is the 296th day of the year (297th in October 22 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 69 days remaining until the end of the year.
202 BC - Hannibal Barca, leader of the Carthaginians, is defeated by the Roman legions under Scipio Africanus in the Battle of Zama.
362 - The temple of Apollo at Daphne, outside of Antioch, is destroyed in a mysterious fire.
794 - Emperor Kanmu relocates Japanese capital to Heiankyo (now Kyoto).
1383 - The 1383-1385 Crisis in Portugal: A period of civil war and disorder began when King Fernando died without a male heir to the Portuguese throne.
1575 - Foundation of Aguascalientes.
1692 - Last hanging for witchcraft in the United States.
1746 - The College of New Jersey (later renamed Princeton University) receives its charter.
1784 - Russia founds a colony on Kodiak Island, Alaska.
1797 - One thousand meters (3,200 feet) above Paris, André-Jacques Garnerin makes the first recorded parachute jump.
1836 - Sam Houston is inaugurated as the first President of the Republic of Texas.
1844 - The Great Anticipation: Millerites, followers of William Miller, anticipated the end of the world in conjunction with the Second Advent of Christ. The following day became known as the Great Disappointment.
1866 - Paraguay: Battle of Curupaytí against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
1867 - Foundation of the National University of Colombia.
1875 - First telegraphic connection in Argentina.
1877 - The Blantyre mining disaster in Scotland kills 207 miners. Those widows and orphans who were unable to support themselves were evicted by the mine owners and likely sent to the Poor House.
1878 - The first rugby match under floodlights takes place in Salford, between Broughton and Swinton.
1883 - The Metropolitan Opera House in New York City opens with a performance of Gounod's .
Faust 1895 - In Paris an express train overruns a buffer stop and crosses more than 30 metres of concourse before plummeting through a window at Gare Montparnasse.
1907 - Panic of 1907: A run on Knickerbocker Trust Company stock sets events in motion that will lead to a depression.
1910 - Dr. Crippen is convicted at the Old Bailey of poisoning his wife and was subsequently hanged at Pentonville Prison in London.
1924 - Toastmasters International is founded.
1926 - J. Gordon Whitehead sucker punches magician Harry Houdini in the stomach in Montreal.
1934 - In East Liverpool, notorious bank robber Pretty Boy Floyd is shot and killed by Federal Bureau of Investigation agents.
October 22 page from a 1935
Soviet revolutionary calendar with six-day weeks.
1935 - Establishment of the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union.
1941 - French hero of the resistance Guy Môquet is executed by the Germans, along with 29 other hostages as a retaliation for a killed German officer.
1943 - World War II: Kassel: RAF conducts an air raid on the city of 236,000 people, killing 10,000, rendering 150,000 homeless. Second firestorm raid in Germany
1946 - Forty four British sailors die when two British warships hit mines off the coast of Albania.
1953 - Laos gains independence from France.
1956 - A concrete girder weighing 200 tons kills 48 in Karachi, Pakistan.
1957 - Vietnam War: First United States casualties in Vietnam.
1960 - Independence of Mali from France.
1962 - Cuban Missile Crisis: US President John F. Kennedy announces that American spy planes have discovered Soviet nuclear weapons in Cuba, and that he has ordered a naval "quarantine" of the island nation.
1963 - BAC One-Eleven prototype airliner crashes on October 22 in UK with the loss of all on board.
1964 - Jean-Paul Sartre is awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature, but turns down the honour.
1964 - Canada: A Multi-Party Parliamentary Committee selects the design which becomes the new official Flag of Canada.
1966 - The Supremes become the first all-female music group to attain a No. 1 selling album ( ).
The Supremes A' Go-Go 1968 - Apollo program: safely splashes down in the Apollo 7 Atlantic Ocean after orbiting the Earth 163 times.
1970 - Tunku Abdul Rahman resign from Prime Minister of Malaysia.
1972 - Vietnam War: In Saigon, Henry Kissinger and South Vietnamese President Nguyen Van Thieu meet to discuss a proposed cease-fire that had been worked out between Americans and North Vietnamese in Paris. Thieu rejects the proposal and accused the United States of conspiring to undermine his regime
1976 - Red Dye No. 4 is banned by the US Food and Drug Administration after it is discovered that it causes tumors in the bladders of dogs. The dye is still used in Canada.
