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Pickens County, Georgia
Pickens County Courthouse, Georgia 2015
Pickens County Courthouse, Jasper
Map of Georgia highlighting Pickens County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of USA GA
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 5, 1853
Named for Andrew Pickens
Seat Jasper
Largest city Jasper
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

233 sq mi (603 km²)
232 sq mi (601 km²)
0.7 sq mi (2 km²), 0.3%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

29,431
127/sq mi (49/km²)
Congressional districts 9th, 14th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website http://pickenscountyga.gov/

Pickens County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 29,431.[1] The county seat is Jasper.[2]

Pickens County is part of the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

HistoryEdit

The Georgia General Assembly passed an act on December 5, 1853 to create Pickens County from portions of Cherokee and Gilmer counties.[3] Pickens received several more land additions from Cherokee (1869) and Gilmer Counties (1858 and 1863); however several sections of Pickens County have also been transferred to other counties: Dawson County (1857), Gordon County (1860), and Cherokee County (1870).

Pickens County is named for American Revolutionary War General Andrew Pickens.

During the Civil War, Company D of the 1st Georgia Infantry Battalion of the Union Army was raised in Pickens County.

Most of Pickens County's early industry revolved around the marble industry. Georgia Marble Company is located in Marble Hill near Tate. The Tate Elementary school is built out of marble. The marble was also used to make the statue of Abraham Lincoln in the Lincoln Memorial. Most of the marble is white, but there is also very rare pink marble. It is one of the few places in the world where pink marble is found. The marble is also used for tombstones for the United States Military.

Pickens County has seen very rapid growth with the building of Georgia State Route 515, locally referred to as the '4 lane'. Many new businesses and residents continue to move to Pickens County.

Pickens County is home the Georgia Marble Festival.

GeographyEdit

Sharp Top Mountain, Pickens County, Georgia

Sharp Top Mountain, viewed from Grandview Lake Dam

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 233 square miles (600 km2), of which 232 square miles (600 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (0.3%) is water.[4] The highest point in Pickens County is the 3,288 foot summit of Mount Oglethorpe, the southernmost peak in the Blue Ridge Mountains and, for a number of years, the southern terminus of the Appalachian Trail.

Other notable peaks in Pickens County include Sharp Top Mountain and Sharp Mountain. One of the best viewpoints of Sharp Top Mountain is from Grandview Lake Dam on Grandview Road.

The eastern half of Pickens County is located in the Etowah River sub-basin of the ACT River Basin (Coosa-Tallapoosa River Basin). The western half of the county is located in the Coosawattee River sub-basin of the same larger ACT River Basin.[5]

Adjacent countiesEdit

Government Edit

Robert Jones is the chairman of the board of county commissioners; Jerry Barnes and Becky Denney serve as commissioners.

Previous Presidential Elections Results[6]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 82.9% 11,651 14.1% 1,979 3.1% 428
2012 83.0% 10,547 15.6% 1,975 1.4% 180
2008 78.1% 10,004 20.3% 2,595 1.7% 214
2004 76.3% 8,115 23.0% 2,444 0.8% 80
2000 66.9% 5,488 30.4% 2,489 2.7% 224
1996 46.3% 3,041 41.0% 2,693 12.7% 832
1992 40.6% 2,332 41.0% 2,359 18.4% 1057
1988 67.5% 3,021 32.0% 1,430 0.5% 23
1984 67.8% 2,801 32.2% 1,329
1980 39.5% 1,612 57.8% 2,358 2.6% 107
1976 27.5% 973 72.6% 2,571
1972 80.2% 2,101 19.8% 520
1968 44.5% 1,659 18.2% 677 37.3% 1,392
1964 50.3% 1,955 49.7% 1,930
1960 56.9% 1,943 43.1% 1,473
1956 65.5% 2,341 34.6% 1,236
1952 50.3% 1,328 49.7% 1,312
1948 46.2% 1258 45.5% 1,239 8.3% 225
1944 50.5% 795 49.5% 780
1940 43.8% 884 55.6% 1,124 0.6% 12
1936 46.3% 1,053 53.7% 1,223
1932 33.5% 743 66.5% 1,472
1928 70.8% 1,319 29.2% 543
1924 60.3% 1,149 39.5% 754 0.2% 4
1920 65.5% 830 34.5% 437
1916 27.3% 344 39.4% 497 33.3% 420
1912 47.0% 456 32.7% 317 20.3% 197

