|St. Lawrence County, New York|
Location in the state of New York
New York's location in the U.S.
2,821 sq mi (7,306 km²)
2,686 sq mi (6,957 km²)
136 sq mi (352 km²), 4.82%
41/sq mi (16/km²)
St. Lawrence County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2000 census, the population was 111,931. The county seat is Canton. The county is named for the Saint Lawrence River, which in turn was named for the Catholic saint on whose birthday the river was discovered. St. Lawrence County is the largest county in New York based on area (New York County is the smallest).
When counties were established in New York State in 1683, the present St. Lawrence County was part of Albany County. This was an enormous county, including the northern part of New York State as well as all of the present State of Vermont and, in theory, extending westward to the Pacific Ocean. This county was reduced in size on July 3, 1766 by the creation of Cumberland County, and further on March 16, 1770 by the creation of Gloucester County, both containing territory now in Vermont.
On March 12, 1772, what was left of Albany County was split into three parts, one remaining under the name Albany County. The other two were called Tryon County (later renamed Montgomery County) and Charlotte County (later renamed Washington County). Tryon County contained the western portion (and thus, since no western boundary was specified, theoretically still extended west to the Pacific). The eastern boundary of Tryon County was approximately five miles west of the present city of Schenectady, and the county included the western part of the Adirondack Mountains and the area west of the West Branch of the Delaware River. The area then designated as Tryon County now includes 37 counties of New York State. The county was named for William Tryon, colonial governor of New York. Charlotte County contained the eastern portion of Albany County.
In 1784, following the peace treaty that ended the American Revolutionary War, the name "Charlotte County" was changed to Washington County to honor George Washington, the American Revolutionary War general and later President of the United States of America, and the name "Tryon County" was changed to Montgomery County to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec, replacing the name of the hated British governor.
In 1788, Clinton County was split off from Washington County. This was a much larger area than the present Clinton County, including part of what would later become St. Lawrence County, as well as several other counties or county parts of the present New York State.
In 1789, the size of Montgomery County was reduced by the splitting off of Ontario County from Montgomery. The actual area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, also including the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne Counties.
St. Lawrence County is part of Macomb's Purchase of 1791.
In 1791, Herkimer County was one of three counties split off from Montgomery (the other two being Otsego, and Tioga County). This was much larger than the present county, however, and was reduced by a number of subsequent splits. The first was the splitting off in 1794 of Onondaga County. This county was larger than the current Onondaga County, including the present Cayuga, Cortland, and part of Oswego Counties. This was followed by the splitting off in 1798 from Herkimer County of two portions: one, Oneida County, was larger than the current Oneida County, including the present Jefferson, Lewis, and part of Oswego Counties; another portion, together with a portion of Tioga County, was taken to form Chenango County.
As of the census² of 2000, there were 111,931 people, 40,506 households, and 26,936 families residing in the county. The population density was 16/km² (42/sq mi). There were 49,721 housing units at an average density of 7/km² (18/sq mi). The racial makeup of the county was 94.51% White, 2.38% African American, 0.87% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.69% from other races, and 0.81% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.79% of the population.
There were 40,506 households out of which 31.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.50% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.50% were non-families. 26.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.49 and the average family size was 2.99.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.40% under the age of 18, 13.80% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 22.40% from 45 to 64, and 13.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 103.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.10 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $32,356, and the median income for a family was $38,510. Males had a median income of $33,135 versus $22,253 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,728. About 12.30% of families and 16.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.30% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.
Saint Lawrence County is home to St. Lawrence University, State University of New York at Potsdam, Clarkson University, New York State Ranger School, and the State University of New York at Canton. Part of the County is in the Adirondack Park.
Cities, Towns, and Villages Edit
- Brasher (town)
- Brasher Falls-Winthrop
- Canton (village)
- Canton (town)
- Clare (town)
- Clifton (town)
- Colton (town)
- De Kalb (town)
- De Peyster (town)
- Edwards (town)
- Edwards (village)
- Fine (town)
- Fowler (town)
- Gouverneur (village)
- Gouverneur (town)
- Hammond (town)
- Hammond (village)
- Hermon (town)
- Hermon (village)
- Heuvelton (village)
- Hopkinton (town)
- Lawrence (town)
- Lisbon (town)
- Louisville (town)
- Macomb (town)
- Madrid (town)
- Massena (village)
- Massena (town)
- Morristown (town)
- Morristown (village)
- Norfolk (town)
- Norwood (village)
- Ogdensburg (city)
- Oswegatchie (town)
- Parishville (town)
- Piercefield (town)
- Pierrepont (town)
- Pitcairn (town)
- Potsdam (village)
- Potsdam (town)
- Rensselaer Falls (village)
- Richville (village)
- Rossie (town)
- Russell (town)
- Star Lake
- Stockholm (town)
- Waddington (town)
- Waddington (village)
- => Label in parentheses is official level of government.
Adjacent counties and areas Edit
The northwestern edge of St. Lawrence County is an international border with the Province of Ontario in Canada. The eastern border is shared with Franklin County. St. Lawrence's south border is with Herkimer and Hamilton Counties. Jefferson and Lewis counties are on the southwestern border.
|North: Stormont and Leeds and Grenville United Counties|
|West: Leeds and Grenville United Counties and Jefferson County||St. Lawrence County||East: Franklin County|
|South: Lewis County, Herkimer County, and Hamilton County|
- St. Lawrence County webpage
- St. Lawrence County information
- Saint Lawrence County at the Open Directory Project
- St. Regis River area
- Reading St. Lawrence County
- St. Lawrence County History pages
- Court Directory for St. Lawrence County
|This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at St. Lawrence County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.|