is the 297th day of the year (298th in October 24 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 68 days remaining until the end of the year.
69 - Second Battle of Bedriacum, forces under Antonius Primus, the commander of the Danube armies, loyal to Vespasian, defeat the forces of Emperor Vitellius.
1260 - The spectacular Cathedral of Chartres is dedicated in the presence of King Louis IX of France; the cathedral is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
1260 - Saif ad-Din Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt, is assassinated by Baibars, who seizes power for himself.
1360 - The Treaty of Brétigny is ratified at Calais, marking the end of the first phase of the Hundred Years' War.
1593 - Alleged teleportation of Gil Perez.
1648 - The Peace of Westphalia is signed, marking the end of the Thirty Years' War.
1795 - Partitions of Poland: The Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth is completely divided between Austria, Prussia and Russia
1812 - Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow.
1857 - Sheffield F.C., the world's first football club, is founded in Sheffield, England.
1861 - The First Transcontinental Telegraph line across the United States is completed, spelling the end for the 18-month-old Pony Express.
1901 - Annie Edson Taylor becomes the first person to go over Niagara Falls in a barrel.
1911 - Orville Wright remained in the air 9 minutes and 45 seconds in a glider at Kill Devil Hills setting a new world record that stood for 10 years. 
1912 - First Balkan War: The Battle of Kumanovo concludes with the Serbian victory.
1917 - Battle of Caporetto starts on the Austro- Italian front of World War I
1917 - The day of the October revolution, The Red Revolution.
1926 - Harry Houdini's last performance, which was at the Garrick Theatre in Detroit, Michigan.
1929 - " Black Thursday" stock market crash on the New York Stock Exchange.
1930 - A bloodless coup d'état in Brazil ousts Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, the last President of the First Republic. Getúlio Dornelles Vargas is then installed as "provisional president."
1931 - The George Washington Bridge opens to public traffic.
1935 - Italy invades Ethiopia
1944 - World War II: The Japanese aircraft carrier , and the battleship Zuikaku Musashi are sunk in the Battle of Leyte Gulf.
1945 - Founding of the United Nations
1947 - Walt Disney testifies to the House Un-American Activities Committee, naming Disney employees he believes to be communists.
1954 - Dwight D. Eisenhower pledges United States support to South Vietnam
1957 - The USAF starts the X-20 Dyna-Soar program.
1960 - Nedelin catastrophe: An R-16 ballistic missile explodes on the launch pad at the Soviet Union's Baikonur Cosmodrome space facility, killing over 100. Among the dead is Field Marshall Mitrofan Nedelin, whose death is reported to have occurred in a plane crash
1964 - Northern Rhodesia gains independence from the United Kingdom and becomes the Republic of Zambia (Southern Rhodesia remained a colony)
1973 - Yom Kippur War ends
1977 - Veterans Day is observed on the fourth Monday in October for the seventh and last time. (The holiday is once again observed on November 11 beginning the following year.)
1980 - Government of Poland legalises Solidarity trade union
1986 - Nezar Hindawi is sentenced to 45 years in prison, the longest sentence handed down by a British court, for the attempted bombing on an El Al flight at Heathrow. After the verdict, the United Kingdom breaks diplomatic relations with Syria, claiming that Hindawi was helped by Syrian officials.
1990 - Italian prime minister Giulio Andreotti reveals to the Italian parliament the existence of Gladio, the Italian " stay-behind" clandestine paramilitary NATO army.
1995 - A total solar eclipse is visible from Iran, India, Thailand, and SE Asia. 
1998 - Launch of Deep Space 1 comet/ asteroid mission
2002 - Police arrest spree killers John Allen Muhammad and Lee Boyd Malvo, ending the Beltway sniper attacks in the area around Washington.
2003 - Concorde makes its last commercial flight.
2006 - Justice Rutherford of the Ontario Superior Court of Justice struck down the "motive clause", an important part of the Canadian Anti-Terrorism Act.
