is the 248th day of the year (249th in September 5 leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. There are 117 days remaining until the end of the year.
1590 - Alexander Farnese's army forces Henry IV of France to raise the siege of Paris.
1661 - Fall of Nicolas Fouquet: Louis XIV Superintendent of Finances is arrested in Nantes by D'Artagnan, captain of the king's musketeers.
1666 - Great Fire of London ends: 10,000 buildings including St. Paul's Cathedral are destroyed, but only 16 people are known to have died.
1698 - In an effort to move his people away from archaic customs, Tsar Peter I of Russia imposes a tax on beards.
1725 - Wedding of Louis XV and Maria Leszczyńska.
1774 - First Continental Congress assembles in Philadelphia.
1781 - Battle of the Chesapeake in the American Revolutionary War.
1793 - French Revolution the French National Convention initiates the Reign of Terror.
1798 - Conscription is made mandatory in France by the Jourdan law.
1800 - Malta is conquered by Great Britain.
1816 - Louis XVIII has to dissolve the Chambre introuvable ("Unobtainable Chamber").
1836 - Sam Houston is elected as the second president of the Republic of Texas.
1839 - The First Opium War begins in China.
1840 - Premiere of Giuseppe Verdi's at Un giorno di regno La Scala of Milan.
1862 - American Civil War: the Potomac River is crossed at White's Ford in the Maryland Campaign.
1864 - Achille François Bazaine becomes Marshall of France.
1877 - Indian Wars: Oglala Sioux chief Crazy Horse is bayoneted by a United States soldier after resisting confinement in a guardhouse at Fort Robinson in Nebraska.
1882 - The first United States Labor Day parade is held in New York City.
1905 - Russo-Japanese War: In New Hampshire, USA, the Treaty of Portsmouth, mediated by US President Theodore Roosevelt, ends the war.
1914 - World War I: First Battle of the Marne begins. Northeast of Paris, the French attack and defeat German forces who are advancing on the capital.
1915 - The pacifist Zimmerwald Conference begins.
1918 - Decree "On Red Terror" is published in Russia
1932 - The colonie of Upper Volta is broken apart between Ivory Coast, Mali, and Niger.
1937 - Spanish Civil War: Llanes falls.
1938 - Chile: A group of youths affiliated with the fascist National Socialist Movement of Chile are assassinated in the Seguro Obrero massacre.
1939 - World War II: The United States declares its neutrality in the war.
1942 - World War II: Japanese high command orders withdrawal at Milne Bay, first Japanese defeat in the Pacific War.
1943 - World War II: The 503d Parachute Infantry Regiment lands and occupies Nazdab, near Lae in the Salamaua-Lae campaign.
1944 - Belgium, Netherlands and Luxembourg constitute Benelux.
1945 - Iva Toguri D'Aquino, a Japanese-American suspected of being wartime radio propagandist Tokyo Rose, is arrested in Yokohama.
1948 - Robert Schuman becomes President of the Council while being Foreign minister, As such, he is the negotiator of the major treaties of the end of World War II.
1957 - Cuba: Fulgencio Batista bombs the revolt in Cienfuegos.
1960 - The poet Léopold Sédar Senghor is elected as the first President of Senegal.
1961 - The first conference of the Non Aligned Countries is held in Belgrade.
1969 - My Lai Massacre: U.S. Army Lt. William Calley is charged with six specifications of premeditated murder for the death of 109 Vietnamese civilians in My Lai.
1970 - Vietnam War: Operation Jefferson Glenn begins: the United States 101st Airborne Division and the South Vietnamese 1st Infantry Division initiate a new operation in Thua Thien province.
1972 - Munich Massacre: A Palestinian terrorist group called " Black September" attack Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympic Games.
1975 - Sacramento, California: a follower of incarcerated cult leader Charles Manson, Lynette Fromme attempts to assassinate U.S. President Gerald Ford.
1977 - Hanns Martin Schleyer, is kidnapped in Cologne, West Germany by the Red Army Faction and is later murdered.
1977 - Voyager program: Voyager 1 is launched after a brief delay.
1978 - Camp David Accords: Menachem Begin and Anwar Sadat begin peace process at Camp David, Maryland.
1980 - The St. Gotthard Tunnel opens in Switzerland as the world's longest highway tunnel at 10.14 miles (16.224 km) stretching from Goschenen to Airolo.
1984 - STS-41-D: The Space Shuttle lands after its maiden voyage.
Discovery 1984 - Western Australia becomes the last Australian state to abolish capital punishment.
