is the 280th day of the year (281st in October 6 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 85 days remaining until the end of the year.
105 BC - Battle of Arausio: The Cimbri inflict the heaviest defeat on the Roman army of Gnaeus Mallius Maximus.
68 BC - Battle of Artaxata: Lucullus averts the bad omen of this day by defeating Tigranes the Great of Armenia.
1582 - Due to the implementation of the Gregorian calendar, this day is skipped in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1600 - Jacopo Peri's , the earliest surviving Euridice opera, premieres in Florence, signifying the beginning of the Baroque Period
1762 - Seven Years' War: conclusion of the Battle of Manila between Britain and Spain, which resulted in the British occupation of Manila for the rest of the war.
1789 - French Revolution: Louis XVI returns to Paris from Versailles after being confronted by the Parisian women on 5 October
1849 - The execution of the 13 Martyrs of Arad after the Hungarian war of independence.
1854 - The Great fire of Newcastle and Gateshead started shortly after midnight, leading to 53 deaths and hundreds injured.
1884 - The Naval War College of the United States Navy was founded in Newport.
1889 - Thomas Edison shows his first motion picture.
1898 - Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity founded at the New England Conservatory of Music in Boston.
1903 - The High Court of Australia sits for the first time.
1906 - The Majlis of Iran convened for the first time.
1908 - Austria annexes Bosnia and Herzegovina.
1921 - International PEN is founded in London.
1922 - The great powers of the first world war withdraw from Istanbul
1927 - Opening of The Jazz Singer, the first prominent talking movie.
1928 - Chiang Kai-Shek becomes Chairman of the Republic of China.
1939 - Last Polish army is defeated in World War II.
1945 - Baseball: Billy Sianis and his pet billy goat are ejected from Wrigley Field during Game 4 of the 1945 World Series (see Curse of the Billy Goat).
1955 - A United Airlines DC-4 crashes in Medicine Bow Peak, Wyoming, killing 66 people
1966 - LSD is declared illegal in the United States.
1973 - The Crossing: 80,000 Egyptian troops cross the Suez Canal, destroying the fortified Israeli Bar-Lev Line and starting the Yom Kippur War.
1976 - Cubana Flight 455 crashes into the Atlantic Ocean after two bombs, placed by terrorists with connections to the CIA, exploded onboard shortly after taking off from Bridgetown, Barbados. All 73 people on-board were killed.
1976 - New Premier Hua Guofeng orders the arrest of the Gang of Four and associates and ends the Cultural Revolution in the People's Republic of China.
1976 - Massacre of students gathering at Thammasat University in Bangkok, Thailand to protest the return of ex-dictator Thanom by a coalition of right-wing paramilitary and government forces, triggering the return of the military to government.
1977 - In Alicante, Spain, fascists attack a group of MCPV militants and sympathizers, and one MCPV sympathizer is killed.
1977 - The first prototype of the MiG-29, designated 9-01, makes its maiden flight.
1981 - Anwar al-Sadat is assassinated.
1985 - PC Keith Blakelock is murdered as riots erupt in the Broadwater Farm suburb of London.
1987 - Fiji becomes a republic.
1995 - 51 Pegasi was discovered to be the first major star apart from the Sun to have a planet (and extrasolar planet) orbiting around it.
2000 - Slobodan Milošević resigns.
2002 - The French oil tanker is bombed off Limburg Yemen.
2002 - Opus Dei founder Josemaría Escrivá is canonized.
2007 - Jason Lewis completes the first human-powered circumnavigation of the globe.
