Theodore Roosevelt and family in 1903.
|Earlier spellings||Van Rosenvelt and Van Rosevelt|
|Place of origin||The Netherlands|
|Notable members||Theodore Roosevelt |
Franklin D. Roosevelt
|Connected families||Delano family|
Du Pont family
|Estate||Sagamore Hill and Top Cottage|
|Name origin and meaning||"From the rose field."|
Van Rosevelts of Oud-VossemeerEdit
It has been suggested that Claes van Rosenvelt was related to the Van Rosevelts of Oud-Vossemeer, who were amt lords in the Tholen region of the Netherlands. While evidence suggests that Claes van Rosenvelt, the ancestor to the American Roosevelt family, indeed came from the Tholen region where the Van Rosevelts were land owners, no records exist that prove any definitive relation of the two families. It may simply be a coincidence, or Claes van Rosenvelt may have chosen the name purposely because of its noble origins or to honour his local amt lord.
Claes van RosenveltEdit
Claes Maartenszen van Rosenvelt, the immigrant ancestor of the Roosevelt family, arrived in Nieuw Amsterdam (present day New York City) some time between 1638 and 1649. Around the year 1652, he bought a farm from Lambert van Valckenburgh comprising twenty-four morgens (forty-eight acres) in what is now Midtown Manhattan, including the present site of the Empire State Building. The property included roughly what is now the area between Lexington Avenue and Fifth Avenue bounded by 29th St. and 35th St.
Claes' son Nicholas was the first to use the spelling Roosevelt and the first to hold political office, as an alderman. His children Johannes and Jacobus were the progenitors of the Oyster Bay and Hyde Park branches of the family that emerged in the 18th century, respectively. By the late 19th century, the Hyde Park Roosevelts were generally associated with the Democratic Party and the Oyster Bay Roosevelts with the Republican Party. President Theodore Roosevelt, an Oyster Bay Roosevelt, was President Franklin Roosevelt's fifth cousin. Despite political differences that led family members to actively campaign against each other, the two branches generally remained friendly. James Roosevelt, Sr. met his wife at a Roosevelt family gathering in the home of Theodore's mother, and James' son Franklin married Theodore's niece Eleanor.
Coats of armsEdit
In heraldry, canting arms are a visual or pictorial play on a surname, and were and still are a popular practice. It would be common to find roses, then, in arms of many Roosevelt families, even unrelated ones. Also, grassy mounds or fields of green would be a familiar attribute.
The Van Rosevelts of Oud-Vossemeer in Zeeland have a coat of arms that is divided horizontally, the top portion with a white chevron between three white roses, while the bottom half is gold with a red lion rampant. A traditional blazon suggested would be, Per fess vert a chevron between three roses argent and Or a lion rampant gules.
The coat of arms of the Dutch burgher Claes van Rosenvelt, ancestor of the American political family that included Theodore and Franklin D. Roosevelt, were white with a rosebush with three rose flowers growing upon a grassy mound, and whose crest was of three ostrich feathers divided into red and white halves each. In heraldic terms this would be described as, Argent upon a grassy mound a rose bush proper bearing three roses gules barbed and seeded all proper, with a crest upon a torse argent and gules of Three ostrich plumes each per pale gules and argent. Franklin Roosevelt altered his arms to rid of the rosebush and use in its place three crossed roses on their stems, changing the blazon of his shield to Three roses one in pale and two in saltire gules barbed seeded slipped and leaved proper.