1981 - The United States Federal Labor Relations Authority votes to decertify the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization for its strike the previous August.
1981 - The founding congress of the Nepal Workers and Peasants Organisation faction led by Hareram Sharma and D.P. Singh begins.
1981 - The TGV railway service Paris- Lyon is inaugurated.
1983 - Two correctional officers are killed by inmates in Marion, Illinois. The incident inspired the Supermax model of prisons.
1986 - WNBC traffic reporter Jane Dornacker is killed when the helicopter she is riding in stalls and crashes into the Hudson River.
1987 - John Adams's opera debuts at the Nixon in China Houston Grand Opera in Houston.
1987 - The pinnacle rock "Gendarme" falls at Seneca Rocks.
1991 - Dimitrios Arhondonis, metropolitan of Chalcedon elected 270th Archbishop of Constantinople, New Rome and Ecumenical Patriarch as Patriarch Bartholomew I of the Orthodox church.
1999 - Maurice Papon, an official in the Vichy France government during World War II, is jailed for crimes against humanity.
2002 - One of the two Denial-of-service attacks against the DNS Backbone servers.
2005 - Tropical Storm Alpha forms in the Atlantic Basin, making the 2005 Atlantic Hurricane Season the most active Atlantic hurricane season on record with 22 named storms.
2005 - Crash of Bellview Airlines Flight 210 in Nigeria kills all 117 on board.
2005 - The first phase of Transantiago, the new public transport system of Santiago de Chile is implemented.
2006 - A Panama Canal expansion proposal is approved by 77.8% of voters in a National referendum held in Panama.
2006 - Michael Schumacher drives his last Formula 1 Race. The very same day the Spaniard Fernando Alonso wins the 2006 Formula 1 World Championship, becoming the 8th and youngest driver to win it twice in a row to emulate the achievements of Mika Häkkinen, Michael Schumacher and five other drivers.
1071 - William IX, Duke of Aquitaine and poet (d. 1126)
1197 - Emperor Juntoku of Japan (d. 1242)
1511 - Erasmus Reinhold, German astronomer and mathematician (d. 1553)
1558 - Jacques Sirmond, French scholar and Jesuit (d. 1651)
1592 - Gustaf Horn, Swedish soldier and politician (d. 1657)
1688 - Nadir Shah of Persia (d. 1747)
1689 - King John V of Portugal (d. 1750)
1692 - Elizabeth Farnese, second queen of King Philip V of Spain (d. 1766)
1701 - Maria Amalia of Austria, Holy Roman Empire Empress (d. 1756)
1729 - Johann Reinhold Forster, German botanist (d. 1798)
1734 - Daniel Boone, American pioneer and hunter (d. 1820)
1770 - Thomas Seebeck, Baltic German physicist (d. 1831)
1809 - Volney E. Howard, American politician (d. 1889)
1811 - Franz Liszt, Hungarian pianist and composer (d. 1886)
1818 - Charles-Marie-René Leconte de Lisle, French poet (d. 1894)
1821 - Collis Potter Huntington, American railroad executive (d. 1900)
1844 - Louis Riel, Canadian Metis Political Leader (d. 1885)
1858 - German Empress Augusta Victoria, wife of German Emperor Wilhelm II (d. 1921)
1865 - Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter (d. 1943)
1870 - Alfred Douglas, English partner of Oscar Wilde (d. 1945)
1870 - Ivan Bunin, Russian writer, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1953)
1873 - Gustaf John Ramstedt, Finland-Swedish linguist and diplomat (d. 1950)
1881 - Clinton Davisson, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1958)
1886 - Erik Bergman, Lutheran pastor (d. 1970)
1887 - John Reed, American journalist (d. 1920)
1891 - Parker Fennelly, American comedian and actor (d. 1988)
1894 - Méi Lánfāng, Chinese opera performer (d. 1961)
