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Surendranagar district
સુરેન્દ્રનગર
Zalawad
—  district  —



India Gujarat location map
Red pog.svg
Surendranagar district
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 22°44′N 71°31′E / 22.73, 71.51Coordinates: 22°44′N 71°31′E / 22.73, 71.51
Country Flag of India.svg India
State Gujarat
Area
 • Total 10,489 km2 (4,050 sq mi)
Elevation 547 m (1,795 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 1,755,873
 • Density 144.45/km2 (374.1/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 363031
Telephone code 02752
Vehicle registration GJ-13
Largest city Surendranagar
Sex ratio 0.924 /
Literacy 61.61%

Surendranagar (Hindi: सुरेन्द्रनगर /surendranagar/, Gujarati: સુરેન્દ્રનગર) is an administrative district in the state of Gujarat in India. It has a population of approximately 1.7 million people. Surendranagar is also known as Zalawad, as the city of Surendranagar was ruled by Zala Rajputs. Surendranagar City (including Wadhwan City) has about 400,000 inhabitants, and is known as the city of Hi-Tech Bungalows.

GeographyEdit

The district occupies an area of 10,489 square kilometres (4,050 sq mi). As of 2001, it had a population of 1,515,148, of which 26 percent is urban.[1][2]

Other cities in the district include Dhrangadhra, Halvad, Wadhwan, Limbdi, Chuda, Lakhtar, Muli, Sayla, Thangadh, and Tarnetar.

Map GujDist Saurastra

Districts of Saurastra, Gujarat

Surendranagar is known as the "entrance gate of the Saurastra region".

EconomyEdit

In the past, Surendranagar was used by colonialists as a hill station, as it has a dry environment that was beneficial for some physical as well as mental ailments. Surendranagar's dry air is still believed to be the best place in Gujarat to cure tuberculosis patients.

Surendranagar has the second highest rate of development in the state of Gujarat, and is considered to be a strongest candidate for status of Municipal Corporation. It also has the second highest number of educational institutes in ratio of population.

BusinessesEdit

Many Small and medium enterprises and industries are present, including confectionery, ceramics, pharmaceuticals, engineering plastics, and salt production. Wadhwan City is a major trade and processing centre for agricultural products, cotton, salt, pharmaceuticals, chemicals and plastics, textile bearings, ceramics, and sanitary ware, paper and paper packaging.

Natural resourcesEdit

Nearly 25 percent of India's salt supply comes from mining in the Surendranagar area. There are miles of Agar (Salt pans), specially in the Kharaghoda area.

TextilesEdit

Surendranagar is a hub of cotton and ginning activities in India, with a large number of ginning and pressing units. It is one of the largest producers of quality Shankar cotton in world. Surendranagar houses the first Cotton Trading Exchange in India.}

Surendranagar City is also home to a big textile and clothing market, specialising in saris. Large clothing showrooms are located in the city on Jawahar Road and Vithal Press Road.

DemographicsEdit

According to the 2011 census Surendranagar district has a population of 1,755,873,[3] roughly equal to the nation of The Gambia[4] or the US state of Nebraska.[5] This gives it a ranking of 274th in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 167 inhabitants per square kilometre (430 /sq mi) .[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 15.89 %.[3] Surendranagar has a sex ratio of 929 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 73.19 %.[3]

The majority of the population are Jains. Other residents include Brahmins, Kshatriya, Patels, as well as significant numbers of Bharvad and Rabari.

CultureEdit

Raj-Rajeshwari Temple, on National Highway Number 8 near Limbadi, is a large area of residences, hospitals, and schools. The temple features an exhibition of yoga performed by Rishiji. This temple has temples to three major gods—Brahma, Vishnu, and mahesh—inside. It is the only such temple in Gujarat. The temple is noted for its architecture.

The Famous Kund known as "Gangavo" is located in Dedadara Village. It was developed in 11 Century.

LegendsEdit

Myth of Bhogaavo
In old times, a ruler of Junagadh district named Rakhengar saw the queen or princess of Wadhwan and fell in love with her. To win her (literally), he attacked Wadhwan. But the queen/princess escaped from the city towards the river Bhogaavo. In the end, she sacrificed her life by drowning in the Bhogaavo instead of becoming the queen of Junagadh, but before she died she cursed the river so that it would never have water and that it would kill one person every year.

