economist and Prime Minister in exile (b. 1915)
2005 - Shan-ul-Haq Haqqee, Linguist, and writer of Pakistan (b. 1917)
2006 - Cory Lidle, American baseball pitcher (b. 1972)
2006 - Howard Kerzner, Chief Executive Officer of Kerzner International (b. 1964)
2006 - Benito Martínez, Cuban who claimed to be the oldest person (b. ? 1880)
2007 - Werner von Trapp, member of the Trapp Family Singers (b. 1915)
2007 - David Lee "Tex" Hill, World War Two fighter pilot, flying ace, 1st American Volunteer Group (b. 1915)
External links Edit
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