is the 245th day of the year (246th in September 2 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 120 days remaining until the end of the year.
490 BC - After the Battle of Marathon, where the Greeks defeated the invading Persians, Pheidippides, who had already run 140 miles in 2 days and nights, ran 26 miles from Marathon to Athens to carry the news of the victory. His last words before he collapsed and died, "Rejoice, we are victorious."
44 BC - Pharaoh Cleopatra VII of Egypt declares her son co-ruler as Ptolemy XV Caesarion.
44 BC - The first of Cicero’s Philippics (oratorical attacks) on Mark Antony. He will make 14 of them over the next several months.
31 BC - Final war of the Roman Republic: Battle of Actium - Off the western coast of Greece, forces of Octavian defeat troops under Mark Antony and Cleopatra.
1649 - The Italian city of Castro is completely destroyed by the forces of Pope Innocent X, ending the Wars of Castro.
1666 - The Great Fire of London breaks out and burns for three days, destroying 10,000 buildings including St. Paul's Cathedral.
1752 - The United Kingdom adopts the Gregorian Calendar, nearly two centuries later than most of Western Europe.
1789 - The United States Department of the Treasury is founded.
1792 - During what became known as the September Massacres of the French Revolution, rampaging mobs slaughter three Roman Catholic Church bishops, more than two hundred priests, and prisoners believed to be royalist sympathizers.
1807 - British Navy bombards Copenhagen with fire bombs and phosphorus rockets to prevent Denmark from surrendering its fleet to Napoleon.
1833 - Oberlin College is founded by John Shipherd and Philo P. Stewart.
1859 - A solar super storm affects electrical telegraph service.
1862 - American Civil War: President Abraham Lincoln reluctantly restores Union General George B. McClellan to full command after General John Pope's disastrous defeat at the Battle of Second Bull Run.
1864 - American Civil War: Union forces enter Atlanta a day after the Confederate defenders flee the city.
1867 - Mutsuhito, the Meiji Emperor of Japan, marries Masako Ichijō. The Empress consort is thereafter known as Lady Haruko. Since her death in 1914, she's called by the posthumous name Empress Shōken.
1870 - Franco-Prussian War: Battle of Sedan - Prussian forces take French Emperor Napoleon III and 100,000 of his soldiers prisoner.
1885 - In Rock Springs, 150 white miners, who were struggling to unionize so they could strike for better wages and work conditions, attack their Chinese fellow workers, killing 28, wounding 15, and forcing several hundred more out of town.
1898 - Battle of Omdurman - British and Egyptian troops defeat Sudanese tribesmen and establishing British dominance in the Sudan.
1901 - Vice President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt utters the famous phrase, "Speak softly and carry a big stick" at the Minnesota State Fair.
1925 - The U.S. Zeppelin the crashes, killing 14.
USS Shenandoah 1935 - Labor Day Hurricane of 1935: A large hurricane hits the Florida Keys killing 423.
1939 - World War II: Following the invasion of Poland, Freie Stadt Danzig Danzig (now Gdańsk, Poland) is annexed to Nazi Germany.
1945 - Combat in World War II ends in the Pacific Theater: The final official surrender of Japan is accepted aboard the battleship USS in Missouri Tokyo Bay.
1945 - Vietnam declares its independence, forming the Democratic Republic of Vietnam ( North Vietnam).
1958 - U.S. Air Force C-130A-II is shot down by fighters over Yerevan when it strays into Soviet airspace while conducting a sigint mission. All crew lost.
1963 - becomes CBS Evening News U.S. network television's first half-hour weeknight news broadcast, when the show is lengthened from 15 to 30 minutes.
1969 - The first automatic teller machine in the United States is installed in Rockville Center.
1970 - NASA announces the cancellation of two Apollo missions to the Moon, Apollo 15 (the designation was re-used by a later mission), and Apollo 19.
1990 - Transnistria unilaterally proclaimed as Soviet republic; the Soviet president Mikhail Gorbachev declares the decision null and void.
1991 - The United States recognizes the independence of the Baltic states: Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania.
1996 - A peace agreement is signed between the Government of the Republic of the Philippines and the Moro National Liberation Front in Malacañang Palace.
1998 - Swissair Flight 111 crashes near Peggys Cove. All 229 people on board are killed.
1998 - The UN's International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda finds Jean-Paul Akayesu, the former mayor of a small town in Rwanda, guilty of nine counts of genocide.
2005 - The Natural Bridge, a very popular tourist attraction in Aruba, collapses after thousands of years in good condition.
2006 - Waziristan War ends. US and Pakistani Troops leave Waziristan mountain area.
