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Template:Politics of Indonesia Template:Administrative divisions of Indonesia sidebar The province (Indonesian: provinsi or propinsi) is the highest tier of local country government subdivisions in Indonesia. Provinces are further divided into regencies (Indonesian: kabupaten) and cities.

BackgroundEdit

Each province has its own local government, headed by a governor, and has its own legislative body. The governor and members of local representative bodies are elected by popular vote for five-year terms.

Current provincesEdit

Indonesia has 34 provinces, eight of which have been created since 1999. Namely, North Maluku, West Papua, Banten, Bangka-Belitung Islands, Gorontalo, Riau Islands and West Sulawesi. The latest province to be created (in late 2012) was North Kalimantan.

Five provinces have special status: Aceh, for the use of the Sharia Law as the regional law of the province; Yogyakarta Special Region, for being governed in an ancient monarchy system; Papua, for implementation of sustainable development; West Papua, for granting implementation of sustainable development; and Jakarta Special Capital Region.

The provinces are officially grouped into seven geographical units.[1]

Provincial Map as of June 2012

Template:Indonesia provinces

ProvincesEdit

Provinces of Indonesia[2]
Seal Province ISO[3] Capital Population Area (km²) Density Geographical unit Cities Regencies Subdistricts Villages
Coat of arms of Aceh Special Region of Aceh ID-AC Banda Aceh 4,494,410 57,956 77 Sumatra 4 19 275 6,420
Coat of arms of Bali Bali ID-BA Denpasar 3,890,757 5,780 621 Lesser Sunda Islands 1 8 57 698
Coat of arms of Bangka Belitung Islands Bangka-Belitung ID-BB Pangkal Pinang 1,223,296 16,424 64 Sumatra 1 6 43 361
Banten coa Banten ID-BT Serang 10,632,166 9,662 909 Java 4 4 154 1,530
Bengkulu coa Bengkulu ID-BE Bengkulu 1,715,518 19,919 84 Sumatra 1 9 116 1,442
Coat of arms of Central Java Central Java ID-JT Semarang 32,382,657 40,800 894 Java 6 29 573 8,577
Central Kalimantan coa Central Kalimantan ID-KT Palangkaraya 2,212,089 153,564 14 Kalimantan 1 13 120 1,439
Central Sulawesi coa Central Sulawesi ID-ST Palu 2,635,009 61,841 41 Sulawesi 1 10 147 1,712
Coat of arms of East Java East Java ID-JI Surabaya 37,476,757 47,799 828 Java 9 29 662 8,502
East kalimantan coa East Kalimantan ID-KI Samarinda 3,553,143 204,534 16 Kalimantan 4 10 136 1,404
Coat of arms of East Nusa Tenggara East Nusa Tenggara ID-NT Kupang 4,683,827 48,718 92 Lesser Sunda Islands 1 20 286 2,775
Lambang propinsi gorontalo Gorontalo ID-GO Gorontalo 1,040,164 11,257 94 Sulawesi 1 5 65 595
Coat of arms of Jakarta Jakarta Special Capital Region ID-JK Jakarta 9,607,787 664 12,786 Java 5 1 44 267
Jambi symbol Jambi ID-JA Jambi 3,092,265 50,058 57 Sumatra 2 9 128 1,319
Lampung coa Lampung ID-LA Bandar Lampung 7,608,405 34,623 226 Sumatra 2 12 206 2,358
Maluku coa Maluku (Moluccas) ID-MA Ambon 1,533,506 46,914 32 Maluku Islands 2 9 76 898
North Kalimantan Tanjung Selor 622,350 71,176 10 Kalimantan 1 4 47 381
North Maluku coa North Maluku (N.Moluccas) ID-MU Sofifi 1,038,087 31,982 31 Maluku Islands 2 7 109 1,041
Coat of arms of North Sulawesi North Sulawesi ID-SA Manado 2,270,596 13,851 162 Sulawesi 4 11 150 1,510
North Sumatra coa North Sumatra ID-SU Medan 12,982,204 72,981 188 Sumatra 8 25 408 5,649
Coat of arms of Papua Special Region of Papua ID-PA Jayapura 2,833,381 319,036 8 Western New Guinea 1 28 330 3,583
Coat of arms of Riau Riau ID-RI Pekanbaru 5,538,367 87,023 52 Sumatra 2 10 153 1,500
Lambang Riau Kepulauan Riau Islands ID-KR Tanjung Pinang 1,679,163 8,201 208 Sumatra 2 5 59 331
Coat of arms of Southeast Sulawesi South East Sulawesi ID-SG Kendari 2,232,586 38,067 51 Sulawesi 2 10 199 1,843
South Kalimantan coa South Kalimantan ID-KS Banjarmasin 3,626,616 38,744 96 Kalimantan 2 11 151 1,973
South Sulawesi coa South Sulawesi ID-SN Makassar 8,034,776 46,717 151 Sulawesi 3 26 301 2,874
Coat of arms of South Sumatra South Sumatra ID-SS Palembang 7,450,394 91,592 86 Sumatra 4 11 217 2,869
West Java coa West Java ID-JB Bandung 43,053,732 35,377 1176 Java 9 17 625 5,827
Coat of arms of West Kalimantan West Kalimantan ID-KB Pontianak 4,395,983 147,307 30 Kalimantan 2 12 175 1,777
West Nusa Tenggara coa West Nusa Tenggara ID-NB Mataram 4,500,212 18,572 234 Lesser Sunda Islands 2 8 116 913
Coat of arms of West Papua Special Region of West Papua ID-PB[4] Manokwari 760,422 97,024 8 Western New Guinea 1 10 149 1,291
West Sulawesi coa West Sulawesi ID-SR Mamuju 1,158,651 16,787 73 Sulawesi 0 5 66 564
Coat of arms of West Sumatra West Sumatra ID-SB Padang 4,846,909 42,012 110 Sumatra 7 12 169 964
Coat of arms of Yogyakarta Special Region of Yogyakarta ID-YO Yogyakarta 3,457,491 3,133 1,138 Java 1 4 78 438