1986 - Pan Am Flight 73 with 358 people on board is hijacked at Karachi International Airport.
1991 - The Mall Southampton, Southampton, UK opened it's doors for the fist time
2000 - The hottest day ever in Texas as most weather stations in the state topped 100 degrees and many topped 110.
2005 - Mandala Airlines Flight 091 crashes into a heavily-populated residential of Sumatra, Indonesia, killing 104 people on board and at least 39 persons on ground.
2007 - 3 terrorists suspected to be a part of Al-Quaeda are arrested in Germany after planning attacks on both the Frankfurt International airport and US-Military installations. See German Terror Plot 9/07
1187 - Louis VIII of France (d. 1226)
1568 - Tommaso Campanella, Italian theologian, philosopher, and poet (d. 1639)
1621 - Juan Andrés Coloma, Spanish noble (d. 1694)
1638 - Louis XIV of France (d. 1715)
1667 - Giovanni Gerolamo Saccheri, Italian mathematician (d. 1733)
1695 - Carl Gustaf Tessin, Swedish politician (d. 1770)
1722 - Frederick Christian (d. 1763)
1725 - Jean-Étienne Montucla, French mathematician (d. 1799)
1735 - Johann Christian Bach, German composer (d. 1782)
1750 - Robert Fergusson, Scottish poet (d. 1774)
1771 - Archduke Charles of Austria, Austrian general (d. 1847)
1774 - Caspar David Friedrich, German artist (d. 1840)
1775 - Juan Martín Díez, el Empecinado (the undaunted), Spanish guerrillero (d. 1825)
1787 - François Sulpice Beudant, French mineralogist and geologist (d. 1850)
1791 - Giacomo Meyerbeer, German composer (d. 1864)
1792 - Pierre-Armand Dufrénoy, French geologist and mineralogist (d. 1857).
1806 - Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general (d. 1865)
1807 - Richard Chenevix Trench, Irish Anglican clergyman and philologist (d. 1886)
1809 - Manuel Montt Torres, President of Chile (d. 1880)
1827 - Goffredo Mameli, Italian poet and writer (d. 1849)
1836 - Justiniano Borgoño, President of Peru (d. 1921)
1847 - Jesse James, American outlaw (d. 1882)
1857 - Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, Russian rocket scientist and inventor (d. 1935)
1867 - Amy Beach, American composer and pianist (d. 1944)
1874 - Nap Lajoie, American baseball player (d. 1959)
1876 - Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal (d. 1956)
1876 - Abdelaziz Thâalbi, Tunisian politician. (d. 1944)
1881 - Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democratic politician (d. 1938)
1888 - Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, second President of India (d. 1975)
1892 - Joseph Szigeti, Hungarian violinist (d. 1973)
1901 - Mario Scelba, Italian politician and former Prime Minister of Italy (d. 1991)
1902 - Darryl F. Zanuck, American film producer and executive (d. 1979)
1905 - Arthur Koestler, Hungarian writer (d. 1983)
1905 - Maurice Challe French general (d. 1979), one of the leaders of the Algiers putsch in 1961.
1908 - Gloria Holden, British actress (d. 1991)
1912 - John Cage, American composer (d. 1992)
1912 - Kristina Söderbaum, German actress and photographer (d. 2001)
1912 - Frank Thomas, American animator (d. 2004)
1914 - Nicanor Parra, Chilian poet and mathematician
1916 - Frank Yerby, American novelist (d. 1991)
1916 - Frank Shuster, Canadian comedian ( Wayne and Shuster) (d. 2002)
1918 - Luis Alcoriza, Mexican screenwriter, film director, and actor (d. 1992)
1921 - Jack Valenti, American political advisor and film executive (d. 2007)
1924 - Paul Dietzel, American college football coach
1927 - Paul Volcker, American banker
1929 - Bob Newhart, American actor and comedian
1929 - Andrian Nikolayev, Soviet cosmonaut (d. 2004)
1933 - Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, Chilian catholic archbishop
1934 - Carol Lawrence, American actress and singer
1935 - Johnny Briggs MBE, English actor
1936 - Bill Mazeroski, American baseball player
1937 - Antonio Valentin Angelillo, Argentinian footballer
1937 - Robert Lucas, American economist, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economics recipient
1939 - William Devane, American actor
1939 - George Lazenby, Australian actor
1939 - Clay Regazzoni, Swiss racing driver (d. 2006)
1940 - Raquel Welch, American actress
1942 - Werner Herzog, German film director
1942 - Eduardo Mata, Mexican conductor and composer (d. 1995)
1942 - Denise Fabre French television presenter.
