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Parkes

New South Wales, Australia

Sir Henry Parkes statue in Parkes NSW
A statue of Sir Henry Parkes, the town's namesake



Australia New South Wales location map blank
Red pog.svg
Parkes
Population: 9,826 [1]
Established: 1893
Postcode: 2870
Coordinates: 33°08′S 148°10′E / -33.133, 148.167Coordinates: 33°08′S 148°10′E / -33.133, 148.167
Elevation: 324 m (1,063 ft)
LGA: Parkes Shire
State District: Dubbo
Federal Division: Calare
Mean Max Temp Mean Min Temp Annual Rainfall
23.4 °C
74 °F
10.9 °C
52 °F
585.2 mm
23 in


Parkes is a town in New South Wales, Australia. It is the main settlement in the Local Government Area of Parkes Shire. At the 2006 census, Parkes had a population of 9,826.[1]

Parkes todayEdit

With the presence of the nearby Parkes Observatory, Parkes has had an important role in the scientific community. In addition to local research conducted at the radio telescope, Parkes scientists have assisted NASA for several missions as a Southern Hemisphere relay and communications station. (The movie The Dish was based somewhat loosely on the role the telescope played during the 1969 Apollo 11 moon landing.)

A rich variety of farming is conducted in the region immediately surrounding Parkes, although the staple farming products are wheat and wool.

Parkes prides itself on its modernising ideology, historically and culturally. "The Dish", although set in Parkes, was largely filmed in Forbes' historic precinct. This is due to very few historic buildings remaining in Parkes.

The area is supported by a gold and copper mine, Northparkes, north of the town.

Parkes became a key country location after the completion of the railway in 1893, serving as a hub for a great deal of passenger and freight transport until the 1980s. Unfortunately, as successive governments reduced the NSW country rail systems, this part of the economy was largely lost to the community.

Periodically governments and businesses have raised the topic of an "inland port" whereby Parkes Regional Airport would be expanded considerably to serve as a starting point for domestic and international freight destined for areas in NSW, Victoria and Queensland. Environmental studies are complete, development consents are in place, contracts have been exchanged, some properties have changed hands and studies are continuing.

Parkes Shire Council, with approval from the State Government, has rezoned 516 hectares of agricultural and industrial land on the western edge of the town for the development of the Parkes National Logistics Hub[2] with an additional reserve of over 100 hectares. The site has been specifically designed for the 24 hour, 7 days per week operation of a multi-modal transport facility.

FCL runs a significant intermodal operation at Goobang Junction on Parkes' western outskirts. On 20 October 2006, Premier Morris Iemma opened Specialised Container Transport's intermodal terminal nearby on a 296 hectare site. It has 5 km of rail sidings, a 7,400 square metre warehouse and about 40 staff.[3] An even larger terminal to be sited nearby is also being promoted.

The Roads and Traffic Authority of NSW has the Western Regional Office located in Parkes. Country Energy also is represented by a training and maintenance centre.

Main tourist attractions are the CSIRO Telescope 20 km North of town on the Newell Highway, Bushmans Hill, and the War Memorial Lookout. Nearby there is the Goobang National Park, and Peak Hill which features an Open Cut Mine that can be toured during holidays. There are also many great parks.

HistoryEdit

Parkes was originally founded in 1853 as the settlement Currajong, named for the abundance of kurrajong trees in the local area by the settlers, but was then known as Bushman's (from the local mine named Bushman's Lead).[4]

In 1873[5] the town was renamed to Parkes in honour of Sir Henry Parkes, otherwise known as the "Father of the Federation". (Sir Henry Parkes is recognised in Australia as having played an instrumental role in Australia becoming a unified and federated country.)

Bushman's Lead Post Office opened on 1 August 1872 and was renamed Parkes in 1873.[6]

Parkes attracted significant attention during the gold rush of the 1870s onwards, and even to this day modern mining companies still have sites in the region.

In 1939 Parkes became a sister city with Coventry in the United Kingdom.[7] This was in honour of the fact Sir Henry Parkes was born in Coventry.

GeographyEdit

Parkes is located on the Australian transcontinental railway line, and the Newell Highway linking Victoria to Queensland.

