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Smithfield, Rhode Island
—  Town  —
Smithfield RI lg.PNG
Location of Smithfield in Providence County, Rhode Island
Coordinates: 41°53′11″N 71°32′11″W / 41.88639, -71.53639
Country United States
State Rhode Island
County Providence
Area
 • Total 27.8 sq mi (71.9 km2)
 • Land 26.6 sq mi (68.9 km2)
 • Water 1.2 sq mi (3.1 km2)
Elevation 400 ft (122 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 21,430
 • Density 805.6/sq mi (311.0/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 02828, 02917
Area code(s) 401
FIPS code 44-66200[1]
GNIS feature ID 1219817[2]
Website http://smithfieldri.com/

Smithfield is a town in Providence County, Rhode Island, United States. It includes the historic villages of Esmond, Georgiaville, Mountaindale, Hanton City, Stillwater and Greenville. The population was 21,430 at the 2010 census.

HistoryEdit

File:GreenvilleBank.JPG

The area comprising modern-day Smithfield was first settled in 1636 by several British colonists, including John Steere as a farming community and named after Smithfield, London. The area was within the boundaries of Providence until 1731 when Smithfield was incorporated as a separate town. Chief Justice Peleg Arnold lived in early Smithfield, and his 1690 home stands today. There was an active Quaker community in early 18th century Smithfield that extended along the Great Road, from what is today Woonsocket, north into south Uxbridge, Massachusetts. This Quaker community, and its members, became influential in the abolition movement, with members such as Effingham Capron and Abby Kelley Foster, and also gave rise to other Quaker settlements including one at Adams, Massachusetts where Susan B. Anthony was born as an early member. Elizabeth Buffum Chace is a well known person from Smithfield who was influential in both abolition of slavery, and the women's rights movement. In the 19th century several mills were built in the town. In the mid-19th century the towns of North Smithfield, Rhode Island, and Lincoln, Rhode Island, became separate towns. The colonial ghost town of Hanton City is located within the boundaries of present-day Smithfield, but was a completely separate community in the eighteenth century.

EducationEdit

Bryant University, a private university with programs in business and the arts and sciences, is located in Smithfield. Smithfield contains several public elementary schools and a public high school, which was ranked 17th out of 52 high schools in Rhode Island in 2006.[3] St. Phillip's School, a private Roman Catholic academy offering education in grades K-8, is situated in Greenville.[4] Mater Ecclesiae College, a Catholic college, is also located in the town in a facility that was formerly the St. Aloysius Orphanage.[5]

Noted PeopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ http://www.psk12.com/rating/USthreeRsphp/STATE_RI_level_High_CountyID_0.html
  4. ^ http://www.stphilipschool.com/
  5. ^ http://www.mecollege.org/
  6. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Marquis Who's Who. 1967. 

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 41°55′19″N 71°32′58″W / 41.92194, -71.54944

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Smithfield, Rhode Island. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.