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Biography

Robert II Curthose of Normandy, Duke of Normandy, Count of Maine, was born 1051 in (Normandy) to William I of England (1027-1087) and Matilda of Flanders (c1031-1083) and died 10 February 1134 in (Cardiff Castle+ Glamorganshire+ Wales) of unspecified causes. He married Sybilla of Conversano (-1103) 1100 JL in Apulia. Notable ancestors include William I of England (1027-1087), Charlemagne (747-814), Hugh Capet (c940-996), Alfred the Great (849-899). Ancestors are from France, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, the United Kingdom.


Robert, Duke of Normandy, AKA: Robert Curthose or Robert III - He was Duke of Normandy from 1087 to 1106 and an unsuccessful claimant to the throne of the Kingdom of England. The son of William the Conqueror, Robert's reign as duke is noted for the discord with his brothers in England - William II of England and Henry I of England.

1st Crusade

Robert mortgaged his duchy to finance his participation in the First Crusade, where he was an important crusader commander. Eventually, his disagreements with Henry I led to his death in captivity and the absorption of Normandy as a possession of England.

Marriage and Family

Robert married Sybilla of Conversano, daughter of Geoffrey of Brindisi, Count of Conversano (and a grandniece of Robert Guiscard, another Norman duke) on the way back from Crusade, one child:[7][b]

  1. William Clito, was born 25 October 1102 and became heir to the Duchy of Normandy. William Clito was unlucky all his life; his attempts to invade Normandy failed twice (1119) and (1125), his first marriage to a daughter of the Count of Anjou was annulled by his uncle's machinations, and even his late inheritance of the county of Flanders was mishandled. William Clito died in 1128 leaving no issue, thus leaving the field clear in the Norman succession (at least until the death of Henry I).

Sybilla, who was admired and often praised by chroniclers of the time, died shortly after the birth. William of Malmesbury claims she died as a result of binding her breasts too tightly; both Robert of Torigny and Orderic Vitalis suggest she was murdered by a cabal of noblewomen led by her husband's mistress, Agnes Giffard.

Robert also had at least three illegitimate children –

  1. Richard, who died hunting in the New Forest in May 1100,
  2. a son William, a full brother of Richard, - William went to Palestine after 1106 and was named lord of Tortosa, but disappears from the historical record after 1110.
  3. and a daughter who married Helias of Saint-Saens.




Children


Offspring of Robert of Normandy and Sybilla of Conversano (-1103)
Name Birth Death Joined with
William Clito, Count of Flanders (1101-1128)
Henry of Normandy (1102-?)

Siblings


Offspring of William I of England and Matilda of Flanders (c1031-1083)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Robert III, Duke of Normandy (c1051-1134) 1051 (Normandy) 10 February 1134 (Cardiff Castle+ Glamorganshire+ Wales) Sybilla of Conversano (-1103)

Richard of Normandy (c1054-1081) 1054 Normandy 1081 New Forest, Hampshire
Adeliza of Normandy (c1055-1065) 1055 Normandy 1065
Cecilia of Normandy (c1055-1126) 1055 Normandy, France 30 July 1126 Caen, Calvados, France
William II of England (c1056-1100) 1056 Normandy, France 2 August 1100 New Forest, England, United Kingdom
Adela of Normandy (c1062-1138) 1062 Normandy, France 8 March 1138 Marcigny, Saône-et-Loire, France Stephen II, Count of Blois (c1045-1102)

Agatha of Normandy (c1064-c1079) 1064 1079
Constance of Normandy (c1066-1090) 1066 1090 Alain Fergent de Bretagne (c1060-1119)

Henry I of England (1068-1135) 13 June 1068 Selby, Yorkshire, England, United Kingdom 1 December 1135 St. Denis-le-Fermont near Gisors, Picardy, Lyons-la-Forêt, Eure, France Ansfrid (1070-)
Matilda of Scotland (c1080-1118)
Sybil Corbet (1077-)
Edith
Gieva de Tracy
Nest ferch Rhys (c1073-aft1136)
Isabel de Beaumont
Adeliza of Leuven (1103-1151)

Matilda of Normandy (c1061-1086) 1061 Normandy, France 1086 France



References





Footnotes (including sources)

Contributors

  John Kenney