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Sullivan County, New York

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Sullivan County, New York
Sullivan County, New York seal
Seal
Map of New York highlighting Sullivan County
Location in the state of New York
Map of USA NY
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded 1809
Named for John Sullivan
Seat Monticello
Largest town Thompson
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

997 sq mi (2,582 km²)
968 sq mi (2,507 km²)
29 sq mi (75 km²), 2.9%
Population
 - (2010)
 - Density

77,547
80/sq mi (31/km²)
Congressional district 19th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4
Website co.sullivan.ny.us
File:Swan Lake in Upstate New York.png
Sullivan County Courthouse, Monticello, NY

County courthouse in Monticello

SR 17 NY

New York State Route 17 in Liberty

Central Callicoon

Hamlet of Callicoon

Grahamsville, NY

Hamlet of Grahamsville

Sullivan County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York. As of the 2010 census, the population was 77,547.[1] The county seat is Monticello.[2] The county's name is in honor of Major General John Sullivan, who was a hero in the American Revolutionary War.

The county was the site of hundreds of Borscht Belt hotels and resorts, which had their heyday from the 1920s through the 1970s.

In 2010, the center of population of New York was located at the southern edge of Sullivan County.[3]

HistoryEdit

When the colony that is now New York State established its first twelve counties in 1683, the present Sullivan County was part of Ulster County. In 1809, Sullivan County was split from Ulster County.

In the late 19th century, the Industrial Revolution and the advent of factories driven by water power along the streams and rivers led to an increase in population attracted to the jobs. Hamlets enlarged into towns. As industry restructured, many of those jobs left before the middle of the twentieth century. The economy changed again after that, shifting to a more tourist-based variety and benefiting from resorts established by European Jewish immigrants and their descendants in what became called the Borscht Belt of the 20th century. Resort hotels featured a wide variety of entertainers, some nationally known. At the beginning of this period, visitors traveled to the area by train, and later by automobile. The natural resources of the area also provided a setting for numerous summer camps frequented by the children of immigrants and their descendants.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 997 square miles (2,580 km2), of which 968 square miles (2,510 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (2.9%) is water.[4]

Sullivan County is in the southern part of New York State, southeast of Binghamton and southwest of Albany. It is separated from Pennsylvania along its southwest boundary by the Delaware River.

The county, which starts about 75 miles northwest of New York City, is in the Catskill Mountains. Its northeastern corner is within the Catskill Park.

The highest point in the county is a 3,118-foot (950 m) peak unofficially known as Beech Mountain, near Hodge Pond, a subsidiary summit to Mongaup Mountain across the Ulster County line. The lowest point is along the Delaware River.

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areaEdit

Government and politicsEdit

Sullivan County is generally considered a swing county as it has been won by both Democrats and Republicans. In 2004, Republican George Bush defeated Democrat John Kerry by a margin of 49.47% to 48.55% or a difference of 285 votes. [1] In 2008, however, it was won by Democrat Barack Obama over Republican John McCain by a margin of 54% to 45%.[2]

There are thirty six town and village courts in Sullivan County.[5]

Legislative authority is vested in the county legislature which consists of 9 members each elected from single member districts. Districts Map Currently, there are 7 Democrats and 2 Republicans.

Sullivan County Legislature
District Legislator Title Party
1 Scott B. Samuelson Chairman Democratic
2 Kathleen LaBuda Majority Leader Democratic
3 Kathleen Vetter Vice Chairman Republican
4 Jonathan Rouis Democratic
5 Cindy Kurpil Gieger Democratic
6 Cora Edwards Democratic
7 Eugene L. Benson Democratic
8 Ira Steingart Democratic
9 Alan Sorensen Minority Leader Republican

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1810 6,108
1820 8,900 45.7%
1830 12,364 38.9%
1840 15,629 26.4%
1850 25,088 60.5%
1860 32,385 29.1%
1870 34,550 6.7%
1880 32,491 −6.0%
1890 31,031 −4.5%
1900 32,306 4.1%
1910 33,808 4.6%
1920 33,163 −1.9%
1930 35,272 6.4%
1940 37,901 7.5%
1950 40,731 7.5%
1960 45,272 11.1%
1970 52,580 16.1%
1980 65,155 23.9%
1990 69,277 6.3%
2000 73,966 6.8%
2010 77,547 4.8%
Est. 2013 76,665 3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 73,966 people, 27,661 households, and 18,311 families residing in the county. The population density was 76 people per square mile (29/km²). There were 44,730 housing units at an average density of 46 per square mile (18/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.31% White, 8.51% Black or African American, 0.27% Native American, 1.12% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 2.89% from other races, and 1.87% from two or more races. 9.25% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 16.6% were of German, 13.9% Irish, 12.5% Italian, 7.3% American and 6.2% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 86.6% spoke English, 7.4% Spanish and 1.0% German as their first language. A small population of Russians, late twentieth-century immigrants, live in the villages.

There were 27,661 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.10% were married couples living together, 11.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.80% were non-families. 27.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 3.05.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 7.30% from 18 to 24, 28.10% from 25 to 44, 25.40% from 45 to 64, and 14.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 103.60 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $36,998, and the median income for a family was $43,458. Males had a median income of $36,110 versus $25,754 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,892. About 11.60% of families and 17.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.

EducationEdit

Public school districtsEdit

Higher educationEdit

TransportationEdit

Sullivan County has some service provided by Coach USA to New York City. It also has some local service provided by the county itself, as well as community organizations.[11][12][13]

TourismEdit

Sullivan County has been a popular vacation spot since the 19th Century, with mountain climbing, boating, and other outdoor activities, and the Monticello Raceway being among the attractions. The majority of the tourism occurs in the summer months. It was the site of the hundreds of resort complexes of the Borscht Belt (with their golf courses, social events, and entertainers), between the 1920s and 1970s. It was the site of the 1969 Woodstock Festival.

Many famous comedians tested their material and performed regularly at Borscht Belt hotels, including Milton Berle, Mel Brooks and Henny Youngman. Eddie Fisher performed often at Grossinger's, where in 1955 he married Debbie Reynolds.

During the period August 15–18, 1969, some 500,000 people gathered in Sullivan County's Town of Bethel at Max Yasgur's farm to attend the Woodstock Festival. The entertainers included The Who; the Grateful Dead; Jefferson Airplane; The Band; Canned Heat; Joan Baez; Arlo Guthrie; Crosby, Stills, Nash and Young; Janis Joplin; Santana; Sly and the Family Stone; Blood, Sweat and Tears; Jimi Hendrix; and Richie Havens.

Today the site of the original Woodstock concert is the Bethel Woods Center for the Arts, which includes a museum of the sixties and holds many concerts and other events.

Other notable cultural destinations include the CAS Arts Center, a multi-arts exhibit space and education center run by the Catskill Art Society in Livingston Manor, New York, and the NaCl Theatre, a professional regional theatre company focusing on experimental work in Highland Lake, New York.

CommunitiesEdit

WurtsburoNY

Village of Wurtsboro

Monticello-raceway

Monticello Raceway in Monticello

TownsEdit

VillagesEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

HamletsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Notes
  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/36/36105.html. Retrieved October 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Centers of Population by State: 2010". United States Census Bureau. https://www.census.gov/geo/reference/docs/cenpop2010/CenPop2010_Mean_ST.txt. Retrieved April 5, 2014. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/docs/gazetteer/counties_list_36.txt. Retrieved January 7, 2015. 
  5. ^ Sullivan County Evaluation, National League of Defenders Association, January 2009, pp. 8, https://www.mynlada.org/files/NY%20Sullivan%20County%20Report.pdf#search=%22sullivan%20county%20legal%20aid%20panel%22 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved January 7, 2015. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved January 7, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/ny190090.txt. Retrieved January 7, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved January 7, 2015. 
  10. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  11. ^ http://www.communityalliance.net/?page_id=137
  12. ^ http://www.co.sullivan.ny.us/Departments/Transportation/tabid/3387/Default.aspx
  13. ^ http://www.coachusa.com/CoachUsaAssets/files/98/HudsonSL.pdf

External linksEdit

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Coordinates: 41°43′N 74°46′W / 41.72, -74.76


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Sullivan County, New York. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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