ClimateEdit

Climate data for Parkes
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 32.3
(90.1)
31.6
(88.9)
28.5
(83.3)
23.6
(74.5)
18.6
(65.5)
14.9
(58.8)
14.0
(57.2)
15.9
(60.6)
19.5
(67.1)
23.6
(74.5)
27.7
(81.9)
30.7
(87.3)
23.4
(74.1)
Average low °C (°F) 17.9
(64.2)
17.8
(64.0)
15.0
(59.0)
11.0
(51.8)
7.5
(45.5)
5.2
(41.4)
4.0
(39.2)
4.9
(40.8)
7.3
(45.1)
10.4
(50.7)
13.5
(56.3)
16.2
(61.2)
10.9
(51.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 58.0
(2.283)
48.5
(1.909)
46.5
(1.831)
41.6
(1.638)
47.1
(1.854)
50.0
(1.969)
48.9
(1.925)
48.9
(1.925)
41.8
(1.646)
52.2
(2.055)
48.2
(1.898)
51.0
(2.008)
582.9
(22.949)
Source: [8]

Transport Edit

Parkes has a local bus service provided by Western Road Liners, which acquired Harris Bus Lines in March 2006. The Indian Pacific also stops twice a week, as well as the Broken Hill Outback Xplorer service, run by CountryLink, which heads to Broken Hill on Mondays and Sydney on Tuesdays. Parkes railway station is situated on the Broken Hill railway line, and opened in 1893.[9] A smaller station served Parkes Racecourse between 1923 and 1937.[10]

Media Edit

Radio

  • 2PK AM 1404 (talkback radio format aimed at listeners 35 years+ most prograns relayed from 2SM, Sydney): owned by Broadcast Operations Group.[11]
  • PH FM 88.0 (community access radio station based in Peak Hill, 50 km north from Parkes).[12]
  • ROK FM 95.5 (mixed music format aimed at 18 –39 years market - Top 40 and Classic Hits): owned by Broadcast Operations Group.[13]
  • 2LVR FM 97.9 (community radio)
  • 2KY / SKY Sports Radio FM 99.9 - (Coverage of Thoroughbred, Harness and Greyhound Racing plus other general and specialist sport and talk programming)[14]
  • SBS Radio FM 101.3 (mixed format programming for ethnic communities)

The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) transmit four stations into Parkes and the surrounding region:

Some stations from Dubbo and Orange also transmit into Parkes and the surrounding region.

Television

Parkes receives five free-to-air television stations (analogue and digital) including two government funded networks:

The ABC (ABC1), the SBS (SBS ONE) and three commercial networks:

SBS offer digital high-definition simulcasts of their main channel, SBS ONE on SBS HD.

The other networks broadcast nine additional digital-only channels: 7Two, 7mate, GO!, GEM, ABC2, ABC3, ABC News 24, SBS Two, One HD and Eleven.

Newspapers

The local newspaper is The Parkes Champion-Post. It is published by Fairfax Media.[15]

Born in Parkes District, NSWEdit

FestivalsEdit

Parkes hosts the annual Parkes Elvis Festival.[16] It is held in early January to celebrate Presley's birthday and to boost tourism.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Parkes (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. http://www.censusdata.abs.gov.au/ABSNavigation/prenav/LocationSearch?collection=Census&period=2006&areacode=UCL164000&producttype=QuickStats&breadcrumb=PL&action=401. Retrieved 13 September 2009. 
  2. ^ "Parkes National Logistics Hub". Parkes Shire Council. http://www.parkeshub.com.au. Retrieved 28 September 2010. 
  3. ^ (December 2006) "SCT opens Parkes terminal". Railway Digest 44 (12). 
  4. ^ "Early History of Parkes". Parkes Shire Library. http://library.parkes.nsw.gov.au/history/index.htm. Retrieved 6 November 2006. 
  5. ^ "About Sir Henry Parkes". Parkes Shire Council. http://www.parkes.nsw.gov.au/about/1007.html. Retrieved 6 November 2006. 
  6. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. https://www.premierpostal.com/cgi-bin/wsProd.sh/Viewpocdwrapper.p?SortBy=NSW&country=. Retrieved 26 May 2011. 
  7. ^ "Sister City". Parkes Shire Council. 30 November 2009. http://www.parkes.nsw.gov.au/about/1005.html. Retrieved 5 December 2011. 
  8. ^ "BOM". http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/averages/tables/cw_065026.shtml. 
  9. ^ "Parkes Railway Station". www.nswrail.net. http://www.nswrail.net/locations/show.php?name=NSW:Parkes&line=NSW:broken_hill:0. Retrieved 7 April 2008. 
  10. ^ "Parkes Racecourse Railway Station". www.nswrail.net. http://www.nswrail.net/locations/show.php?name=NSW:Parkes+Racecourse&line=NSW:broken_hill:0. Retrieved 7 April 2008. 
  11. ^ www.2pk.com.au
  12. ^ http://www.phfm.net.au/
  13. ^ http://www.rokfm.com.au/
  14. ^ http://www.2ky.com.au/company/frequencies/index.php?townid=397
  15. ^ http://www.parkeschampionpost.com.au/


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Parkes, New South Wales. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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