51 - Domitian, Roman Emperor (d. 96)
1378 - David Stewart, heir to the throne of Scotland (d. 1402)
1632 - Anton van Leeuwenhoek, Dutch microbiologist (d. 1723)
1675 - Richard Temple, English soldier and politician (d. 1749)
1710 - Alban Butler, English Catholic priest and writer (d. 1773)
1763 - Dorothea von Schlegel, German novelist (d. 1839)
1788 - Sarah Hale, American poet (d. 1879)
1804 - Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist (d. 1891)
1811 - Ferdinand Hiller, German composer (d. 1885)
1854 - Hendrik Willem Bakhuis Roozeboom, Dutch chemist (d. 1907)
1855 - James S. Sherman, Vice President of the United States (d. 1912)
1857 - Ned Williamson, American baseball player (d. 1894)
1868 - Alexandra David-Néel, French explorer and writer (d. 1969)
1872 - Peter O'Connor, Irish athlete (d. 1957)
1875 - Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter (d. 1958)
1882 - Dame Sybil Thorndike, British actress (d. 1976)
1887 - Octave Lapize, French cyclist (d. 1917)
1887 - Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, Queen of Spain (d. 1969)
1891 - Rafael Molina-Trujillo, President of the Dominican Republic (d. 1961)
1901 - Gilda Gray, Polish-born American actress and dancer (d. 1959)
1903 - Melvin Purvis, American FBI agent (d. 1960)
1904 - Moss Hart, American dramatist (d. 1961)
1906 - Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician (d. 1968)
1909 - Bill Carr, American athlete (d. 1966)
1911 - Sonny Terry, American blues musician (d. 1986)
1911 - Paul Grégoire, French Canadian archbishop of Montreal (d. 1993)
1913 - Tito Gobbi, Italian baritone (d. 1984)
1915 - Bob Kane, American cartoonist (d. 1998)
1915 - Roger Milliken, American millionaire
1920 - Marcel-Paul Schützenberger, French mathematician (d. 1996)
1923 - Denise Levertov, English-born poet (d. 1997)
1925 - Luciano Berio, Italian composer (d. 2003)
1926 - Y. A. Tittle, American football player
1927 - Jean-Claude Pascal, French singer and actor (d. 1992)
1927 - Gilbert Bécaud, French composer and actor (d. 2001)
1929 - George Crumb, American composer
1929 - Yordan Radichkov, Bulgarian writer (d. 2004)
1929 - Hubert Aquin, French-Canadian novelist and activist (d. 1977)
1930 - The Big Bopper, American singer (d. 1959)
1930 - Johan Galtung, Norwegian peace researcher
1930 - Sultan Ahmad Shah, King of Malaysia
1931 - Sofia Gubaidulina, Russian composer
1932 - Pierre-Gilles de Gennes, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2007)
1932 - Robert Mundell, Canadian economist, Nobel Prize laureate
1933 - Ronald and Reginald Kray, British gangsters (Ronald d. 1995; Reginald d. 2000)
1933 - Norman Rush, American writer
1935 - Malcolm Bilson, American pianist and music professor
1936 - Bill Wyman, English musician ( The Rolling Stones)
1937 - Santo Farina, American musician and composer ( Santo & Johnny)
1939 - F. Murray Abraham, American actor
1940 - Martin Campbell, New Zealand film director
1941 - William H. Dobelle, American biomedical engineer
1944 - Viktor Prokopenko, Ukranian footballer and coach (d. 2007)
1945 - Anthony Christian, English artist
1945 - Gérald Larose, Quebec labour union executive
1946 - Jerry Edmonton, Canadian drummer (d. 1993) ( Steppenwolf)
1947 - Kevin Kline, American actor
1948 - Paul and Barry Ryan, British composers-singers
1948 - Kweisi Mfume, American politician and activist
1949 - Robert Pickton, Canadian charged with the first degree murder of twenty-six women
1950 - Steven Greenberg, American composer
1950 - Rawly Eastwick, American baseball player
1954 - Brad Sherman, American politician
1954 - Thomas J. Mulcair, Quebec politician
1954 - Mike Rounds, American politician
1954 - Jozef Ráž, Slovak musician
1956 - Dale Maharidge, American author
1957 - Ron Gardenhire, German-born American baseball manager
1957 - John Kassir, American actor and comedian
1960 - Ian Baker-Finch, Australian golfer
1960 - Jaime Garzón, Colombian journalist and comedian (d. 1999)
1961 - Mary Bono, American politician
1961 - Dave Meltzer, American wrestling journalist
1962 - B.D. Wong, American actor
1962 - Dave Blaney, American race car driver
1966 - Roman Abramovich, Russian oil magnate
1967 - Jacqueline McKenzie, Australian actress
1968 - Robert Wilonsky, American journalist
1969 - Adela Noriega, Mexican actress
1971 - Dervla Kirwan, Irish actress
1971 - Caprice Bourret, American model and actress
1972 - Scott Peterson, American murderer
1972 - Pat Williams, American football player