- Nicholas Roosevelt (b. 1687), goldsmith
- Nicholas Roosevelt (b. c. 1715), militia first lieutenant in the American Revolutionary War
Oyster Bay RooseveltsEdit
- Johannes Roosevelt (1689-1750), head of the Oyster Bay branch
- Nicholas Roosevelt (b. 1717), merchant
- Nicholas Roosevelt (b. 1747)
- Cornelius Roosevelt (b. 1731), New York City alderman
- Elbert Roosevelt (1767–1857)
- Clinton Roosevelt (1804–1898), pro-labor economic reformer of the Democratic Party
- Nicholas Roosevelt (1767–1854)
- Samuel Roosevelt (1813–1878)
- Silas Weir Roosevelt (1823–1870)
- Cornelius Roosevelt (1847–1902), m. Anais Julia Carmencita Piorkque (1848–1941), m. Anastacia Anderpoll (1879–1962)
- Andre Roosevelt (1879–1962), film director, m. Adelheid Lange (1879–1962), sculptress
- Hilda Roosevelt (dates unknown), Parisian opera singer
- Hilborne Roosevelt, (1849–1886), pioneering organ builder
- James West Roosevelt, (1858–1896), physician
- Nicholas Roosevelt (1893–1982), American diplomat and journalist
- James Alfred Roosevelt (1825–1898), banker
- William Emlen Roosevelt (1857–1930), banker and telegraph executive
- Robert Barnwell Roosevelt (1829–1906), conservationist
- Theodore Roosevelt (1831-1879), m. Martha "Mittie" Bulloch
- Anna "Bamie" Roosevelt (1855–1931), m. William S. Cowles
- Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919), m. Alice Hathaway Lee, m. Edith Kermit Carow, career politician, Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Navy, Governor of New York, Vice-President of the United States of America, and President of the United States of America
- Paulina Longworth (1925–1957)
- Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. (1887–1944), m. Eleanor Butler Alexander
- Theodore Roosevelt III (1914–2001), m. Anne Mason Babcock
- Theodore Roosevelt IV (b. 1942), m. Constance Lane Rogers
- Theodore Roosevelt V (b. 1976), m. Serena Clare Torrey
- Kermit Roosevelt (1889–1943), m. Belle Wyatt Willard
- Kermit Roosevelt, Jr. (1916–2000), m. Mary Lowe Gaddis
- Kermit Roosevelt III (b. 1971)
- Joseph Willard Roosevelt (1918–2008), pianist and composer
- Ethel Roosevelt (1891–1977), m. Richard Derby
- Archibald Roosevelt (1894–1979), m. Grace Lockwood, municipal bond broker
- Tweed Roosevelt (b. 1942), businessman
- Quentin Roosevelt (1897–1918)
- Corinne Roosevelt (1861–1933), m. Douglas Robinson, poet, lecturer, and orator
Hyde Park RooseveltsEdit
- Jacobus Roosevelt (1692-1776), m. Catharina Hardenbroek, head of the Hyde Park branch
- Helena Roosevelt (1719–1772), m. Andrew Barclay
- Christopher Roosevelt (b. 1739)
- James Christopher Roosevelt (1770)
- Isaac Roosevelt (1726-1794), merchant, co-founder of the Bank of New York, Federalist politician, served in the New York State Assembly and the New York Constitutional Convention
- Grace Roosevelt, m. Guy Carleton Bayley (himself a grandson of Andrew Barclay and Helena Roosevelt)
- Isaac Daniel Roosevelt (1790-1863) m. Mary Rebecca Aspinwall
- James "Rosy" Roosevelt, Jr. (1854–1927) m. Helen Schermerhorn Astor
- Tadd Roosevelt (1879–1958)
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt (1882-1945), m. Eleanor Roosevelt, career politician, Assistant Secretary of the U.S. Navy, Governor of New York and President of the United States of America
- Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (1906–1975), m. Curtis Bean Dall, m. Clarence John Boettiger, m. Dr. James Addison Halsted
- Elliott Roosevelt (1910–1990)
- William Donner Roosevelt (1931–2003), investment banker and philanthropist
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt III (b. 1938), m. Grace R. Goodyear, economist
- John Aspinwall Roosevelt (1916–1981), m. Anne Lindsay Clark
- John Aspinwall Roosevelt (1840–1909), m. Ellen Murray Crosby
- Ellen Crosby Roosevelt (1868–1954), tennis champion
- ^ "Amt lords". Ambachtsheerlijkheid. http://www.ambachtsheerlijkheid.com/amtlords.html. Retrieved 27 November 2009.
- ^ "Oud Vossemeer". Oudvossemeer.com. http://www.oudvossemeer.com/index.htm. Retrieved 28 February 2008.
- ^ "Lambert Jochemse van Valckenburch of New Amsterdam". VanValkenburg.org. http://www.vanvalkenburg.org/lambert-manhattan.html. Retrieved 28 February 2008.
- ^ a b Heraldry Society "Theodore Roosevelt and Franklin Delano Roosevelt, 26th and 32nd Presidents of the United States". PUBLISHER. http://www.americanheraldry.org/pages/index.php?n=President.American Heraldry Society. Retrieved 28 October 2009.
- ^ The New York civil list. Google Books. http://books.google.com/books?pg=PA33&dq=editions:LCCN93004831&id=E3sFAAAAQAAJ&#PPA300,M1. Retrieved 27 November 2009.
- Further reading
- Cobb, William T. (1946). The Strenuous Life: The Oyster Bay Roosevelts in Business and Finance. William E. Rudge's Sons.
- Collier, Peter; David Horowitz (1994). The Roosevelts: An American Saga. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-671-65225-7.
- Hubert, Philip G. (1903). The Merchants' National Bank of the City of New York. http://books.google.com/books?id=YGT55bJdwyoC.
- Schriftgiesser, Karl (1942). The Amazing Roosevelt Family, 1613–1942. Wildred Funk, Inc..
- Scoville, Joseph A. (1863). The Old Merchants of New York City. New York, NY: Carlton. http://books.google.com/books?id=V0k5AAAAMAAJ.
- Whittelsey, Charles B. (1902). The Roosevelt Genealogy, 1649–1902.
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