Fandom

Familypedia

Sumter County, Alabama

215,769pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

This article is based on the corresponding article in another wiki. For Familypedia purposes, it requires significantly more historical detail on phases of this location's development. The ideal article for a place will give the reader a feel for what it was like to live at that location at the time their relatives were alive there. Also desirable are links to organizations that may be repositories of genealogical information..
Please help to improve this page yourself if you can.


Sumter County, Alabama
SumterCountyAlabamaCourthouseLivingstonAlabama
Sumter County Courthouse in Livingston
Map of Alabama highlighting Sumter County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of USA AL
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 18, 1832[1]
Named for Thomas Sumter
Seat Livingston
Largest city Livingston
Area
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

913 sq mi (2,365 km²)
904 sq mi (2,341 km²)
9.4 sq mi (24 km²), 1.0%
PopulationEst.
 - (2015)
 - Density

13,103
15/sq mi (6/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website http://sumtercountyal.com/
Footnotes:  
  • County Number 60 on Alabama Licence Plates

Sumter County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama.[1] As of the 2010 census, the population was 13,763.[2] Its county seat is Livingston.[3] Its name is in honor of General Thomas Sumter of South Carolina.[1]

HistoryEdit

Sumter County was established on December 18, 1832. From 1797 to 1832, Sumter County was part of the Choctaw Nation, which was made up of four main villages.[1] The first settlers in Sumter County were French explorers who had come north from Mobile. They built and settled at Fort Tombecbee, near the modern-day town of Epes. In 1830, with the Treaty of Dancing Rabbit Creek, the Choctaw Indians ceded the land that is now Sumter County to the government.

GeographyEdit

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 913 square miles (2,360 km2), of which 904 square miles (2,340 km2) is land and 9.4 square miles (24 km2) (1.0%) is water.[4] It is intersected by the Noxubee River.[5]

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

DemographicsEdit

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 29,937
1850 22,250 −25.7%
1860 24,035 8.0%
1870 24,109 0.3%
1880 28,728 19.2%
1890 29,574 2.9%
1900 32,710 10.6%
1910 28,699 −12.3%
1920 25,569 −10.9%
1930 26,929 5.3%
1940 27,321 1.5%
1950 23,610 −13.6%
1960 20,041 −15.1%
1970 16,974 −15.3%
1980 16,908 −0.4%
1990 16,174 −4.3%
2000 14,798 −8.5%
2010 13,763 −7.0%
Est. 2015 13,103 [6] −11.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790–1960[8] 1900–1990[9]
1990–2000[10] 2010–2015[2]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 13,763 people residing in the county. 75.0% were Black or African American, 24.2% White, 0.2% Asian, 0.1% Native American, 0.2% of some other race and 0.3% of two or more races. 0.6% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race).

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 14,798 people, 5,708 households, and 3,664 families residing in the county. The population density was 16 people per square mile (6/km2). There were 6,953 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 25.92% White, 73.17% Black or African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.52% from two or more races. Nearly 1.12% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 5,708 households out of which 31.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.70% were married couples living together, 23.50% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.80% were non-families. Nearly 31.20% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55, and the average family size was 3.26.

In the county, the population was spread out with 29.10% under the age of 18, 12.20% from 18 to 24, 25.30% from 25 to 44, 19.50% from 45 to 64, and 13.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 84.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.20 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $18,911, and the median income for a family was $23,176. Males had a median income of $28,059 versus $17,574 for females. The per capita income for the county was $11,491. About 32.90% of families and 38.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 47.40% of those under age 18 and 36.10% of those age 65 or over.

EconomyEdit

Sumter County is part of the so-called Black Belt region of central Alabama. The region has suffered significant economic depression in recent years. But in April 2008, United States Steel announced plans to build at $150 million alloy plant near the community of Epes about 50 miles (80 km) southwest of Tuscaloosa, Alabama. The plant will require 250 workers to construct in a town of only 206. Up to 235 full-time jobs will be created when completed with jobs paying about $50 thousand annually. The state of Alabama offered $28 million in incentives to get the plant located in Sumter County.[12] The plant will make use of a new technology that produces a carbon alloy for use in steel making at the U.S. Steel plant in Fairfield, Alabama near Birmingham.[13] At the time of the announcement, the unemployment rate in Sumter County was 6.1 percent.[13]

From 2009 to 2013, the county had a median household income of just $22,186 compared to a state figure of $45,253 making it the poorest county in the state.[14]

CommunitiesEdit

CitiesEdit

TownsEdit

Census-designated placesEdit

Unincorporated communitiesEdit

Places of interestEdit

Sumter County is home to the University of West Alabama Outdoor Sculpture Exhibition and the Coleman Center for the Arts. The historic Alamuchee-Bellamy Covered Bridge is also located on the University of West Alabama campus.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d "ACES Winston County Office" (links/history), Alabama Cooperative Extension System (ACES), 2007, webpage: ACES-Sumter.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/01/01119.html. Retrieved May 17, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. http://www2.census.gov/geo/docs/maps-data/data/gazetteer/counties_list_01.txt. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  5. ^ Wikisource-logo "Sumter, the name of four counties in the United States. IV. A W. county of Alabama". The American Cyclopædia. 1879. 
  6. ^ "County Totals Dataset: Population, Population Change and Estimated Components of Population Change: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". http://www.census.gov/popest/data/counties/totals/2015/CO-EST2015-alldata.html. Retrieved July 2, 2016. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. http://mapserver.lib.virginia.edu. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed (March 24, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. http://www.census.gov/population/cencounts/al190090.txt. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. http://www.census.gov/population/www/cen2000/briefs/phc-t4/tables/tab02.pdf. Retrieved August 22, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder2.census.gov. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  12. ^ Johnson, Bob (2008-04-19). "U.S. Steel announces plant for Alabama's Black Belt region". Press-Register (Mobile): pp. 6B 
  13. ^ a b Kent, Dawn. "U.S. Steel to invest in Alabama Black Belt with first-of-its-kind coke alternative plant". The Birmingham News. The Birmingham News. http://www.al.com/news/birminghamnews/index.ssf?/base/news/1208592940164040.xml&coll=2. Retrieved 2008-04-19. 
  14. ^ The Poorest County in Each State; by Thomas C. Frohlich, 7 January 2015, 247Wallstreet.com accessed 11 January 2014

External linksEdit

Template:NRHP in Sumter County, Alabama

Coordinates: 32°35′30″N 88°12′15″W / 32.59167, -88.20417


This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Sumter County, Alabama. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki