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South Yorkshire

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South Yorkshire
EnglandSouthYorkshire
Geography
Status Ceremonial and Metropolitan county (no county council)
Origin 1974
Region Yorkshire and the Humber
Historic county Yorkshire (West Riding)
Area
- Total
Ranked 38th
1,552 km²
ONS code 2C
NUTS 3 UKE3
Demographics
Population
- Total (2006 est.)
- Density
Ranked 10thWp globe tiny
1,343,900
866 / km²
Ethnicity 95.0% White
2.6% S.Asian
2.4% Black
Politics
Members of Parliament
Districts
SouthYorkshireNumbered
  1. Sheffield
  2. Rotherham
  3. Doncaster
  4. Barnsley

South Yorkshire is a metropolitan county, located in the Yorkshire and the Humber region of England. The county was created in 1974 by the Local Government Act 1972[1] and in 2001 covered an area of 1,552.05 km².[2]

Divisions and environsEdit

South Yorkshire is divided into four local government districts; they are the City of Sheffield, the Metropolitan Borough of Doncaster, the Metropolitan Borough of Barnsley and the Metropolitan Borough of Rotherham.[3] The county borders Derbyshire, West Yorkshire, North Yorkshire, East Riding of Yorkshire, Lincolnshire and Nottinghamshire.

HistoryEdit

S yorks

Coat of Arms of South Yorkshire

The main settlements of South Yorkshire grew up around the industries of mining and steel manufacturing. The main mining industry was coal which was concentrated to the north and east of the county. There were also iron deposits which were mined in the area. The rivers running off the Pennines to the west of the county supported the steel industry that is concentrated in the city of Sheffield. The proximity of the iron and coal also made this an ideal place for steel manufacture.

Although Christian nonconformism was never as strong in South Yorkshire as in the mill towns of West Yorkshire, there are still many Methodist and Baptist churches in the area. Also, South Yorkshire has a relatively high number of followers of spiritualism. It is the only county that counts as a full region in the Spiritualists' National Union.[4]

South Yorkshire was created as a metropolitan county in 1974, by the Local Government Act 1972, from the southern part of the West Riding of Yorkshire and the former county boroughs of Barnsley, Doncaster, Rotherham and Sheffield. It initially had a two tier structure of local government with a strategic-level county council and four districts providing most services.[5]

In 1974, as part of the South Yorkshire Structure Plan of the environment, conservation and land use, South Yorkshire County Council commissioned a public attitudes survey covering job opportunities, educational facilities, leisure opportunities, health and medical services, shopping centres and transport in the county.[6]

In 1986, throughout England the metropolitan county councils were abolished. The functions of the county council were devolved to the boroughs; joint-boards covering fire, police and public transport; and to other special joint arrangements.[7] The joint boards continue to function and include the South Yorkshire Police Authority and the South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive[8]

Although the county council was abolished, South Yorkshire remains a metropolitan and ceremonial county with a Lord Lieutenant of South Yorkshire and a High Sheriff.

EconomyEdit

As one of the least prosperous areas in Western Europe, South Yorkshire has been targeted for funding from the European Regional Development Fund. This is a chart of trend of regional gross value added of South Yorkshire at current basic prices published (pp.240-253) by Office for National Statistics with figures in millions of British Pounds Sterling.

Year Regional Gross Value Added[9] Agriculture[10] Industry[11] Services[12]
1995 10,453 67 3,690 6,696
2000 13,187 53 4,181 8,954
2003 15,799 57 4,772 10,971

Towns and villages Edit

Main settlementsEdit

The principal settlements of South Yorkshire are:

Part of a series of articles on
Yorkshire
Yorkshire rose
County Town: York
The ridings:
EastNorthWest
Ceremonial counties
East Riding of Yorkshire
North Yorkshire
South Yorkshire
West Yorkshire
Further information
Accent & Dialect
Anthem
Culture
Famous People
History
Places
White Rose
Yorkshire Day 1 August


Urban areasEdit

South Yorkshire is made up of three main urban areas. Dearne Valley is made up of Barnsley and a number of villages and towns. The Sheffield urban area is made up of Sheffield and Rotherham while the Doncaster urban area is Doncaster and surrounding areas.

Dearne ValleyEdit

AreaMetropolitan boroughPopulation
BarnsleyBarnsley71,599
ConisbroughDoncaster15,361
CudworthBarnsley11,644
DarfieldBarnsley8,066
DartonBarnsley14,927
DodworthBarnsley5,742
Hoyland NetherBarnsley15,497
MexboroughDoncaster14,750
RoystonBarnsley9,375
SwintonRotherham14,643
Wath upon DearneRotherham16,787
WombwellBarnsley15,180
WorsbroughBarnsley9,516
Total population 207,726

DoncasterEdit

AreaMetropolitan boroughPopulation
ArmthorpeDoncaster12,630
BentleyDoncaster33,968
DoncasterDoncaster67,977
Kirk SandallDoncaster13,276
Total population 127,851

SheffieldEdit

AreaMetropolitan boroughPopulation
AughtonRotherham13,456
BeightonSheffield10,676
ChapeltownSheffield22,665
Mosborough/HighlaneSheffield18,585
RawmarshRotherham18,210
RotherhamRotherham117,262
SheffieldSheffield439,866
Total population640,720

Other towns and villagesEdit

AreaMetropolitan boroughPopulation
Adwick le StreetDoncaster16,142
Anston/DinningtonRotherham19,086
AskernDoncaster5,434
BawtryDoncaster3,775
BirdwellBarnsley2,989
ConisbroughDoncaster15,361
DinningtonRotherham1,572
FinningleyDoncaster4,048
Great HoughtonBarnsley2,216
GrimethorpeBarnsley1,873
HarthillRotherham1,728
Hatfield/StainforthDoncaster20,232 (13,890/6,342)
MaltbyRotherham11,966
RossingtonDoncaster13,255
NortonDoncaster2,111
Oughtibridge/Wharncliffe SideSheffield4,602 (3,227/1,375)
PenistoneBarnsley8,727
ScholesRotherham2,403
StocksbridgeSheffield13,316
Thorne/MoorendsDoncaster16,338
Thorpe HesleyRotherham4,609
TickhillDoncaster5,112
TodwickRotherham1,637
TreetonRotherham2,514
ThurcroftRotherham4,702
ThurnscoeBarnsley9,122
WalesRotherham5,826
WoodsettsRotherham1,802

Places of interestEdit

See also: Culture of Sheffield

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Arnold-Baker, C., Local Government Act 1972, (1973)
  2. ^ Vision of Britain - South Yorkshire area
  3. ^ Vision of Britain - Components of South Yorkshire
  4. ^ http://www.snu.org.uk/churches.htm
  5. ^ Redcliffe-Maud & Wood, B., English Local Government Reformed, (1974)
  6. ^ Courtenay, G. and Field, J., South Yorkshire structure plan: public attitude survey, (1975)
  7. ^ Kingdom, J., Local Government and Politics in Britain, (1991)
  8. ^ South Yorkshire Passenger Transport Executive
  9. ^ Components may not sum to totals due to rounding
  10. ^ includes hunting and forestry
  11. ^ includes energy and construction
  12. ^ includes financial intermediation services indirectly measured


External linkEdit

http://www.southyorks.gov.uk/

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at South Yorkshire. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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