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Sør-Trøndelag

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Sør-Trøndelag fylke
—  County  —
Coat of arms of Sør-Trøndelag fylke
Coat of arms
Sør-Trøndelag kart.png
Sør-Trøndelag within Norway
Country Norway
County Sør-Trøndelag
Region Trøndelag
County ID NO-16
Official language form Neutral
Demonym Sørtrønder [1]
Administrative centre Trondheim
Government
 • Governor Kåre Gjønnes
  Kristelig Folkeparti
  (since 1993)
 • County Mayor Tore O. Sandvik
  Arbeiderpartiet
  (since 2003)
Area(#7 in Norway, 5.86% of Norway's land area)
 • Total 18,848 km2 (7,277 sq mi)
 • Land 17,830 km2 (6,880 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 284,773
 • Density 15/km2 (40/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 5.8 %
 • Rank in Norway 5 (5.90% of nation)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Income (per capita) 139,200 NOK
GDP (per capita) 243,281 NOK (2001)
National Rank: 5 (4.23% of nation)
Website www.stfk.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Loudspeaker Sør-Trøndelag  is a county in the area Trøndelag in Norway, bordering Nord-Trøndelag, Møre og Romsdal, Oppland, and Hedmark. To the west is the Norwegian Sea (Atlantic Ocean), and to the east is Sweden. The county is separated into a northern and southern part by Trondheimsfjorden. More than half of the population in the county lives in Trondheim. The Norwegian dialect of the region is Trøndersk.

Austrattborgen9

The Manor of Austrått in Ørland at the mouth of Trondheimsfjord.

The nameEdit

The name Sør-Trøndelag was created in 1919. It means '(the) southern (part of) Trøndelag'.

Until 1919 the name of the county was Søndre Trondhjems amt. The meaning of this name was '(the) southern (part of) Trondhjems amt'. (The old Trondhjems amt, created in 1662, was divided in 1804. Trondhjem is the old form of Trondheim.)

See also Nord-Trøndelag

Coat-of-armsEdit

The coat-of-arms is from modern times (1983) - but it has old roots: This was the seal of Gaute Ivarsson, archbishop of Trondheim 1475-1510.

GeographyEdit

Raudøra

Gjevilvatnet (lake) in Trollheimen, Oppdal.

The broad and long Trondheimsfjord is at the center of this county, although the coastal areas stretch somewhat further north. The mountain ranges Dovrefjell and Trollheimen are located in the south, while the Fosen peninsula is located north of the fjord. Several of the best salmon rivers in Europe are located in the county, the largest and most famous being Gaula and Orkla. Dovrefjell-Sunndalsfjella National Park, Forollhogna National Park, Skarvan og Roltdalen National Park, and Femundsmarka National Park are located, or partly located, in the county.

History Edit

File:Nidarosdomen-Olavsfestdagene.jpg

People have lived in this region for thousands of years (see Rock carvings in Central Norway, Nøstvet and Lihult cultures and Corded Ware culture). The fertile lowland bordering the Trondheimsfjord was probably the most important power centre in the Viking Age. Trondheim was the seat of the archbishop for several centuries, and an important pilgrimage destination following the death of St Olav in 1030. Røros, in the southeastern part of the county, is a well-preserved mining town on a mountain plateau, and is a Unesco World Heritage Site.

Economy Edit

Mining in Røros and Løkken in Meldal lasted for about 300 years, and Thamshavnbanen, the old electric railway from Orkdal to Løkken, is still usable. The constant fires used to crack the rock in the mines demanded vast amounts of firewood; the montane forests on the mountain plateau near Røros still have not fully recovered. Along the coast, fishing has always been important. Farming was and still is important in the whole county, with the most economical important agriculture taking place in the fertile lowland valleys, such as in Melhus, Orkdal, Skaun, Midtre Gauldal, Malvik, and Trondheim, but also near the outer seaboard, such as in Ørland and Rissa. The city of Trondheim has always been at the centre of this area, with administrative functions, as well as industry based on agricultural produce, and more recently education, high-tech business and healthcare.

Climate Edit

Rorosmartna 20070220

Rørosmartna - Røros winter market; February 2007

Sula, Frøya

Sula island in Frøya municipality

The weather is very much decided by the direction of the wind; southerlies and easterlies bring sunny weather, while westerlies bring precipitation with mild weather in winter and cool rainy weather in summer. Northwesterlies bring the worst weather with snow in winter (often sleet or rain on the coast). Average yearly precipitation varies from 2,000 mm in some areas of Fosen, to 850 mm in Trondheim and only 500 mm in Oppdal. The interior areas at somewhat higher elevations have cold winters with reliable snow cover, while the coastal areas have a maritime climate with mild and more windy winters. Sula in Frøya municipality has an average of 1.5°C (34°F) in the coldest month [2]. Røros, at an altitude of 628 m (2,000 ft), has a January average of -11.2°C (12°F; [2]. Summer temperatures does not differ that much; sheltered lowlands a bit inland will have the warmest summers. Base period 1961-1990.

Municipalities Edit

Sor-Trondelag Municipalities

Sør-Trøndelag has a total of 25 municipalities:

  1. Åfjord
  2. Agdenes
  3. Bjugn
  4. Frøya
  5. Hemne
  6. Hitra
  7. Holtålen
  8. Klæbu
  9. Malvik
  10. Meldal
  11. Melhus
  12. Midtre Gauldal
  13. Oppdal </td>
  1. Orkdal
  2. Ørland
  3. Osen
  4. Rennebu
  5. Rissa
  6. Roan
  7. Røros
  8. Selbu
  9. Skaun
  10. Snillfjord
  11. Trondheim
  12. Tydal </td>

External links Edit

ReferencesEdit

Coordinates: 63°10′N 10°20′E / 63.167, 10.333


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Sør-Trøndelag. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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