1243 - Gilbert de Clare, English politician (d. 1295)
1548 - Vincenzo Scamozzi, Italian architect (d. 1616)
1661 - Georg Böhm, German organist (d. 1733)
1675 - William Somervile, English poet (d. 1742)
1753 - Marie Josephine Louise of Savoy, queen of France (d. 1810)
1778- Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland (d. 1846)
1805 - Esteban Echeverría, Argentine writer (d. 1851)
1810 - William Seymour Tyler, American educator and historian (d. 1897)
1830 - William P. Frye, American politician (d. 1911)
1838 - Liliuokalani of Hawaii, Queen of Hawaii (d. 1917)
1850 - Albert Spalding, baseball player and sporting goods manufacturer (d. 1915)
1850 - Woldemar Voigt, German physicist (d. 1919)
1852 - Paul Bourget, French novelist and critic (d. 1935)
1853 - Wilhelm Ostwald, German chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1932)
1854 - Hans Jæger, Norwegian writer and political activist (d. 1910)
1862 - Franjo Krežma, Croatian violinist (d. 1881)
1877 - Frederick Soddy, British chemist, Nobel laureate (d. 1956)
1878 - Werner von Blomberg, German field marshal (d. 1946)
1879 - An Jung-geun, Japanese assassin of Ito Hirobumi (d. 1910)
1883 - Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria, "The Red Archduchess" (d. 1963)
1884 - Dr. Frank C. Laubach, Christian missionary (d. 1970)
1894 - Joseph Roth, Austrian novelist (d. 1939)
1901 - Andreas Embirikos, Greek surrealist poet (d. 1975)
1911 - Romare Bearden, African American painter (d. 1988)
1914 - Tom Glazer, American folk singer and songwriter (d. 2003)
1915 - Meinhardt Raabe, actor, notable as Munchkin Coroner on The Wizard of Oz
1915 - Benjamin Aaron, American labor law expert (d. 2007)
1917 - Cleveland Amory, American author (d. 1998)
1917 - Laurindo Almeida, Brazilian guitarist (d. 1995)
1923 - Rene Thom, French mathematician (d. 2002)
1924 - Daniel arap Moi, President of Kenya
1925 - Hugo Montenegro, American composer and bandleader (d. 1981)
1928 - Horace Silver, American jazz pianist and composer
1929 - Hal Ashby, American film director (d. 1988)
1931 - Clifford Jordan, American jazz saxophonist (d. 1993)
1933 - Victor Spinetti, Welsh actor
1935 - D. Wayne Lukas, American horse trainer
1936 - Andrew Grove, American computer chip manufacturer
1937 - Peter Ueberroth, American sport executive
1937 - Derek Fowlds, British actor
1938 - Mary Jo Catlett, American actress
1938 - Clarence Felder, American actor
1939 - Sam Gooden, American singer ( The Impressions)
1940 - Jimmy Clanton, American singer
1941 - David Bale, South African-born activist (d. 2003)
1941 - Graeme Langlands, Australian rugby league footballer
1943 - Rosalind Ashford, American singer ( Martha and the Vandellas)
1943 - Glen Sather, Canadian ice hockey player and executive
1943 - Joe Simon, American singer
1944 - Al Matthews, American actor (d. 2002)
1946 - Billy Preston, American musician (d. 2006)
1946 - Luis Avalos, Cuban actor
1946 - Walt Simonson, American comic book artist & writer
1947 - Richard Coughlan, English drummer and percussionist ( Caravan)
1948 - Terry Bradshaw, American football player
1948 - Christa McAuliffe, American schoolteacher and astronaut (d. 1986)
1950 - Rosanna DeSoto, American actress
1950 - Michael Rother, German musician ( Neu!, Kraftwerk, Harmonia, Cluster)
1950 - Yuen Wah, Chinese actor and stuntman
1951 - Mark Harmon, American actor
1952 - Jimmy Connors, American tennis player
1953 - John Zorn, American musician
1956 - Mario Tremblay, Canadian hockey player and coach
1956 - Angelo Fusco, Provisional Irish Republican Army member
1957 - Tony Alva, American skateboarder
1958 - Olivier Grouillard, French racing driver
1959 - Guy Laliberté, founder of Cirque du Soleil
1960 - Kristin Halvorsen, Norwegian politician
1960 - Rex Hudler, baseball player
1960 - Eric Dickerson, American football player
1961 - Carlos Valderrama, Colombian footballer
1962 - Prachya Pinkaew, Thai film director
1962 - Eugenio Derbez, Mexican comedian and actor
1962 - Jon Berkeley, author and illustrator
1964 - Keanu Reeves, American actor
1965 - Lennox Lewis, British-born boxer
1965 - Partho Sen-Gupta, Indian filmmaker
1966 - Salma Hayek, Mexican actress
1966 - Dino Cazares, American musician
1966 - Olivier Panis, French race car driver
1966 - Tuc Watkins, American actor
1968 - Cynthia Watros, American actress
1968 - Kristen Cloke, American actress
1969 - Cedric "K-Ci" Hailey, American singer
1969 - Stéphane Matteau, French Canadian ice hockey player
1971 - Tommy Maddox, American football player
1971 - Kjetil André Aamodt, Norwegian skier
1971 - Lisa Snowdon, English Model
1972 - Matthew Dunn, Australian swimmer
1973 - Jason Blake, American hockey player
1973 - Pawan Kalyan, Indian actor
1974 - Steven Johnson, Australian racing driver
1975 - MC Chris, American Nerdcore Artist
1976 - Phil Lipscomb, American musician ( Taproot)
1976 - Erin Hershey, American actress.
