Sutton County, Texas

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Sutton County, Texas
Sutton county courthouse 2009
The Sutton County Courthouse in Sonora.
Map of Texas highlighting Sutton County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of USA TX
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1887
Seat Sonora
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

1,454 sq mi (3,766 km²)
1,453 sq mi (3,763 km²)
1 sq mi (3 km²), 0.04%
 - (2000)
 - Density

3/sq mi (1/km²)
Mercantile Garden, Sonora, TX IMG 1365

Mercantile Garden, located at the foot of the hill containing the Sutton County Courthouse, includes a restaurant, Mercantile on Main, operated by Mallory Barnhart Rousellot, a former member of the Sonora Independent School District and chairman of the Sutton County Republican Party. She is the daughter of Ray Barnhart, former chairman of the Federal Highway Commission under U.S. President Ronald W. Reagan.

Sutton County, TX, Public Library IMG 1372

The Sutton County Library in Sonora

Veterans and Pioneer Ranch Women Museum, Sonora, TX IMG 1377

Veterans & Pioneer Ranch Women Museum in Sonora

Sutton County is a county located on the Edwards Plateau in the U.S. state of Texas. In 2000, the population was 4,077. Its county seat is Sonora[1]. Sutton County is named for John S. Sutton, an officer in the Confederate Army.

History timelineEdit

  • 9500 b.c.- ca 1860’s a.d. Paleo-Indians in the county leave behind archealogical remains of a burned-rock midden with mortar and pestle, as well as other tools. Later native inhabitants include Tonkawa, Comanche and Lipan Apache.[2]
  • 1736 Lt. Miguel de la Garza Falcón leads100 soldiers along the Devils River[3][4]
  • 1852, February 2 - Camp Terrett, later known as Fort Terrett, established to protect settlers from Comanches. Founded by Lt. Col. Henry Bainbridge and named for Lt. John Terrett, who was killed in the Battle of Monterrey in 1846.[5]
  • 1881 Wall’s Well discovered by Tim Birtrong and Ed Wall. Town of Wentworth discovered. Birtrong Ranch is the area’s only ranch.[6]
  • 1885 Charles G. Adams, a merchant and sometime rancher from Fort McKavett, founds Sonora, Texas, named after a family servant from Sonora, Mexico.[7]
  • 1887 The Texas legislature establishes Sutton County, carved out of eastern Crockett County named for Confederate officer John Schuyler Sutton.[2]
  • 1890 Sonora becomes the county seat.[2]
  • 1915 Texas Sheep & Goat Raisers’ Association organized.[8]
  • 1928 The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway acquires Kansas City, Mexico and Orient Railway to connect Sonora with San Angelo, Del Rio, and the outside world by rail.[2]
  • 1930 Sonora Wool and Mohair Company established.[2]
  • 1936 WPA projects help local economy.[2]
  • 1958, August 1 – Sonora Municipal Airport activated.[9]
  • 1960, July 16 – Caverns of Sonora open to the public.[10]
  • 1965 Caverns of Sonora designated National Natural Landmark.[11]
  • 1975 Fort Terrett Ranch is purchased by the Texas oil industrrialist Bill Noël and used in part for the growing of pecans.[12]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,454 square miles (3,767 km²), of which 1,453 square miles (3,765 km²) is land and 1 square miles (2 km²) (0.04%) is water.

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit


As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 4,077 people, 1,515 households, and 1,145 families residing in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,998 housing units at an average density of 1 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 45.28% White, 0.25% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.17% Asian, 2.27% from other races, and 1.62% from two or more races. 49.99% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,515 households out of which 38.20% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.60% were married couples living together, 7.70% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.40% were non-families. 22.60% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.80% under the age of 18, 6.70% from 18 to 24, 27.70% from 25 to 44, 24.40% from 45 to 64, and 12.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 99.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.00 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,385, and the median income for a family was $38,143. Males had a median income of $31,193 versus $18,587 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,105. About 14.10% of families and 18.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.20% of those under age 18 and 16.10% of those age 65 or over.

Cities and townsEdit


Sutton County is served by the Sonora Independent School District based in Sonora.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Hosmer, Brian C. "Sutton County, Texas". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  3. ^ Smith, Julia Cauble. "Devils River". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  4. ^ Skiles, Jack; Kelton, Elmer (1996). Judge Roy Bean Country. Texas Tech University Press. p. 45. ISBN 978-0896723696. 
  5. ^ Uglow, Loyd and Loyd M (2001). Standing in the Gap: Army Outposts, Picket Stations, and the Pacification of the Texas Frontier, 1866-1886. Texas Christian University. p. 62. ISBN 978-0875652467. 
  6. ^ "Wentworth - Sonora, Sutton County, Texas". Texas Historical Markers. William Nienke, Sam Morrow. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  7. ^ "Sonora, Texas". Texas Escapes. Texas Escapes - Blueprints For Travel, LLC. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  8. ^ Lackey, Jerry (21 December 2009). "HOMESTEAD: 'Stockman's Paradise' true to the past". San Angelo Standard Times. 
  9. ^ "Sonora Municipal Airport". AirNav. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  10. ^ "History Caverns of Sonora". Caverns of Sonora. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  11. ^ "NPS Caverns of Sonora". National Parks Service. Retrieved 30 November 2010. 
  12. ^ "William Douglas Noël". The Handbook of Texas. Retrieved June 27, 2011. 
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 30°30′N 100°32′W / 30.50, -100.54

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Sutton County, Texas. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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