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Shelby County, Alabama

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Shelby County, Alabama
OldShelbyCountyCourthouse
Old Shelby County Courthouse in Columbiana, Alabama
Shelby County al seal
Seal
Map of Alabama highlighting Shelby County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of USA AL
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded February 7, 1818
Seat Columbiana
Largest city Alabaster
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

809.53 sq mi (2,097 km²)
794.69 sq mi (2,058 km²)
14.83 sq mi (38 km²), 1.83%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

195,085
245/sq mi (94.7/km²)
Website www.shelbycountyalabama.com

Shelby County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama and a part of the Birmingham–Hoover–Cullman Combined Statistical Area. It is named in honor of Isaac Shelby, Governor of Kentucky. The county seat of Shelby County is Columbiana. As of 2010 U.S. Census the population was 195,085. Shelby County ranks among the 100 highest-income counties in the United States. Shelby County's growth has accompanied the decline of Birmingham and Jefferson County. The county's newspaper is the Shelby County Reporter.

HistoryEdit

Shelby County was established on February 7, 1818, and named for Governor Isaac Shelby (1750–1826), of Kentucky.

GeographyEdit

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 809.53 square miles (2,096.7 km2), of which 794.69 square miles (2,058.2 km2) (or 98.17%) is land and 14.83 square miles (38.4 km2) (or 1.83%) is water.[1]

TransportationEdit

Major highwaysEdit

RailEdit

AirportsEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1820 2,416
1830 5,704 136.1%
1840 6,112 7.2%
1850 9,536 56.0%
1860 12,618 32.3%
1870 12,218 −3.2%
1880 17,236 41.1%
1890 20,886 21.2%
1900 23,684 13.4%
1910 26,949 13.8%
1920 27,097 0.5%
1930 27,576 1.8%
1940 28,962 5.0%
1950 30,362 4.8%
1960 32,132 5.8%
1970 38,037 18.4%
1980 66,298 74.3%
1990 99,358 49.9%
2000 143,293 44.2%
2010 195,085 36.1%
[2][3][4]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 143,293 people, 54,631 households, and 40,590 families residing in the county. The population density was 180 people per square mile (70/km2). There were 59,302 housing units at an average density of 75 per square mile (29/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 89.80% White, 7.40% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 1.03% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.71% from other races, and 0.72% from two or more races. 2.03% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

The largest self-reported ancestry groups in Shelby County are: English (16.3%), Irish (13.3%), "American" (mostly English and Scots-Irish) (11.5%), German (11.0%), Italian (4.2%), Scots-Irish (4.2%) and Scottish (3.9%).[6]

There were 54,631 households out of which 36.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.60% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.70% were non-families. 21.70% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.04.

In the county the population was spread out with 26.30% under the age of 18, 8.20% from 18 to 24, 33.70% from 25 to 44, 23.40% from 45 to 64, and 8.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.60 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $55,440, and the median income for a family was $64,105. Males had a median income of $45,798 versus $31,242 for females. The per capita income for the county was $27,176. About 4.60% of families and 6.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.10% of those under age 18 and 8.20% of those age 65 or over.

PoliticsEdit

Shelby County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year GOP DEM Others
2008 76.4% 68,945 22.8% 20,575 0.9% 772
2004 80.4% 63,435 18.8% 14,850 0.8% 621
2000 76.7% 47,651 21.2% 13,183 2.1% 1,294
1996 73.1% 37,090 22.2% 11,280 4.7% 2,403
1992 68.0% 32,736 21.4% 10,317 10.6% 5,112

Municipalities and census-designated placesEdit

Prior to the early 1980’s, elected officials serving or representing Shelby County were comprised totally of those affiliated with the Democrat Party. Most of the rapid transition from the Democrat Party dominance to a complete reversal, with Republicans in control of all but a couple of offices, took place during the years between 1984 and 1992. It was not, however, until the election of 2010, and specifically the results in Alabama House of Representatives District 42[7], that Republicans held every elected office with jurisdiction or residency (or both) in Shelby County[8](excludes municipal elected officials, who are elected on a non-partisan basis).

The Shelby County Republican Party (Alabama), under the official direction of the Republican Executive Committee of Shelby County, Alabama, is the affilliate of the Alabama Republican Party in Shelby County, and is the identity by which the governing body is known.

Places of interestEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. http://www.census.gov/tiger/tms/gazetteer/county2k.txt. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  2. ^ http://www.census.gov/population/www/censusdata/cencounts/files/or190090.txt
  3. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov
  4. ^ http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu/
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/ADPTable?_bm=y&-context=adp&-qr_name=ACS_2008_3YR_G00_DP3YR2&-ds_name=ACS_2008_3YR_G00_&-tree_id=3308&-redoLog=true&-_caller=geoselect&-geo_id=05000US01117&-format=&-_lang=en
  7. ^ [1] Shelby County Reporter, Tuesday, November 2, 2010
  8. ^ Barnes, Fred "Crimson Tide: Alabama goes very, very red., The Weekly Standard, Nov 22, 2010, Vol. 16, No. 10.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 33°15′55″N 86°40′04″W / 33.26528, -86.66778


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Shelby County, Alabama. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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