Oldham County, Kentucky

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Oldham County, Kentucky
Map of Kentucky highlighting Oldham County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of USA KY
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded 1824
Named for William Oldham (17531791), American Revolutionary War colonel.
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

197 sq mi (509 km2 (197 sq mi) km²)
189 sq mi (490 km²)
7 sq mi (19 km²), 3.74%
 - (2000)
 - Density

244/sq mi (94/km²)
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Oldham County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky. As of 2005, the population was 55,285. Its county seat is La Grange6. The county is named for Colonel William Oldham. Oldham County was a prohibition or completely dry county until January 2005 as the result of a 2004 'moist' vote, permitting sales of alcohol in restaurants that seat at least 100 patrons in which 70%+ of total revenue is derived from sales of food.

Oldham County is the wealthiest county in Kentucky and 48th wealthiest county in the U.S. and ranks second highest in Kentucky for percent of college educated residences. While the causes for this are complicated, areas east of Louisville have long been popular with wealthy residents, first as summer residences eventually as year-round suburban estates and bedroom communities. Oldham County lies northeast of the best known of these areas, but is still a part of Louisville's East End and a location of choice for Louisvillians who can afford it.


Oldham county courthouse

Oldham County courthouse

Oldham County was established on December 15, 1823 from parts of Henry, Jefferson, and Shelby Counties. It was the 74th Kentucky county, and was named in honor of Col. William Oldham of Jefferson County, an Revolutionary War officer.

Initially, it was mainly a rural country with small, scattered developments in places like Westport which was founded in 1800 and served as the county seat early on. When the Louisville and Frankfort Railroad Company introduced rail lines in the area in the 1850s, many new towns and communities sprang up. Eventually the railroad ceased operating as a form of public transportation, but the more rural nature of the county continued to draw residents away from the metropolitan areas in Jefferson County. Since the early 1970s and the completion of Interstate 71, which connects Oldham County to Downtown Louisville and shopping in Eastern Jefferson County, Oldham County has increasingly become suburban in nature, a natural extension of Louisville's wealthy East End as it ran out of large tracts of undeveloped land.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 509 km² (197 sq mi). 490 km² (189 sq mi) of it is land and 19 km² (7 sq mi) of it (3.74%) is water. It is the 13th smallest county in Kentucky.

Adjacent countiesEdit



Graph of Oldham County population over time

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 9,588
1840 7,380 −23.0%
1850 7,629 3.4%
1860 7,283 −4.5%
1870 9,027 23.9%
1880 7,667 −15.1%
1890 6,754 −11.9%
1900 7,078 4.8%
1910 7,248 2.4%
1920 7,689 6.1%
1930 7,402 −3.7%
1940 10,716 44.8%
1950 11,018 2.8%
1960 13,388 21.5%
1970 14,687 9.7%
1980 27,795 89.2%
1990 33,263 19.7%
2000 46,178 38.8%
Est. 2006 55,285 19.7%

As of the census² of 2000, there were 46,178 people, 14,856 households, and 12,196 families residing in the county. The population density was 94/km² (244/sq mi). There were 15,541 housing units at an average density of 32/km² (82/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 93.62% White, 4.21% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. 1.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,856 households out of which 44.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.50% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.90% were non-families. 14.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.17.

The age distribution was 27.40% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 33.10% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 7.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 114.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $63,229, and the median income for a family was $70,495. Males had a median income of $46,962 versus $28,985 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,374. About 2.90% of families and 4.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.50% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over. Oldham County is the most affluent county in the state of Kentucky; most residents work in Louisville and choose to live in Oldham County due to the lack of crime and the nationally recognized school system.


Currently the population of Oldham County is rapidly expanding as adjacent urban Jefferson County is running out of space for new suburban-style development. Currently the population is increasing at about 4% per year. At current rates of growth, the number of residents will double every 21 years. Over the period from 1960 to 2000, the population increased 245% (in the same period, Jefferson County only increased 13.5%). At the current rate, Oldham County will have a population around 61,000 by 2010.

Cities, towns and census-designated placesEdit

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 38°24′N 85°26′W / 38.40, -85.44

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Oldham County, Kentucky. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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