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Putnam County, Georgia
Putnam County Georgia Courthouse
Putnam County courthouse in Eatonton
Map of Georgia highlighting Putnam County
Location in the state of Georgia (U.S. state)
Map of USA GA
Georgia's location in the U.S.
Founded December 10, 1807
Named for Israel Putnam
Seat Eatonton
Largest city Eatonton
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

361 sq mi (935 km²)
345 sq mi (894 km²)
16 sq mi (41 km²), 4.4%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

21,218
62/sq mi (24/km²)
Congressional district 10th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website www.putnamcountyga.us

Putnam County is a county located in the Piedmont region of the U.S. state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 21,218.[1] The county seat is Eatonton.[2]

Since the early 21st century, the county has had a housing boom. It has proximity to Lake Oconee, a recreation site, as well as to major employment centers such as Atlanta, Athens, and Macon.

HistoryEdit

Putnam County is named in honor of Israel Putnam, a hero of the French and Indian War and a general in the American Revolutionary War. It was settled by European Americans after the war, as migrants moved down from the Upper South. The County was created on December 10, 1807 by an act of the Georgia General Assembly.

Following the invention of the cotton gin, which could profitably process short-staple cotton, the county was developed for cotton cultivation of that type. It thrived in the upland areas, where plantations were developed and worked by the field labor of thousands of African-American slaves. African Americans still comprise more than 40 percent of the county population, although thousands left during the Great Migration from 1920 to 1960. The county population dropped by more than half during this period following mechanization of agriculture and as rural workers moved into cities.

In the 21st century, dairy farming is more important to Putnam County than cotton. It annually holds the nationally known Dairy Festival.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 361 square miles (930 km2), of which 345 square miles (890 km2) is land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (4.4%) is water.[3] The entirety of Putnam County is located in the Upper Oconee River sub-basin of the Altamaha River basin.[4]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areaEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 10,029
1820 15,475 54.3%
1830 13,261 −14.3%
1840 10,260 −22.6%
1850 10,794 5.2%
1860 10,125 −6.2%
1870 10,461 3.3%
1880 14,539 39.0%
1890 14,842 2.1%
1900 13,436 −9.5%
1910 13,876 3.3%
1920 15,151 9.2%
1930 8,367 −44.8%
1940 8,514 1.8%
1950 7,731 −9.2%
1960 7,798 0.9%
1970 8,394 7.6%
1980 10,295 22.6%
1990 14,137 37.3%
2000 18,812 33.1%
2010 21,218 12.8%
Est. 2016 21,477 [5] 14.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

2000 censusEdit

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 18,812 people, 7,402 households, and 5,477 families residing in the county. The population density was 55 people per square mile (21/km²). There were 10,319 housing units at an average density of 30 per square mile (12/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 51.45% White, 41.90% Black or African American, 0.20% Native American, 0.66% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, and 0.92% from two or more races. 2.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,402 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.80% were married couples living together, 12.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.00% were non-families. 22.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.20% under the age of 18, 7.70% from 18 to 24, 27.00% from 25 to 44, 28.00% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 97.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,956, and the median income for a family was $43,262. Males had a median income of $30,900 versus $21,823 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,161. About 10.50% of families and 14.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.80% of those under age 18 and 9.80% of those age 65 or over.

2010 censusEdit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 21,218 people, 8,601 households, and 6,075 families residing in the county.[11] The population density was 61.6 inhabitants per square mile (23.8 /km2). There were 12,804 housing units at an average density of 37.2 per square mile (14.4 /km2).[12] The racial makeup of the county was 67.9% white, 26.0% black or African American, 0.5% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific islander, 4.1% from other races, and 1.2% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 6.3% of the population.[11] In terms of ancestry, 27.2% were American, 26.0% African, 10.7% were Irish, 9.9% were English, and 5.9% were German.[13]

Of the 8,601 households, 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 14.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 29.4% were non-families, and 24.7% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.88. The median age was 43.5 years.[11]

The median income for a household in the county was $41,529 and the median income for a family was $49,814. Males had a median income of $31,915 versus $30,857 for females. The per capita income for the county was $25,576. About 9.3% of families and 12.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.0% of those under age 18 and 12.0% of those age 65 or over.[14]

CommunitiesEdit

CityEdit

Census-designated placeEdit

Other unincorporated communitiesEdit

EducationEdit

The Putnam County Charter School System serves the community.

PoliticsEdit

Previous Presidential Elections Results[15]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 69.0% 6,544 29.1% 2,758 2.0% 186
2012 67.3% 6,215 31.7% 2,926 1.0% 88
2008 65.3% 5,966 33.9% 3,102 0.8% 71
2004 63.9% 5,188 35.5% 2,880 0.6% 50
2000 57.1% 3,596 41.5% 2,612 1.4% 91
1996 44.8% 2,306 45.5% 2,340 9.7% 500
1992 37.4% 1,756 45.8% 2,149 16.8% 789
1988 57.7% 2,111 41.9% 1,532 0.4% 13
1984 57.8% 1,830 42.2% 1,336
1980 36.7% 1,166 61.4% 1,951 1.9% 60
1976 29.0% 835 71.0% 2,040
1972 76.5% 1,963 23.5% 604
1968 21.7% 594 35.4% 972 42.9% 1,177
1964 54.0% 1,196 46.0% 1,018
1960 21.7% 305 78.4% 1,104
1956 19.7% 268 80.3% 1,093
1952 16.7% 250 83.3% 1,251
1948 15.5% 132 71.3% 609 13.2% 113
1944 9.6% 74 90.5% 701
1940 7.7% 61 92.2% 730 0.1% 1
1936 6.8% 51 93.1% 703 0.1% 1
1932 4.1% 33 95.5% 770 0.4% 3
1928 7.7% 57 92.3% 682
1924 1.5% 7 97.7% 457 0.9% 4
1920 1.2% 5 98.8% 420
1916 0.0% 0 98.3% 462 1.7% 8
1912 1.5% 7 97.7% 460 0.9% 4

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/13/13237.html. Retrieved February 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission Interactive Mapping Experience". Georgia Soil and Water Conservation Commission. http://www.gaswcc.org/maps/. Retrieved 2015-11-20. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/popest/data/tables.2016.html. Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ga190090.txt. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved June 25, 2014. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_DP/DPDP1/0500000US13237. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  12. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/DEC/10_SF1/GCTPH1.CY07/0500000US13237. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  13. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP02/0500000US13237. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  14. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov/bkmk/table/1.0/en/ACS/10_5YR/DP03/0500000US13237. Retrieved 2015-12-30. 
  15. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External linksEdit


Coordinates: 33°19′N 83°22′W / 33.32, -83.37


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Putnam County, Georgia. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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