Thurston County, Washington

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Thurston County, Washington
Map of Washington highlighting Thurston County
Location in the state of Washington
Map of USA WA
Washington's location in the U.S.
Founded January 12, 1852
Seat Olympia
 - Total
 - Land
 - Water

774 sq mi (2,005 km²)
727 sq mi (1,883 km²)
47 sq mi (122 km²), 6.03%
 - (2010)
 - Density

347/sq mi (133.9/km²)

Thurston County is a county located in the U.S. state of Washington. It is named after Samuel R. Thurston, the Oregon Territory's first delegate to Congress. The population was 252,264 at the 2010 census. The county seat is at Olympia, the state capital and also the county's largest city.

Thurston County was created out of Lewis County by the government of Oregon Territory on January 12, 1852. At that time, it covered all of the Puget Sound region and the Olympic Peninsula. On December 22 of the same year, Pierce, King, Island, and Jefferson Counties were split off from Thurston County.[1][2]


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 774 square miles (2,004 km²), of which 727 square miles (1,883 km²) is land and 47 square miles (121 km²) (6.03%) is water.

Major watersheds: Black River, Budd/Deschutes, Chehalis River, Eld Inlet, Henderson Inlet, Nisqually River, Skookumchuck River, Totten Inlet and West Capitol Forest.

Geographic featuresEdit

Major highwaysEdit

Adjacent countiesEdit

National protected areasEdit


Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 1,507
1870 2,246 49.0%
1880 3,270 45.6%
1890 9,675 195.9%
1900 9,927 2.6%
1910 17,581 77.1%
1920 22,366 27.2%
1930 31,351 40.2%
1940 37,285 18.9%
1950 44,884 20.4%
1960 55,049 22.6%
1970 76,894 39.7%
1980 124,264 61.6%
1990 161,238 29.8%
2000 207,355 28.6%
2010 252,264 21.7%

At the 2000 census,[3] there were 207,355 people, 81,625 households and 54,933 families residing in the county. The population density was 285 per square mile (110/km²). There were 86,652 housing units at an average density of 119 per square mile (46/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.66% White, 2.35% Black or African American, 1.52% Native American, 4.41% Asian, 0.52% Pacific Islander, 1.69% from other races, and 3.85% from two or more races. 4.53% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 17.1% were of German, 10.2% English, 9.8% Irish, 6.9% United States or American and 5.5% Norwegian ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 81,625 households of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.10% were married couples living together, 10.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.70% were non-families. 25.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.99.

Age distribution was 25.30% under the age of 18, 9.30% from 18 to 24, 29.30% from 25 to 44, 24.60% from 45 to 64, and 11.40% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.70 males.

The median household income was $46,975, and the median family income was $55,027. Males had a median income of $40,521 versus $30,368 for females. The per capita income for the county was $22,415. About 5.80% of families and 8.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.80% of those under age 18 and 5.00% of those age 65 or over.


The Weekly Volcano has covered Thurston County entertainment since 2001.

Census-recognized communitiesEdit

Other communitiesEdit

Ghost TownsEdit

School districtsEdit

School Districts in Thurston County:

  • Tenino
  • Tumwater
  • Yelm
  • Griffin

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit

Coordinates: 46°56′N 122°50′W / 46.93, -122.83

This page uses content from the English language Wikipedia. The original content was at Thurston County, Washington. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this Familypedia wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons License.

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