Notable personalitiesEdit

EducationEdit

Graduate and Post-GraduateEdit

  • District institute of education and training
  • C. U. Shah College of Engineering and Technology
  • C. U. Shah Medical College
  • C. U. Shah Pharmacy College
  • C. U. Shah College of Commerce, Computer, and Management
  • Government Polytechnic
  • N. M. Shah Art Teachers Training College
  • C. U. Shah Fine Art College
  • C. U. Shah Mahila - Arts, Commerce & Home Science College
  • M. P. Shah Commerce College
  • M. P. Vora College
  • M. P. Shah Arts & Science College
  • Shri Swami Vivekanand College of IT
  • M.M. Shah college of Education
  • Maitree Vidyapith
  • S J Varmora BBA and BCA Mahila college
  • Sanskruti College Of Mgt. & I.T.

Secondary and Higher SecondaryEdit

  • R.A.Patel Boys School
  • Shree Gyandeep Highschool Gujaravadi.
  • Smt. Savitaben Himmatlal Golani High School, Leua patidar sankul, Wadhwan city
  • Matrushree Shantaben Devjibhai Shiyaniya Higher Secondery School, Leua patidar sankul, Wadhwan city
  • Shri G. C. Shah Swaminayrayan High School
  • Shri Dajiraj High School (Oldest School in Wadhwan city)
  • Shri M.T.Doshi High School (Wadhwan city)
  • Ultra Vision Academy {Science and Commerce }
  • Shree Sardar Patel Vidyalaya
  • Shree Sardar Patel Kanya Vidyalaya
  • Shree Panchshil Higher Secondary School
  • J. N. V. (Jawaharlal Naheru Vividhlakshi) High school
  • Shri Sheth N.T.M. High School
  • Shri C. P. Oza Sharda Mandir High School
  • Shri D.N.T. High School
  • Shri Savitaben Vadilal Muni. Prathmik Shala, Joravarnagar
  • Sardar Patel Vidyalaya
  • R.P.P. (Rambhaben Purshottamdas Patadia) School for Girls
  • Tirupati Vidyalaya
  • Shri Sava saala, Joravarnagar (has record in Limca Book of World Records)
  • Shri P.G.N.M.S Girls High School
  • Sanskriti School of Thoughts
  • English medium schools
    • Bachpan High School (English Medium) (International School Award Winner)
    • C.U. Shah School (English Medium)
    • Dayamayi Mata School (English Medium)
    • Sunny Sky English Primary School/Sunny Sky Higher Secondary School (Principal - Rashida Ma'am) (English Medium)
    • Aadersh Nivashi School In Wadhavan City

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Pre-Primary And Primary SchoolsEdit

  • Barbie Play House and Nursery
  • Bachpan Pre Primary & Primary School (English)
  • N. D. Raval Primary & High School (Gujarati)
  • Trimurti Balmandir
  • Trimurti School
  • Euro Kids International
  • Butterfly Primary School' (Gujarati/English Medium)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Basic Data Sheet: District Surendranagar (08), Gujarat (24)" (PDF). Census of India. 2001. http://www.censusindia.gov.in/Dist_File/datasheet-2408.pdf. 
  2. ^ "Census GIS India". http://www.censusindiamaps.net/page/India_WhizMap/IndiaMap.htm. Retrieved 29 August 2010. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. http://www.census2011.co.in/district.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2119rank.html. Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Gambia, The 1,797,860 July 2011 est." 
  5. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. http://2010.census.gov/2010census/data/apportionment-pop-text.php. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Nebraska 1,826,341" 
  6. ^ "Jhaverchand Meghani - Life Part-1 : 1896-1922". Nanak Meghani. http://jhaverchandmeghani.com/life-1.htm. Retrieved 2011-09-20. 
  7. ^ Mohan Lal (2006). Encyclopaedia of Indian literature, Volume 5. New Delhi: Sahitya Akademi. ISBN 8126012218.  p. 4215

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