1977 - Ramiro Muñoz, Colombian musician
1977 - Frédéric Kanouté, Malian footballer
1979 - Ron Ng, Hong Kong actor
1980 - Dany Sabourin, French Canadian Goaltender in the National Hockey League
1980 - Hiroki Yoshimoto, Japanese racing driver
1981 - Chris Tremlett, English cricketer
1981 - Bracha van Doesburgh, Dutch actress
1982 - Joey Barton, English footballer
1982 - Mandy Cho, Hong Kong actress
1982 - Jason Hammel, American baseball player
1983 - Mark Foster
1987 - Spencer Smith, American musician ( Panic! at the Disco)
1989 - Alexandre Pato, Brazilian footballer
490 BC - Pheidippides, Greek hero
421 - Constantius III, Roman Emperor
1031 - Saint Emeric of Hungary
1274 - Prince Munetaka, Japanese shogun (b. 1242)
1397 - Francesco Landini, Italian composer
1540 - Lebna Dengel, Emperor of Ethiopia (b. 1501)
1680 - Per Brahe, Swedish soldier and statesman (b. 1602)
1688 - Robert Viner, Lord Mayor of London (b. 1631)
1690 - Philipp Wilhelm (b. 1615)
1764 - Nathaniel Bliss, English Astronomer Royal (b. 1700)
1765 - Henry Bouquet, Swiss-born British army officer (b. 1719)
1768 - Antoine Deparcieux, French mathematician (b. 1703)
1790 - Johann Nikolaus von Hontheim, German historian and theologian (b. 1701)
1813 - Jean Victor Marie Moreau, French general (mortally wounded in battle) (b. 1763)
1820 - Jiaqing, Emperor of China (b. 1760)
1832 - Franz Xaver, Austrian astronomer (b. 1754)
1834 - Thomas Telford, Scottish civil engineer (b. 1757)
1865 - William Rowan Hamilton, Irish mathematician (b. 1805)
1872 - Nicolai Grundtvig, Danish writer and philosopher (b. 1783)
1877 - Constantine Kanaris, Greek admiral, freedom fighter and politician (b. 1793)
1898 - Wilford Woodruff, fourth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1807)
1910 - Henri Rousseau, French painter (b. 1844)
1921 - Henry Austin Dobson, English poet (b. 1840)
1921 - Anthony Francis Lucas Croatian-born oil pioneer (b. 1855)
1934 - Alcide Nunez, American musician (b. 1884)
1934 - Russ Columbo, American singer, violinist and actor (b. 1908)
1934 - James Allan, New Zealand rugby union player, All Black (b. 1860)
1937 - Pierre de Coubertin, French founder of the modern Olympic Games (b. 1863)
1948 - Sylvanus Morley, American archaeologist and spy (b. 1883)
1953 - Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, U.S. general (b. 1883)
1964 - Alvin York, American soldier (b. 1887)
1964 - Glenn Albert Black, American archaeologist (b. 1900)
1965 - Johannes Bobrowski, German writer (b. 1917)
1969 - Ho Chi Minh, President of Vietnam (b. 1890)
1973 - Carl Dudley, American film director (b. 1910)
1973 - J. R. R. Tolkien, British writer (b. 1892)
1976 - Stanisław Grochowiak, Polish writer (b. 1934)
1978 - Fred G. Meyer, Founder Fred Meyer Inc. (b. 1886)
1984 - Manos Katrakis, Greek actor (b. 1908)
1985 - Abe Lenstra, Dutch footballer (b. 1920)
1991 - Alfonso García Robles, Mexican diplomat and politician, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1911)
1992 - Barbara McClintock, American geneticist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1902)
1994 - Roy Castle, British entertainer (b. 1932)
1997 - Rudolph Bing, Austrian-born opera manager (b. 1902)
1997 - Viktor Frankl, Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist (b. 1905)
1998 - Jackie Blanchflower, Irish footballer (b. 1933)
1998 - Allen Drury, American author (b. 1918)
2000 - Elvera Sanchez, Puerto Rican dancer (b. 1905)
2000 - Curt Siodmak, German-born author (b. 1907)
2001 - Christiaan Barnard, South African heart surgeon (b. 1922)
2001 - Troy Donahue, American actor (b. 1936)
2002 - Dick Reynolds, Australian footballer and coach (b. 1915)
2004 - Joan Oró, Catalan scientist (b. 1923)
2005 - Bob Denver, American actor (b. 1935)
2006 - Bob Mathias, American athlete and congressman (b. 1930)
2006 - Willi Ninja, dancer and choreographer (b. 1961)
2007 - Max McNab, National Hockey League executive (b. 1924)
2007 - Franz-Benno Delonge, German game designer (b. 1957)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
64 Familypedia people were born on September 2
87 Familypedia people died on September 2
64 Familypedia people were first married on September 2