1973 - Levi Leipheimer, American cyclist
1973 - Madlib, American musician and rapper
1973 - Mike Matthews, American baseball player
1973 - Jackie McNamara, Scottish footballer
1973 - Jeff Wilson, New Zealand rugby player
1974 - Wilton Guerrero, Dominican baseball player
1974 - Corey Dillon, American football player
1975 - Juan Pablo Ángel, Colombian footballer
1976 - Petar Stoychev, Bulgarian swimmer
1977 - Iván Kaviedes, Ecuadoran footballer
1978 - Carlos Edwards, Trinidadian footballer
1978 - Justin Lee Brannan, American musician
1979 - Ben Gillies, Australian musician ( Silverchair)
1980 - James Killian, American football player
1980 - Monica, American singer
1980 - Matthew Amoah, Ghanaian footballer
1980 - Zac Posen, American fashion designer
1981 - Mallika Sherawat, Indian actress
1981 - Tila Tequila, American model
1982 - Mohamed Fairuz Fauzy, Malaysian racing driver
1983 - Brian Vickers, American race car driver
1983 - Adrienne Bailon, American actress and singer
1984 - Kaela Kimura, Japanese model and singer
1984 - Kim Orven Narciso, Filipino Software Engineer
1985 - Wayne Rooney, English footballer
1986 - Aubrey Graham, Canadian actor and rapper
1986 - John Ruddy, English footballer
1987 - Charlie White, American ice dancer
1987 - Anthony Vanden Borre, Belgian footballer
1987 - Lincoln Lewis, Australian actor
1989 - Eliza Taylor-Cotter, Australian actress
996 - King Hugh Capet of France (b. 938)
1260 - Saif ad-Din Qutuz, Mamluk sultan of Egypt
1375 - King Valdemar IV of Denmark (bc. 1320)
1537 - Jane Seymour, third wife of Henry VIII of England
1572 - Edward Stanley, English politician (bc. 1508)
1601 - Tycho Brahe, Danish astronomer (b. 1546)
1655 - Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist (b. 1592)
1669 - William Prynne, English Puritan leader (b. 1600)
1672 - John Webb, English architect (b. 1611)
1708 - Kowa Seki, Japanese mathematician
1725 - Alessandro Scarlatti, Italian composer (b. 1660)
1799 - Karl Ditters von Dittersdorf, Austrian composer (b. 1739)
1821 - Elias Boudinot, American President of the Continental Congress (b. 1740)
1852 - Daniel Webster, American lawyer and politician (b. 1782)
1898 - Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter (b. 1824)
1912 - Mykola Lysenko, Ukrainian composer (b. 1842)
1915 - Désiré Charnay, French archaeologist (b. 1828)
1922 - George Cadbury, British chocolate and cocoa manufacturer (b. 1839)
1935 - Dutch Schultz, American gangster (b. 1902)
1938 - Ernst Barlach, German sculptor (b. 1870)
1943 - Hector de Saint-Denys Garneau, French Canadian poet (b. 1912)
1944 - Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer (b. 1877)
1945 - Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian traitor (executed) (b. 1887)
1948 - Franz Lehár, Austrian composer (b. 1870)
1957 - Christian Dior, French fashion designer (b. 1905)
1966 - Sofya Yanovskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1896)
1971 - Carl Ruggles, American composer (b. 1876)
1972 - Jackie Robinson, baseball player (b. 1919)
1972 - Claire Windsor, American actress (b. 1897)
1974 - David Oistrakh, Ukrainian violinist (b. 1908)
1975 - Zdzisław Żygulski, Polish literary historian (b. 1888)
1985 - Maurice Roy, Archbishop of Quebec, (b. 1905)
1991 - Gene Roddenberry, American television producer (b. 1921)
1994 - Raúl Juliá, Puerto Rican actor (b. 1940)
1997 - Don Messick, American voice actor (b. 1926)
2001 - Wolf Rüdiger Hess, German neo-Nazi (b. 1937)
2002 - Winton M. Blount, United States Postmaster General (b. 1921)
2002 - Harry Hay, American activist (b. 1912)
2004 - Randy Dorton, American race car crew member (b. 1954)
2004 - Ricky Hendrick, American race car team owner (b. 1980)
2004 - James Cardinal Hickey, American Catholic archbishop (b. 1920)
2005 - José Azcona del Hoyo, President of Honduras (b. 1926)
2005 - Robert Sloman, writer (b. 1926)
2005 - Rosa Parks, American civil rights activist (b. 1913)
2005 - Immanuel C.Y. Hsu, scholar of modern Chinese intellectual and diplomatic history (b. 1923)
2005 - Mokarrameh Ghanbari, Iranian painter (b. 1928)
2006 - Enolia McMillan, American civil rights activist (b. 1904)
2006 - William Montgomery Watt, Islamic studies scholar, orientalist and historian (b. 1909)
2007 - Petr Eben, Czech organ composer (b. 1929)
2007 - Alisher Saipov, Kyrgyz journalist
2007 - Ian Middleton, New Zealand novelist (b. 1928)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
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