|South Gloucestershire District|
|— Unitary authority —|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||South West England|
|• Type||Unitary authority|
|• Body||South Gloucestershire Council|
|• Leadership||(Conservative (council NOC))|
|• MPs||Jack Lopresti (C)
Chris Skidmore (C)
Steve Webb (LD)
|• Total||191.87 sq mi (496.94 km2)|
|Area rank||92nd (of 326)|
|Population (2011 est.)|
|• Rank||47th (of 326)|
|• Density||1,400/sq mi (530/km2)|
|Time zone||GMT (UTC0)|
|• Summer (DST)||BST (UTC+1)|
|ONS code||00HD (ONS) E06000025 (GSS)|
|OS grid reference||ST735757|
The district was created in 1996, when the county of Avon was abolished, by the merger of former area of the districts of Kingswood and Northavon. The district borders the City and County of Bristol, the Bath and North East Somerset unitary district and the shire counties of Gloucestershire and Wiltshire.
South Gloucestershire also existed from 1950 to 1983 as the name of a roughly coterminous Parliamentary constituency, South Gloucestershire. Its MPs were in turn Tony Crosland, Frederick Corfield and John Cope.
According to these estimates, 97.6 percent of the population were described as white, 0.8 percent as dual heritage, 0.7 percent as Asian or Asian British, 0.4 percent as Black or Black British and 0.5 percent as Chinese or other.
Much of the population is in the northern and eastern suburbs of Bristol, although there are also large population centres in the Yate-Sodbury, Winterbourne-Frampton Cotterell and Thornbury areas. All of the villages are within the commuting belt for Bristol, Bath, Gloucester and Cheltenham.
The main employers are the Local Authority with 9,500 people and the Ministry of Defence Headquarters for Defence, Procurement and Naval Support Command with 7,000 employees. Other key employers include Airbus which dominates the Filton-Patchway area of South Gloucestershire, AXA, Hewlett Packard, Rolls Royce and the Royal Mail.
A notable business park is Aztec West, which is adjacent to the M5/A38 and M4/M5 interchanges.
The Mall, Cribbs Causeway shopping centre is within South Gloucestershire.
South Gloucestershire is home to 99 primary schools and 16 secondary schools, and post-16 centres. There is one university which was a former polytechnic, The University of the West of England. In 2008, DCSF figures revealed that 6.6% overall absence in the constituencies secondary schools, whilst 7.4% is the national average.
|Key Stage 4 results (2008)||5 or more grades A*-C including English and maths GCSEs %||Level 2 in functional English and maths||Level 1 in functional English and maths||Level 2 (5 or more grades A*-C)||Level 1 (5 or more grades A*-G)||2 grades A*-C which cover the Key Stage 4 science programme of study||A*C in a modern foreign language||A*G in a modern foreign language||At least one qualification|
|Local Authority average||48.1%||56.9%||92.8%||63.6%||93.0%||50.3%||30.6%||49.7%||98.0%|
In 2005, the then Chancellor of the Exchequer recognised the City of Bristol's ties to science and technology by naming it one of six "science cities", and promising funding for further development of science in the city, with a £300 million science park planned at Emerson's Green, which is situated in South Gloucestershire.
The River Severn forms the north-western edge of the area, with a wide coastal plain terminated by an escarpment. East of this is the wide River Frome Valley drainage area. Further east is another escarpment running roughly north-south, passing between Yate and Chipping Sodbury and west of Pucklechurch. The Cotswolds Escarpment forms the eastern edge of South Gloucestershire.
A small part of the Cotswolds and the National Trust site of Dyrham Park are also in the district. South of the motorways are suburbs of Bristol while areas north are rural areas. Some of the inner green belt has been taken away by developments like the new town of Bradley Stoke.
