is the 300th day of the year (301st in October 26 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 65 days remaining until the end of the year.
740 - An earthquake strikes Constantinople, causing much damage and death.
1640 - The Treaty of Ripon is signed, restoring peace between Scotland and Charles I of England.
1774 - The first Continental Congress adjourns in Philadelphia.
1776 - Benjamin Franklin departed from America for France on a mission to seek French support for the American Revolution.
1795 - The French Directory, a five-man revolutionary government, is created.
1825 - The Erie Canal opens - passage from Albany to Lake Erie.
1859 - The Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead.
1860 - Meeting of Teano. Giuseppe Garibaldi, conqueror of the Kingdom of Two Sicilies, gives it to King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy.
1861 - The Pony Express officially ceased operations.
1863 - The Football Association is formed.
1881 - The Gunfight at the O.K. Corral takes place at Tombstone.
1905 - Norway becomes independent from Sweden.
1912 - First Balkan War: The city of Thessaloniki is unified with Greece on the feast day of its patron Saint Demetrius. On the same day the Serbian troops captured Skopje.
1917 - Battle of Caporetto: Italy suffers a catastrophic defeat at the hands of Germany during the World War I.
1918 - Erich Ludendorff, quartermaster-general of the Imperial German Army, is dismissed by Kaiser Wilhelm II of Germany for refusing to cooperate in peace negotiations.
1936 - The first electric generator at Hoover Dam went into full operation.
1940 - The P-51 Mustang makes its maiden flight.
1942 - World War II: In the Battle of the Santa Cruz Islands during the Guadalcanal Campaign, one U.S. aircraft carrier, , was sunk and another aircraft carrier, Hornet , is heavily damaged.
Enterprise 1943 - World War II: First flight of the Dornier Do 335 "Pfeil".
1944 - World War II: The Battle of Leyte Gulf ends.
1947 - The Maharaja of Kashmir agrees to allow his kingdom to join India.
1947 - The British Military Occupation ends in Iraq.
1948 - Killer smog settles into Donora.
1951 - Boxer Joe Louis comes out of retirement to fight Rocky Marciano. However, Marciano would win the fight in eight rounds.
1954 - Trieste return to Italy.
1955 - After the last Allied troops have left the country and following the provisions of the Austrian Independence Treaty, Austria declares permanent neutrality.
1955 - Ngô Đình Diệm declares himself Premier of South Vietnam.
1958 - Pan American Airways makes the first commercial flight of the Boeing 707 from New York City to Paris.
1964 - Eric Edgar Cooke becomes last person in Western Australia to be executed.
1965 - The Beatles are appointed Members of the Order of the British Empire (MBEs).
1977 - The last natural case of smallpox was discovered in Merca district, Somalia. The WHO and the CDC consider this date the anniversary of the eradication of smallpox, the most spectacular success of vaccination.
1978 - Independent Counsel Act is signed into law.
1979 - Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea is assassinated by KCIA head Kim Jae-kyu. Choi Kyu-ha becomes the acting President; Kim is executed the following May.
1984 - " Baby Fae" receives a heart transplant from a baboon.
1992 - The command and control system of the London Ambulance Service fails catastrophically.
1992 - The Charlottetown Accord fails to win majority support in a Canada wide referendum.
1994 - Jordan and Israel sign a peace treaty.
1994 - Announcement that Andrew Wiles correctly proved Fermat's last theorem.
1995 - Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: Mossad agents assassinate Islamic Jihad leader Fathi Shikaki in his hotel in Malta.
1999 - Britain's House of Lords votes to end the right of hereditary peers to vote in Britain's upper chamber of Parliament.
2000 - Laurent Gbagbo takes over as president of Côte d'Ivoire following a popular uprising against President Robert Guéï.
2001 - The United States passes the USA PATRIOT Act into law.
2002 - Moscow Theatre Siege: Approximately 50 Chechen rebels and 150 hostages die when Russian Spetsnaz storm a theater building in Moscow, which had been occupied by the rebels during a musical performance three days before.
2003 - The Cedar Fire, the second-largest fire in California history, kills 15 people, consumes 250,000 acres (1,000 km²), and destroys 2,200 homes around San Diego.
