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Thomas de Berkeley (c1310-1361)

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Thomas de Berkeley, Lord Berkeley was born circa 1310 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England to Maurice de Berkeley (1280-1326) and Eva la Zouche (-1314) and died 27 October 1361 in Berkeley, Gloucestershire, England of unspecified causes. He married Margaret Mortimer (1304-1337) . He married Katherine de Clyvedon 30 May 1347 JL in Charfield, Gloucester. Notable ancestors include William I of England (1027-1087), Charlemagne (747-814), Hugh Capet (c940-996), Rurik (c832-879), Henry II of England (1133-1189), Alfred the Great (849-899). Ancestors are from the United Kingdom, England, France, Germany, Russia, Ukraine, Belgium, the Netherlands.



Children


Offspring of Thomas de Berkeley, Lord Berkeley and Margaret Mortimer (1304-1337)
Name Birth Death Joined with
Alphonsus De Berkeley (Abt 1337-1350)

Offspring of Thomas de Berkeley, Lord Berkeley and Katherine de Clyvedon
Name Birth Death Joined with
John de Berkeley (1351-1427) <year not a number> Beverston, Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom <year not a number> Elizabeth Betteshorne





Sources and notes

‡ General
  • He married about 1320 (1) Margaret Mortimer, daughter of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, and in 1347, (2) Catherine Clivedon, widow of Peter le Veel, of Tortworth, co. Gloucester, and daughter of John Cliveton, of Charfield.. He married (1st) in or shortly before 25 July (1320) 14 Edward II (Papal dispensation to remain married with legitimization of past issue dated September 1329), Margaret, daughter of Roger (Mortimer), Earl of March, by Joan, daughter of Sir Piers de Joinville. She died 5 May 1337, being under 30, and was buried at St. Augustine's, Bristol. He married (2nd) 30 May 1347, at Charfield, co. Gloucester, Katharine, widow of Sir Piers le Veel, of Tortworth, in that co., and daughter and heir of Sir John Clivedon, of Charfield, by Emma, his wife. He died 27 October 1361, in his 69th year, and was buried in Berkeley Church. M.I. (Monumental Inscription). His widow died 13 March 1385, and is also buried there. Inquisition post mortem 1386-7 Sources: CPII: 129-130. Thomas de Berkeley, age 30+ at father's death, d. 27 Oct 1361, Lord Berkeley, Marshal in France 1340, Captain of the Scottish Marches 1342; m. (1) 1320, Margaret de Mortimer, d. 5 May 1337, daughter of Sir Roger de Mortimer, Earl of March and Joan de Geneville; m. (2) 30 May 1347, Katherine, d. 13 Mar 1385, widow of Sir Piers le Veel, daughter and heir of Sir John Clivedon, of Charfield, co. Gloucester, by Emma his wife. [Magna Charta Sureties] -------------------------------------------------- Thomas de Berkeley, 3rd Baron Berkeley; knighted before 1322, joined with his father in Lancaster's insurrection, imprisoned until 16 Oct 1326, later Jt Custodian of Edward II 4 April 1327 but guessing what was in store for the deposed king left Berkeley Castle before the actual regicide, tried by jury of 12 knights 1330/1 as accessory to Edward's murder but acquitted, Chief Warden Glos, Worcs, and Herefs, Marshal English Army in France 1342, Capt Scottish Marches, Warden and Chief Justice in Eyre South of Trent 1345-48. [Burke's Peerage] -------------------------------------------------- BARONY of BERKELEY (III) Thomas de Berkeley, Lord Berkeley, son and heir by 1st wife, who "may bee called Thomas the Rich." Knighted before 1322, and aged 30 and upwards at his father's death. He fought at Boroughbridge, 16 Mar 1321/2, and was taken prisoner. He was released from imprisonment in Pevensey Castle on 16 Oct 1326, and on 4 Apr 1327, was made Joint Custodian of the deposed King Edward II, whom he "curteously received" the next day at Berkeley Castle, but being commanded to deliver over the government thereof to his fellow custodian, departed