The area also has major connections to the railway network, with routes from London through the Severn Tunnel to South Wales, and from the South-West to Birmingham and beyond, crossing at Bristol Parkway railway station. It is home to the eastern ends of the two Severn Bridges, which are the main routes by road to and from South Wales.
|Mode of transport||South Glos %||National %|
|Bus or coach||6.5||7.4|
|Work from home||8.5||9.2|
Major towns in South Gloucestershire, and their populationEdit
- Kingswood 31,168
- Bradley Stoke 27,805
- Yate 21,789
- Thornbury 12,342
- Stoke Gifford 11,509
- Patchway 10,465
- Filton 9,861
Other towns and villagesEdit
- Abson, Acton Turville, Almondsbury, Alveston, Aust, Awkley
- Badminton, Bagstone, Beach, Bitton, Bridgeyate
- Cadbury Heath, Catbrain, Charfield, Cheswick, Charlton (former village), Charlton Hayes, Chipping Sodbury, Churchend, Coalpit Heath, Codrington, Cold Ashton, Compton Greenfield, Conham, Cowhill, Cromhall
- Dodington, Downend, Doynton, Duckhole, Dunkirk, Dyrham
- Earthcott, Easter Compton, Elberton, Emersons Green, Engine Common
- Falfield, Frampton Cotterell, Frenchay
- Gaunt's Earthcott
- Hallen, Hambrook, Hanham, Harry Stoke, Hawkesbury, Hawkesbury Upton, Hill, Hinton, Horton
- Ingst, Iron Acton, Itchington
- Latteridge, Little Badminton, Little Sodbury, Little Stoke, Littleton-upon-Severn, Longwell Green
- Mangotsfield, Marshfield, Milbury Heath, Upper and Lower Morton
- Nibley, Northwick
- Oldbury Naite, Oldbury-on-Severn, Old Down, Oldland, Oldland Common, Old Sodbury, Olveston, Over
- Pilning, Pennsylvania, Petty France, Pucklechurch
- Rangeworthy, Redwick, Rockhampton, Rudgeway
- Severn Beach, Shepperdine, Siston, Soundwell, Staple Hill, Swineford
- Thornbury, Tockington, Tormarton, Tortworth, Tytherington
- Upton Cheyney
- Wapley, Warmley, West Littleton, Westerleigh, Whitfield, Wick, Wickwar, Willsbridge, Winterbourne, Yate
Places of interestEdit
Under the Boundary Commission proposals, which took effect at the 2010 general election, the authority has been divided between three new constituencies, all lying within the authority boundary. These are:
- Thornbury and Yate (County – 63,320 electorate)
- Filton and Bradley Stoke (County – 62,299 electorate)
- Kingswood (Borough – 60,936 electorate)
County/Borough is a legal term denoting the type of constituency. County is a rural area, Borough is an urban area.
- ^ a b c "South Gloucestershire Census Profile". South Gloucestershire Council. 12 January 2003. http://www.southglos.gov.uk/_Resources/Publications/PTE/03/0200/PTE-03-0009. Retrieved 14 March 2009.
- ^ "Major Employers in South Gloucestershire" (PDF). South Gloucestershire Council. 1 June 2006. http://www.southglos.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/D4E1909D-BA8D-4CE1-9CDB-08A1CB43C438/0/COS060076.pdf. Retrieved 14 March 2009.
- ^ "UK Schools & Colleges Database". Schools Web Directory. 20 April 2009.
- ^ "Local Authority : South Gloucestershire". DCSF. http://www.dcsf.gov.uk/cgi-bin/performancetables/group_08.pl?Mode=Z&Type=LA&Begin=&No=803&Base=d&Phase=1&F=1&L=50&Year=08. Retrieved 14 March 2009.
- ^ "Local Authority: South Gloucestershire". DCSF. http://www.dcsf.gov.uk/cgi-bin/performancetables/group_08.pl?Mode=Z&Type=LA&Begin=&No=803&Base=g&Phase=1&F=1&L=50&Year=08. Retrieved 14 March 2009.
- ^ "Vice-Chancellor's speeches and articles". University of Bristol. 11 November 2005. http://www.bris.ac.uk/university/vc/science-city.html. Retrieved 6 May 2007.
- ^ "City science park partner named". BBC News. 20 April 2006. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/bristol/4925556.stm. Retrieved 6 May 2007.
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