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Sibiu County

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Wikipedia has a page called:
Sibiu County
Județul Sibiu
—  County   —
Sibiu county coat of arms.png
Coat of arms
Administrative map of Romania with Sibiu county highlighted
Coordinates: 45°52′N 24°14′E / 45.87, 24.23Coordinates: 45°52′N 24°14′E / 45.87, 24.23
Country Romania
Development region Centru
Historical region Transylvania
Capital Sibiu
Area
 • Total 5,432 km2 (2,097 sq mi)
Area rank 24th
Population (2002)
 • Total 421,724
 • Rank 25th
 • Density 78/km2 (200/sq mi)
Telephone code (+40) 269 or (+40) 369[1]
ISO 3166 code RO-SB
Website County Council
Prefecture

Sibiu (Romanian pronunciation: [siˈbiw]; Hungarian: Szeben) is a county (judeţ) of Romania, in the historical region Transylvania, with the capital city Sibiu.

DemographicsEdit

In 2002, it had a population of 421,724 and the population density was 78/km².

At the 2002 census the county has the following population indices:

Religion:

Urbanisation - 5th most urbanised county in Romania:

  • City dwellers: 277,574 (or 65.8%)
  • Village dwelers: 144,150 (or 34.2%)

Traditionally, the biggest minority in the county were Germans, but their numbers have decreased since World War II and especially the Romanian Revolution of 1989.

The south side of the county, closer to the mountains was mainly inhabited by Romanians (Mărginimea Sibiului), and the north side of the country - the Transylvanian Plateau was inhabited evenly by Germans and Romanians, but most Saxon villages are now deserted. The Roma population, mainly from southern Romania, was placed close to the villages in the Communist period and have since increased their numbers.

Year County population[3]
1948 335,116
1956 372,687
1966 414,756
1977 481,645
1992 452,873
2002 421,724

GeographyEdit

This county has a total area of 5,432 km².

In the South side there are the Carpathian Mountains (Southern Carpathians) - Făgăraş Mountains with heights over 2500 m, Lotru and Cindrel which make up to 30% of the county's surface. The Olt River crosses the mountains over to the South of Romania in Sibiu County forming one of the most accessible link between Transylvania and Wallachia. In the North side there is the Transylvanian Plateau.

The most important rivers crossing the county are the Olt in the South with Cibin its main effluent, and the Târnava in the North.

NeighboursEdit

EconomyEdit

Sibiu County has one of the most dynamic economies in Romania, and is one of the regions with the highest level of foreign investment.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Machine and automotive components.
  • Food industry.
  • Textile industry.
  • Wood industry.

The biggest natural resource in the county is natural gas, especially in the north side, having one of the largest sources in the country.

In Copşa Mică during the communist period there were two chemical industrial complexes which polluted the environment heavily with carbon black, heavy metals and other chemical substances. That's why the area is still considered one of the most polluted communities in Europe. Fortunately, after 1989 many of the industrial complexes were shut down and the area is slowly recovering.

TourismEdit

The main tourist attractions in the county are:

PeopleEdit

Administrative divisionsEdit

Sibiu County has 2 municipalities, 9 towns and 53 communes

Municipalities
  • Mediaş
  • Sibiu - capital city; population: 170,038 (as of 2007)

Towns

Communes

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ The number used depends on the numbering system employed by the phone companies on the market.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia după etnie"
  3. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992 şi 2002"

External linksEdit

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This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Sibiu County. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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