1289 - King Wenceslaus III of Bohemia (d. 1306)
1459 - Martin Behaim, German navigator and geographer (d. 1507)
1510 - Rowland Taylor, English clergyman (d. 1555)
1510 - John Caius, English physician (d. 1573)
1552 - Matteo Ricci, Italian Jesuit missionary (d. 1610)
1573 - Henry Wriothesley, English patron of the theater (d. 1624)
1610 - Charles de Sainte-Maure, French soldier (d. 1690)
1716 - George Montague-Dunk, English statesman (d. 1771)
1738 - Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (d. 1789)
1744 - James McGill, Scottish-Canadian businessman and philanthropist (d. 1813)
1767 - Henri Christophe, king of Haiti (d. 1820)
1769 - Sir Isaac Brock, British commander (d. 1812)
1773 - King Louis-Philippe of France (d. 1850)
1801 - Hippolyte Carnot, French statesman (d. 1888)
1803 - Heinrich Wilhelm Dove, German physicist (d. 1879)
1820 - Jenny Lind, Swedish soprano (d. 1887)
1831 - Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (d. 1916)
1838 - Giuseppe Cesare Abba, Italian patriot and writer (d. 1910)
1846 - George Westinghouse, American engineer and inventor (d. 1914)
1866 - Reginald Fessenden, Canadian-born inventor and radio pioneer (d. 1932)
1872 - Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer (d. 1936)
1876 - Ernest Lapointe, French-Canadian politician (d. 1941)
1882 - Karol Szymanowski, Polish composer and pianist (d. 1937)
1886 - Edwin Fischer, Swiss pianist and conductor (d. 1960)
1887 - Le Corbusier, Swiss architect (d. 1965)
1888 - Roland Garros, French pilot (d. 1918)
1895 - Caroline Gordon, American writer and critic (d. 1981)
1900 - Stan Nichols, English cricketer (d. 1961)
1903 - Ernest Walton, Irish physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1995)
1905 - Helen Wills Moody, American tennis player (d. 1998)
1906 - Janet Gaynor, American actress (d. 1984)
1908 - Carole Lombard, American actress (d. 1942)
1908 - Sergei Lvovich Sobolev, Russian mathematician (d. 1989)
1910 - Barbara Castle, British politician (d. 2002)
1912 - Pauline Gore, mother of American Vice President Al Gore (d. 2004)
1914 - Thor Heyerdahl, Norwegian explorer (d. 2002)
1915 - Alice Timander, Swedish dentist (d. 2007)
1915 - Carolyn Goodman, American psychologist and civil rights activist (d. 2007)
1917 - Fannie Lou Hamer, American civil rights activist (d. 1977)
1918 - André Pilette, Belgian racing driver (d. 1993)
1920 - Pietro Consagra, Italian sculptor (d. 2005)
1920 - Lord Donaldson of Lymington, British judge (d. 2005)
1921 - Yevgeniy Landis, Russian mathematician (d. 1997)
1922 - Joe Frazier, American baseball player
1925 - Shana Alexander, American columnist (d. 2005)
1927 - Bill King, American sports broadcaster (d. 2005)
1930 - Hafez al-Assad, President of Syria (d. 2000)
1930 - Richie Benaud, Australian cricketer
1931 - Nikolai Stepanovich Chernykh, Russian astronomer (d. 2004)
1931 - Riccardo Giacconi, Italian-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate
1935 - Bruno Sammartino, Italian strongman and professional wrestler
1938 - Serge Nubret, French bodybuilder
1939 - John LaFalce, American politician, former Member, US House of Representatives
1942 - Britt Ekland, Swedish actress
1942 - Millie Small, Jamaican singer
1943 - Michael Durrell, American actor
1943 - Alexander Maxovich Shilov, Russian painter
1944 - José Carlos Pace, Brazilian racing driver (d. 1977)
1946 - Lloyd Doggett, American politician
1946 - Tony Greig, South African-born English cricketer
1947 - Patxi Andión, Spanish singer-songwriter
1948 - Gerry Adams, Northern Irish politician
1950 - David Brin, American author
1950 - Thomas McClary, American guitarist ( Commodores)
1951 - Manfred Winkelhock, German race car driver (d. 1985)
1951 - Kevin Cronin, American musician ( REO Speedwagon)
1952 - Ayten Mutlu, Turkish poet and writer
1953 - Klaas Bruinsma, Dutch drug lord (d. 1991)
1954 - David Hidalgo, American musician ( Los Lobos, Latin Playboys)
1955 - Tony Dungy, American football coach
1959 - Brian Higgins, American politician, Member of US House of Representatives
1959 - Dennis Ray Boyd, American baseball player
1962 - Rich Yett, baseball player
1963 - Elisabeth Shue, American film actress
1963 - Chip Foose, American automobile customizer
1963 - Jsu Garcia, American actor
1964 - Matthew Sweet, American musician
1965 - Ruben Sierra, Puerto Rican baseball player
1966 - Niall Quinn, Irish footballer