1896 - Charles Glen King, American biochemist (d. 1988)
1903 - George Wells Beadle, American geneticist, Nobel laureate (d. 1989)
1903 - Curly Howard, American actor and comedian, member of the Three Stooges (d. 1952)
1904 - Constance Bennett, American actress (d. 1965)
1905 - Joseph Kosma, Hungarian-born composer (d. 1969)
1907 - Jimmie Foxx, American baseball player (d. 1967)
1908 - John Gould, American humorist, essayist, and columnist (d. 2003)
1912 - Frances Drake, American actress (d. 2000)
1913 - Bảo Đại, Emperor of Vietnam (d. 1997)
1913 - Robert Capa, American war photographer (born in Hungary) (d. 1954)
1913 - Hans-Peter Tschudi, Swiss Federal Councilor (d. 2002)
1917 - Joan Fontaine, American actress
1918 - Lou Klein, American baseball player (d. 1976)
1919 - Doris Lessing, British writer, Nobel Prize laureate
1919 - Kathleen Ankers, American scenic designer (d. 2001)
1920 - Timothy Leary, American writer (d. 1996)
1921 - Georges Brassens, French singer (d. 1981)
1921 - Alexander Kronrod, Russian mathematician (d. 1986)
1922 - Juan Carlos Lorenzo, Argentine footballer (d. 2001)
1923 - Bert Trautmann, German former footballer
1925 - Robert Rauschenberg, American painter and graphic artist
1927 - Allan Hendrickse, South African politician (d. 2005)
1928 - Nelson Pereira dos Santos, Brazilian movie director
1929 - Lev Yashin, Soviet footballer (d. 1990)
1929 - Dory Previn, American songwriter
1933 - Helmut Senekowitsch, Austrian footballer (d. 2007)
1935 - Ann Rule, American true-crime writer
1936 - Bobby Seale, American civil rights activist
1937 - Manos Loïzos, Greek composer (d. 1982)
1938 - Derek Jacobi, English actor
1938 - Christopher Lloyd, American actor
1939 - George Cohen, English footballer
1939 - Tony Roberts, American actor
1942 - Annette Funicello, American actress
1942 - Bobby Fuller, American rock guitarist (d. 1966)
1943 - Jan de Bont, Dutch film director
1943 - Catherine Deneuve, French actress
1943 - Allen Coage, American professional wrestler
1945 - Leslie West, American musician
1945 - Sheila Sherwood, British long jumper
1945 - Yvan Ponton, Quebec actor and television host
1946 - Kelvin MacKenzie, British media tycoon
1946 - Claude Charron, French-Canadian politician and TV personality
1946 - Eddie Brigati, American singer ( The Rascals)
1947 - Raymond Bachand, French-Canadian politician and businessman
1948 - Lynette Fromme, American attempted assassin of Gerald Ford
1949 - Stiv Bators, American musician ( The Dead Boys) (d. 1990)
1949 - Arsène Wenger, French football manager
1952 - Jeff Goldblum, American actor
1956 - Frank DiPino, American baseball player
1959 - Arto Salminen, Finnish writer (d. 2005)
1959 - Marc Shaiman, American composer
1960 - Darryl Jenifer, American bassist ( Bad Brains)
1960 - Cris Kirkwood, American musician ( Meat Puppets)
1961 - Robert Torti, American actor
1962 - Bob Odenkirk, American actor and comedian ( Mr. Show)
1963 - Brian Boitano, American figure skater
1964 - Dražen Petrović, Croatian basketball player (d. 1993)
1964 - Toby Mac, American singer and songwriter
1965 - John Wesley Harding, American musician
1965 - Otis Smith, American football player
1966 - Valeria Golino, Italian actress
1967 - Rita Guerra, Portuguese singer
1967 - Ron Tugnutt, Canadian ice hockey player
1967 - Ulrike Maier, Austrian alpine skier (d. 1994)
1968 - Shaggy, Jamaican musician
1968 - Stéphane Quintal, Canadian ice hockey player
1968 - Jay Johnston, American actor and comedian ( Mr. Show)
1969 - Héctor Carrasco, Dominican baseball player
1969 - Spike Jonze, American director and film producer
1969 - Helmut Lotti, Belgian singer