1427 - Archduke Sigismund of Austria (d. 1496)
1473 - Friedrich of Saxony (d. 1510)
1491 - Zhengde, Emperor of China (d. 1521)
1609 - William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1675)
1673 - Dimitrie Cantemir, Moldavian prince, linguist, and scholar (d. 1723)
1684 - Kurt Christoph Graf von Schwerin, Prussian field marshal (d. 1757)
1685 - Domenico Scarlatti, Italian composer (d. 1757)
1694 - Johan Helmich Roman, Swedish composer (d. 1758)
1757 - Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (d. 1823)
1759 - Georges Jacques Danton, French Revolutionary leader (d. 1794)
1768 - Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician (d. 1844)
1794 - Konstantin Thon, Russian architect (d. 1881)
1795 - Nikolaos Mantzaros, Greek composer (d. 1872)
1797 - Giuditta Pasta, Italian soprano (d. 1865)
1800 - Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Prussian field marshal (d. 1891)
1802 - King Miguel of Portugal (d. 1866)
1842 - Vasili Vasilyevich Vereshchagin, Russian painter (d. 1904)
1849 - Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (d. 1917)
1854 - C. W. Post, American entrepreneur (d. 1914)
1865 - Benjamin Guggenheim, American businessman (d. 1912)
1869 - Washington Luís Pereira de Sousa, President of Brazil (d. 1957)
1871 - Guillermo Kahlo, father of Frida Kahlo (d. 1941)
1873 - Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (d. 1942)
1874 - Abby Aldrich Rockefeller, socialite and philanthropist (d. 1948)
1874 - Martin Lowry, British chemist (d. 1936)
1880 - Andrei Bely, Russian writer (d. 1934)
1883 - Paul Pilgrim, American athlete (d. 1958)
1888 - Nestor Ivanovich Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary leader (d. 1934)
1899 - Judy Johnson Hall of Fame baseball player in the Negro Leagues (d. 1989)
1902 - Jack Sharkey, American boxer (d. 1994)
1905 - George Flahiff, Canadian Cardinal (d. 1989)
1906 - Primo Carnera, Italian boxer (d. 1967)
1911 - Sid Gilman, American football player (d. 2003)
1911 - Mahalia Jackson, American singer (d. 1972)
1911 - Sorley MacLean, Scottish poet (d. 1996)
1912 - Don Siegel, American director (d. 1991)
1913 - Charlie Barnet, American jazz saxophonist and bandleader (d. 1991)
1914 - Jackie Coogan, American actor (d. 1984)
1915 - Joe Fry, British racing driver (d. 1950)
1916 - François Mitterrand, President of France (d. 1996)
1919 - Mohammad Reza Pahlavi of Iran, Shah of Iran (d. 1980)
1921 - George Forrest, Northern Irish MP (d. 1968)
1925 - Jan Wolkers, Dutch author (d. 2007)
1928 - Francisco Solano López, Argentine comics artists
1929 - Neal Matthews, American singer ( The Jordanaires) (d. 2000)
1934 - Hans-Joachim Rödelius, German composer and musician ( Cluster, Harmonia)
1936 - Shelley Morrison, American actress
1941 - Charlie Landsborough, Singer/Songwriter
1942 - Bob Hoskins, British actor
1945 - Pat Conroy, American writer
1945 - Jaclyn Smith, American actress
1945 - Demetris Th. Gotsis, Greek poet and author
1946 - Pat Sajak, American game show host
1946 - Holly Woodlawn, Puerto Rican actress
1946 - Keith Hopwood, British musician ( Herman's Hermits)
1947 - Hillary Rodham Clinton, First Lady of the United States and United States Senator
1947 - Trevor Joyce, Irish poet
1947 - Ian Ashley, British racing driver
1948 - Toby Harrah, American Major League Baseball player
1949 - Steve Rogers, Major League Baseball pitcher
1951 - Bootsy Collins, American musician ( P Funk)
1952 - Andrew Motion, English poet and Poet Laureate
1954 - Vassilis Hatzipanagis, Greek footballer
1956 - Stephen Gumley, Australian businessman
1956 - Rita Wilson, American actress
1957 - Bob Golic, American football player
1959 - Evo Morales, President of Bolivia
1959 - François Chau, Cambodian actor
1959 - Brian Bovell, British actor
1961 - Dylan McDermott, American actor
1962 - Cary Elwes, British actor
1963 - Natalie Merchant, American singer
1963 - Ted Demme, American film and television director (d. 2002)
1964 - Thomas Cavanagh, Canadian actor
1965 - Aaron Kwok Fu-Shing, Hong Kong singer
1965 - Kelly Rowan, Canadian actress and producer.