1943 - Dulce Saguisag, Filipino politician and former DSWD Secretary. (d. 2007)
1944 - Dario Bellezza, Italian poet, author and playwright (d. 1996)
1945 - Al Stewart, Scottish singer and songwriter
1946 - Freddie Mercury, Zanzibar-born singer and songwriter ( Queen) (d. 1991)
1946 - Loudon Wainwright III, American singer and composer
1947 - Buddy Miles, American musician
1948 - Benita Ferrero-Waldner, Austrian diplomat and politician
1950 - Cathy Guisewite, American cartoonist
1950 - Paul William Roberts, Canadian writer
1951 - Paul Breitner, German footballer
1951 - Patti McGuire, American model and television producer
1951 - Michael Keaton, American actor
1956 - Roine Stolt, Swedish guitarist ( The Flower Kings)
1957 - Peter Winnen, Dutch bicycle road athlete
1961 - Marc-André Hamelin, Canadian pianist
1962 - Peter Wingfield, Welsh actor
1963 - Juan Alderete, American bassist ( Racer X)
1963 - Jeff Brantley, American baseball player
1963 - Jonathan Phillips, English actor
1963 - Taki Inoue, Japanese racing driver
1963 - Kristian Alfonso, American actress
1964 - Frank Farina, Australian footballer
1965 - Chris Morris, English satirist
1965 - David Brabham, Australian racing driver
1965 - César Rincón, colombian matador
1966 - Achero Mañas, Spanish actor and film director
1966 - Milinko Pantić, retired Serbian footballer
1967 - India Hicks, English model
1967 - Jane Sixsmith, English field hockey player
1968 - Brad Wilk, American musician ( Audioslave, Rage Against the Machine)
1969 - Dweezil Zappa, American musician
1969 - Leonardo Nascimento de Araujo, Brazilian footballer
1969 - Mark Ramprakash, English cricketer
1970 - Steve Burton, American actor
1970 - Liam Lynch, American musician ( Sifl and Olly)
1970 - Kim Hye-su, South Korean actress and model
1973 - Rose McGowan, Italian-born actress
1973 - Alexandra Kerry, daughter of American Senator John Kerry
1973 - Paddy Considine, English actor
1975 - Rod Barajas, American baseball player
1975 - George Boateng, Dutch footballer
1975 - Matt Geyer, Australian rugby league footballer
1975 - Jamie Spaniolo, American horrorcore rapper
1976 - Tatyana Gutsu, Ukrainian gymnast
1976 - Carice van Houten, Dutch actress
1977 - Minoru Fujita, Japanese professional wrestler
1977 - Rosevelt Colvin, American football player
1977 - Nazr Mohammed, American Basketball player
1977 - Joseba Etxeberria, Spanish football winger
1977 - Alexey Harkov, Russian bassist ( Kipelov, Sergey Mavrin)
1978 - Chris Jack, New Zealand rugby union footballer
1978 - Laura Bertram, Canadian actress
1978 - Zhang Zhong, Chinese chess player
1979 - John Carew, Norwegian footballer
1979 - Stacey Dales, Canadian basketball player and sportscaster
1979 - George O'Callaghan, Irish footballer
1980 - Franco Costanzo, Argentinian football goalkeeper
1981 - Filippo Volandri, Italian tennis player
1981 - Drew Carter, American football player
1982 - Alexandre Geijo, Spanish/Swiss footballer
1982 - Sondre Lerche, Norwegian musician
1983 - Eugen Bopp, Ukrainian-German footballer
1983 - Pablo Granoche, Uruguayan footballer
1987 - Pierre Casiraghi, son of princess Caroline of Monaco
1991 - Skandar Keynes, English actor
1993 - Gage Golightly, American actress
1165 - Emperor Nijo of Japan (b. 1143)
1201 - Constance (b. 1161)
1235 - Henry I (b. 1165)
1548 - Catherine Parr, Sixth wife of Henry VIII of England (b. c. 1512)
1607 - Pomponne de Bellièvre, chancellor of France (b. 1529)
1629 - Domenico Allegri, Italian composer (b. c. 1585)
1734 - Nicolas Bernier, French musician and composer (b. 1664)
1786 - Jonas Hanway, English merchant, traveler, and philanthropist (b. 1712)
1803 - Pierre Choderlos de Laclos, French general and author (b. 1741)
1803 - François Devienne, French composer (b. 1759)
1808 - John Home, Scottish writer (b. 1722)