therefrom to Bradley, "with heavy cheere perceiving what violence was intended." He was tried by a jury of 12 Knights (without protest) in 1330-1 as an accessory to the murder (g) of the deposed King, but was acquitted. In 1328 he was in the expedition against Scotland. From 14 June 1329 to 20 Nov 1360, he was summoned to Parliament, the last two writs have the addition of "Senior" thereto. In 1336 he was Chief Warden of cos. Gloucester, Worcester, and Hereford; in 1340, Marshal of the English army in France; in 1342, Capt. of the Scottish Marches; Warden and Chief Justice in Eyre south of Trent 1345-48; he is stated (apparently in error) to have been, in 1346, Commander of the English forces at the battle of Crecy, and in 1361, was on an Embassy to Pope Innocent VI. He m. 1stly, in or shortly bef. 25 July 1320 (Papal disp. to remain married with legitimisation of past issue dated Sep 1329), Margaret, daughter of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, by Joan, de jure suo jure (according to modern doctrine) Baroness Geneville, daughter and heir of Sir Piers de Geneville (2nd but 1st surviving son and heir apparent of Geoffrey, 1st Lord Geneville). She d. 5 May 1337, being under 30, and was buried at St. Augustine's, Bristol. He m. 2ndly, 30 May 1347, at Charfield, co. Gloucester, Katharine, widow of Sir Piers le Veel, of Tortworth, in that co., and daughter and heir of Sir John Clivedon, of Charfield aforesaid, by Emma, his wife. He d. 27 Oct 1361, in his 69th year, and was buried in Berkeley Church. M.I. His widow d. 13 Mar 1385, and is also buried there. [Complete Peerage II:129-30, XIV:87] (g) This was perpetrated with horrible barbarity by Sir John Mautravers and Sir Thomas Gurnay, the then custodians of the castle. See a detailed account in Smyth's "Berkeleys", vol i, p. 291, confirming the allusion in Gray's "Bard" to ...."The shrieks of death thro' Berkeley's roof that ring-- ....Shrieks of an agonising King." -------------------------------------------------- Thomas, 3rd baron, m. 1st, Margaret, dau. of Roger Mortimer, Earl of March, and 2ndly, in 1347, Catherine, dau. of Sir John Clyvedon, widow of Sir Peter le Veel. This lord having adhered to the interest of the Queen, Mortimer, and Prince Edward, afterwards the third of that name, furnished "the only precedent," says Smith, "of a peer being tried by knights, as the peers would have been both judges and jurors." He first assumed a mitre for his crest. He was summoned to parliament from 1329 to 1360. He had issue by his 1st wife, besides his heir, three sons, who d. s. p., and one dau., Joan, wife of Sir Reginald Cobham; by his 2nd wife, had had, with three sons, who d. s. p., a 4th, John, ancestor of the Berkeleys of Beverstone. He d. 1361 and was s. by his son, Maurice, 4th baron. [Sir Bernard Burke, Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages, Burke's Peerage, Ltd., London, 1883, p. 44, Berkeley, Viscount Berkeley, Earl of Nottingham, and Marquess of Berkeley] Sources: Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999 Page: 28B-8, 80-6, 80a-6 Title: Burke's Peerage & Baronetage, 106th Edition, Charles Mosley Editor-in-Chief, 1999 Page: 255 Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000 Page: III:353 Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000 Page: II:129-30 Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999 Page: 80-6 Text: age 30+ at father's death Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000 Page: II:129-30 Text: 30+ at father's death Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999 Page: 80-6 Title: Magna Charta Sureties 1215, Frederick Lewis Weis, additions by Walter Lee Sheppard Jr, 5th Edition, 1999 Page: 80-6 Text: 1320 Title: Complete Peerage of England Scotland Ireland Great Britain and the United Kingdom, by G. E Cokayne, Sutton Publishing Ltd, 2000 Page: II:130

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