TransportationEdit

Major highwaysEdit

Other highwaysEdit

  • Burnt Mountain Road (Old Georgia State Route 108)
  • Canton Highway (Old Georgia State Route 5)
  • Church Street (Georgia State Route 53 Business)
  • Cove Road
  • Ellijay Road (Old Georgia State Route 5)
  • Henderson Mountain Road (Old Georgia State Route 143/Georgia State Route 379)
  • Jones Mountain Road
  • Lumber Company Road
  • Philadelphia Road
  • Refuge Road (Old Georgia State Route 108)
  • Steve Tate Highway
  • Salem Church Road
  • Sunrise Ridge Road (Old Georgia State Route 108)
  • Talking Rock Road (Old Georgia State Route 5)
  • Yellow Creek Road
  • Whitestone Road

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 4,951
1870 5,317 7.4%
1880 6,790 27.7%
1890 8,182 20.5%
1900 8,641 5.6%
1910 9,041 4.6%
1920 8,222 −9.1%
1930 9,687 17.8%
1940 9,136 −5.7%
1950 8,855 −3.1%
1960 8,903 0.5%
1970 9,620 8.1%
1980 11,652 21.1%
1990 14,432 23.9%
2000 22,983 59.3%
2010 29,431 28.1%
Est. 2016 30,832 [7] 34.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
1790-1960[9] 1900-1990[10]
1990-2000[11] 2010-2013[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 22,983 people, 8,960 households, and 6,791 families residing in the county. The population density was 99 people per square mile (38/km²). There were 10,687 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.21% White, 1.27% Black or African American, 0.38% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. 2.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 8,960 households out of which 31.10% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.50% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.20% were non-families. 20.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 29.80% from 25 to 44, 25.80% from 45 to 64, and 13.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 95.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $41,387, and the median income for a family was $47,123. Males had a median income of $32,039 versus $22,866 for females. The per capita income for the county was $19,774. About 6.20% of families and 9.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.20% of those under age 18 and 7.40% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 29,431 people, 11,291 households, and 8,423 families residing in the county.[13] The population density was 126.8 inhabitants per square mile (49.0 /km2). There were 13,692 housing units at an average density of 59.0 per square mile (22.8 /km2).[14] The racial makeup of the county was 95.7% white, 1.1% black or African American, 0.4% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 1.3% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 2.8% of the population.[13] In terms of ancestry, 17.8% were American, 13.2% were English, 12.3% were Irish, and 10.0% were German.[15]

Of the 11,291 households, 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 25.4% were non-families, and 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.97. The median age was 42.1 years.[13]

The median income for a household in the county was $49,945 and the median income for a family was $59,955. Males had a median income of $46,773 versus $34,394 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,892. About 8.9% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.9% of those under age 18 and 11.4% of those age 65 or over.[16]

Cities and CommunitiesEdit

Incorporated citiesEdit

Unincorporated CommunitiesEdit

Private CommunitiesEdit

A significant portion of the county population resides in these three communities. These are large, gated private communities that function similar to a municipality providing many municipal-type services that operate independent of county government.

Notable residents Edit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

The weekly newspaper for Pickens County is the Pickens Progress, a family owned newspaper published since 1887 in Jasper, GA,

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13227.html. Retrieved February 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Pickens County". http://georgia.gov/cities-counties/pickens-county. Retrieved June 28, 2014. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. Retrieved 2015-11-19. 
  6. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2016.html. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  8. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  13. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13227. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  14. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13227. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  15. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13227. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  16. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13227. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 34°28′N 84°28′W / 34.46, -84.46


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Pickens County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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