1966 - Jacqueline Obradors, American actress
1967 - Svend Karlsen, Norwegian strongman
1969 - Troy Shaw, English snooker player
1970 - Darren Oliver, American baseball player
1970 - Amy Jo Johnson, American actress and singer
1971 - Phil Bennett, British racing driver
1971 - Lola Dueñas, Spanish actress
1971 - Alan Stubbs, English footballer
1972 - Mark Schwarzer, Australian soccer player
1972 - Ryu Shi-won, Korean actor and singer
1973 - Sylvain Legwinski, French footballer
1973 - Jeff Davis, American comedian
1973 - Ioan Gruffudd, Welsh actor
1973 - Rebecca Lobo, American basketball player
1974 - Jeremy Sisto, American actor
1974 - Walter Centeno, Costa Rican footballer
1976 - Barbie Hsu, Taiwanese actress and singer
1977 - Daniel Brière, Canadian ice hockey player
1977 - Vladimir Manchev, Bulgarian footballer
1978 - Ricky Hatton MBE, British boxer
1979 - David Di Tommaso, French footballer (d. 2005)
1980 - Abdoulaye Méïté, French footballer
1981 - Zurab Khizanishvili, Georgian footballer
1981 - José Luis Perlaza, Ecuadorian footballer
1982 - MC Lars, American hip-hop artist
1988 - Maki Horikita, Japanese model and actress
1992 - Morgan Duggan, Radd Australian
1992 - Rhyon Nicole Brown, American actress
1998 - Mia-Sophie Wellenbrink, German actress and singer
877 - Charles the Bald (b. 823)
1014 - Samuil, Emperor (Tsar) of the First Bulgarian Empire (b. 958)
1101 - Bruno of Cologne, German founder of the Carthusian order
1413 - Dawit I, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1382)
1542 - Thomas Wyatt, English poet (b. 1503)
1641 - Matthijs Quast, Dutch explorer
1644 - Elisabeth of Bourbon, wife of Philip IV of Spain (b. 1602)
1660 - Paul Scarron, French writer
1661 - Guru Har Rai, seventh Sikh Guru
1688 - Christopher Monck, English statesman (b. 1652)
1762 - Francesco Manfredini, Italian composer (b. 1684)
1819 - Charles Emmanuel IV, king of Sardinia (b. 1751)
1829 - Pierre Derbigny, Governor of Louisiana (b. 1769)
1873 - Sir Paweł Edmund Strzelecki, Polish explorer and geologist (b. 1797)
1891 - Charles Stewart Parnell, Irish politician (b. 1846)
1892 - Alfred Lord Tennyson, British poet (b. 1809)
1912 - Auguste Marie Francois Beernaert, Belgian statesman and winner of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1829)
1945 - Leonardo Conti, Nazi physician (b. 1900)
1947 - Leevi Madetoja, Finnish composer (b. 1887)
1951 - Otto Fritz Meyerhof, German-born physician and biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1884)
1951 - Will Keith Kellogg, American food manufacturer ( Kellogg Company) (b. 1860)
1959 - Bernard Berenson, American art historian (b. 1865)
1962 - Tod Browning, American film director (b. 1880)
1968 - Phyllis Nicolson, British mathematican (b. 1917)
1973 - François Cevert, French race car driver (b. 1944)
1973 - Sidney Blackmer, American actor (b. 1895)
1974 - Helmuth Koinigg, Austrian Formula One driver (b. 1948)
1976 - Gilbert Ryle, British philosopher (b. 1900)
1980 - Hattie Jacques, British comedy actress (b. 1922)
1980 - Jean Robic, French cyclist (b. 1921)
1981 - Anwar Sadat, President of Egypt, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (assassinated) (b. 1918)
1983 - Terence Cardinal Cooke, American Catholic archbishop (b. 1921)
1985 - Nelson Riddle, American bandleader (b. 1921)
1986 - Alexander Kronrod, Russian mathematician (b. 1921)
1989 - Bette Davis, American actress (b. 1908)
1992 - Denholm Elliott, English actor (b. 1922)
1992 - Bill O'Reilly, Australian cricketer (b. 1902)
1993 - Larry Walters, American "lawn chair" pilot (b. 1949)
1997 - Johnny Vander Meer, American baseball player (b. 1914)
1998 - Mark Belanger, American baseball player (b. 1944)
1999 - Amalia Rodrigues, Portuguese singer and actress (b. 1920)
1999 - Gorilla Monsoon, professional wrestler/commentator (b. 1937)
2000 - Richard Farnsworth, American actor (b. 1930)
2002 - Claus von Amsberg, Prince of the Netherlands and husband of Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands (b. 1926)
2003 - Timothy Treadwell, American environmentalist (b. 1957)
2006 - Puck Brouwer, Dutch athlete (b. 1930)
2006 - Eduardo Mignogna, Argentinian film director (b. 1940)
2006 - Buck O'Neil, American baseball player (b. 1911)
2006 - Wilson Tucker, American writer (b. 1914)
2007 - Bud Ekins, American stuntman (b. 1930)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
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