1966 - Jane Hajduk, American actress
1966 - Steve Valentine, British actor
1966 - Jeanne Zelasko, American sportcaster
1966 - Masaharu Iwata, Japanese composer
1967 - Keith Urban, New Zealand singer
1970 - Lisa Ryder, American actress
1970 - Raveena Tandon, Indian actress
1971 - Herbie Hide, British boxer
1971 - Anthony Rapp, American singer and actor
1973 - Seth MacFarlane, American animator
1973 - Taka Michinoku , Japanese professional wrestle
1974 - LISA, Japanese musician
1976 - Miikka Kiprusoff, Finnish hockey player
1977 - Jon Heder, American actor
1978 - Jimmy Aggrey, English footballer
1978 - CM Punk, American professional wrestler
1978 - Mark Barry, English musician ( BBMak)
1979 - Movsar Barayev, Chechen militant (d. 2002)
1980 - Cristian Chivu, Romanian footballer
1981 - Guy Sebastian, Australian singer
1981 - Sam Brown, American comedian
1982 - Adam Carroll, British racing driver
1983 - Dmitri Sychev, Russian football player
1983 - Francisco Liriano, Major League Baseball pitcher
1983 - Luke Watson, South African rugby player
1984 - Sasha Cohen, American figure skater
1984 - Jefferson Farfán, Peruvian footballer
1984 - Adriano Correia Claro, Brazilian footballer
1985 - Andrea Bargnani, Italian basketball player
1985 - Monta Ellis, American basketball player
1985 - Asin Thottumkal, Indian actress
1987 - Elise Estrada, Canadian singer
899 - Alfred the Great, king of Wessex (b. 849)
1235 - King Andrew II of Hungary (b. 1175)
1440 - Gilles de Rais, French serial killer (b. 1404)
1633 - Horio Tadaharu, Japanese warlord (b. 1596)
1671 - Sir John Gell, English politician (b. 1593)
1675 - William Sprague, English co-founder of Charlestown, Massachusetts (b. 1609)
1679 - Roger Boyle, British soldier, statesman, and dramatist (b. 1621)
1686 - John Egerton, English politician (b. 1623)
1717 - Catherine Sedley, English mistress of James II of England (b. 1657)
1751 - Philip Doddridge, English religious leader (b. 1702)
1764 - William Hogarth, British painter (b. 1697)
1773 - Amédée-François Frézier, French military engineer and explorer (b. 1682)
1803 - Granville Leveson-Gower, English politician (b. 1721)
1806 - John Graves Simcoe, first lieutenant-governor of Upper Canada (b. 1752)
1817 - Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin, Austrian scientist (b. 1727)
1866 - John Kinder Labatt, Irish-Canadian brewer ( Labatt Brewing Company) (b. 1803)
1890 - Carlo Collodi, Italian writer (b. 1826)
1896 - Paul-Armand Challemel-Lacour, French statesman (b. 1827)
1902 - Elizabeth Cady Stanton, American feminist and suffragette (b. 1815)
1909 - Hirobumi Ito, Japanese Prime Minister, de facto Resident-General of Korea (b. 1841)
1930 - Harry Payne Whitney, American businessman (b. 1872)
1931 - Charles Comiskey, baseball team owner (b. 1859)
1937 - Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general (b. 1867)
1941 - Arkady Gaidar, Russian children's writer (b. 1904)
1943 - Marc Aurel Stein, Hungarian-born archaeologist (b. 1862)
1944 - Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1857)
1944 - William Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1881)
1945 - Paul Pelliot, French explorer (b. 1878)
1945 - Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician (b. 1863)
1947 - Canon Edwin Sidney Savage, English rector (b. 1862)
1952 - Hattie McDaniel, American singer and actress (b. 1895)
1956 - Walter Gieseking, French pianist (b. 1895)
1957 - Gerty Cori, Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine laureate (b. 1896)
1957 - Nikos Kazantzakis, Greek writer (b. 1883)
1962 - Louise Beavers, American actress (b. 1902)
1965 - Sylvia Likens, American torture victim (b. 1949)
1966 - Alma Cogan, English singer (b. 1932)
1971 - Vincent Coleman, American actor (b. 1901)
1972 - Igor Sikorsky, Kiev, Russian Empire (currently Ukraine) born inventor (b. 1889)
1978 - Alexander Gerschenkron, Russian-born economic historian (b. 1904)
1979 - Park Chung-hee, President of South Korea (b. 1917)
1984 - Gus Mancuso, baseball player (b. 1905)
1986 - Jackson Scholz, American runner (b. 1897)
1989 - Charles J. Pedersen, American Nobel laureate (b. 1904)
1994 - Wilbert Harrison, American singer (b. 1929)
1995 - Gorni Kramer, Italian bandleader and songwriter (b. 1913)
1999 - Hoyt Axton, American musician (b. 1938)
2002 - Jacques Massu, French general (b. 1908)
2002 - Movsar Barayev, Chechen militant (b. 1979)
2004 - Bobby Avila, Major League Baseball player (b. 1924)
2005 - Keith Parkinson, fantasy artist (b. 1958)
2006 - Pontus Hultén, Swedish art collector and museum director (b. 1924)
2007 - Nicolae Dobrin, Romanian footballer (b. 1947)
2007 - Friedman Paul Erhardt (Chef Tell), German-born American TV chef (b. 1943)
2007 - Dr. Arthur Kornberg, American Nobel Prize laureate in 1959 for the discovery of DNA polymerase (b. 1918)
2007 - Khun Sa, Burmese warlord (b. 1934)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
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