1972 - D'Lo Brown, American professional wrestler
1973 - Andrés Palop, Spanish footballer
1973 - Ichiro Suzuki, Japanese baseball player
1974 - Tim Kinsella, American musician
1974 - Jeff McInnis, American NBA basketball player
1974 - Miroslav Šatan, Slovak ice hockey player
1975 - Martín Cardetti, Argentine footballer
1975 - Míchel Salgado, Spanish footballer
1976 - Jon Foreman, American musician ( Switchfoot)
1976 - Helen Svedin, Swedish model
1978 - Owais Shah, English cricketer
1978 - Dion Glover, American basketball player
1978 - Chaswe Nsofwa, Zambian footballer (d. 2007)
1980 - Garrett Tierney, American musician ( Brand New)
1981 - Olivier Pla, French racing driver
1982 - Robinson Canó, Dominican baseball player
1982 - Vanessa Eshuis, Born on Curacao, Netherlands Antilles as Vanessa Marielle Blanche Eshuis
1985 - Zachary Hanson, American musician ( Hanson)
1986 - Kara Lang, Canadian soccer player
1987 - Jake Richardson, English footballer
1990 - Jonathan Lipnicki, American actor
1992 - Sofia Vassilieva, American actress
741 - Charles Martel, leader of the Franks (b. 686)
1383 - King Fernando I of Portugal (b. 1345)
1565 - Jean, French bibliophile (b. 1479)
1613 - Pomponio Nenna, Italian composer
1625 - Kikkawa Hiroie, Japanese politician (b. 1561)
1674 - Gerbrand van den Eeckhout, Dutch painter (b. 1621)
1708 - Hermann Witsius, Dutch theologian (b. 1636)
1751 - William IV (b. 1711)
1755 - Elisha Williams, American rector of Yale College (b. 1694)
1792 - Guillaume Le Gentil, French astronomer (b. 1725)
1847 - Sahle Selassie, Negus of Shewa
1859 - Louis Spohr, German violinist and composer (b. 1784)
1891 - Ernst von Fleischl-Marxow, Austrian physiologist (b. 1846)
1906 - Paul Cezanne, French painter (b. 1839)
1917 - Bob Fitzsimmons, English boxer (b. 1863)
1918 - Myrtle Gonzalez, American film and stage actress (b. 1891)
1927 - Borisav "Bora" Stanković, Serbian writer (b. 1876)
1928 - Andrew Fisher, fifth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1862)
1934 - Pretty Boy Floyd, American gangster (b. 1904)
1935 - Komitas, Armenian composer (b. 1869)
1941 - Guy Môquet, French hero of the resistance(executed)(b. 1924)
1952 - Ernst Rüdin, Swiss nazi physician (b. 1874)
1954 - Jibanananda Das, Bengali poet (b. 1899)
1969 - Tommy Edwards, American signer (b. 1922)
1973 - Pablo Casals, Catalan cellist and conductor (b. 1876)
1978 - John Riley, English poet (murdered) (b. 1937)
1979 - Nadia Boulanger, French composer and composition teacher (b. 1887)
1985 - Viorica Ursuleac, Romanian soprano (b. 1894)
1986 - Albert Szent-Györgyi, Hungarian physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1893)
1986 - Jane Dornacker, musician, actress, and traffic reporter for WNBC Radio.
1986 - Ye Jianying, Chinese general and politician
1987 - Lino Ventura, Italian-born actor (b. 1919)
1989 - Ewan MacColl, English folk singer, songwriter, socialist, actor, poet, playwright, and record producer (b. 1915)
1992 - Cleavon Little, American actor (b. 1939)
1995 - Sir Kingsley Amis, English writer (b. 1922)
1998 - Eric Ambler, English novelist (b. 1909)
2000 - Rodney Anoa'i, aka Yokozuna, American professional wrestler (b. 1966)
2001 - Prof. Dr. Dkfm. Helmut Krackowizer, journalist and motorcycle racer (b. 1922)
2002 - Queen Geraldina of the Albanians (b. 1915)
2005 - Arman, French-born artist (b. 1928)
2005 - Tony Adams, Irish film producer (b. 1953)
2005 - Franky Gee, American singer ( Captain Jack) (b. 1962)
2006 - Arthur Hill, Canadian actor (b. 1922)
2007 - Ève Curie French writer (b. 1904)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
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