Proposed future provincesEdit

Several new provinces have been proposed. In addition to the 34 existing provinces of Indonesia as of 2013; the government has targeted the creation of new provinces (to reach a maximum of 44) by the year 2025.[5]

Proposed provincesEdit

Region English name Indonesian name source province
Sumatra Tapanuli[6][7][8][9][10] Tapanuli North Sumatra
Sumatra Southeast Sumatra[7][8] Sumatera Tenggara North Sumatra
Sumatra Nias Islands[8] Kepulauan Nias North Sumatra
Sumatra East Sumatra[11] Sumatera Timur North Sumatra
Sumatra West Jambi[12] Jambi Barat Jambi
Sumatra North Lampung (no name given)[13] Lampung
Java Cirebon[14] Cirebon West Java
Lesser Sunda Islands Sumbawa Island[15] West Nusa Tenggara
Papua Central Papua[16][17] Papua Tengah Papua
Papua Cenderawasih Bay[18][11] Teluk Cenderawasih Papua
Papua South Papua[19] Papua Selatan Papua

See also Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ ISO 3166-2:ID
  2. ^ Data Wilayah - Kementerian Dalam Negeri - Republik Indonesia
  3. ^ ISO 3166-2:ID (ISO 3166-2 codes for the provinces of Indonesia)
  4. ^ West Papua was created from the western portion of Papua province in February, 2003, initially under the name of Irian Jaya Barat, and was renamed Papua Barat (West Papua) on 2007-02-07. The split remains controversial. In November 2004, an Indonesian court agreed that the split violated Papua's autonomy laws. However, the court ruled that because the new province had already been created, it should remain separate from Papua. The ruling also prohibited the creation of another proposed province, Central Irian Jaya, because the split was not yet completed. As of June, 2008, an ISO 3166-2 code has not yet been published for West Papua. If one were to follow precedent, it would be ID-PB. Note: ISO 3166-2 Newsletter II-1 (corrected 2010-02-19) page 18-19 confirms this as ID-PB. see http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_3166-2_newsletter_ii-1_corrected_2010-02-19.pdf . The code ID-IJ now refers to the larger geographical region including Papua and West Papua.
  5. ^ How many provinces does Indonesia need? | The Jakarta Post
  6. ^ Governor shuns Tapanuli province | The Jakarta Post
  7. ^ a b N. Sumatra to have two new provinces | The Jakarta Post
  8. ^ a b c Support for N. Sumatra division into 4 provinces | The Jakarta Post
  9. ^ Debate Over Tapanuli Heats Up in N. Sumatra | The Jakarta Globe
  10. ^ Some Houses' factions push to realize Tapanuli province
  11. ^ a b Indonesia Provinces
  12. ^ Planned creation of West Jambi province questioned | The Jakarta Post
  13. ^ Six regencies in Lampung to form new province | The Jakarta Post
  14. ^ Council urged to endorse formation of Cirebon province | The Jakarta Post
  15. ^ Officials support new province for Sumbawa | The Jakarta Post
  16. ^ SBY to discuss formation of new Central Papua province | The Jakarta Post
  17. ^ West Papua: Military report confirms desire for freedom | asia-pacific-action.org
  18. ^ Better public services, not new provinces for Papua: Activists | The Jakarta Post
  19. ^ House backs new Papuan province | The Jakarta Post

External linksEdit

Template:Indonesia topics Template:Provinces of Indonesia

Template:Life in Indonesia

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