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Satu Mare County

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Satu Mare County
Județul Satu Mare
—  County   —
Satu Mare county CoA.png
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Satu Mare county highlighted
Coordinates: 47°41′N 22°53′E / 47.69, 22.89Coordinates: 47°41′N 22°53′E / 47.69, 22.89
Country Romania
Development region Nord-Vest
Historical region Transylvania
Capital Satu Mare
Area
 • Total 4,418 km2 (1,706 sq mi)
Area rank 36th
Population (2007)[1]
 • Total 366,270
 • Rank 31st
 • Density 83/km2 (210/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 261 or (+40) 361[2]
ISO 3166 code RO-SM
Website County Council
Prefecture

Satu Mare County (Romanian: Judeţul Satu Mare, pronounced [ˌsatu ˈmare]; Hungarian: Szatmár megye) is a county (judeţ) of Romania. The capital city is Satu Mare. Besides Romanians (58.8% of the population), Satu Mare features a significant ethnic minority of Hungarians (35.2%).

DemographicsEdit

In 2007, its population was 366,270 and population density was 83/km². [3][4]

Hungarians mostly reside along the border with Hungary, but some are also scattered throughout the whole county.

Year County population Romanians Hungarians Germans
1880[5] 194,326 76,668 95,681 13,449
1890 216,158 85,663 114,836 14,030
1900 245,855 93,591 138,086 12,165
1910 267,310 92,264 166,369 6,709
1920 262,937 124,476 81,242 34,982
1948 [6] 312,672
1956 337,531 180,930 145,880 3,588
1966 359,393
1977 393,840
1992 400,789
2002 367,281
2007 366,270

GeographyEdit

This county has a total area of 4,418 square kilometres (1,706 sq mi).

In the north are the Oaş Mountains, part of the Eastern Carpathians. This makes up around 17% of the area. The remainder is hills, forming 20% of the area, and plains. The western county takes up the Eastern part of the Pannonian Plain.

The county is crossed by the Someş River and also Tur River and Crasna River.

The county lies partly in the historical region of Maramureş and partly in the historical region of Crişana.

NeighboursEdit

It is a member of the Carpathian euroregion.

EconomyEdit

Satu Mare County benefits from its position, close to the border of Romania with Hungary and Ukraine, and it's one of the places which attracts foreign investment in industry and agriculture.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Textiles industry.
  • Machine and automotive components.
  • Food industry.
  • Wood and furniture industry.

TourismEdit

The main tourist attractions in the county are:

Administrative divisionsEdit

Satu Mare County has 2 municipalities, 4 towns and 59 communes:

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ INSSE Statistic
  2. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
  4. ^ Structura Etno-demografică a României
  5. ^ Erdély etnikai és felekezeti statisztikája
  6. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"

External linksEdit

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