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Slatina
Slatina Orasul de jos iul 2005.jpg
Coa Slatina RO.gif
Coat of arms
Slatina jud Olt.png
Location of Slatina in Olt County



Romania location map
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Slatina
Location of Slatina in Romania
Coordinates: 44°25′47″N 24°21′51″E / 44.42972, 24.36417Coordinates: 44°25′47″N 24°21′51″E / 44.42972, 24.36417
Country Flag of Romania.svg Romania
County Olt County
Status County capital
Government
 • Mayor Darius Bogdan Vâlcov (Democratic Liberal Party)
Population (2002)
 • Total 79,171
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Website http://www.primariaslatina.ro/

Slatina (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈslatina]) is the capital city of Olt county, Romania, on the river Olt.

The city administers one village, Cireaşov.

HistoryEdit

The town of Slatina was first mentioned on January 20, 1368 in an official document issued by Vladislav I Vlaicu, Prince of Wallachia. The document stated that merchants from the Transylvanian city of Braşov would not pay customs when passing through Slatina. The word Slatina is of Slavic origin, stemming from Slam-tina, "salted land" or "salty water".

EconomyEdit

Alro Slatina, the largest aluminum producing factories in Southeastern Europe, is located in the city. Other companies based in Slatina include ALPROM (which, like ALRO, is a subsidiary of VIMETCOGROUP), Altur (engine set manufacturer), Pirelli Tires Romania (tire-manufacturer), Cord Romania (steel cord for tires), and Benteler.

One of the oldest private businesses in Romania is the Slatina-based pastry shop La atletul albanez ("The Albanian Athlete").[1]

Cultural and historic heritage Edit

RO OT Slatina Manastirea Clocociov

Clocociov Monastery

The oldest historic monuments of Slatina are churche, however the city also has many other buildings of historic and cultural values.

The monasteries of Slatina are:

The main churches of the city are:

  • “Sfânta Treime” (1645, with frescoes of 1851);
  • “Sfântul Nicolae” din deal (1700);
  • “Adormirea Maicii Domnului” (1736);
  • “Sfinții Împărați” (started in the 18th century, with fresoes of 1899);
  • “Sfântul Ion Botezătorul” (1796);
  • “Nașterea Fecioarei Maria” (1802);
  • “Fecioara Maria” (1802-1806 with frescoes painted in 1831);
  • “Sfântul Nicolae” Cemetery (1820-1821);
  • “Sfântul Gheorghe” Ionașcu (1872-1877], with frescoes painted by Gheorghe Tattarescu);
  • “Sfântul Nicolae” (1937).
RO OT Slatina old city street 1

Street of the historic center of the city

The main buildings are located on both sides of Lipscani Street and Mihai Eminescu street. There are a total of 81 buildings of various styles, built between 1860 and 1938. Most of them have commercial spaces on the ground flour and residences on the first floor.

Worth mentioning are:

RO OT Slatina bridge over Olt

Bridge over the Olt River

An important structure is the bridge over the Olt River, built in 1888-1891 by Alexandru Davidescu the first metalic bridge built over a river in Romania.

Other important monuments are:

  • The "Slatina 600" obelisk, built by Ion Irimescu to celebrate 600 years of documentary evidence of the city.
Plaja Olt

Beach on the bank of the Olt River

SportEdit

There is an association football club in Slatina, Alro Slatina, that plays in Liga II (the second league of Romania).

The city is also home to KZN Slatina, a women's team handball club which plays in the second handball league of Romania.

Notable nativesEdit

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Slatina, Romania. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.