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Pembrokeshire

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Pembrokeshire principal area
WalesPembrokeshire
Geography
Area
- Total
- % Water
Ranked 5th
1,590 km²
? %
Admin HQ Haverfordwest
ISO 3166-2 GB-PEM
ONS code 00NS
Demographics
Population:
- (2006 est.)
- Density
 
Ranked 14thWp globe tiny
117,300
Ranked 19thWp globe tiny
74 / km²
Ethnicity 99.2% White
Welsh language
- Any skills
Ranked 8th
29.4%
Politics
Arms-pembrokeshire
Pembrokeshire Council
http://www.pembrokeshire.gov.uk/
Control Independent
MPs
AMs
MEPs Wales

Pembrokeshire (Welsh: Sir Benfro) is a county in the southwest of Wales.

GeographyEdit

File:Pembrokecastle 2006.jpg
Marloes peninsula, Pembrokeshire coast, Wales, UK

Marloes peninsula

Pembrokeshire is a maritime county, surrounded by the sea on all sides except in the northeast where it is bounded by Ceredigion (Cardiganshire) and in the east where it is bounded by Carmarthenshire.

The population (2001 census) was 114,131. The administrative headquarters and historic county town is Haverfordwest. Other settlements include Pembroke itself, Pembroke Dock, Milford Haven, Fishguard, Tenby, Saundersfoot, Narberth, Neyland and Newport. St David's, in the west of the county, is the United Kingdom's smallest city.

The highest point is at Foel Cwmcerwyn (1759 ft/536 m).

The county boasts 170 miles (≈275 km) of magnificent coastline comprising important seabird breeding sites and numerous bays and sandy beaches. Almost all of the coast is included in the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park. A large estuary and natural harbour known as Milford Haven cuts deeply into the coast, being formed by the confluence of the Western Cleddau (which goes through Haverfordwest), the Eastern Cleddau and rivers Creswell and Carew. The estuary is bridged by Cleddau Bridge as part of the A477 between Neyland and Pembroke Dock : the next bridges upstream on the Cleddaus are at Haverfordwest and by Canaston Bridge.

Major bays include Newport Bay, Fishguard Bay and St Bride's Bay. There are many small islands off the coast of the county, the largest of which are Ramsey Island, Skomer Island and Caldey Island.

In the north are the Preseli Hills (Mynyddoedd Preseli), a wide stretch of high moorland with many prehistoric monuments. Elsewhere the county is relatively flat, most of the land being used for lowland farming.

See the list of places in Pembrokeshire for villages, towns and cities in Pembrokeshire.

HistoryEdit

The county was founded as a county palatine in 1138 with Gilbert de Clare as the first Earl of Pembroke. It has long been split between its mainly English-speaking south (known as "Little England beyond Wales") and its mainly Welsh-speaking north, along an imaginary line called the Landsker.

The Act of Union of 1536 divided the county into hundreds which followed with some modifications the lines of the ancient subdivision into cantrefs, which went back to before the Norman conquest. The 1536 hundreds were (clockwise from the north-east): Cilgerran or Kilgerran, Cemais or Kemes, Dewisland or Dewsland, Roose, Castlemartin, Narbeth and Dungleddy or Daugleddau. The Genuki web pages on Pembrokeshire include a list of the parishes within each hundred.

MediaEdit

Narberth is home to Radio Pembrokeshire, Radio Carmarthenshire and Scarlet FM broadcasting to 100,000 listeners every week.[1]

There are five local newspapers based in Pembrokeshire. The most widely read is The Western Telegraph (part of the Newsquest group).

TransportEdit

The main towns in the county are well served with bus and train services, but those living in more rural parts have little or no access to public transportation.

There are no motorways in Pembrokeshire and only 12 miles of dual-carriageway. There are currently demands for the dualing of the A40 from St. Clears to Fishguard. The road is used heavily by traffic from the ferry port in Fishguard which then follows the A40 south to Haverfordwest and then meets the dual-carriageway at St. Clears.[1]

The nearest motorway to the county town of Haverfordwest is the M4 which terminates at Cross Hands in Carmarthenshire, some 46 miles to the east.

The A477 which runs from St. Clears to the port of Pembroke Dock is 24 miles long, of which only 2 miles is dual-carriageway. This road is heavily used by businesses and tourists visiting Pembrokeshire and improvements to the road have been made in recent years..

The Cleddau Bridge connects south Pembrokeshire with North Pembrokeshire across the Cleddau Estuary.

For more details on this topic, see Cleddau Bridge.

IndustryEdit

TourismEdit

The main industry in Pembrokeshire is tourism. Tenby and its surrounding area attracting the most visitors.

Oil and GasEdit

The banks of the Cleddau Estuary are dominated by the oil and gas industry with two oil refineries, two large liquified natural gas (LNG) terminals and a large National Grid switching centre. A gas-fired power station has been proposed for the site of the old coal-fired Pembroke Power Station which closed in 1997 and subsequently demolished in 2000.

The two oil refineries in Pembrokeshire are:

  • Chevron: 214,000 bpd (barrels per day)
  • Murco: 108,000 bpd


The LNG terminals on the north side of the Cleddau are scheduled to open in 2008.

AgricultureEdit

Pembrokeshire's mild climate means that crops such as its famous new potatoes often arrive in British shops earlier in the year than produce from other parts of the UK. As well as arable crops such as potatoes, the other main agricultural activities are dairy farming of cattle for milk and cheese, sheep farming, beef production and some other arable crops, such as rapeseed. Falling farm incomes have led to diversification into other novel farming and tourism related activities. From 1700 km² of land, about 126,000 (74%) are used by agriculture. The majority of this land (60%) is down to permanent grassland and 26% is arable. Farm revenues are less than the UK average, but agriculture still provides 7,000 jobs.

The former large fishing industry around Milford Haven is now greatly reduced, although limited commercial fishing still takes place.

FlagEdit

The official flag of Pembrokeshire consists of a yellow cross on a blue field. In the centre of the cross is a green pentagon bearing a red and white Tudor rose. The rose is divided quarterly and counterchanged: the inner and outer roses have alternating red and white quarters. [2] http://ukflagregistry.org/wiki/index.php?title=Pembrokeshire

On Television and FilmEdit

Pembrokeshire is a popular location for filming locations. The following is a list of movies and television programmes filmed in Pembrokeshire:

Local governmentEdit

Under the Local Government Act 1888, an elected county council was set up to take over the functions of the Pembrokeshire Quarter Sessions. This, and the administrative county of Pembrokeshire were abolished under the Local Government Act 1972, with Pembrokeshire forming two districts of the new county of Dyfed : South Pembrokeshire and Preseli - the split being made at the request of local authorities in the area.[3]

In 1996, under the Local Government (Wales) Act 1994, the county of Dyfed was broken up into its constituent parts, and Pembrokeshire has been a unitary authority.

Places of interestEdit

GeographyEdit

Visitor attractionsEdit

Historical placesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ AM calls for A40 funds - western telegraph - 9.11.2006
  2. ^ crwflags.com
  3. ^ Wood, Bruce. The Process of Local Government Reform: 1966-1974. 1976.

External linksEdit

51°50′42″N 4°50′32″W / 51.845, -4.84222

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Pembrokeshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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