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Oldham County, Kentucky
Oldham county courthouse
Oldham County courthouse in La Grange
Seal of Oldham County, Kentucky
Seal
Map of Kentucky highlighting Oldham County
Location in the state of Kentucky
Map of USA KY
Kentucky's location in the U.S.
Founded December 15, 1823
Named for William Oldham (1753–1791), American Revolutionary War colonel
Seat La Grange
Largest city La Grange
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

196 sq mi (508 km²)
187 sq mi (484 km²)
9.2 sq mi (24 km²), 4.7%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

60,316
322/sq mi (124/km²)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.oldhamcounty.net

Oldham County is a county located in the commonwealth of Kentucky. As of the 2010 census, the population was 60,316.[1] Its county seat is La Grange.[2] The county is named for Colonel William Oldham. Oldham County was a prohibition or completely dry county until January 2005 as the result of a 2004 'moist' vote, permitting sales of alcohol in restaurants that seat at least 100 patrons in which 70%+ of total revenue is derived from sales of food. After a vote in late 2015; Oldham county has become a completely wet county.

Oldham County is part of the Louisville/Jefferson County, KY–IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Oldham County is the wealthiest county in Kentucky and 20th wealthiest county in the U.S. and ranks second highest in Kentucky for percent of college educated residents. While the causes for this are complicated, areas east of Louisville have long been popular with wealthy residents, initially as summer residences and eventually as year-round suburban estates and bedroom communities. Oldham County lies northeast of the best known of these areas, Anchorage, just outside Louisville's pre-merger East End.

HistoryEdit

Oldham County was established on December 15, 1823 from parts of Henry, Jefferson, and Shelby Counties.[3] It was the 74th Kentucky county, and was named in honor of Col. William Oldham of Jefferson County, a Revolutionary War officer.[4]

Initially, it was mainly a rural county with small, scattered developments in places like Westport which was founded in 1800 and served as the county seat early on. When the Louisville and Frankfort Railroad Company introduced rail lines in the area in the 1850s, many new towns and communities sprang up. Eventually the railroad ceased operating as a form of public transportation, but the more rural nature of the county continued to draw residents away from the metropolitan areas in Jefferson County. Since the early 1970s and the completion of Interstate 71, which connects Oldham County to Downtown Louisville and shopping in Eastern Jefferson County, Oldham County has increasingly become suburban in nature, a natural extension of Louisville's wealthy East End as it ran out of large tracts of undeveloped land.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 196 square miles (510 km2), of which 187 square miles (480 km2) is land and 9.2 square miles (24 km2) (4.7%) is water.[5] It is the 13th smallest county in Kentucky. The county's northern border with Indiana is formed by the Ohio River.

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Graph of Oldham County population.

Graph of Oldham County population over time

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1830 9,588
1840 7,380 −23.0%
1850 7,629 3.4%
1860 7,283 −4.5%
1870 9,027 23.9%
1880 7,667 −15.1%
1890 6,754 −11.9%
1900 7,078 4.8%
1910 7,248 2.4%
1920 7,689 6.1%
1930 7,402 −3.7%
1940 10,716 44.8%
1950 11,018 2.8%
1960 13,388 21.5%
1970 14,687 9.7%
1980 27,795 89.2%
1990 43,455 56.3%
2000 46,178 6.3%
2010 60,316 30.6%
Est. 2016 65,560 [6] 42.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 46,178 people, 14,856 households, and 12,196 families residing in the county. The population density was 244 per square mile (94 /km2). There were 15,541 housing units at an average density of 82 per square mile (32 /km2). The racial makeup of the county was 93.62% White, 4.21% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.55% from other races, and 0.97% from two or more races. 1.30% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 14,856 households out of which 44.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 71.50% were married couples living together, 7.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.90% were non-families. 14.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.85 and the average family size was 3.17.

The age distribution was 27.40% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 33.10% from 25 to 44, 25.60% from 45 to 64, and 7.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 114.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 117.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $70,171 (2005), and the median income for a family was $70,495. Males had a median income of $46,962 versus $28,985 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,374. About 2.90% of families and 4.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.50% of those under age 18 and 6.00% of those age 65 or over. Oldham County is the most affluent county in the state of Kentucky; most residents work in Louisville and choose to live in Oldham County due to the lack of crime and the nationally recognized school system. South Oldham High School in particular, is ranked very highly among state high schools, having been named a national blue ribbon school of excellence. 2006 classes at Oldham County High School were reported as to have a teacher:student ratio of 1:15, but that number does not accurately reflect the ratio of a normal class. That number includes, e.g., the small classes of 5-6 students in Behavioral Disorders. The published ratio also includes small classes at the County Career Center, which is located on the same campus. The actual teacher-student ratios are closer to 1:30. Regardless of population swelling and diminishing student-teacher ratios, which have led to a slight decline as of late, Oldham county is still widely recognized as the best public school system in the state.

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Other unincorporated placesEdit

PoliticsEdit

Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 62.3% 20,469 31.3% 10,268 6.4% 2,116
2012 67.5% 20,179 30.9% 9,240 1.6% 465
2008 64.8% 18,997 34.1% 10,000 1.1% 319
2004 69.3% 18,801 29.8% 8,080 0.9% 251
2000 67.0% 13,580 30.8% 6,236 2.2% 452
1996 57.3% 10,477 33.9% 6,202 8.9% 1,622
1992 49.7% 8,263 32.8% 5,457 17.5% 2,919
1988 68.1% 8,716 31.5% 4,025 0.4% 51
1984 73.8% 8,112 26.0% 2,857 0.2% 22
1980 58.7% 5,586 36.7% 3,487 4.6% 437
1976 55.7% 3,695 42.5% 2,819 1.8% 117
1972 68.0% 3,041 29.3% 1,311 2.7% 120
1968 41.5% 1,655 35.0% 1,399 23.5% 939
1964 32.3% 2,622 67.5% 1,256 0.2% 6
1960 53.1% 2,221 46.9% 1,960 0.0% 0
1956 54.4% 2,128 45.3% 1,769 0.3% 12
1952 49.6% 1,723 49.9% 1,735 0.5% 18
1948 35.5% 1,036 58.3% 1,703 6.2% 180
1944 34.7% 1,021 64.7% 1,908 0.6% 18
1940 29.9% 848 69.8% 1,983 0.4% 10
1936 27.2% 760 72.3% 2,020 0.5% 14
1932 27.5% 888 71.7% 2,319 0.8% 26
1928 54.0% 1,604 45.8% 1,359 0.2% 6
1924 31.3% 906 67.5% 1,954 1.2% 35
1920 27.5% 1,014 72.1% 2,655 0.4% 15
1916 30.3% 642 68.8% 1,455 0.9% 19
1912 14.9% 261 66.1% 1,159 19.1% 334

Notable peopleEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/21/21185.html. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Oldham County". The Kentucky Encyclopedia. 2000. http://www.kyenc.org/entry/o/OLDHA02.html. Retrieved August 23, 2014. 
  4. ^ The Register of the Kentucky State Historical Society, Volume 1. Kentucky State Historical Society. 1903. pp. 36. https://books.google.com/books?id=luoxAQAAMAAJ&pg=PA36#v=onepage&q&f=false. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_21.txt. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2016.html. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ky190090.txt. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External linksEdit

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Coordinates: 38°24′N 85°26′W / 38.40, -85.44


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