1836 - Ferdinand Raimund, Austrian playwright (b. 1790)
1838 - Charles Percier, French architect (b. 1764)
1857 - Auguste Comte, French sociologist (b. 1798)
1867 - Santiago Derqui, Argentinian politician (b. 1809)
1876 - Manuel Blanco Encalada, first president of Chile (b. 1790)
1877 - Crazy Horse, Lakota (Sioux) chief (b. 1849)
1898 - Sarah Edmonds, Canadian nurse, soldier, and spy (b. 1841)
1901 - Ignacij Klemenčič, Slovenian physicist (b. 1853)
1902 - Rudolf Virchow, German pathologist and politician (b. 1821)
1906 - Ludwig Boltzmann, Austrian physicist (b. 1844)
1912 - Arthur MacArthur, U.S. Army general (b. 1845)
1914 - Charles Péguy, French poet, essayist and editor (b. 1873)
1917 - Marian Smoluchowski, Polish physicist (b. 1872)
1920 - Robert Harron, American actor (b. 1893)
1922 - Georgette Agutte, French painter (b. 1867)
1926 - Karl Harrer, German journalist and politician, founding member of the "DAP", which would become the Nazi Party (b. 1890)
1930 - Robert Means Thompson, American naval officer (b. 1849)
1931 - John Thomson, football player who died in an accidental collision during a match (b. 1909)
1932 - Francisco Acebal, Spanish novelist, playwright and journalist (b. 1866)
1936 - Federico Borrell García, Spanish anarchist soldier during the Spanish Civil War (b. 1912)
1936 - Gustave Kahn, French Symbolist poet and art critic (b. 1859)
1942 - François de Labouchère, French aviator of World War II, compagnon de la Libération. (b. 1917)
1943 - Aleš Hrdlička, Czech anthropologist (b. 1869)
1945 - Clem Hill, Australian cricketer (b. 1877)
1948 - Richard C. Tolman, American mathematical physicist (b. 1881)
1953 - Richard Walther Darré, Nazi politician, one of the leading ‘blood and soil’ ideologists (b. 1895)
1954 - Eugen Schiffer, German politician (b. 1954)
1965 - Thomas Johnston, Scottish-born politician (b. 1882)
1966 - Dezső Lauber, Hungarian athlete (b. 1879)
1970 - Jochen Rindt, German-Austrian Formula One driver, the first (and only) posthumous winner of the World Drivers' Championship (b. 1942)
1973 - Jack Fournier, American baseball player (b. 1889)
1975 - Georg Ots, Estonian singer (b. 1920)
1977 - Marcel Thiry, Belgian writer and wallon militant (b. 1897)
1979 - Alberto di Jorio, former head of the Vatican Bank and secretary of the 1958 conclave (b. 1884)
1982 - Douglas Bader, RAF fighter pilot in World War II (b. 1910)
1983 - Antonio Mairena, flamenco singer (b. 1909)
1988 - Gert Fröbe, German actor (b. 1913)
1990 - Ivan Mihailov, Bulgarian revolutionary (b. 1896)
1992 - Fritz Leiber, American author (b. 1910)
1995 - William Kunstler, American lawyer and activist (b. 1919)
1997 - Georg Solti, Hungarian conductor (b. 1912)
1997 - Mother Teresa, Albanian-born missionary and humanitarian, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1910)
1998 - Leo Penn, American film director (b. 1921)
1998 - Verner Panton, Danish designer (b. 1926)
1999 - Allen Funt, American radio and television personality (b. 1914)
1999 - Bryce Mackasey, Canadian politician (b. 1921)
2001 - Vladimir Žerjavić, Croatian UN statistician (b. 1912)
2002 - David Todd Wilkinson, American astronomer, author of the first study of the Cosmic microwave background radiation (b. 1935)
2003 - Gisele MacKenzie, Canadian-born singer (b. 1927)
2005 - Roberto Viaux, Chilean Army General and the primary planner in two failed coup d'état attempt in Chile (b. 1917)
2007 - Jennifer Dunn, American politician (b. 1941)
2007 - Paul Gillmor, American politician (b. 1939)
2007 - D. James Kennedy, American televangelist (b. 1930)
2007 - Thomas Hansen (b. 1976)
Holidays and observances Edit
External links Edit
70 Familypedia people were born on September 5
79 Familypedia people died on September 5
70 Familypedia people were first married on September 5