is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in October 8 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 83 days remaining until the end of the year.
314 - Roman Emperor Licinius is defeated by his colleague Constantine I at the Battle of Cibalae, and loses his European territories.
451 - At Chalcedon, a city of Bithynia in Asia Minor, the first session of the Council of Chalcedon begins (ends on November 1).
1075 - Dmitar Zvonimir is crowned king of Croatia.
1480 - Great standing on the Ugra river, a standoff between the forces of Akhmat Khan, Khan of the Great Horde, and the Grand Duke Ivan III of Russia, which resulted in the retreat of the Tataro-Mongols and eventual disintegration of the Horde.
1582 - Because of the implementation of the Gregorian calendar this day does not exist in this year in Italy, Poland, Portugal and Spain.
1600 - San Marino adopts its written constitution.
1821 - The government of general José de San Martín establishes the Peruvian Navy.
1856 - The Second Opium War between several western powers and China begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River.
1862 - American Civil War: Battle of Perryville - Union forces under General Don Carlos Buell halt the Confederate invasion of Kentucky by defeating troops led by General Braxton Bragg at Perryville.
1871 - Four major fires break out on the shores of Lake Michigan in Chicago, Peshtigo, Holland, and Manistee. The Great Chicago Fire is the most famous of these, having left nearly 100,000 people homeless, although the Peshtigo Fire killed as many as 2,500 people making it the deadliest fire in United States history.
1879 - War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
1895 - Eulmi incident- Queen Min of Joseon, the last empress of Korea, is assassinated and her corpse burnt by the Japanese in Gyeongbok Palace.
1912 - First Balkan War begins: Montenegro declares war against Turkey.
1918 - World War I - In the Argonne Forest in France, United States Corporal Alvin C. York almost single-handedly kills 25 German soldiers and captures 132.
1928 - Joseph Szigeti debuted Alfredo Casella's Violin Concerto.
1929 - The suspension of Billy Coutu was lifted so that the former Boston Bruins defenseman could play in the minor leagues. In Game 4 of the 1927 Stanley Cup, Coutu started a brawl, punching referee Jerry LaFlamme. As a result, Coutu became the first player to be suspended for life from the NHL.
1932 - The Indian Air Force is established.
1939 - World War II: Germany annexes Western Poland.
1941 - World War II: In their invasion of the Soviet Union, Germany reaches the Sea of Azov with the capture of Mariupol.
1944 - The Battle of Crucifix Hill, a World War II battle, occurs on Crucifix Hill just outside of Aachen. Capt. Bobbie Brown receives a Medal of Honor for his heroics in this battle.
1952 - A three-train disaster in Harrow, London kills 112 people. Harrow and Wealdstone rail crash
1962 - Spiegel scandal: publishes the article Der Spiegel "Bedingt abwehrbereit" ( "Conditionally prepared for defense") about a NATO manoeuver called "Fallex 62", which uncovered the sorry state of the Bundeswehr (Germany's army) facing the communist threat from the east at the time. The magazine was soon accused of treason.
1967 - Guerrilla leader Che Guevara and his men are captured in Bolivia.
1968 - Vietnam War: Operation Sealords - United States and South Vietnamese forces launch a new operation in the Mekong Delta.
1970 - Vietnam War: In Paris, a Communist delegation rejects US President Richard Nixon's October 7 peace proposal as "a maneuver to deceive world opinion."
1973 - Yom Kippur War: Gabi Amir's armored brigade attacks Egyptian occupied positions on the Israeli side of the Suez Canal, in hope of driving them away. The attack fails, and over 150 Israeli tanks are destroyed.
1974 - Franklin National Bank collapses due to fraud and mismanagement; at the time it was the largest bank failure in the history of the United States.
1978 - Australia's Ken Warby sets the current world water speed record of 317.60 mph at Blowering Dam, Australia.
1982 - Poland bans Solidarity.
1990 - Israeli-Palestinian Conflict: In Jerusalem, Israeli police kill 17 Palestinians and wound over 100 near the Dome of the Rock mosque on the Temple Mount
1991 - The Croatian Parliament cuts all remaining ties with Yugoslavia
1999 - New Coligny Calendar, NCC, The beginning of a new era of the Coligny calendar, the oldest material Celtic calendar.
2001 - A twin engine Cessna and Scandinavian Airlines System (SAS) jetliner collide in heavy fog during takeoff from Milan killing 118.
2001 - U.S. President George W. Bush announces the establishment of the Office of Homeland Security.
2003 - Frederik's engagement to Australian lawyer Mary Donaldson is announced.
2005 - The Kashmir earthquake hits parts of northern South Asia at 03:50 UTC.
