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AKA: Lawrence of Arabia Heroic British Officer organized the Arab Revolt in the First World War
Vital Statistics Edit
- Legal Name: Thomas Edward Lawrence - AKA Lawrence of Arabia
- Illegitimate Son of Thomas Robert Tighe Chapman (1846-1919) and Sarah Junner Lawrence (1861-1959)
- 1888-Aug-16 : Birth at at Tremadog, Caernarvonshire, Wales.
- 1914-1918 : First World War Service
- 1935-May-19 : Death at age 46 at Bovington Camp, Bovington, Dorset, England, from his motorcyle accident injuries. He was buried at Moreton Estate, Dorset, England.
Birth and Childhood Edit
TE Lawrence was the 2nd of five illegitimate children conceived between his father, the 7th Chapman Baronet of Killua Castle, and his mother, who was the governess of his father's older children. This family adopted the surname of Lawrence. Two of his younger brothers died in the First World War.
His father, Thomas Robert Tighe Chapman, who, later, in 1914 inherited the title of seventh of in Ireland (), had abandoned his wife Edith for his daughters' governess Sarah Junner (born illegitimately of a father named Lawrence, and who had styled herself 'Miss Lawrence' in the Chapman household). The couple did not marry but were known as Mr and Mrs Lawrence.
He was educated at City of Oxford High School for Boys, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England. He was educated between 1907 and 1910 at Jesus College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England. He was an archaeologist between 1910 and 1914 at Carchemish, Syria.
First World War - Arabian Campaign Edit
He fought in the First World War, assisting the Arabs to rise up agains tthe Ottomans. He gained the rank of Major in 1917. He was decorated with the award of Legion of Honour.1 He gained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel in 1918. He was decorated with the award of Companion, Distinguished Service Order (D.S.O.). He was invested as a Companion, Order of the Bath (C.B.).
Paris Peace Commission Edit
He was with the Foreign Office, attending the Paris Peace Conference as part of Prince Faisal's delegation between January 1919 and May 1919. He was advisor to the Colonial Office in 1921.
Later Military Career Edit
He gained the rank of Aircraftman between August 1922 and February 1923 in the service of the Royal Air Froce. He gained the rank of officer between 1923 and 1925 in the service of the Royal Tanks Corps.1 He gained the rank of officer between August 1925 and March 1935 in the service of the Royal Air Force.
Book Author Edit
He wrote the book Seven Pillars of Wisdom, published 1926. He wrote the book The Mint.
Motorcycle Accident and Death Edit
On 13 May 1935 at Wareham, Dorset, England, he was injured when he fell from his Borugh Superior SS100 motorcycle.