1515 - Margaret Douglas, Countess of Lennox (d. 1578)
1676 - Benito Jerónimo Feijóo y Montenegro, Spanish scholar (d. 1764)
1713 - Yechezkel Landau, Polish rabbi and Talmudist (d. 1793)
1715 - Michel Benoist, French Jesuit missionary (d. 1774)
1720 - Jonathan Mayhew, American minister (d. 1766)
1747 - Jean-François Rewbell, French politician (d. 1807)
1765 - Harman Blennerhassett, Irish lawyer (d. 1831)
1789 - John Ruggles, American politician (d. 1874)
1818 - John Henninger Reagan, American politician (d. 1905)
1834 - Walter Kittredge, American musician (d. 1905)
1850 - Henri Louis le Chatelier, French chemist (d. 1936)
1863 - Edythe Chapman, American actress (d. 1948)
1864 - Ozias Leduc, Québécois painter (d. 1955)
1870 - Louis Vierne, French organist (d. 1937)
1877 - Hans Heysen, German-born landscape artist (d. 1968)
1883 - Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician, Nobel laureate (d. 1970)
1883 - Dick Burnett, American musician (d. 1977)
1884 - Walther von Reichenau, German military officer (d. 1942)
1887 - Huntley Gordon, Canadian actor (d. 1956)
1888 - Ernst Kretschmer, German psychiatrist (d. 1964)
1889 - C. E. Woolman, American airline founder (d. 1966)
1890 - Edward Rickenbacker, American pilot (d. 1973)
1890 - Philippe Thys, Belgian cyclist (d. 1971)
1895 - Juan Perón, President of Argentina (d. 1974)
1895 - Zog I, King of Albania (d. 1961)
1896 - Julien Duvivier, French film director (d. 1967)
1897 - Rouben Mamoulian, Armenian-American film director (d. 1987)
1901 - Eivind Groven, Norwegian composer (d. 1977)
1910 - Kirk Alyn, American actor (d. 1999)
1910 - Gus Hall, American union organizer (d. 2000)
1910 - Ray Lewis, Canadian runner (d. 2003)
1917 - Billy Conn, American boxer (d. 1993)
1917 - Walter Lord, American author (d. 2002)
1917 - Danny Murtaugh, American baseball player (d. 1976)
1917 - Rodney Robert Porter, English biochemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1985)
1918 - Ron Randell, film character actor
1918 - Jens Christian Skou, Danish chemist, Nobel laureate
1919 - Kiichi Miyazawa, 78th Prime Minister of Japan (d. 2007)
1920 - Frank Herbert, American writer (d. 1986)
1922 - Nils Liedholm, Swedish football midfielder and coach (d. 2007)
1924 - Alphons Egli, member of the Swiss Federal Council
1927 - Jim Elliot, American missionary (d. 1956)
1927 - César Milstein, Argentine scientist, Nobel laureate (d. 2002)
1928 - Neil Harvey, Australian cricketer
1928 - Bill Maynard, British actor
1929 - Valdir Pereira, Brazilian footballer (d. 2001)
1930 - Tōru Takemitsu, Japanese composer (d. 1996)
1932 - Ray Reardon, Welsh snooker player
1936 - Rona Barrett, American gossip columnist
1938 - Fred Stolle, Australian tennis player
1938 - Walter Gretzky, father of Wayne Gretzky
1939 - Paul Hogan, Australian actor
1940 - Fred Cash, American singer ( The Impressions)
1941 - Jesse Jackson, American clergyman and civil rights activist
1943 - Chevy Chase, American comedian and actor
1943 - R. L. Stine, American author
1944 - Susan Raye, American singer
1946 - Jean-Jacques Beineix, French film director
1946 - Dennis Kucinich, American politician
1948 - Benjamin Cheever, American novelist and editor
1948 - Sarah Purcell, American television host
1948 - Johnny Ramone, American musician ( The Ramones) (d. 2004)
1948 - Pedro López, Colombian serial killer
1948 - Claude Jade, French actress (d. 2006)
1949 - Sigourney Weaver, American actress
1950 - Robert Kool Bell, American musician ( Kool & the Gang)
1951 - Jack O'Connell, American politician
1952 - Jan Marijnissen, Dutch politician
1952 - Edward Zwick, American film director
1954 - Michael Dudikoff, American actor
1954 - Huub Rothengatter, Dutch racecar driver
1955 - Bill Elliott, American racecar driver
1956 - Stephanie Zimbalist, American actress
1956 - Jeff Lahti, American baseball player
1957 - Antonio Cabrini, Italian footballer
1957 - Joe Castiglione, American college athletic director
1958 - Steve Coll, American journalist
1959 - Nick Bakay, American actor
1959 - Mike Morgan, American baseball player
1960 - Lorenzo Milá, Spanish newscaster
1960 - François Pérusse, Quebec humorist
1962 - Bruno Thiry, Belgian rally driver
1964 - CeCe Winans, American singer
1965 - Ardal O'Hanlon, Irish comedian and actor
1965 - C-Jay Ramone, American musician ( The Ramones)
1966 - Art Barr, American wrestler (d. 1994)
1966 - Karyn Parsons, American actress
1967 - Yvonne Reyes, Venezuelan actress
1968 - Zvonimir Boban, Croatian football player
1968 - Emily Procter, American actress
1968 - Leeroy Thornhill, British musician ( The Prodigy)
1969 - Julia Ann, American actress
1969 - Jeremy Davies, American actor
1969 - Dylan Neal, Canadian actor
1970 - Matt Damon, American actor
1970 - Gauri Khan, wife of Indian actor Shahrukh Khan
1970 - Tetsuya Nomura, Japanese video-game designer
1970 - Soon-Yi Previn, Korean American actress
1972 - Stanislav Varga, Slovakian footballer
1974 - Fredrik Modin, Swedish hockey player
1974 - DJ Q-Ball, American musician ( Bloodhound Gang)
1976 - Galo Blanco, Spanish tennis player
1976 - Renate Groenewold, Dutch speed skater
1977 - Anne-Caroline Chausson, French mountain-bike rider
1979 - Kristanna Loken, American actress
1979 - Paul Burchill, English professional wrestler
1979 - Gregori Chad Petree, American musician ( Shiny Toy Guns)
1980 - Mike Mizanin, American wrestler
1980 - Nick Cannon, American actor
1981 - Raffi Torres, Canadian ice hockey player
1983 - Michael Fraser, Scottish football goalkeeper
1983 - Travis Pastrana, American motorsports competitor
1985 - Eiji Wentz, German-Japanese entertainer
1989 - Armand Traore, French footballer
1993 - Angus T. Jones, American actor
976 - Jelena of Zadar, Croatian queen
1286 - John I of Dreux, Duke of Brittany (b. 1217)
1317 - Fushimi, Emperor of Japan (b. 1265)
1621 - Antoine de Montchrétien, French dramatist
1647 - Christian Sørensen Longomontanus, Danish astronomer (b. 1562)
1652 - John Greaves, English mathematician (b. 1602)
1656 - John George I (b. 1585)
1659 - Jean de Quen, French Jesuit missionary
1735 - Yongzheng Emperor of China (b. 1678)
1754 - Henry Fielding, English author (b. 1707)
1772 - Jean Joseph de Mondonville, French composer (b. 1711)
1793 - John Hancock, American revolutionary (b. 1737)
1795 - Andrew Kippis, English non-conformist clergyman (b. 1725)
1809 - James Elphinston, Scottish philologist (b. 1721)
1834 - François-Adrien Boïeldieu, French composer (b. 1775)
1847 - Rose Scott, Social Reformer
1869 - Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States (b. 1804)
1879 - Miguel Grau Seminario, Peruvian Admiral (b. 1834)
1886 - Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (b. 1819)
1897 - Alexei Savrasov, Russian painter (b. 1830)
1928 - Larry Semon, comedian (b. 1889)
1931 - Sir John Monash, Australian soldier general (b. 1865)
1936 - William Henry Stark, American business leader (b. 1851)
1936 - Red Ames, American baseball player (b. 1882)
1942 - Sergei Chaplygin, Soviet engineer
1944 - Wendell Willkie, American politician (b. 1892)
1945 - Felix Salten, Austrian author (b. 1869)
1952 - Joe Adams, American baseball player (b. 1877)
1953 - Nigel Bruce, British actor (b. 1895)
1953 - Kathleen Ferrier, British contralto (b. 1912)
1958 - Ran Bosilek, Bulgarian author (b. 1886)
1967 - Clement Attlee, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (b. 1883)
1970 - Mitr Chaibancha, Thai film actor (b. 1934)
1970 - Jean Giono, French author (b. 1895)
1973 - Gabriel Marcel, French philosopher (b. 1889)
1977 - Giorgos Papasideris, Greek country singer , composer , lyricist (b. 1902 )
1982 - Fernando Lamas, Argentine actor (b. 1915)
1982 - Philip Noel-Baker, Canadian-born peace activist, Nobel laureate (b. 1889)
1983 - Joan Hackett, American actress (b. 1934)
1990 - B.J. Wilson, English musician ( Procol Harum) (b. 1947)
1992 - Willy Brandt, Chancellor of Germany, Nobel laureate (b. 1913)
1995 - Christopher Keene, American conductor (b. 1946)
1997 - Bertrand Goldberg, American architect (b. 1913)
1999 - John McLendon, American basketball coach (b. 1915)
2002 - Jacques Richard, French Canadian ice hockey player (b. 1952)
2004 - Jacques Derrida, French philosopher (b. 1930)
2004 - James Chace, American historian (b. 1931)
2006 - Mark Porter, New Zealand racing driver (b. 1975)
2007 - John Henry, American race horse (b. 1975)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
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